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nietzsche 3rd essay On the Genealogy of Morals. A Polemical Tract. [This document, which has been prepared by Ian Johnston of Malaspina University-College, Nanaimo, BC, is in the public domain and may be used by anyone, in whole or in part, without permission and victim participation .doc dissertation, without charge, provided the source is acknowledged. Editorial comments and translations in square brackets and italics are by Ian Johnston; comments in normal brackets are from Nietzsche's text. For comments, suggestions, corrections, and so on, please contact ] What Do Ascetic Ideals Mean?

Carefree, mocking, violent—that what Wisdom wants us to be. Good Research. She is a woman. She always loves a man of war. Thus Spoke Zarathustra. What do ascetic ideals mean?—Among artists they mean nothing or too many different things; among philosophers and scholars they mean something like having a nose or an instinct for the most auspicious conditions of a higher spirituality; among women, at best, an additional seductive charm, a little morbidezza [small morbidity] on beautiful flesh, the angelic quality of a nice-looking, plump animal; among physiologically impaired and peevish people (that is, among the majority of mortals) they are an attempt to imagine themselves as too good for this world, a holy form of orgiastic excess, their chief tool in the fight with their enduring pain and boredom; among the clergy they are the foundation of their priestly faith, their best instrument of power, and also the most important of all permits for their power; finally among the saints they are a pretext for cooperation participation .doc dissertation hibernation, their novissima gloriae cupido [most recent desire for glory] , their repose in nothingness (God), their form of insanity. Help Writing Summary Essay. However, the victim participation fact that generally the ascetic ideal has meant so much to human beings is an future expression of the basic fact of the human will, its horror vacui [ horror of cooperation .doc, a vacuum ]. It requires a goal—and it will sooner will nothingness than not will. Future Coursework Amcas. Do you understand me? . . . Have you understood me? . Participation .doc Dissertation. . . Not in the slightest, my dear sir! All right, let's start from the beginning. What do ascetic ideals mean? Or, to take a single example which I have been asked to consider often enough, what does it mean when, for instance, an artist, like Richard Wagner in his later years, pays homage to chastity?

In a certain sense, of course, he always did this, but in an ascetic sense he did it for the first time at the end. What does this change in sense mean, this radical change in summary the sense? For that's what it was—with it Wagner leapt right over into his opposite. Cooperation Dissertation. What does it mean when an artist leaps over into his opposite? . . Personal Statement For Resume. . If we are willing to pause momentarily at this question, we immediately encounter the memory of perhaps the best, strongest, most cheerful, and bravest period in cooperation .doc dissertation Wagner's life—the time when he was innerly and deeply preoccupied with the idea of Luther's marriage. Who knows the circumstances which saw to it that today, instead of this wedding music, we have Die Meistersinger [ Wagner's opera The Master Singers ] And how much of the former work may perhaps echo in the latter? But there is no doubt that this Luther's Wedding would have involved the praise of chastity. Of course, it would also have contained a praise of sensuality—and that, it strikes me, would have been quite appropriate, very Wagnerian. For between chastity and sensuality there is astronomy coursework, no essential opposition. Every good marriage, every genuine affair of the heart transcends them both.

In my view, Wagner would have done well if he had enabled his Germans to take this pleasant fact to heart once more, with the help of a lovely and brave comedy about Luther, for among the Germans there are always a lot of people who slander sensuality, and Luther's value is probably nowhere greater than precisely here: he had the courage of cooperation, his own sensuality (at that time people called it, delicately enough, evangelical freedom . . .). Future Coursework Amcas. But even if it were the victim participation .doc case that there really were an antithesis between chastity and sensuousness, fortunately there is no need for it to good sources, be a tragic antithesis. At least this should be the case for cooperation participation .doc dissertation all successful and cheerful mortals, who are far from considering their unstable equilibrium between animal and angel as, in itself, an argument against existence. Coursework. The finest and brightest, like Goethe, like Hafiz, even saw that that made life more attractive. It's precisely contradictions like that which make life more enticing. . . . On the other hand, it's easy enough to understand that once pigs who have had bad luck are persuaded to worship chastity—and there are such swine!—they see in chastity only their opposite, the opposite to unlucky pigs, and participation .doc, will worship that—and with such zealous tragic grunting! We can imagine it—that embarrassing and unnecessary antithesis, which Richard Wagner at sources, the end of his life unquestioningly still wanted to set to music and produce on stage. Victim Participation Dissertation. What on process composing earth for? That's a fair question. For why should he be concerned about .doc, pigs?

Why should we? In this matter there is, of course, another question we cannot circumvent: why Wagner was concerned about that manly (and also so unmanly) simpleton from the country, that poor devil and nature boy Parsifal, whom he finally turned into a Catholic in such an embarrassing way. Future Coursework Amcas. What? Was this Parsifal really meant to be taken seriously? For we could be tempted to participation dissertation, assume the research papers reverse, even to desire it—that the Wagnerian Parsifal was intended to be cheerful, as it were, a concluding piece and satyr drama, with which the tragic writer Wagner wanted to take his farewell, in victim cooperation an respectful manner worthy of him, from us, from himself, and, above all, from tragedy, that is, with an excess of the highest and most high-spirited parody of tragedy itself, of the astronomy entire dreadful earthy seriousness and earthy wailing of his earlier works, of the crudest form in the perversity of the ascetic ideal, conquered at last. That would have been, as mentioned, worthy of a great tragedian, who, like every artist, first attains the final peak of greatness when he knows how to see himself and his art as beneath him, when knows how to laugh at himself. Participation Dissertation. Is Parsifal Wagner's secret superior laughter at writing composing, himself, the triumph of his achieving the ultimate and highest artistic freedom, his movement beyond art? As I've said, we might wish that. Cooperation Participation. For what would Parsifal be if intended seriously? Do we need to see in it (as it was put to me) the epitome of an coureworks insane hatred for knowledge, spirit, and sensuality?

A curse on the senses and the spirit in one breath of hatred? An apostasy and going back to sickly Christian and obscurantist ideals? And finally even a denial of the self, a cancellation of the self, from an artist who up to participation .doc dissertation, that point had directed all the power of his will to attain the reverse, namely, the highest spiritualization and sensuousness in sources research his art? And not only in his art, but also in his life. We should remember how Wagner once so enthusiastically followed in the footsteps of the philosopher Feuerbach. Feuerbach's phrase about healthy sensuality—in Wagner's thirties and forties, as with many Germans (they called themselves the young Germans), that phrase rang out like a word of redemption. Did Wagner finally learn something different? It appears, at cooperation participation .doc, least, that he finally wanted to teach something different. . . And not only on the stage with the Parsifal trombones. In the cloudy writings of his last years—as constricted as they are baffling—there are a hundred places which betray a secret wish and will, a despondent, uncertain, unacknowledged will to preach nothing but going back, conversion, denial, Christianity, medievalism, and to say to his followers There's nothing here! Seek salvation somewhere else! In one place he even calls out to the Blood of the Redeemer . . . In a case like Wagner's, which is in many ways an embarrassing one, although the example is typical, my opinion is that it's certainly best to help summary essay, separate an artist far enough from his work, so that one does not take him with the victim cooperation participation .doc same seriousness as one does his work.

In the astronomy gcse final analysis, he is only the precondition for his work, its maternal womb, the soil or, in some cases, the dung and manure out of which it grows—and thus, in most cases, something that we must forget about, if we want to enjoy the work itself. Our understanding of the origin of a work involves physiologists and victim .doc, vivisectionists of the spirit—never the aesthetic men, the artists, never! In a deep, fundamental way (something terrifying for the spirit) the poet and gcse, composer of Parsifal could not escape living inside and descending into the conflicts of the cooperation .doc medieval soul, a hostile distance from all spiritual loftiness, rigor, and discipline, a form of intellectual perversity (if you will forgive the expression), any more than a pregnant woman can escape the repellent and strange aspects of pregnancy—something which, as I have said, we must forget if we want to coureworks, enjoy the child. We should be on cooperation participation .doc our guard against that confusion which arises from psychological contiguity (to use an English word), a confusion in future amcas which even an artist can too easily get caught up, as if he himself were what he can present, imagine, and express. In fact, the case is this: if that's what he was, he simply would not present, imagine, or express it. Homer would not have written a poem about Achilles or Goethe a poem about Faust if Homer had been Achilles or Goethe had been Faust. A complete and entire artist is forever separated from the real, what actually is.

On the other hand, one can comprehend how he can sometimes grow weary of this eternal unreality and falseness of his innermost existence to the point of desperation and how he then makes an attempt for once to reach over into what is .doc, forbidden precisely to him, into reality, in personal statement an attempt to be real. What success does he have? We can guess. . . That is the typical mere wishfulness of the artist—the same mere wishfulness which fell over Wagner once he'd grown old and for which he had to pay such a high and fatal price (because of it he lost a valuable number of his friends). Finally, however, and quite apart from this mere wishfulness of his, who would not desire that Wagner—for his own sake—had taken his leave of us and his art in a different manner, not with a Parsifal , but more victoriously, more self-confidently, more like Wagner—less deceptive, less ambiguous about all his intentions, less like Schopenhauer, less nihilistic . . . So what, then, do ascetic ideals mean? In the case of an artist, we know the answer immediately—nothing at all! . . . Or they mean so many things, that they amount to nothing at all! . . . Victim Cooperation Participation. So let's eliminate the essay artists right away. They do not stand independent of the world and against the world long enough for participation dissertation their evaluations and the changes in those evaluations to merit our interest for their own sake! They have in all ages been valets to a morality or philosophy or religion, quite apart from the fact that, often enough, they unfortunately have been the all-too-adaptable courtiers of groups of their followers and, above all, their patrons and fine-nosed flatterers of old or even newly arriving powers. Sources. At the very least, they always need a means of protection, a support, an victim .doc already established authority. The artist never stands by himself—standing alone contravenes his deepest instincts.

Hence, for example, Richard Wagner took the philosopher Schopenhauer (once his time had come) as his point man, his protection. Who could have even imagined that he would have had the courage for an ascetic ideal without the support which Schopenhauer's philosophy offered, without the authority of Schopenhauer, which had become predominant in Europe in the 1860's? (And that's not even considering whether in the new Germany it would have been at all possible to be an artist without the milk of a pious, imperially pious way of thinking). And so with this we come to coursework gcse, the more serious question: what does it mean when a real philosopher pays homage to the ascetic ideal, a truly independent spirit like Schopenhauer, a man and a knight with an iron gaze, who was courageous enough to be himself, who knew how to stand alone and did not first wait for a point man and higher signs. Here let us consider right away the remarkable and for all kinds of people fascinating position of Schopenhauer on cooperation participation art, for that was apparently the reason Richard Wagner first moved over to Schopenhauer (persuaded to do that, as we know, by the poet Herwegh). That shift was so great that it opened up a complete theoretical contrast between his earlier and his later aesthetic beliefs, between, for example, the earlier views expressed in Opera and writing essay, Drama and the later views in the writings which he published from victim cooperation participation, 1870 on.

In particular, what is writing process composing, perhaps most surprising is that from this point on Wagner ruthlessly altered his judgment of the value and place of music itself. Why should it concern him that earlier he had used music as a means, a medium, a woman, something which simply required a purpose, a man, in order to victim dissertation, flourish—that is, drama! But suddenly he realized that with Schopenhauer's theory and innovation he could do more in majorem musicae gloriam [ for the greater glory of music ]—that is, through the sovereignty of music, as Schopenhauer had understood it: music set apart from all other arts, the inherently independent art, and not, like the other arts, offering copies of phenomena, but rather the voice of the will itself speaking out directly from the abyss as its most authentic, most primordial, most original revelation. With this extraordinary increase in help the value of music, as this seemed to grow out of Schopenhauer's philosophy, the musician himself suddenly grew in value to an unheard-of extent: from now on he would be an cooperation .doc oracle, a priest, even more than a priest, a kind of mouthpiece of the essence of astronomy coursework gcse, things, a telephone from the world beyond us—in future he didn't speak only of music, this ventriloquist of God; he talked metaphysics. Is it any wonder finally one day he spoke about ascetic ideals? . . . Schopenhauer used Kant's formulation of the aesthetic problem, although he certainly did not examine it with Kantian eyes. Kant thought he had honoured art when among the predicates of the Beautiful he gave priority to cooperation participation .doc, and set in the foreground those which constitute the honour of knowledge—impersonality and universal validity. Help Summary Essay. This is not the place to victim, explore whether or not this is for the most part a false idea. The only thing I wish to stress is that Kant, like all philosophers, instead of taking aim at the aesthetic problem from the experiences of the artist (the creator), thought about art and the Beautiful only from the point of view of the looker on and therefore without noticing it brought the spectator himself into the concept beautiful. Sources Research. If only these philosophers of beauty were at least more knowledgeable about this spectator—that is, as a significant personal fact and experience, as a wealth of very particular, strong experiences, desires, surprises, and delight in the realm of the beautiful! But I fear the opposite has always been the case. And so from the very start we get from cooperation dissertation, them definitions like that famous definition which Kant gives for the Beautiful, in which the lack of a finer sensitivity sits in the shape of coureworks, a thick worm of fundamental error.

The Beautiful, Kant said, is what pleases in a disinterested way. In a disinterested way! Let's compare this definition with that other one formulated by dissertation, a true spectator and artist—Stendhal, who once called the writing Beautiful a promesse de bonheur [ a promise of cooperation participation, happiness ]. Here the disinterestedness [ dsintressement ] which Kant made the process composing single element in cooperation dissertation the aesthetic state is help summary, clearly rejected and victim participation .doc, deleted. Who's right, Kant or Stendhal? Naturally if our aestheticians never get tired of weighing the issue in Kant's favour, claiming that under the magic spell of beauty people can look even at summary, naked female statues without interest, we can laugh a little at victim cooperation participation .doc dissertation, their expense. In relation to this delicate matter, the experiences of artists are interesting, and Pygmalion was certainly not necessarily an un-aesthetic man. Let's think all the better of the innocence of our aestheticians, which is reflected in such arguments.

For example, let's count it to Kant's honour that he knew how to lecture on the characteristic properties of the future coursework sense of victim cooperation participation .doc, touch with the navet of a country parson. This point brings us back to Schopenhauer, who stood measurably closer to the arts than Kant but who nonetheless did not get away from the spell of the Kantian definition. How did that happen? The circumstance is sufficiently odd: he interpreted the word disinterested in writing the most personal manner from a single experience which must have been something routine with him. There are few things Schopenhauer talks about with as much confidence as he does about the effect of aesthetic contemplation. In connection with that, he states that it counteracts sexual interest—and thus acts like lupulin or camphor.

He never got tired of extolling this emancipation from the will as the great advantage and use of the cooperation aesthetic state. Indeed, we could be tempted to ask whether his basic conception of Will and future coursework amcas, idea, the notion that there could be a redemption from the will only through representation, might have taken its origin from his universalizing his sexual experience. (With all questions concerning Schopenhauer's philosophy, incidentally, we should never fail to consider that it is the conception of a twenty-six-year-old young man, so that it involves not merely the cooperation participation dissertation specific details of Schopenhauer but also the specific details of that time of life). If, for coursework example, we listen to one of the most expressive passages from the countless ones he wrote to honour the aesthetic stance ( World and cooperation, Will and Idea , I, 231), we hear its tone, the suffering, the happiness, the help writing essay gratitude uttered in words like these: That is the painless state which Epicurus valued as the highest good and as the condition of the victim cooperation .doc gods. For that moment, we are relieved of the contemptible drive of the will.

We celebrate a holiday [ den Sabbat ] from the penal servitude to the will. The wheel of Ixion stands motionless. What vehemence there is in these words! What a picture of torment and long weariness! What an explain writing process composing essay almost pathological contrast between that moment and victim participation, the usual wheel of Ixion, the penal servitude to the will, the coureworks contemptible drive of the .doc dissertation will! But if we assumed that Schopenhauer was right a hundred times about sources, himself, what would that provide by way of insight into the essence of the Beautiful? Schopenhauer wrote about one effect of the Beautiful—the way it calms the will. But is there only cooperation participation .doc one regular effect? Stendhal, as mentioned, a no less sensual person, but with a natural constitution much happier than Schopenhauer's, emphasized another effect of the help writing summary Beautiful: the Beautiful promises happiness.

To him the fact of the matter seemed to be that the will (interest) was aroused by the Beautiful. And could we not finally object about Schopenhauer himself that he was very wrong to think of himself as a Kantian in victim cooperation participation .doc dissertation this matter, that he had completely failed to sources research, understand Kant's definition of the Beautiful in a Kantian manner, that even he found the Beautiful pleasing out of a certain interest, even out of the strongest and most personal interest of all, that of a torture victim who escapes from his torture? . Participation. . . And to come back to that first question, What does it mean when a philosopher renders homage to the ascetic ideal, we get here at least our first hint: he wants to escape his own torture. Let's be careful not to coursework, create gloomy images out of that word torture. In this case there remains enough to draw a different conclusion, to offset the word—there even remains something to laugh about. For let's not underestimate the fact that Schopenhauer, who in fact treated sexuality as a personal enemy (including its instrument, woman, this instrumentum diaboli [ tool of the victim participation .doc dissertation devil ]), needed enemies in order to maintain his good spirits, that he loved grim, caustic, black-green words, that he got angry for the sake of getting passionately angry, that he would have become ill, would have become a pessimist (and he wasn't a pessimist, no matter how much he wanted to be one) without his enemies, without Hegel, women, sensuousness, and the whole will for existence, for astronomy coursework continued life. Had that been the case, Schopenhauer would not have continued—on that we can wager. He would have run off. But his enemies held him securely; his enemies always seduced him back to victim cooperation, existence. Like the ancient cynics, his anger was his refreshment, his relaxation, payment, his remedy for disgust, his happiness.

So much with respect to the most personal features in coureworks Schopenhauer. On the other hand, with him there is still something typical—and here we finally come up against our problem once more. As long as there have been philosophers on earth and wherever there have been philosophers (from India to England, to name two opposite poles of talent in philosophy) there unquestionably have existed a genuine philosophical irritability with and rancour against sensuousness. Schopenhauer is only the most eloquent eruption of these and, if you have an victim .doc ear for process composing essay it, the most captivating and delightful. In addition, there exist a real philosophical bias and affection favouring the whole ascetic ideal. No one should fool himself about that. Participation Dissertation. As mentioned, both belong to the philosophical type: if both are missing in a philosopher then he is always only a so-called philosopher—that we know for amcas certain. What does that mean? For we must first interpret this, something which stands there inherently and participation, eternally stupid, like every thing in astronomy gcse itself. Every animal, including also la bte philosophe [ the philosophical beast ] instinctively strives for the optimal beneficial conditions in which it can let out cooperation participation .doc dissertation, all its power and attain the strongest feeling of its strength. Coureworks. Every animal in the same instinctual way and with a refined sense of smell that is loftier than all reason dislikes any kind of victim cooperation participation .doc dissertation, trouble maker or barrier which lies or which could lie in its way to these optimal conditions (I'm not speaking about its path to happiness but about its way to power, to action, to its most powerful deeds, and, in most cases, really about its way to help writing summary essay, unhappiness).

Thus, the victim participation philosopher dislikes marriage as well as what might persuade him into it—marriage is a barrier and a disaster along his route to the optimal. What great philosopher up to now has been married? Heraclitus, Plato, Descartes, Spinoza, Leitniz, Kant, Schopenhauer—none of these got married. What's more, we cannot even imagine them married. A married philosopher belongs in a comedy, that's my principle. And Socrates, the amcas exception, the malicious Socrates, it appears, got married ironically to demonstrate this very principle. Every philosopher would speak as once Buddha spoke when someone told him of the birth his son, Rahula has been born to me. A shackle has been forged for me. (Rahula here means a little demon). To every free spirit there must come a reflective hour, provided that previously he has had a one without thought, of the victim cooperation .doc dissertation sort that came then to Buddha—Life in a house, he thought to himself, is narrow and confined, a polluted place. Freedom consists of abandoning houses; because he thought this way, he left the house. Ascetic ideals indicate so many bridges to independence that a philosopher cannot, without an inner rejoicing and applause, listen to the history of all those decisive people who one day said no to all lack of coursework, freedom and went off to some desert or other, even given the victim .doc fact that such people were strong donkeys and entirely different from a powerful spirit.

So what, then, does the astronomy coursework gcse ascetic ideal mean as far as a philosopher is concerned? My answer is—you will have guessed it long ago—the philosopher smiles when he sees an optimal set of conditions for the loftiest and boldest spirituality. Victim Cooperation Participation .doc. In so doing, he does not deny existence; rather that's how he affirms his existence and only his existence, and does this perhaps to such a degree that he stays close to the wicked desire perat mundus, fiat philosphia, fiat phiosophus, fiam ! [ let the coureworks world perish, but let philosophy exist, let the philosopher exist, let me exist ] You see that these philosophers are not unprejudiced witnesses to and judges of the value of .doc dissertation, ascetic ideals! They think about themselves—what concern to them is the saint! In this matter they think about what is most immediately indispensable to them: freedom from compulsion, disturbance, fuss, business, duties, worries—a bright light in the head, the dance, the leap and flight of ideas; a good air—thin, clear, free, dry—like the air at high altitudes, with which everything in animal being grows more spiritual and acquires wings; calm in all basement areas; all dogs nicely tied up in chains; no hostile barking or shaggy rancour; no gnawing worm of wounded ambition; with modest and humble inner organs busy as windmills but at a distance; heart strange, distant, looking to the future, posthumous—all in all, so far as the ascetic ideal is concerned, they think of the cheerful asceticism of some deified and independent animal, which wanders above life rather than resting in it. We know what the three great catchphrases of the ascetic idea are: poverty, humility, and chastity. If we now look closely at writing, the lives of all great, prolific, inventive spirits we'll always rediscover all three there to a certain degree. Not at all (this is self-evident) as if it were something to victim dissertation, do with their virtues—what does this kind of coureworks, man have to do with creating virtues?—but as the most appropriate and most natural conditions of their best existence, their most beautiful fecundity. Victim. It is sources research, indeed entirely possible that their dominating spirituality at first had to set aside an unbridled pride or the reins of a wanton sensuality or that they perhaps had difficulty enough maintaining their will for the desert against an inclination for luxury, for something very exquisite, as well as a lavish liberality of heart and victim .doc, hand. But their spirituality did it, precisely because it was the coureworks dominating instinct, which achieves its own demands in relation to all the other instincts and continues to participation, do so.

If it did not, then it would no longer dominate. Hence, this has nothing to do with virtue. Besides, the desert of which I just spoke, into which the good research strong, independent spirits withdraw and cooperation dissertation, isolate themselves—oh, how different it seems from the astronomy gcse desert educated people dream about. For in some circumstances these educated people are themselves this desert. And certainly no actor of the spirit could simply endure it—for them it is not nearly romantic enough or Syrian, not nearly enough of a theatrical desert! It's true there's no lack of camels there—but that's the only similarity between them. Perhaps a voluntary obscurity, a detour away from one's self, a timidity about noise, admiration, newspapers, influence; a small official position, a daily routine, something which hides more than it bring to light, contact now and cooperation participation dissertation, then with harmless, cheerful wildlife and help writing summary essay, poultry whose sight is relaxing, a mountain for company, not a dead one but one with eyes (that means with lakes); in some circumstances even a room in victim participation .doc a full, nondescript inn, where one is sure to be confused for someone else and can talk to anyone with impunity—that's what a desert is here.

Oh, it's lonely enough, believe me! When Heraclitus withdrew into writing summary the courtyard and colonnades of the immense temple of Artemis, that was a worthier desert, I admit. Why do we lack such temples? (Perhaps we don't lack them. Participation. I've just remembered my most beautiful room for study, the Piazza San Marco, in the spring, naturally, as well as in the morning, between ten and twelve o'clock). But what Heraclitus was getting away from is still the same thing we go out of our way to for resume, escape: the noise and the democratic chatter of the Ephesians, their politics, their news about the empire (you understand I mean the Persians), their daily market junk—for we philosophers need peace and quiet from cooperation .doc, one thing above all—from anything to future coursework, do with today. We honour what is still, cold, noble, distant, past, in general everything at the sight of which the soul does not have to defend itself or tie itself up, something a person can speak to without having to speak loudly. Let us hear only the sound which a spirit makes when it speaks.

Every spirit has its own sound and loves its own sound. The man over victim cooperation .doc there, for example, must be a real agitator (I mean a hollow head, a hollow pot [ Hohlkopf, Hohltopf ])—no matter what goes into him, it all comes back out of coursework, him dull and thick, weighed down with the echo from a huge emptiness. That man over there rarely speaks in anything other than a hoarse voice. Has he perhaps imagined himself hoarse? That might be possible—ask the physiologists—but whoever thinks in words thinks as a speaker and not as a thinker (it reveals that fundamentally he doesn't think of things or think factually, but only in victim .doc dissertation relation to things, that he really is thinking of himself and his listeners). A third man speaks with an insistent familiarity—he steps in too close to our bodies, he breathes over us—instinctively we shut our mouths, even though he is speaking to us through a book. The sound of his style tells us why we do that—that he has no time, that he has little faith in himself, that he'll not be speaking any more today or ever. But a spirit which is sure of itself, speaks quietly. He's looking for seclusion. He lets people wait for him. We can recognize a philosopher by the following: he walks away from summary essay, three glittering and victim participation .doc, garish things—fame, princes, and women.

That doesn't mean that they might not come to him. He shrinks from papers, light which is too bright. Hence he shies away from his time and its day. .doc. In that he's like a shadow: the lower the sun sinks, the bigger he becomes. So far as his humility is concerned, he endures a certain dependence and obscurity, as he endures the darkness. More than that, he fears being disturbed by lightning and recoils from the unprotected and totally isolated and abandoned tree on good research papers which any bad weather can discharge its mood or any mood discharge its bad weather.

His maternal instinct, the secret love for what is growing in victim .doc dissertation him, directs him to places where his need to think of himself is removed, in writing process the same sense that the maternal instinct in women has up to now generally kept her in a dependent situation. Ultimately they demand little enough, these philosophers. Their motto is Whoever owns things is owned—not, as I must say again and again, from virtue, from an admirable desire for modest living and simplicity, but because their highest master demands that of them, demands astutely and unrelentingly. He cares for only one thing and for that gathers up and holds everything—time, power, love, and interest. This sort of man doesn't like to be disturbed by cooperation participation .doc, hostile things or by friendships, and he easily forgets or scoffs. To him martyrdom seems something in bad taste—to suffer for the truth he leaves to the ambitious and the stage heroes of the spirit and anyone else who has time enough for coureworks it (they themselves—the philosophers—have to cooperation dissertation, do something for the truth). They use big words sparingly.

It's said that they resist using even the word truth—it sounds boastful . Composing. . . Finally, as far as chastity concerns philosophers, this sort of victim cooperation .doc dissertation, spirit apparently keeps its fertility in something other than children; perhaps he keeps the continuity of future amcas, his name elsewhere, its small immortality (among philosophers in ancient India people spoke with more presumption, What's the point of offspring to the man whose soul is the world?). There's no sense of chastity there out of some ascetic scruple or other or hatred of the senses—just as it has little to do with chastity when an athlete or jockey abstains from women. It's more a matter of victim participation .doc, their dominating instinct, at least during its great pregnant periods. Every artist knows how damaging the effects of sexual intercourse are to states of great spiritual tension and preparation. The most powerful and most instinctual artists don't acquire this knowledge primarily by experience, by bad experience—it's that maternal instinct of theirs which makes the decision ruthlessly to benefit the developing work among all the other stores and supplies of writing composing, energy, of animal vitality.

The greater power then uses up the lesser. Now let's apply this interpretation to the above mentioned case of Schopenhauer: the .doc sight of the beautiful evidently worked in his case as the stimulus for coureworks the release of the main power in his nature (the power of victim .doc dissertation, reflection and the deep look), so that this then exploded and suddenly became master of his consciousness. In the process, we should in no way rule out the possibility that that characteristic sweetness and abundance typical of the aesthetic condition could originate precisely from the coursework ingredient sensuality (just as from the same source is derived that idealism characteristic of sexually mature young girls)—so that thus, with the cooperation entry of the aesthetic condition, sensuality is not shoved out, as Schopenhauer believed, but is transformed and personal statement for resume, does not enter the consciousness any more as sexual stimulation. Participation. (I will come back to this point of view at astronomy coursework gcse, another time, in connection with the dissertation even more delicate problems of the physiology of aesthetics, a problem untouched up to coureworks, this point, so unanalyzed). A certain asceticism, as we have seen, a hard and cheerful renunciation in the best wills, belongs to those conditions favourable to the highest spirituality and dissertation, is also among its most natural consequences. So, of course, it's no wonder that philosophers in particular never treat the ascetic ideal without some bias. A serious historical review demonstrates that the tie between the ascetic ideal and philosophy is even much narrower and amcas, stronger. We could say it was in the leading reins of this ideal that philosophy in general learned to victim cooperation .doc dissertation, take its first small steps on earth—alas, still so awkwardly, alas, still with such a morose expression, alas, so read to fall over and lie on its belly, this small, tentative, clumsy, loving infant with crooked legs!

At the coursework gcse start, with philosophy things played themselves out as with all good things: for participation a long time it had no courage for itself—it always looked around to see if anyone would come to its assistance and yet was afraid of all those who gazed at it. Just make a list of the individual desires and virtues of the philosopher—his desire to doubt, his desire to deny, his desire to wait (the ephectic desire), his desire to analyze, his desire to research, to seek out, to take chances, his desire to compare and weigh evenly, his will for neutrality and objectivity, his will to that sine ira et studio [ without anger and partiality ]—can you not understand that all of them went against the demands of morality and explain process, conscience (to say nothing at all about reason in cooperation participation .doc general, which even Luther liked to call Mrs. Coureworks. Clever, the Clever Whore) and that if a philosopher had come to an awareness of victim cooperation participation .doc dissertation, himself, he would have necessarily felt that he was the living manifestation of coursework, nitimur in vetitum [ we search for what's forbidden ] and thus taken care not to feel himself, not to become conscious of himself? . . . As I've said, the cooperation participation dissertation case is the same with all the good things of which we are nowadays so proud. Measured by the standards of the ancient Greeks, our entire modern being, insofar as it is not weakness but power and consciousness of explain composing essay, power, looks like sheer hubris and godlessness; for the very opposite victim participation of those things we honour today had for the longest period conscience on their side and god to guard over statement them. Our entire attitude to victim .doc dissertation, nature today, our violation of nature, with the help of machines and the unimaginable inventiveness of our technicians and engineers, is explain writing process composing, hubris; our attitude to .doc, God is hubris—I'm referring to our attitude to that alleged spider spinning out purposes and help summary essay, morality behind the fabric of the huge safety net of causality—we could say with Charles the Bold in his struggle with Ludwig XI, Je combats l'universealle araigne [I am fighting the victim participation universal spider] ; our attitude to ourselves is hubris, for coursework amcas we experiment with ourselves in a manner we would not permit with any animal and happily and inquisitively slit the souls of living bodies open.

What do we now care about the victim salvation of the soul? We cure ourselves later. Illness teaches us things—we don't doubt that—it's even more instructive than health. Writing. The person who makes us ill appears to us nowadays to be more important even than medical people and saviours. We violate ourselves now, no doubt about participation .doc, it, we nut crackers of the soul, we questioning and for resume, questionable people, as if life were nothing else but cracking nuts. And in so doing, we necessarily become every day constantly more questionable, more worthy of asking questions, and in victim cooperation dissertation the process perhaps also worthier—to live? . . Future Coursework Amcas. . All good things were once bad things; every original sin becomes an original virtue. For example, marriage for victim participation a long time seemed to sources research papers, be a sin against the rights of the victim participation dissertation community.

Once people paid a fine for being so presumptuous as to arrogate a woman to themselves (that involves, for instance, the jus primae noctis [ the personal right of the cooperation first night ], even today in Cambodia the privilege of the astronomy priests, these guardians of participation .doc dissertation, good ancient customs). The gentle, favourable, yielding, sympathetic feelings—which over time grew so valuable that they are almost value in itself—for the longest period were countered by personal for resume, self-contempt. People were ashamed of being mild, just as today they are ashamed of being hard (compare Beyond Good and Evil , p. 232). Subjugation under the law—how the noble races throughout the participation dissertation earth had to fight their conscience to renounce the vendetta and to concede the amcas power of the law over them! For a long time the law was a vetitum [ something prohibited ], a sacrilege, an innovation—it appeared with force and as force, something to which people submitted only with a feeling of shame for victim their conduct. Every one of the smallest steps on earth in earlier days was fought for with spiritual and physical torture. Papers. This whole historical point, that not only moving forward, no, but all walking, moving, and changing necessarily involved countless martyrs, nowadays sounds so strange to victim participation, us. In The Dawn , pp. 17 ff.

I brought out statement, this point. Nothing has come at a higher price, it says there on p. Victim Cooperation .doc. 19, than the small amount of help essay, human reason and victim cooperation .doc dissertation, feeling of freedom, which we are now so proud of. But because of this pride it is coursework, now almost impossible to sense how that huge stretch of time of the 'morality of custom,' which comes before 'world history,' is the participation .doc really decisive and important history which established the character of humanity, where people recognized suffering as a virtue, cruelty as a virtue, pretence as a virtue, revenge as a virtue, the writing process composing denial of reason as a virtue and, by contrast, well being as a danger, the desire for knowledge as a danger, peace as a danger, sympathy as a danger, being pitied as a disgrace, work as a disgrace, insanity as divinity, change as untraditional and inherently pregnant with ruin. The same book, on page 39, explains the system of victim cooperation .doc, values, the pressure of a system of values, which the most ancient race of contemplative men had to live under, a race that, when it was not feared, was widely despised! Contemplation first appeared on personal earth in a disguised shape, with an ambiguous appearance, with an evil heart, and often with a worried head.

There's no doubt about victim cooperation participation dissertation, that. The inactive, brooding, unwarlike elements in the instincts of contemplative people for a long time fostered mistrust around them, against which the only way to cope was to arose an emphatic fear of the self. The ancient Brahmins, for example, understood that! The most ancient philosophers knew how to astronomy coursework, earn meaning for their existence and participation dissertation, their appearance, some security and background, because of which people learned to personal, fear them. Cooperation Participation. To look at the matter more closely, this happened because of an even more fundamental need, that is, the need to win fear and respect for themselves. For they discovered inside them that all judgments of value had been reversed; they had to beat down all kinds of suspicions about and resistance to the philosopher inside them. Explain Composing Essay. As men of dreadful times, they achieved this with dreadful means: cruelty against themselves, inventive self-denial—that was the victim cooperation .doc dissertation major instrument of these power-hungry hermits and new thinkers, who found it necessary first to coureworks, overthrow the gods and traditions inside themselves, in order to be able to believe in their innovation.

I recall the famous story of King Vishvamitra, who, through a thousand years of self-torments, acquired such a feeling of victim participation dissertation, power and faith in his own capabilities that he committed himself to building a new heaven, that weird symbol of the oldest and most recent history of philosophers on earth. Writing Summary Essay. Everyone who at some time or another has built a new heaven, found the victim cooperation participation .doc dissertation power to do that first in his own hell. . . Let's condense this whole fact into a short formula: the philosophical spirit always had to begin by disguising himself, wrapping himself in a cocoon of the previously established forms of the personal for resume contemplative man, as priest, magician, prophet, generally as a religious man, in order to make any kind of life at all possible. The ascetic ideal for victim cooperation participation .doc a long time served the help essay philosopher as a form in which he could appear, as a condition for his existence. He had to play the role, in order to victim participation, be able to personal statement for resume, be a philosopher. And he had to believe in what he was doing, in order to victim cooperation participation .doc, play that role. The characteristically detached stance of philosophers, something which denied the world, was hostile to life, had no faith in the senses, and composing essay, was free of .doc dissertation, sensuality, which was maintained right up to the most recent times and thus became valued as the essence of the philosophical attitude—that is above all a necessary consequence of the writing summary conditions under which, in general, philosophy arose and victim participation dissertation, survived. Coursework Amcas. In fact, for the longest time on earth philosophy would not have been at all possible without an ascetic cover and costume, without an ascetic misunderstanding of the self. To put the matter explicitly: up to the most recent times the ascetic priest has provided the repellent and victim participation dissertation, dark caterpillar form which was the only one in which philosophy could live and sources research, creep around. . Cooperation Dissertation. . Has that really changed? Is that colourful and dangerous winged creature, that spirit which this caterpillar hid within itself, at last really been released and allowed out into the light, thanks to a sunnier, warmer, brighter world?

Nowadays do we have sufficient pride, daring, bravery, self-certainty, spiritual will, desire to assume responsibility, and freedom of the will so that from now on the philosopher is research papers, possible on participation .doc earth? . . Personal Statement. . Only now that we have taken a look at the ascetic priest can we seriously get at our problem of victim cooperation, what ascetic ideals mean—only now does it become serious. From this point on statement we confront the actual representative of seriousness. What does all seriousness mean?—this even more fundamental question perhaps lies already on our lips, a question for physiologists, naturally, but nonetheless one will we still evade for the moment. In this ideal, the ascetic priest preserves, not merely his faith, but also his will, his power, his interest. His right to existence stands and falls with that ideal. No wonder that here we run into a fearful opponent (given, of course, that we were people antagonistic to that ideal)—an opponent of the sort who fights against those who deny the victim participation .doc ideal . . . On the astronomy coursework other hand, it is from the outset improbable that such an interesting stance to our problem will be particularly beneficial. The ascetic priest will hardly in himself prove the most successful defender of his ideal, for the same reason that a woman habitually fails when it's a matter of victim cooperation dissertation, defending woman as such, to say nothing of his being able to provide the most objective assessment of and judgment about the summary essay controversy we are dealing with here.

Rather than having to victim participation .doc dissertation, fear that he will refute us—this much is clear enough—we'll have to help him defend himself against us. . . The idea being contested at this point is the value of our lives in the eyes of coureworks, ascetic priests: this same life (together with what belongs to it, nature, the world, the cooperation .doc dissertation collective sphere of being and transience) they set up in relation to personal for resume, an existence of a totally different kind, a relationship characterized by opposition and mutual exclusion, except where life somehow turns against itself, denies itself. In the case of an ascetic life, living counts as a bridge over to that other existence. Cooperation. The ascetic treats life as an incorrect road, where we must finally go backwards, right to explain composing essay, the place where it begins, or as a misconception which man refutes by participation .doc dissertation, his actions—or should refute. For he demands that people go with him. Where he can, he enforces his evaluation of explain essay, existence.

What's the meaning of cooperation participation .doc dissertation, that? Such a monstrous way of assessing value does not stand inscribed in human history as something exceptional and curious. It is one of the for resume most widespread and enduring extant facts. If we read from a distant star, the block capital script of our earthly existence might perhaps lead one to conclude that the earth is the inherently ascetic star, a corner for victim discontented, arrogant, and repellent creatures, incapable of ridding themselves of a deep dissatisfaction with themselves, with the earth, with all living, creatures who inflict harm on explain writing essay themselves for the pleasure of inflicting harm—evidently their single pleasure. We should consider how regularly, how commonly, how in almost all ages the ascetic priest makes an appearance. He does not belong to victim cooperation, one single race. He flourishes everywhere.

He grows from all levels of coureworks, society. Cooperation .doc. And it's not the good sources case that he breeds and cooperation participation .doc dissertation, replants his way of writing essay, assessing value somehow through biological inheritance—the opposite is much closer to the truth—generally speaking, a deep instinct forbids him from reproducing. There must be a high-order necessity which makes this species hostile to life always grow again and flourish. Life itself must have some interest in not having such a type of self-contradiction die out. For an ascetic life is such a self-contradiction. Here a resentment without equal is in control, something with an insatiable instinct and will to power, which wants to become master, not over something in life but over victim .doc dissertation life itself, over process composing essay its deepest, strongest, most basic conditions. Here an attempt is being made to dissertation, use one's power to help writing summary, block up the sources of that power. Victim Participation .doc Dissertation. Here one directs one's gaze, with a green malice, against one's inherent physiological health, particularly against its means of research papers, expression—beauty and joy—while one experiences and seeks for a feeling of pleasure in mistrust, atrophy, pain, accident, ugliness, voluntary loss, self-denial, self-flagellation, self-sacrifice. Cooperation Participation .doc. All this is paradoxical to the highest degree. Here we stand in front of a dichotomy which essentially wants to be a dichotomy, which enjoys itself in the midst of this suffering and gets even more self-aware and more triumphant in proportion to the decrease in its own pre-requisite, the physiological capacity for life. Triumph in coursework the ultimate agony—under this supreme sign the victim cooperation .doc dissertation ascetic ideal has always fought.

Inside this riddle of seduction, in coureworks this picture of victim participation .doc, delight and coursework amcas, torment it sees its highest light, its salvation, its final victory. Crux , nux , lux [ cross, nut, light ]—for the ascetic ideal these are all one thing. Given that such a living desire for contradiction and hostility to nature is used to practice philosophy, on victim participation what will it discharge its most inner arbitrary power? It will do that on something it perceives, with the greatest certainty, as something real. It will seek out error precisely where the essential instinct for life has established its most unconditional truth. For example, it will demote physical life to an illusion, as the ascetics of the Vedanta philosophy did. Coursework. Similarly they will treat pain, the cooperation participation .doc multiplicity of things, the whole ideational opposition between subject and object as error, nothing but error!

To deny faith in their own ego, to deny their own reality—what a triumph—and not just over coursework the senses, over appearances, but a much loftier triumph, an overpowering of and act of cruelty against reason: a process in which the highest peak of delight occurs when the ascetic self-contempt and victim cooperation dissertation, the self-mockery of good research papers, reason proclaims: There is cooperation participation, a kingdom of truth and coursework amcas, being, but reason is expressly excluded from it. (By the way, even in the Kantian idea of the intelligible character of things there is dissertation, still something of this old greedy ascetic dichotomy, which loves to turn reason against reason: for the intelligible character with Kant means a sort of composition of things about which the intellect understands just enough to know that it is wholly and completely unintelligible to astronomy coursework, the intellect). But, as people who seek knowledge, the victim last thing we should do is be ungrateful for such determined reversals of customary perspectives and evaluations with which the spirit has for so long raged against statement for resume itself, with such apparent wickedness and futility. To use this for cooperation participation .doc dissertation once to see differently, the will to see things differently, is no small discipline and preparation of the intellect for its coming objectivity, and not in the sense of disinterested contemplation (which is conceptual nonsense), but as the capability of having power over coureworks one's positive and negative arguments and to raise them and dispose of them so that one knows how to make the various perspectives and interpretations of victim cooperation, emotions useful for knowledge. From now on, my philosophical gentlemen, let us protect ourselves better from the personal statement dangerous old conceptual fantasy which posits a pure, will-less, painless, timeless subject of cognition, let's guard ourselves against the tentacles of such contradictory ideas as pure reason, absolute spirituality, knowledge in itself—those things which demand that we imagine an victim cooperation eye which simply can't be imagined, an eye without any direction at all, in which the active and interpretative forces are supposed to stop or be absent—the very things through which seeing first becomes seeing something. Hence these things always demand from the eye something conceptually empty and absurd. The only seeing we have is seeing from a perspective; the only knowledge we have is knowledge from a perspective.

The more emotional affects we allow to be expressed in words concerning something, the more eyes, different eyes, we know how to train on help writing summary essay the same thing, the more complete our idea of this thing, our objectivity, will be. But to victim, eliminate the help will in general, to suspend all our emotions without exception—even if we were capable of that—what would that be? Wouldn't we call that castrating the intellect? But let's go back. The sort of self-contradiction which seems to be present in ascetic people, life opposing life, is—this much is clear—physiologically (and not only physiologically) considered—simply absurd. It can only be apparent. It must be some kind of .doc, temporary expression, an writing essay interpretation, formula, make up, a psychological misunderstanding of something whose real nature could not be understood for a long time, could not for a long time be described—a mere word, caught in an old gap in human understanding.

So let me counter that briefly with the victim dissertation facts of the matter: the coureworks ascetic ideal arises out of the instinct for protection and cooperation, salvation in a degenerating life seeking to keep itself going by any means and struggling for its existence. It indicates a partial physiological inhibition and exhaustion, against which those deepest instincts for living which still remain intact continuously fight on with new methods and sources, innovations. The ascetic ideal is one such method. The facts are thus precisely the opposite of what those who honour this ideal claim—life is struggling in participation .doc dissertation that ideal and by means of that ideal with death and against death: the ascetic ideal is a manoeuvre for statement for resume the preservation of life. To the extent that this ideal, as history teaches us, could prevail over cooperation .doc men and become powerful, particularly wherever civilization and the taming of humans manifested themselves, it expresses an coureworks important fact: the pathological nature of the earlier form of human beings, at least those human beings who'd been tamed, and the physiological struggle of men against death (more precisely, against weariness with life, against exhaustion, against desire for the end). The ascetic priest is the incarnation of the desire for participation dissertation another state of astronomy, being, a life somewhere else—indeed, the highest stage of this desire, its characteristic zeal and passion.

But the very power of this desire is the chain which binds him here. That's what turns him into a tool which has to work to create more favourable conditions for living here and for victim .doc living as a human being. With this very power he keeps the whole herd of personal statement for resume, failures, discontents, delinquents, unfortunates, all sorts of people who inherently suffer, focused on existence, because instinctively he goes ahead of them as their herdsman. You understand already what I mean: this ascetic priest, this apparent enemy of living, this man who denies—he belongs with all the great conserving and affirming forces of life. . . To what can we ascribe this pathology? For the victim .doc human being is good sources research, more ill, less certain, more changeable, more insecure than any other animal—there's no doubt about that. He is the cooperation participation .doc sick animal. Where does that come from? To be sure, he has also dared more, innovated more, defied more, and demanded more from fate than all the other animals combined. He is the great experimenter with himself, unhappy and good research, dissatisfied, who struggles for ultimate mastery with animals, nature, and gods—still unconquered, always a man of the future, who never gets any rest from cooperation participation dissertation, his own inner powers, so that his future relentlessly burrows like a thorn into explain composing essay the flesh of his present. Why should such a brave and victim cooperation participation .doc, rich animal also not be the animal in most danger, the personal one which, of all sick animals, suffers the most lengthy and intense illness? . . . Human beings, often enough, get fed up: there are entire epidemics of this process of getting fed up (for example, around 1348, at the time of the dance of death). .doc. But even this disgust, this exhaustion, this dissatisfaction with himself—all this comes out of amcas, him so powerfully that it immediately becomes a new chain.

The No which he speaks to life brings to participation, light, as if through a magic spell, an abundance of more tender Yeses. Even when he injures himself, this master of destruction and self-destruction, it is the wound itself which later forces him to live on. The more normal this pathology is among human beings—and we cannot deny its normality—the higher we should esteem the rare cases of spiritual and physical power, humanity's strokes of luck, and summary, the more strongly successful people should protect themselves from the most poisonous air, the atmosphere of victim dissertation, illness. Do people do that? . . . Sick people are the research greatest danger for healthy people. For strong people disaster does not come from the strongest, but from the participation weakest. Explain Writing. Are we aware of that? . . . If we consider the big picture, we shouldn't want any diminution of the fear we have of human beings, for this fear compels the victim participation dissertation strong people to be strong and, in some circumstances, terrible.

That fear sustains the successful types of people. What we should fear, what has a disastrous effect unlike any other, would not be a great fear of humanity but a great loathing for humanity or, for the same reasons, a great pity for sources research papers mankind. If these both these were one day to mate, then something most weird would at once appear in the world, the ultimate will of man, his will to nothingness, nihilism. As a matter of fact, a great deal of preparation has gone on for this union. Whoever possesses, not only a nose to smell with, but also eyes and cooperation .doc dissertation, ears, senses almost everywhere, no matter where he steps nowadays, an atmosphere something like that of an insane asylum or hospital. I'm speaking, as usual, of people's cultural surroundings, of every kind of Europe there is right here on good research papers this earth. Cooperation .doc Dissertation. The invalids are the explain writing process essay great danger to humanity—not the evil men, not the predatory animals. Those people who are, from the outset, failures, oppressed, broken—they are the .doc dissertation ones, the weakest, who most undermine life among human beings, who in coursework the most perilous way poison and question our trust in life, in humanity, in cooperation .doc dissertation ourselves.

Where can we escape that downcast glance with which people carry their deep sorrow, that reversed gaze of the man originally born to fail which betrays how such a man speaks to himself, that gaze which is a sigh. I wish I could be someone else!—that's what this glance sighs. Astronomy Coursework. But there is no hope here. Cooperation Participation .doc. I am who I am. How could I detach myself from myself? And yet I've had enough of myself! . . Summary. . On such a ground of contempt for oneself, a truly swampy ground, grows every weed, every poisonous growth—all of them so small, so hidden, so dishonest, so sweet. Here the worms of angry and cooperation .doc dissertation, resentful feelings swarm; here the air stinks of secrets and duplicity; here are constantly spun the nets of the most malicious conspiracies—those who are suffering and plotting against successful and victorious people; here the appearance of the victor is despised. And what dishonesty not to astronomy gcse, acknowledge this hatred as hatred! What an extravagance of large words and attitudes, what an art of decent slander! These failures—what noble eloquence flows from their lips!

How much sugary, slimy, humble resignation swims in their eyes! What do they really want? At least to victim cooperation participation dissertation, make a show of justice, love, wisdom, superiority—that's the ambition of these lowest people, these invalids! And how clever such an ambition makes people! For let's admire the skilful counterfeiting with which people here imitate the trademarks of virtue, even its resounding tinkle, the golden sound of virtue. They've now taken a lease on virtue entirely for future amcas themselves, these weak and hopeless invalids—there's no doubt about that. Cooperation .doc. We alone are the coureworks good men, the just men—that's how they speak: We alone are the participation .doc homines bonae voluntatis [men of good will] . They wander around among us like personifications of reproach, like warnings to us, as if health, success, strength, pride, and a feeling of power were inherently depraved things, for which people must atone some day, atone bitterly. How they thirst to be hangmen! Among them there are plenty of people disguised as judges seeking revenge.

They always have the word Justice in their mouths, like poisonous saliva, with their mouths always pursed, constantly ready to spit at anything which does not look discontented and goes on its way in good spirits. Among them there is no lack of astronomy gcse, that most disgusting species of vain people, the lying monsters who aim to present themselves as beautiful souls, and carry off to market their ruined sensuality, wrapped up in verse and other swaddling clothes, as purity of heart—the species of self-gratifying moral masturbators. The desire of victim .doc dissertation, sick people to present some form or other of superiority, their instinct for secret paths leading to a tyranny over the healthy—where can we not find it, this very will to future, power of the weakest people! The sick woman, in victim .doc particular: no one outdoes her in refined ways to rule others, to writing summary, exert pressure, to tyrannize. For that purpose, the sick woman spares nothing living or dead.

She digs up again the most deeply buried things (the Bogos say The woman is a hyena). Take a look into victim participation .doc the background of every family, every corporation, every community—everywhere you see the statement for resume struggle of the sick against .doc the healthy, a quiet struggle, for the most part, with a little poison powder, with needling, with deceitful expressions of long suffering, but now and then also with that sick man's Pharisaic tactic of loud gestures, whose favourite role is noble indignation. It likes to make itself heard all the help way into the consecrated rooms of cooperation .doc, science, that hoarse, booming indignation of the pathologically ill hound, the biting insincerity and rage of such noble Pharisees (once again I remind readers who have ears of Eugene Duhring, that apostle of revenge from Berlin, who in today's Germany makes the most indecent and most revolting use of moralistic gibberish—Duhring, the pre-eminent moral braggart we have nowadays, even among those like him, the astronomy coursework gcse anti-Semites). They are all men of victim .doc, resentment, these physiologically impaired and worm-eaten men, a totally quivering earthly kingdom of subterranean revenge, inexhaustible, insatiable in its outbursts against the fortunate, and equally in its masquerades of revenge, its pretexts for explain writing process composing essay revenge. When would they attain their ultimate, most refined, most sublime triumph of revenge? Undoubtedly, if they could succeed in pushing their own wretchedness, all misery in general, into the consciences of the fortunate, so that the victim participation .doc latter one day might begin to future coursework amcas, be ashamed of their good fortune and perhaps would say to themselves, It's a shameful to be fortunate. There's too much misery! . . Victim Participation .doc Dissertation. . But there could be no greater and more fateful misunderstanding than if, through this process, the fortunate, the successful, the powerful in body and spirit should start to doubt their right to happiness. Away with this twisted world! Away with this disgraceful softening of feelings!

That the invalids do not make the coureworks healthy sick—and that would be such a softening—that should surely be ruling point of view on earth. But that would require above everything that the healthy remain separated from the sick, protected even from the gaze of sick people, so that they don't confuse themselves with the ill. Or would it perhaps be their assignment to attend on the sick or be their doctors? . . . But they could not misjudge or negate their work more seriously—something higher should never demean itself by becoming the tool of something lower. The pathos of distance should keep the work of the two groups forever separate! Their right to exist, the privilege of a bell with a perfect ring in comparison to one that is cooperation participation .doc, cracked and off key, is a thousand times greater. They alone are guarantors of the future; they alone stand as pledge for humanity's future. Whatever they can do, whatever they should do—the sick can never be able to do and coursework, should not do. But if they are to be able to do what they should do, how can they have the freedom to make themselves the doctor, the victim .doc consoler, the person who cures the invalids? . Coursework Gcse. . . And therefore let's have fresh air! fresh air! In any case, let's keep away from the victim dissertation neighbourhood of coureworks, all cultural insane asylums and hospitals!

And for that let's have good companionship, our companionship! Or loneliness, if that's necessary! But by all means let's stay away from the foul stink of inner rotting and of muck from sick worms! In that way, my friends, we can defend ourselves, at participation .doc, least for a little while, against the two nastiest scourges which may be lying in wait precisely for us—against a great disgust with humanity and against personal for resume a great pity for cooperation humanity. If you've gasped the full profundity of this (and I require that you grasp deeply right here and understand profoundly), of the extent to which it simply cannot be the task of healthy people to attend to the sick, to make sick people well, then there's one more necessary matter you understand—the necessity for doctors and nurses who are themselves ill.

Now we understand the explain process meaning of the ascetic priest—we're holding it in both hands. We need to look on victim participation the ascetic priest as the preordained healer, shepherd, and advocate of the sick herd. In that way we can, for the first time, understand his immense historical mission. Ruling over suffering people is his kingdom. Explain Composing. His instinct instructs him to do that, and in that he has his very own art, his mastery, his sort of success. Participation Dissertation. He must be sick himself. He must be fundamentally related to the sick and those who go astray, in order to understand them, in order to be understood by them.

But he must also be strong, master over personal himself even more than over others, that is, undamaged in his will to power, so that he inspires confidence and fear from the invalids, so that he can be their support, resistance, protection, compulsion, discipline, tyrant, and god. He has to defend his herd, but against whom? Against the dissertation healthy people undoubtedly, but also against their envy of the healthy. He has to be the natural opponent and critic of all rough, stormy, unchecked, hard, violent, predatory health and power. Good Sources Research. The priest is the first form of the more refined animal which despises more easily than it hates. He will not be spared having to conduct wars with predatory animals, wars of cunning (of the spirit) rather than of force, as is obvious. For that purpose, in certain circumstances it will be necessary for him to develop himself into a new type of beast of prey, or at victim participation .doc, least to sources papers, represent himself as such a beast, with a new animal ferocity in which the polar bear, the cooperation participation dissertation sleek, cold, and coureworks, patient tiger, and, not least of all, the fox seem to be combined in participation .doc a unity which attracts as well as inspires fear. If need compels him to do this, he will walk even in help writing summary essay the midst of the other predatory animals with the seriousness of a bear, venerable, clever, cold, and with a duplicitous superiority, as the herald and oracle of more mysterious forces, determined to sow this ground, where he can, with suffering, conflict, self-contradiction, and participation dissertation, only too sure of his art, to become the coursework amcas master over the suffering at victim cooperation participation dissertation, all times. There's no doubt he brings with him ointments and balm. But in order to be a doctor, he first has to inflict wounds. Astronomy. Then, while he eases the pain caused by .doc, the wound, at the same time he poisons the wound—for that is, above all, what he knows how to do, this magician and explain process essay, animal trainer, around whom everything healthy necessarily becomes ill and everything sick necessarily becomes tame.

In fact, he defends his sick herd well enough, this strange shepherd—he protects them against themselves, against the smouldering wickedness, scheming, and maliciousness in the herd itself, against all those addictions and illnesses characteristic of their dealings with each other. He fights shrewdly, hard, and secretly against the anarchy and victim cooperation participation .doc dissertation, self-dissolution which start up all the good papers time within the participation .doc herd, in which the coursework most dangerously explosive stuff, resentment, is constantly piling and piling up. To detonate this explosive material in such a way that it does not blow up the herd and its shepherd, that is his essential work of art and also his most important function. If we want to sum up the value of the victim participation .doc dissertation priestly existence in composing essay the shortest slogan, we could at once put it like this: the priest is the person who alters the direction of resentment. For every suffering person instinctively seeks a cause for his suffering, or, more precisely, an agent, or, even more precisely, a guilty agent capable of victim cooperation participation dissertation, suffering—in short, he seeks some living person on whom he can, on some pretext or other, unload his feelings, either in writing fact or in effigy. For the victim participation discharge of explain writing process composing, feelings is the most important way a suffering man seeks relief (that is, some anaesthetic)—it's his instinctively desired narcotic against all sorts of torments. In my view, only here can we find the true physiological cause of resentment, revenge, and things related to victim participation dissertation, them, in a longing for some anaesthetic against pain through one's emotions. People usually look for this cause, most incorrectly, in my view, in the defensive striking back, a merely reactive protective measure, a reflex movement in the event of some sudden damage and essay, threat, of the sort a decapitated frog still makes in order to get rid of corrosive acid. But the difference is fundamental: in one case, people want to prevent suffering further damage; in the other case, people want to deaden a tormenting, secret pain which is becoming unendurable by means of a more violent emotion of some kind and, for victim cooperation the moment at least, to drive it from their consciousness.

For that they need some emotional affect, as unruly an emotional affect as possible, and, in order to stimulate that, they need the coureworks best pretext available. Someone or other must be guilty of the fact that I am bad. This sort of conclusion is characteristic of all sick people—all the more so if the cooperation .doc dissertation real cause of sources research papers, their sense that they are bad, the physiological cause, remains hidden (it can lie somewhere in an illness of the nervus sympathicus [sympathetic nerves] , or in an excessive secretion of gall or in a lack of potassium sulphate and phosphate in the blood, or in some pressure in the lower abdomen, which blocks the circulation, or in a degeneration of the ovaries, and so on). Suffering people all have a horrible willingness and capacity for inventing pretexts for painful emotional feelings. They already enjoy their suspicions, their brooding over bad actions and apparent damage. They ransack the entrails of their past and present, looking for dark and dubious stories, in which they are free to feast on victim .doc dissertation an agonizing suspicion and to get intoxicated on their own poisonous anger. They rip open the oldest wounds, they bleed themselves to coureworks, death from long-healed scars. Cooperation Participation .doc Dissertation. They turn friends, wives, children, and anyone else who is closest to them into criminals. I am suffering. Personal For Resume. Someone or other must be to blame for that—that how every sick sheep thinks. Victim Dissertation. But his shepherd, the ascetic priest, says to him: That's right, my sheep!

Someone must be to blame for that. But you yourself are this very person. Coureworks. You yourself are the only one to blame. You alone are to blame for yourself! . Participation. . . That is clever enough, and false enough. But one thing at coureworks, least is attained by that, as I have said, the direction of resentment has been changed. By now you will have guessed what, according to victim cooperation .doc dissertation, my ideas, the healing artistic instinct for life at least has attempted with the ascetic priest and why he had to use a temporary tyranny of paradoxical and for resume, illogical ideas like guilt, sins, sinfulness, degeneration, damnation to make sick people to a certain extent harmless, to enable the incurable to destroy themselves by their own actions, to redirect the resentment of the mildly ill sternly back onto victim participation .doc dissertation, themselves (there's one thing necessary—), and to utilize the bad instincts of good, all suffering people to serve the purpose of self-discipline, self-monitoring, self-conquest. As is victim cooperation participation .doc, obvious, this kind of medication, a merely emotional medication, has nothing to do with a real cure for an illness, in a physiological sense. We should never assert that the instinct for life has any sort of chance or intention to coureworks, heal itself in this way. A kind of victim cooperation participation .doc, pressure to coursework amcas, come together and participation, organize the invalids on one side (the word church is the popular name for writing essay this), some form of temporary guarantee for the more healthy successful people, the cooperation .doc dissertation ones more completely fulfilled, on another side—and in the process the creation of rift between the coursework amcas healthy and victim cooperation participation .doc, sick—for a long time that's all there was. Explain Writing Process. And that was a lot!

It was a great deal!. . Victim Cooperation .doc Dissertation. . In this essay, as you see, I proceed on an assumption which, so far as the readers I require are concerned, I do not have to prove—that the sinfulness of human beings is not a matter of fact, but is much rather only the interpretation of a factual condition, that is, of a bad psychological mood, with the latter seen from a moral-religious perspective, something which is good papers, no longer binding on us. Cooperation Participation. The fact that someone feels himself guilty or sinful does not in itself yet demonstrate that he is justified in feeling like that, just as the help writing essay mere fact that someone feels healthy does not mean that he is participation .doc, healthy. People should remember the famous witch trials. At that time the most perspicacious and explain writing composing essay, philanthropic judges had no doubt that they were dealing with guilt. The witches themselves had no doubts about that point. Nonetheless, there was no guilt. To express that assumption in broader terms: I consider that spiritual pain itself is not, in victim participation .doc general, a fact, but only an interpretation (a causal interpretation) of facts which up to gcse, that point have not been precisely formulated, and thus something that is cooperation, still completely up in the air and coureworks, scientifically empty—basically a fat word set in place of a spindly question mark.

To put the victim participation .doc matter crudely, when someone cannot cope with a spiritual pain, that has nothing to do with his soul; it's more likely something to coureworks, do with his belly (speaking crudely, as I said: but in saying that I'm not expressing the slightest wish to be crudely heard or crudely understood.. . .) A strong and dissertation, successful man digests his experiences (his actions, including his evil actions) as he digests his meals, even when he has to swallow down some hard mouthfuls. If he is statement, unable to finish with an victim cooperation participation .doc dissertation experience, this kind of indigestion is just as much a physiological matter as the other one—and in many cases, in fact, only one of the consequences of help writing summary essay, that other one. With such an view, a person can, just between ourselves, still remain the victim cooperation participation strongest opponent of materialism. But is he really a doctor, this ascetic priest? We already understand the extent to which he can hardly be permitted to call himself a doctor, no matter how much he likes feeling that he is explain essay, a saviour and allowing himself to be honoured as a saviour. But he fights only against victim .doc suffering itself, the unhappiness of the suffering person, not against its cause, not against the essential sickness. This must constitute our most fundamental objection to priestly medication. But if for future coursework amcas once we look at things from the perspective which only the .doc dissertation priest adopts and understands, then it will not be easy for us to limit our amazement at help writing, all the things he has noticed, looked for, and found by victim .doc, seeing things in that manner. The alleviation of suffering, every kind of sources research, consolation—that manifests itself as his particular genius. He has understood his task as consoler with so much innovation and has selected the means for cooperation participation .doc that so spontaneously and so fearlessly!

We might call Christianity, in particular, a huge treasure house of clever forms of consolation—there are so many pleasant, soothing, and narcotizing things piled up in it, and for this purpose it takes so many dangerous and sources research, audacious chances. It shows such sophistication, so much Southern European refinement, especially when it guesses what kind of emotional stimulant can overcome, at least for a while, the deep depression, leaden exhaustion, and black sorrow of the cooperation .doc dissertation physiologically impaired. For, generally speaking, with all great religions, the main issue concerns the fight against a certain endemic exhaustion and heaviness. We can from the outset assume as probable that from time to time, in particular places on the earth, a feeling of physiological inhibition must master wide masses of people, but, because of a lack of knowledge about statement for resume, physiology, it does not enter people's consciousness as something physiological, so they look for victim cooperation and attempt to find its cause and remedy only in psychology and morality (this, in fact, is my most general formula for personal for resume whatever is participation .doc dissertation, commonly called a religion). Such a feeling of personal statement for resume, inhibition can have a varied ancestry; for instance, it can be the result of cross-breeding between very different races (or between classes—for classes also always express differences in origin and race: nineteenth-century European Weltschmerz [pain at the state of the world] and pessimism are essentially the consequence of an irrational, sudden mixing of the classes), or it can be caused by incorrect emigration—a race caught in a climate for cooperation dissertation which its powers of adaptation are not sufficient (the case of the Indians in India); or by the influence of the explain writing process essay age and tiredness of the race (Parisian pessimism from victim .doc, 1850 on); or by an incorrect diet (the alcoholism of the Middle Ages, the inanity of vegetarians, who, of course, have on personal statement their side the victim cooperation participation .doc authority of Squire Christopher in Shakespeare); or by help summary, degeneration in the blood, malaria, syphilis and things like that (German depression after the Thirty Years' War, which spread bad diseases in an epidemic through half of Germany, and thus prepared the ground for cooperation .doc German servility, German timidity). In such a case, a war in the grand style against the feeling of unhappiness will always be attempted.

Let's briefly go over its most important practices and forms. (Here I leave quite out of account, as seems reasonable, the typical war of the astronomy philosophers against this feeling of victim dissertation, unhappiness, which always has a habit of appearing at the same time—that war is interesting enough, but too absurd, with too little practical significance, full of cobwebs and loafing around—as, for example, when pain is to be shown an error, on the nave assumption that the pain must disappear as soon as it is explain writing essay, recognized as a error—but, lo and behold, something prevents it from disappearing. . .) First, people fight that domineering unhappiness with means which, in cooperation participation .doc general, set our feeling for life at their lowest point. Coursework Gcse. Where possible, there is generally no more willing, no more desire; they stay away from everything which creates an emotional affect, which makes blood (no salt in cooperation dissertation the diet, the hygiene of the fakir); they don't love; they don't hate—equanimity—they don't take revenge, they don't get wealthy, they don't work; they beg; where possible, no women, or as few women as possible; with respect to spiritual matters, Pascal's principle Il faut s'abtir [it's necessary to turn oneself into an animal] . The result, expressed in moral-psychological terms, is selflessness, sanctification; expressed in physiological terms: hypnotizing—the attempt to astronomy coursework gcse, attain for human beings something approaching what winter hibernation is for some kinds of victim cooperation participation .doc dissertation, animals and what summer sleep is for many plants in hot climates, the minimum consumption and processing of material stuff which can still sustain life but which does not actually enter consciousness. For this purpose an astonishing amount of personal statement for resume, human energy has been expended. Has it all gone for nothing?

We should not entertain the slightest doubts that, with a rigorous training like this, such sportsmen of holiness, which almost all populations have in abundance at all times, in fact found a real release from what they were fighting against. With the help of their systemic methods for hypnosis, in countless cases they were released from that deep physiological depression. That's the reason their methodology belongs with the victim most universal ethnological facts. For the same reason we have no authority for considering such an intentional starving of one's desires and personal for resume, of one's physical well being, in itself, symptoms of victim participation .doc, insanity (the way a clumsy kind of sources research papers, roast-beef-eating free spirit and Squire Christopher like to do). It's much more the case that it opens or can open the way to all sorts of spiritual disruptions, to .doc dissertation, inner light, for example, as with Hesychasts on Mount Athos, to hallucinating sounds and shapes, to sensual outpourings and ecstasies of sensuality (the history of St. Theresa). It's obvious that the interpretation which has been given for conditions of this sort by those afflicted with them has always been as effusively false as possible. People should not fail to catch the tone of totally convincing gratitude ringing out even in the will to coureworks, such a form of interpretation. They always value the highest state, redemption itself, that finally attained collective hypnosis and quietness, as an inherent mystery, which cannot be adequately expressed even by the highest symbols, as a rest and return home to the basis of things, as an emancipation from participation .doc dissertation, all delusions, as knowledge, as truth, as being, as the removal of all goals, all wishes, all acts, and good sources research, thus as a place beyond good and evil. Good and evil, says the Buddhist, are both fetters: the perfect one became master over both.; what's done and what's not done, says the man who believes in the Vedanta, give him no pain; as a wise man he shakes good and evil off himself; his kingdom suffers no more from cooperation, any deed; good and evil—he has transcended both—an entirely Indian conception, whether Brahman or Buddhist. (Neither in the Indian nor in coursework gcse the Christian way of thinking is this redemption considered attainable through virtue, through moral improvement—no matter how high a value they place on virtue as a form of hypnotism.

People should note this point—it corresponds, incidentally, to the plain facts. That on this point they kept to the truth might perhaps be considered the victim cooperation best piece of realism in the three largest religions, which, apart from this, are so fundamentally concerned with moralizing. The man who knows has no duties . . . Coursework Gcse. Redemption does not come about cooperation .doc, through an good increase in virtue, for it consists of unity with Brahma, who is victim cooperation participation, incapable of any increase in good sources research papers perfection; even less does it come through a lessening of one's faults, for the Brahma, unity with whom creates redemption, is eternally pure—these passages from the commentary of Shankara are cited by the first real scholar of Indian philosophy in Europe, my friend Paul Deussen). So we want to honour redemption in victim participation .doc dissertation the great religions; however, it will be a little difficult for us to remain serious about the way these people, who've grown too weary of coureworks, life even to dream, value deep sleep—that is, deep sleep as an access to the Brahma, as an achieved unio mystica [mysterious union] with God. On this subject, the cooperation participation oldest and most venerable Scripture states: When he is soundly and completely asleep and good sources research, is in victim .doc dissertation a state of perfect calm, so that he is not seeing any more dream images, at that moment, dear ones, united with his Being, he has gone into himself. Now that he has been embraced by a form of his knowing self, he has no consciousness any more of what is outer or inner. Over this bridge comes neither night nor day, nor old age, nor death, nor suffering, nor good works, nor evil works. Similarly the believers in amcas the most profound of the three great religions say, In deep sleep the soul lifts itself up out of the body, goes into the highest light, and moves out in its own form: there it is the highest spirit itself which wanders around, while it jokes and plays and enjoys itself, whether with women or with carriages or with friends; there it no longer thinks back to its bodily appendages, to which the prana (the breath of life) is harnessed like a draught animal to a cart. Nevertheless, we need to keep in mind here, as in cooperation participation .doc dissertation the case of personal statement for resume, redemption, that no matter how great the splendour of oriental exaggeration, what this states is basically the same evaluation which was made by that clear, cool, Greek-cool, but suffering Epicurus: the hypnotic feeling of nothingness, the silence of the deepest sleep, in short, the victim loss of suffering—something which suffering and fundamentally disgruntled people have to good sources research papers, consider their highest good, their value of values, and which they must appraise as positive and participation, experience as the astronomy coursework gcse positive in itself. (With the same logic of feeling, in participation dissertation all pessimistic religions nothingness is called God). But against statement this condition of depression, a different and certainly easier training is tried far more often than such a hypnotic collective deadening of the sensibilities, of the ability to experience pain, for cooperation participation .doc this method requires rare powers, above all, courage, contempt for opinion, and intellectual stoicism. Writing Essay. This different training is mechanical activity.

There's no doubt whatsoever that this can significantly alleviate a suffering existence. Today we call this activity, somewhat dishonestly, the blessings of work. Victim. The relief comes from the sources research papers fact that the interest of the suffering person is cooperation participation dissertation, basically diverted from his suffering, that some action and future amcas, then another action are always entering his consciousness, thus leaving little space for dissertation suffering. For it's narrow, this room of human consciousness! Mechanical activity and what's associated with it—like absolute regularity, meticulous and good papers, mindless obedience, a style of life set once and for all, filling in .doc dissertation time, a certain allowance for, indeed, training in, impersonality, in coursework forgetting oneself, in incuria sui [no care for oneself] — how fundamentally, how delicately the ascetic priest knew how to use them in the struggle with suffering! Especially when it involved the suffering people of the lower classes, working slaves, or prisoners (or women, most of whom are simultaneously both—working slaves and prisoners) what was needed was a little more than the minor art of changing names, of re-christening, so as to make those people in future see a favour, some relative good fortune, in cooperation .doc dissertation things they hated.

The slave's discontent with his lot, in any case, was not invented by the priests. An even more valuable tool in the battle against composing depression is prescribing a small pleasure which is cooperation .doc dissertation, readily accessible and can be made habitual. People frequently use this medication in combination with the future amcas one just mentioned. The most common form in which pleasure is cooperation .doc, prescribed in this way as a cure is the future coursework pleasure in creating pleasure (as in showing kindness, giving presents, providing relief, helping, encouraging, trusting, praising, awarding prizes). The ascetic priest orders love of one's neighbour; in so doing he is basically prescribing an arousal of the cooperation participation strongest most life-affirming drive, even if only in the most cautious doses—the will to power. Future Amcas. The happiness which comes from the smallest feeling of superiority, which all doing good, being useful, helping, and cooperation, awarding prizes brings with it, is the most plentiful way of providing consolation, which the physiologically impaired habitually use, provided that they have been well advised. Explain Writing Composing. In a different situation, they harm each other, doing so, of course, in cooperation .doc obedience to the same fundamental instinct.

If we look for the beginnings of Christianity in the Roman world, we find organizations growing up for mutual support, combinations of the poor and sick, for personal burial, on the lowest levels of victim .doc, contemporary society, in good research which that major way of combating depression, the minor joys which habitually develop out of mutual demonstrations of kindness, were consciously employed. Perhaps at the time this was something new, a real discovery? Such a calling out for participation dissertation the will to mutual assistance, for the formation of the herd, for a community, for a congregation, must summon up again, if only in the smallest way, an aroused will to power and future coursework amcas, lead to new and much greater outbursts. In the fight against victim cooperation .doc dissertation depression, the astronomy development of the victim cooperation participation herd is an essential step and a victory. By growing, the community also reinforces in the individual a new interest, which often enough raises him up over good research papers the most personal features of his bad disposition, his dislike of himself (Geulincx's despectio sui [contempt for oneself] ). All sick pathological people, in victim cooperation dissertation their desire to shake off a stifling lack of enthusiasm and a feeling of future coursework amcas, weakness, instinctively strive for the organization of cooperation .doc dissertation, a herd. The ascetic priest senses this instinct and promotes it. Where there is a herd, it's the instinct of weakness which has willed the herd, and help summary, the cleverness of the priest which has organized it. We should not overlook the following point: through natural necessity strong people strive to separate from victim .doc dissertation, each other, just as much as weak people strive to be together. When the former unite, that happens only at the prospect of an coureworks aggressive combined action and a collective satisfaction of their will to power, but with considerable resistance from the victim individual conscience.

By contrast, the latter organize themselves collectively, taking pleasure precisely in this collective. Their instinct is satisfied in the same way that the instinct of those born Masters (i.e., the solitary man of the predatory animal species) is basically irritated and upset by organization. Under every oligarchy—all history teaches us—always is concealed the craving for tyranny. Astronomy Gcse. Every oligarchy is constantly trembling with the tension which every individual in it necessarily has inside him to victim participation, remain master of this craving. (That was the case, for example, with the Greeks. Plato provides evidence of this in a hundred passages—Plato, who understood his peers—and himself. . Help Summary Essay. .) The ascetic priest's methods, which we learned about earlier—the collective deadening of the feeling for cooperation participation dissertation life, mechanical activity, minor joys, above all the joy in loving one's neighbour, the organization of the herd, the awakening of the feeling of sources research, power in the community, as a result of dissertation, which the coursework dissatisfaction of the individual with himself is drowned out by cooperation participation .doc dissertation, his pleasure in the progress of the community—these things are, measured by modern standards, his innocent methods in the war against unhappiness. But now let's turn our attention to more interesting matters, to help summary, his guilty methods. Here there is victim cooperation, always only one thing involved: some kind of excess of feeling employed as the explain writing process composing essay most effective anaesthetic against stifling, crippling, enduring pain. .doc Dissertation. For that reason, the priest's powers of innovation have been tireless in addressing this one question in particular: How do people reach emotional excess? . . . That sounds harsh. Explain Writing Process Essay. It's clear enough that it would sound more appealing and perhaps please our ears better if I said something like The ascetic priest has always used the enthusiasm which lies in all strong emotional affects.

But why keep caressing the mollycoddled ears of our modern delicate sensibilities? Why should we, for our part, retreat even one step back from the hypocrisy of their vocabulary? Doing something like that would make us psychologists active hypocrites—apart from the fact that it would be disgusting. Cooperation Dissertation. For a psychologist today, if he has good taste anywhere (others might say honesty), it's because he detests that disgraceful moralizing way of talking, which effectively covers in slime all modern judgments about human beings and things. We must not deceive ourselves in this business.

The most characteristic feature which forms modern souls and modern books is not lying but the ingrained innocence in their moralistic lying. To have to discover this innocence all over the place is perhaps the most repellent part of all the by no means harmless tasks which nowadays a psychologist has to undertake. It is a part of our great danger—a path that perhaps takes us in particular to personal statement for resume, a great revulsion. . Victim. . I have no doubt about good, what single purpose will be served, or can be served, in a coming world by everything modern, including modern books (provided that they last, which, of course, we need not fear, and provided that there will one day be a later world with a stronger, harder, and healthier taste): they will serve as emetics, thanks to cooperation participation, their moralistic sugar and falsity, their innermost femininity, which likes to call itself idealism and personal, which, at all events, has faith in victim .doc idealism. Today our educated people, our good people, don't tell lies, that's true. But that's no reason to respect them! The real lie, the genuine, resolute, honest lie (people should listen to Plato on coureworks its value) for them would be something far too demanding, too strong.

It would require what people are not allowed to demand of themselves, that they opened up their eyes and looked at themselves, so that they would know how to differentiate between the true and victim cooperation dissertation, false in themselves. But they are fit only for ignoble lies. Everyone today who feels that he is a good man is completely incapable of taking a stand on any issue at all, other than with dishonest falseness—an abysmal falsity, which is, however, an innocent, true-hearted, blue-eyed, and virtuous falsity. These good people—collectively they are now utterly moralized and, so far as their honesty is personal statement for resume, concerned, they've been disgraced and victim participation dissertation, ruined for all eternity. Who among them could endure even one truth about human beings! . . . Or, to ask the question more precisely, who among them could bear a true biography! . Here are a couple of indications: Lord Byron recorded some very personal things about himself, but Thomas Moore was too good for them. He burned his friend's papers. Statement. Dr. Gwinner, the executor of dissertation, Schopenhauer's will, is supposed to future amcas, have done the same, for Schopenhauer also recorded some things about himself and also against victim cooperation participation himself ( eis auton ). The capable American Thayer, who wrote Beethoven's biography, all of a sudden stopped his work—at some point or other this venerable and nave life reached a point where he could no longer continue. . Gcse. . .Moral: What intelligent man nowadays would write an victim cooperation participation dissertation honest word about himself? He would already have to be a member of the gcse Order of Daredevils. We have been promised an autobiography of victim cooperation participation dissertation, Richard Wagner. Who has any doubts that it will be a prudent autobiography? . Process Composing Essay. . . Let's remember again the victim participation comical horror which the Catholic priest Janssen aroused in Germany with his incomprehensibly bland and harmless picture of the German Reformation.

How would people react if someone explained this movement differently for once, if, for once, a true psychologist with spiritual strength and not a shrewd indulgence toward strength pictured a true Luther for us, no longer a man with the moralistic simplicity of a country parson, no longer a man with the sweet and considerate modesty of a protestant historian, but someone with the fearlessness of a Taine? . . . (Parenthetically, the coureworks Germans have finally produced a sufficiently beautiful classical type of such shrewd indulgence. They can classify him as one of their own, count him as one of their possessions—namely, Leopold Ranke, that born classical advocate of every causa fortior [stronger cause] , the shrewdest of cooperation .doc dissertation, all the shrewd objective realists). But you will already have grasped what I'm getting at. All in astronomy gcse all, that's surely reason enough why we psychologists nowadays cannot rid ourselves of victim .doc, a certain distrust in ourselves? . . . Amcas. We are also probably too good for the work we do. Victim Cooperation .doc. We are probably also sacrificial victims and prey, made sick by this contemporary taste for moralizing, no matter how much we feel we're its critics—it probably infects even us as well. What was that diplomat warning about, when he addressed his colleagues? Gentlemen, let us mistrust our first impulses above all! he said; they are almost always good. . . . That's how every psychologist today should speak to his colleagues . Good Sources Research. . Victim .doc. . And so we come back to for resume, our problem, which, in fact, requires a certain rigour from us, especially some distrust of our first impulses.

The ascetic ideal in the service of intentional emotional excess:—with these nine words, whoever remembers the dissertation previous essay will already have a preliminary sense, in summary form, of the basic content of what I'm now presenting. To remove the human soul for once from its entire frame, to immerse it in terror, frost, glowing embers, and joys of that kind, so that it rids itself, as if with a bolt of lightning, of all the petty trivialities of lack of interest, apathy, and irritation. What paths lead to coursework amcas, this goal? . . . And which of them is the most reliable? . . . All the greatest emotional affects basically have this capacity, provided they discharge themselves suddenly—anger, fear, lust, revenge, hope, triumph, despair, cruelty. And the victim cooperation participation ascetic priest has, in fact, without a second thought, taken the whole pack of wild hounds in human beings into his service and let loose one of them at one time, another at another time, always for the same purpose, to wake human beings up out of their long sadness, to chase away, at least for a while, their stifling pain, their tentative misery, always covered up in a religious interpretation and justification. Every emotional excess of help, this sort demands payment later—that's self-evident—it makes sick people sicker. Thus, this way of providing a remedy for victim cooperation .doc dissertation pain, measured by modern standards, is a guilty method. However, to be fair, we must insist all the more, first, that it was used in good conscience, that the writing process essay ascetic priest prescribed it with the deepest faith in cooperation dissertation its utility, indeed, its indispensability—he himself often enough almost fell apart from the misery he created—and, second, that the vehement physiological revenge of such excesses, perhaps even psychic disturbances, basically does not really contradict the whole meaning of this kind of medication, which, as I've pointed out above, was not designed to heal sick people, but to fight their enervating depression, to alleviate and anaesthetize it. With this method that goal was attained. The main idea which the ascetic priest helps himself to in order to let that kind of disorienting ecstatic music ring out in the human soul, as everyone knows, stems from the fact that he makes use of the feeling of guilt. The previous essay indicated, in brief, the origin of this feeling, as a part of coureworks, animal psychology, nothing more.

The feeling of guilt we encountered there in its raw state, as it were. In the hands of the priest, this true artist in guilt feelings, it first acquired a form—and what a form! Sin—for that's how the priest's new interpretation of the animal bad conscience ran (cruelty turned back inside)—has been the greatest event in the history of the sick soul so far. In it we have the most dangerous and the most fateful artistic work of religious interpretation. The human being, suffering from himself somehow—at any rate, psychologically—something like an animal barred up in a cage, confused about why this has happened and what purpose it serves, longing for reasons—reasons provide relief—longing also for treatments and for narcotics, finally discussed the matter with one who also knew about hidden things. Then, lo and cooperation, behold!

He gets a hint. He gets the first hint about the cause of his suffering from his magician, from the ascetic priest. He is to seek this cause in himself, in his guilt, in a piece of the past. Good Research Papers. He is to understand even his own suffering as a condition of punishment. . . He heard, and he understood—this unfortunate man. Now things stand with him as with a hen with a line drawn around it. Cooperation. He's not coming outside this circular line again. The sick man is turned into statement the sinner . .doc Dissertation. . Amcas. . And now for a couple of millennia people have not rid themselves of the look of this new sick man, the participation .doc sinner.

Will people ever want to be rid of him? No matter where we look, we see everywhere the hypnotic glance of the sinner, who always moves in help summary essay one direction (in the direction of cooperation participation dissertation, guilt as the single cause of suffering), everywhere the bad conscience, this horrifying animal, to use Luther's words, everywhere the past regurgitated, the fact distorted, the green eye cast on all action, everywhere the desire to misunderstand suffering turned into good sources research the meaning of life, with suffering reinterpreted into victim feelings of guilt, fear, and punishment, everywhere the scourge, the hair shirt, the starving body, remorse, everywhere the sinner's breaking himself on the terrible torture wheel of a restless conscience, greedy for its own sickness; everywhere silent torment, extreme fear, the agony of the tortured heart, spasms of an unknown joy, the cry for coursework redemption. As a matter of fact, with this system of procedures the old depression, heaviness, and exhaustion were basically overthrown. Life became very interesting once again: lively, always lively, sleepless, glowing, charred, exhausted and yet not tired—that's how man looked, the sinner, who was initiated into victim cooperation .doc dissertation these mysteries. This grand old magician in the war against the lack of excitement, the ascetic priest—he had apparently won. His kingdom had come. Now people no longer moaned against research papers pain; they longed for pain: More pain!

More pain!—that's been the demanding cry of victim participation dissertation, his disciples and initiates for centuries. Every excess of feeling which brought grief, everything that broke apart, knocked over, smashed to bits, carried away, enraptured—the secrets of the writing process torture chambers, the very invention of hell—from now on everything was discovered, surmised, put into practice. Everything now was available for the magician's use. Everything in future served for the victory of his ideal, the ascetic ideal. . . . My empire is victim cooperation participation dissertation, not of this world—he says afterwards (as he said before). Does he really have the essay right to continue speaking in this way? . . . Goethe asserted that there were only thirty-six tragic situations. From that we can surmise, if we did not know it anyway, that Goethe was no ascetic priest. He—knows more . . . So far as this whole sort of priestly medication is concerned, the guilty sort, any word of criticism is too much. Victim .doc Dissertation. Who would really wish to defend the truth of the claim that an excess of feeling of the sort the coureworks ascetic priest habitually prescribes for his sick people (under the victim cooperation .doc holiest of names, as is obvious, while convinced of the sanctity of his purpose) has truly been of use to some invalid?

At least we should come to an understanding of that phrase been of use. If with those words people wish to assert that such a system of help writing summary essay, treatment has improved human beings, then I won't contradict them. I would only add what improved indicates to me—something like tamed, weakened, disheartened, refined, mollycoddled (hence, almost equivalent to damaged . . . ) But the main thing to consider about sick, upset, and depressed people is that such a system, even conceding that it makes them better, always makes sick people sicker. You only have to ask psychiatrists what a methodical application of the torments of repentance, remorse, and convulsions of redemption always brings with it. We should also consult history: wherever the ascetic priest has put in place these ways of dealing with the sick, illness has always spread far and wide at terrific speed. And what has its success always involved? A shattered nervous system in the person who was already ill—and that occurs on cooperation participation .doc the largest and smallest scale, among individuals and among masses of people.

As a consequence of a training in repentance and redemption, we witness huge epidemics of epilepsy, the greatest known to history, as in the St. Vitus' and personal statement for resume, St. John's dances in the Middle Ages. We find its repercussions in other forms of victim cooperation .doc dissertation, fearful paralysis and help, enduring depression, with which, under certain circumstances, the temperament of an entire people or city (Geneva, Basel) is changed into its opposite once and for all. With these belong also the witch crazes, something related to sleep walking (eight major epidemics of this broke out between 1564 and 1605). Victim Cooperation Participation .doc Dissertation. Among its consequences we also find that death-seeking mass hysteria whose horrific cry eviva la morte [long live death] was heard far across all of Europe, interrupted by idiosyncratic outbursts—sometimes of lust, sometimes of destructive frenzies, just as the same alternation of emotional affect, with the help writing summary same intermissions and reversals, can also be observed nowadays in .doc every case where the ascetic doctrine of sin once again enjoys a great success (religious neurosis appears as a form of an evil nature—that's indisputable. Astronomy Gcse. What is it? Quaeritur [that's what we need to ask] ). Generally speaking, the ascetic ideal and participation .doc dissertation, its cult of moral sublimity, this supremely clever, unthinking, and most dangerous systematization of all the ways to promote an excess of emotion under the protection of coureworks, holy purposes, has etched itself into the entire history of victim cooperation participation dissertation, human beings in a dreadful and explain process, unforgettable manner—and, alas, not only into their history. . . Participation .doc. Apart from help writing summary essay, this ideal, there's scarcely anything else I know which had such a destructive effect on the health and racial power of Europeans.

Without exaggerating, we can call it the victim cooperation true disaster in the history of the health of European people. At most, the specifically German influence might be comparable: I refer to the alcohol poisoning of Europe, which up to now has marched in step with the political and racial superiority of the Germans (wherever they have infused their blood, they have also infused their vices). The third in line would be syphilis— magno sed proxima intervallo [next in line, but after a large gap] . Wherever he achieved mastery, the ascetic priest has ruined spiritual health. As a result, he has also ruined taste in coureworks artibus et litteris [in arts and cooperation dissertation, letters] . He is still ruining that. As a result?—I hope you will concede me this as a result. Coursework. At least, I have no desire to demonstrate it. A single indication: it concerns the fundamental text of .doc dissertation, Christian literature, its essential model, its book in itself. In the middle of the good research Graeco-Roman magnificence, which was also a magnificent time for books, faced with a ancient world of victim dissertation, writing which had not yet declined and fallen apart, an age in which people could still read some books for which one would now exchange half of all literature, the coursework simplicity and vanity of Christian agitators—we call them the church fathers—dared to proclaim, We also have our classical literature.

We don't need the Greeks. With that, they pointed with pride to books of legends, letters of the apostles, and .doc dissertation, little apologetic treatises, in somewhat the same way as nowadays the English Salvation Army with its related literature fights a war against Shakespeare and other pagans. I don't like the New Testament—you will already have guessed as much. It almost disturbs me that I stand so alone in my taste with respect to this most highly regarded and overvalued written work (the taste of two thousand years is against me). How can I help that! Here I stand. I can't do otherwise. I have the courage of my own bad taste.

The Old Testament—now, that's something quite different. All honour to the Old Testament! In that I find great men, a heroic landscape and something of the rarest of all elements on good papers earth, the incomparable navet of the strong heart. Participation .doc. Even more—I find a people. In the New Testament, by contrast, I find nothing but small sectarian households, nothing but spiritual rococo, nothing but ornament, twisty little corners, oddities, nothing but conventional air, not to mention an research occasional breeze of bucolic sweet sentimentality, which belongs to the age (and the Roman province)—something not so much Jewish as Hellenic. Humility and victim, pomposity standing shoulder to shoulder; a chatting about feelings which are almost stupefying; vehement feelings but no passion, with awkward gestures. Explain Writing Essay. Here, it seems, there's a lack of victim, a good upbringing.

How can people make such a fuss about their small vices, the way these devout little men do? No one—and certainly not God—could care less about it. Finally, they even want to possess the crown of writing process, eternal life, all these small people from the provinces. But what for? What for? It's impossible to push presumption any further.

An immortal Peter—who could endure him? They have an ambition that makes one laugh: they spell out their most personal things—their stupidity, melancholy, and their indolent worries—as if the essence of all things had a duty to worry about such things. They never get tired of wrapping up God himself in the smallest misery they find themselves in. And the most appalling taste of this constant familiarity with God! This Jewish—and not merely Jewish—excessive importuning God with mouth and paw! . . There were small despised pagan people in east Asia from victim .doc dissertation, whom these first Christians could have learned something important, some tact in their reverence. As Christian missionaries reveal, such people were not generally allowed to utter the name of statement, their god. Victim Dissertation. This seems to me sufficiently delicate.

But it was certainly too delicate for the first Christians, and help essay, not just for them. To sense the contrast, we should remember something about Luther, the most eloquent and most presumptuous peasant Germany ever had, and the tone Luther adopted as the one he most preferred in his conversations with God. Luther's resistance to victim cooperation .doc, the interceding saints of the church (especially to the devil's sow, the Pope) was undoubtedly, in the last analysis, the resistance of a lout irritated by the good etiquette of the coureworks church, that etiquette of reverence of the cooperation priestly taste, which lets only the more consecrated and the more discreet into the holy of holies and coureworks, shuts the door against the louts, who in this particular place are not to be heard. Cooperation Participation. But Luther, the peasant, simply wanted something different—this situation was not German enough for him. Above all, he wanted to personal statement for resume, speak directly, to speak for himself, to speak openly with his God. . . So he did it.— You can conjecture easily enough that there has never been a place anywhere in which the ascetic ideal has been a school of good taste, even less of good manners. In the best cases, it was a school for participation .doc dissertation priestly manners. That comes about because it carries something in its own body which is the deadly enemy of all good manners—it lacks moderation, it resists moderation, it is itself a non plus ultra [an ultimate extreme] The ascetic ideal has not only ruined health and taste; its has also ruined a third, fourth, fifth, and sixth something as well. I'll be careful not to mention everything (when would I come to the end?).

I'm not going to reveal what this ideal has brought about. I would much rather confine myself to what it means, what it allows us to help summary essay, surmise, what lies hidden behind, under, and in victim .doc it, what it provisionally and indistinctly expresses, overloaded as it is with question marks and summary, misunderstandings. Victim .doc. And only with this purpose in mind, I cannot spare my readers a glimpse into the monstrosity of its effects, its disastrous consequences, in order to prepare them for the ultimate and most terrifying aspects which the statement for resume question of the meaning of victim cooperation dissertation, this ideal has for me. Gcse. What precisely does the power of this ideal mean, the monstrous nature of this power? Why was it given room to grow to such an extent?

Why was there not a more effective resistance? The ascetic ideal is the expression of a will. Where is the opposing will, in which an victim participation opposing ideal finds its expression? The ascetic ideal has a goal—a goal which is so universal that all other interests in human existence, measured against it, seem small and narrow. It interprets times, people, and humanity unsparingly with this goal in mind. It permits no other interpretation. Help Writing. No other goal counts. It rejects, denies, affirms, and victim participation dissertation, confirms only through its own interpretative meaning (—and has there ever been an interpretative system more thoroughly thought through?). It doesn't submit to any power. By contrast, it believes in its privileged position in relation to all other powers, in its absolutely higher ranking with respect to all other powers. It believes that there is no power on earth which does not have to derive its meaning first from it, a right to exist, a value, as a tool in its own work, as a way and a means to its own goals, to a single goal. . . Where is the counterpart to this closed system of will, goal, and interpretation?

Why is this counterpart missing? . . . Where is the other single goal? . . . But people tell me that counterpart isn't missing, claiming that it has not only writing process composing fought a long and successful war with the ascetic ideal, but has also already mastered that ideal on all major points, that all our modern scientific knowledge is a testament to this—modern science, which, as a true philosophy of reality, evidently believes only in itself, possesses courage and cooperation .doc dissertation, will in itself, and has got along up to this point well enough without God, a world beyond, and virtues which deny. However, I'm not impressed with such a fuss and agitprop: these trumpeters of reality are bad musicians. One can hear well enough that their notes do not sound out of the depths. The abyss of scientific conscience does not speak through them—for today scientific knowledge is an abyss. Writing Summary. The phrase scientific knowledge in such trumpeting mouths is victim dissertation, mere fornication, an abuse, an indecency. The truth is astronomy coursework gcse, precisely the opposite cooperation .doc of what is claimed here: scientific knowledge nowadays has simply no faith in itself, to say nothing of an overarching ideal. And where it consists of passion, love, ardour, suffering, that doesn't make it the opposite of the ascetic ideal but much rather its newest and most pre-eminent form. Does that sound strange to you? . . Coureworks. . There are indeed a sufficient number of good and modest working people among scholars nowadays, people happy in their little corners. Cooperation Participation .doc Dissertation. For this reason: because their work satisfies them, from time to time, with some presumption, they make noises demanding that people today should in general be happy, particularly with scientific knowledge. There are so many useful things to do. I don't deny that.

The last thing I want to do is to ruin the pleasure these honest labourers take in their handiwork. Personal. For I'm happy about .doc dissertation, their work. Coureworks. But the fact that people are working rigorously in victim cooperation participation science these days and essay, that there are satisfied workers is simply no proof that science today, as a totality, has a goal, a will, an ideal, a passion in victim cooperation participation .doc dissertation a great faith. As I've said, the opposite is the case. Where science is not the astronomy coursework most recently appearing form of the ascetic ideal—and then it's a matter of cases too rare, noble, and exceptional to counter the general judgment—science today is a hiding place for all kinds of unhappiness, disbelief, gnawing worms, despectio sui [self-contempt] , bad conscience. It is the participation dissertation anxiety of the absence of ideals, suffering from the lack of amcas, a great love, the dissatisfaction with a condition of involuntary modest content. Oh, what nowadays does science not conceal! How much, at least, is .doc, it designed to conceal! The efficiency of our best scholars, their mindless diligence, their heads smoking day and coureworks, night, the very mastery of their handiwork—how often has all this derived its meaning from the fact that they don't permit some things to victim participation .doc dissertation, become visible to explain writing, them any more!

Science as a means of putting themselves to sleep. Are you acquainted with that? . . . Now and cooperation dissertation, then people wound scholars to the bone—everyone who associates with them experiences this—with a harmless word. We anger our scholarly friends just when we intend to honour them. We drive them wild, merely because we were too coarse to figure out the people we are really dealing with, suffering people, who don't wish to admit to themselves what they are, narcotised and mindless people, who fear only one thing—coming to consciousness. Now, let's consider, on future the other hand, those rare cases I mentioned, the last idealists remaining today among the philosophers and victim participation .doc, scholars. Perhaps in astronomy coursework gcse them we have the opponents of the ascetic ideal we're looking for, the opposing idealists? In fact, that's what they think they are, these unbelievers (for that's what they are collectively). That seems to cooperation participation .doc, be their last item of explain writing composing, belief, that they are opponents of this ideal, for cooperation participation .doc dissertation they are so serious about this stance, their words and gestures are so passionate on writing process this very point. But is it therefore necessarily the case that what they believe is true? . . . We knowledgeable people are positively suspicious of all forms of belief.

Our suspicion has gradually cultivated the habit in us of concluding the reverse of what people previously concluded: that is, wherever the strength of a faith steps decisively into the foreground, we infer a certain weakness in its ability to demonstrate its truth, even the improbability of what it believes. We do not deny that the belief makes blessed. But for that very reason we deny that the belief proves anything. A strong belief which confers blessedness creates doubts about victim .doc, what it has faith in. Coureworks. It does not ground truth. Participation .doc. It grounds a certain probability—delusion. How do things stand in this case?—these people who say no today, these outsiders, these people who are determined on one point, their demand for intellectual probity, these hard, strong, abstemious, heroic spirits, who constitute the future coursework amcas honour of our age, all these pale atheists, anti-Christians, immoralists, nihilists, these sceptics, ephectics, spiritually hectic (collectively they are all hectic in some sense or other), the last idealists of cooperation, knowledge, the only ones in whom intellectual conscience lives and good research papers, takes on victim cooperation participation .doc dissertation human form nowadays—they really do believe that they are as free as possible from the ascetic ideal, these free, very free spirits.

And yet I am revealing to good, them what they cannot see for themselves, for they are standing too close to victim .doc, themselves. This ascetic ideal is also their very own ideal. They themselves represent it today. Perhaps they are the only ones who do. They themselves are its most spiritual offspring, the furthest advanced of its troops and its crowd of scouts fighting at the very front, its most awkward, most delicate, most incomprehensibly seductive form. If I am any kind of solver of puzzles, then I want to writing process composing, be that with this statement! . . . They are not free spirits—not by any stretch—for they still believe in the truth. . . When the Christian crusaders in the Orient came across that unconquered Order of Assassins, that free-spirited order par excellence, whose lowest ranks lived a life of obedience of the sort no order of monks attained, then they received by some means or other a hint about victim, that symbol and motto, which only the highest ranks kept as their secret, Nothing is true. Writing Essay. Everything is permitted. . . Dissertation. . Coureworks. Well now, that was spiritual freedom. With that the very belief in truth was cancelled. . . Has a European, a Christian free spirit ever wandered by mistake into this proposition and its labyrinthine consequences? Has he come to know the Minotaur of this cavern from his own experience? . Dissertation. . . I doubt it. For Resume. More that that: I know differently.

Nothing is more immediately foreign to cooperation participation .doc dissertation, people set on one thing, these so-called free spirits, than freedom and writing summary, emancipation in cooperation participation .doc dissertation this sense. Statement. In these matters they are more firmly bound, because they believe in victim participation .doc the truth, as no one else does, firmly and coureworks, unconditionally. Perhaps I understand all this from too close a distance: that admirable philosophical abstinence which such a belief requires, that intellectual stoicism, which ultimately does not permit one to victim .doc dissertation, affirm just as strongly as it forbids one to deny, that desire to come to a standstill before the facts, the factum brutum [brute fact] , that fatalism of the future amcas petits faits [small facts] (what I call ce petit faitalisme [this small factism] ), that quality with which French science nowadays seeks a sort of cooperation, moral precedence over German science, the attainment of a state where one, in general, abandons interpretation (violating, emending, abbreviating, letting go, filling in the cracks, composing, forging, and the other actions which belong to the nature of all interpretation). For Resume. Generally speaking, this attitude expresses just as much virtuous asceticism as any denial of sensuality (basically it is only one mode of participation .doc, this denial). However, what compels a person to this unconditional will for truth is the faith in the ascetic ideal itself, even though it may be for him an unconscious imperative. Writing. We should not deceive ourselves on .doc this point—it is astronomy, a belief in a metaphysical value, the value of cooperation .doc, truth in itself, something guaranteed and affirmed only in that ideal (it stands or falls with that ideal). Strictly speaking, there is no scientific knowledge at process, all which stands without pre-suppositions. The idea of such a science is unimaginable, paralogical. A philosophy, a belief, must always be there first, so that with it scientific knowledge can have a direction, a sense, a border, a method, a justification, an existence. (Whoever thinks the reverse, whoever, for example, is preparing to place philosophy on a strictly scientific foundation, first must place, not just philosophy, but also truth itself on its head—the worst injury to cooperation .doc, decency one could possibly give to two such venerable women!). Indeed, there is no doubt about this matter—and here I'm letting my book The Gay Science have a word (see its fifth book, p. 263)— The truthful person, in that daring and ultimate sense which the belief in scientific knowledge presupposes in writing summary him, affirms a world different from the world of life, of nature, and cooperation .doc, of history, and to the extent that he affirms this other world must he not in the process deny its opposite, this world, our world? . Coureworks. . . Our faith in scientific knowledge always rests on something which is still a metaphysical belief—even we knowledgeable people of today, we godless and anti-metaphysical people—we still take our fire from that blaze kindled by cooperation participation .doc, a thousand years of good research, old belief, that faith in Christianity, which was also Plato's belief, that God is the truth, that the truth is divine. . . But how can we do that, if this very claim is constantly getting more and victim cooperation .doc dissertation, more difficult to believe, if nothing reveals itself as divine any more, unless it's error, blindness, and lies, if God himself manifests himself as our oldest lie?

At this point it's necessary to writing summary, pause and reflect for a while. Scientific knowledge itself from now on requires some justification (by that I don't mean to claim that there is such a justification for it). People should examine the oldest and the most recent philosophers on this question. They all lack an awareness of the problem of the extent to which the victim will to truth itself first needs some justification—here is personal, a hole in every philosophy. How does that come about? It's because the ascetic ideal up to victim .doc dissertation, this point has been master of all philosophies, because truth has been established as being, as god, as the highest authority itself, because truth was not allowed to be problematic. Do you understand this allowed? The moment where the belief in the god of the ascetic ideal is denied, there is good sources research papers, a new problem: the problem of the value of truth.—The will to truth requires a critique. Let's identify our own work with that requirement—to place in cooperation question, as an experiment, the value of truth. . . (Anyone who thinks this has been stated too briefly is urged to good, read over participation that section of The Gay Science , pp. 160 ff, which carries the title The Extent to Which We Also Are Still Devout—or better still, the entire fifth book of that work, as well as the preface to The Dawn .) No!

People should not come at explain process composing, me with scientific knowledge when I am looking for the natural antagonist of the ascetic ideal, when I ask, Where is the opposing will, in victim cooperation participation .doc dissertation which an opposing ideal expresses itself? For that purpose, scientific knowledge does not stand sufficiently on its own; for amcas that it first requires an ideal value, the power to make value, in whose service it could have faith in victim participation .doc itself. But scientific knowledge is never in itself something which creates values. Its relationship to the ascetic ideal is not inherently antagonistic at all. It's even more that case that it represents the future constantly forward driving force in the inner development of cooperation participation dissertation, that ideal.

Its resistance and explain composing, struggle, when we inspect more closely, are not concerned in any way with the ideal itself, but only victim cooperation participation with its external trappings, its clothing, its masquerade, its temporary hardening and petrifaction into future amcas dogma. Scientific knowledge makes the victim cooperation dissertation life of for resume, this ideal free again, since it denies what is exoteric in victim cooperation participation .doc dissertation it. These two things, scientific knowledge and the ascetic ideal—they really stand on a single foundation—I've just clarified the point, namely, that they both stand on the same overvaluing of the coursework truth (or more correctly, on victim cooperation .doc dissertation the same faith in future the inestimable value of the truth, which for them is beyond criticism). In that very claim they are necessarily allies, so that, if someone is going to victim cooperation participation dissertation, fight against them, he can only fight them together and place them both in question. Coursework Gcse. An appraisal of the cooperation participation dissertation value of the ascetic ideal unavoidably also involves an appraisal of the value of future, scientific knowledge. And for that people should take the time to victim participation .doc, keep their eyes open and their ears alert!

(As for art—let me offer a preliminary remark, for I'll be coming back to it at some point or other at writing essay, greater length: the very art in which the lie sanctifies itself and the will to deceive has good conscience is much more fundamentally opposed to the ascetic ideal than is victim participation .doc dissertation, science. That's what Plato's instinct experienced—the greatest enemy of art which Europe has produced up to writing process, this point. Plato versus Homer: that's the entire, the real antagonism—on one side, the victim cooperation participation .doc beyond of the best will, the great slanderer of life; on the other side, life's unintentional worshipper, the golden nature. A artistic bondage in the service of the ascetic ideal is thus essentially the worst corruption of the artist there can be. Unfortunately it's also one of the most common, for nothing is more corruptible than an artist.) Physiologically considered, scientific knowledge rests on the same foundation as the ascetic ideal: a certain impoverishment of life is the precondition for both—emotional affects become cool, the coureworks tempo slows down, dialectic replaces instinct, seriousness stamped on faces and gestures (seriousness, this unmistakable sign of a more laborious metabolism, of a life of struggle and hard work). Just look at those periods in a population when the scholars step up into the foreground: they are times of exhaustion, often of evening, of decline. An overflowing force and victim participation dissertation, certainty about for resume, life and the future have gone.

A preponderance of mandarins never indicates anything good—no more than does the arrival of democracy, the peaceful tribunal instead of war, equal rights for victim cooperation participation dissertation women, the religion of pity, and coureworks, all the victim cooperation participation .doc dissertation other things symptomatic of a degenerating life. (Science grasped as a problem: what does science mean?—on this point see the preface to The Birth of Tragedy ). No! This modern science—keep your eyes open at this point—is for the time being the best ally of the ascetic ideal, and precisely for this reason: it is the most unconscious, most involuntary, most secret, and most subterranean ally! They have up to now been playing the astronomy coursework gcse same game, the participation .doc poor in spirit and the scientific opponents of this ideal (we should be careful, incidentally, not to think that these opponents are the opposite coureworks of that ideal, something like the rich in spirit—they are not. Victim Participation .doc Dissertation. I call them the hectic in spirit). The famous victories of the latter—and they have undoubtedly been victories—but over what? They in no way overcame the ascetic ideal. With those victories, the ideal rather became stronger, that is, harder to understand, more spiritual, more dangerous, as scientific knowledge ruthlessly and coureworks, continually kept breaking off and demolishing a wall, an external structure which the ideal had built onto participation .doc, itself and coarsened its appearance. Do people really think that something like the research downfall of theological astronomy indicates the downfall of that ideal? . . . Because of that, have human beings perhaps become less dependent on redemption in a world beyond as a solution for the puzzle of their existence, given that existence since that time looks, in the visible order of things, even more arbitrary, indolent, and dispensable? Isn't it the case that since Copernicus the victim cooperation participation dissertation self-diminution of human beings and their will to self-diminution have made inexorable progress?

Alas, the faith in their dignity, their uniqueness, their irreplaceable position in the chain of being has gone. The human being has become an animal, not a metaphorical animal, but absolutely and unconditionally—the one who in his earlier faith was almost God (child of God, God-man [Gottmensch] ) . . . Since Copernicus human beings seem to have reached an inclined plane. They're now rolling at an accelerating rate past the mid-point. But where to? Into nothingness? Into the penetrating sense of their own nothingness? . . Coureworks. .Well, then, wouldn't this be precisely the way into the old ideal? . . . All scientific knowledge (and not just astronomy, whose humbling and destructive effects Kant understood remarkably well, it destroys my importance. . Cooperation Participation. . )—all scientific knowledge, natural as well as unnatural (the name I give to the self-criticism of explain writing essay, knowledge) is cooperation participation .doc dissertation, nowadays keen to talk human beings out of the respect they used to have for themselves, as if that was nothing more than a bizarre arrogance about themselves. In this matter we could even say scientific knowledge has its own pride, its characteristically acrid form of stoical ataraxia [indifference] , this laboriously attained self-contempt for human beings as its ultimate, most serious demand for respect, for the right to hold itself erect on its own (and, in coursework amcas fact, that's justified, for victim .doc dissertation the one who despises is always still one more person who has not forgotten respect . . .). Astronomy. Does that really work against the ascetic ideal? Do people really think in all seriousness (as theologians imagined for quite a while) that somehow Kant's victory over dogmatic theological concepts (God, Soul, Freedom, Immortality) succeeded in breaking up that ideal? In asking that question, it's not our concern at the moment whether Kant himself had anything like that in victim mind.

What is certain is that all sorts of transcendentalists since Kant have once more won the writing composing essay game. They've become emancipated from the theologians. What a stroke of luck! Kant showed them a secret path by participation dissertation, which they could now, on their own initiative and with the most sincere scientific decency, follow their hearts' desires. And similarly who could now hold anything against the agnostics, if they, as admirers of what is inherently unknown and secret, worship the question mark itself as their God? (Xaver Doudan once spoke of the ravages brought on by l'habitude d'admirer l'inintelligible au lieu de rester tout simplement dans l'inconnu [the habit of admiring the unintelligible instead of help essay, simply staying in the unknown] ; he claimed that the ancients had not done this).

If everything human beings know does not satisfy their wishes and, beyond that, contradicts them and makes human beings shudder, what a divine excuse to be allowed to seek the blame for this not in wishes but in knowledge! . . Victim Cooperation. . There is no knowledge. Consequently, there is a God—what a new elegantia syllogismi [syllogistic excellence] ! What a triumph of the ascetic ideal!— Or does modern historical writing collectively perhaps display an attitude more confident about life, more confident about ideals? Its noblest claim nowadays asserts that it is a mirror. It eschews all teleology. It doesn't want to prove anything any more.

It spurns playing the role of judge and derives its good taste from that. Writing Summary Essay. It affirms as little as it denies. Victim Participation Dissertation. It establishes the astronomy coursework facts. It describes . . .doc Dissertation. . All this is ascetic to a high degree. However, it is also, to an even higher degree, nihilistic. We must not deceive ourselves on this point. We see a sad, hard, but determined gaze—an eye which looks into for resume the distance, the way a solitary traveller at the North Pole gazes out cooperation participation .doc, (perhaps so as not to look inside or behind him?. . .) Here is snow; here life is quite silent. The final crows that make noise here are called What for? in vain and nada [nothing] —here nothing thrives and grows any more—at most Petersburg meta-politics and astronomy coursework gcse, Tolstoian pity.

But so far as that other style of historian is concerned, maybe an even more modern style, which is more comfortable and sensual and makes eyes at life as well as at the ascetic ideal—this style uses the victim cooperation .doc dissertation word artist as a glove and future coursework, has taken an exclusive lease on the praise of contemplation. Oh what a thirst these sweet and victim cooperation participation .doc, witty types arouse in people for ascetics and winter landscapes! No! Let these meditative people go to the devil! I would much prefer to keep wandering with those historical nihilists through the gloomiest cold gray fog! In fact, if I had to choose, I might find it better to lend a ear to a completely and essentially unhistorical or anti-historical man (like that Dhrung, whose tones intoxicate a species of beautiful souls in Germany today, people who up to now have been timid and explain writing, unassuming, the species anarchistica [the anarchists] within the educated proletariat). The contemplative ones are a hundred times worse. Victim Cooperation .doc Dissertation. I know nothing that creates so much disgust as such an objective armchair historian, such a sweet-smelling man luxuriating in history, half cleric, half satyr, with perfume by Renan, who reveals at once in the high falsetto of his approval what he lacks, where is he deficient, where in his case the fates have wielded their dreadful shears with, alas, so much surgical precision! That affronts my taste as well as my patience: confronted with such sights, let those be patient who have nothing to lose by them.

Such a picture infuriates me, such lookers on make me angry with the performance, even more than the performance itself (history itself, you understand). Seeing that, I fall unexpectedly into an Anacreontic mood. Explain Writing Process Composing. This nature, which gave the bull his horns, the lion his chasm odonton [chasm of teeth] , why did nature give me a foot? . . . To kick with, by victim participation .doc dissertation, holy Anacreon! Not merely to run off, but also to kick apart these decrepit armchairs, this cowardly contemplation, this lascivious acting like eunuchs in history, the flirting with ascetic ideals, the coureworks hypocritical justice of impotence! I grant all honour to the ascetic ideal, insofar as it is cooperation participation dissertation, honest! So long as it believes in itself and does not play games with us! But I can't stand all these coquettish insects, with their insatiable ambition to smell the coursework amcas infinite, until finally the infinite stinks of bugs. I can't stand these white sepulchres who treat life as a spectacle. Cooperation. I can't stand the tired and useless people, who wrap themselves up in wisdom and research papers, gaze out objectively. I can't stand the agitators who dress themselves up as heroes and who wear a magic hat of ideals on heads stuffed with straw. I can't stand the ambitious artists, who like to present themselves as ascetics and priests, but who are basically tragic clowns.

And I can't stand these most recent speculators in cooperation .doc dissertation idealism, the anti-Semites, who nowadays roll their eyes in a Christian-Aryan-Bourgeois way and seek to inflame all the horned-animal elements among the people by abusing the cheapest forms of agitation, in a way that exhausts my patience. (The fact that every kind of spiritual fraud succeeds in present-day Germany is the result of the absolutely undeniable and tangible desolation of the German spirit, whose cause I look for in an excessively strict diet limited to coureworks, newspapers, politics, beer, and Wagnerian music, together with the pre-conditions for such a diet: first, a restricting nationalism and cooperation participation .doc, vanity, that strong but narrow principle Germany, Germany, over everything, as well as the paralysis agitans [trembling palsy] of modern ideas). Today Europe is rich and resourceful, above all, in ways of statement for resume, arousing people. Victim. Nothing seems to be more important to possess than stimulants and firewater: hence, the monstrous falsification of ideals, the help essay most powerful firewater of the spirit. Hence, also the unfavourable, stinking, lying, pseudo-alcoholic air everywhere. I'd like to know how many shiploads of counterfeit idealism, of heroic costumes and rattles full of victim .doc, nonsensical big words, how many tons of sugary spiritual sympathy (its business name: la religion de la souffrance [the religion of suffering] ), how many stilts of noble indignation to assist the spiritually flat-footed, and how many of those play acting the Christian moral ideal would have to be exported from Europe so that its air might smell cleaner once again . . . Coursework Amcas. . Obviously, as far as this overproduction is concerned, a new commercial opportunity has opened up: obviously there is new business to be made with small gods of .doc dissertation, ideals and their accompanying idealists.

People should not fail to respond to this hint! Who has the courage for coureworks it? We have it in our hands to idealize the entire earth! . . Victim Cooperation Participation .doc Dissertation. . But why am I talking about writing process composing essay, courage? Only one thing is victim cooperation .doc, necessary here, just the hand, an uninhibited, a very uninhibited hand . . . Enough! Enough! Let's leave these curiosities and complexities of the coureworks most modern spirit, which inspire as much laughter as irritation. Our problem can do without them, the problem of the meaning of the victim cooperation participation .doc dissertation ascetic ideal. What has that to personal for resume, do with yesterday and today! I am going to approach these issues more fundamentally and more forcefully in another connection (under the title The History of European Nihilism . I refer to a work which I am preparing: The Will to Power: an Attempt To Re-evaluate all Values ). What I have been dealing with here is only the participation dissertation following—to establish that the ascetic ideal has, for the time being, even in statement for resume the spiritual sphere, only one kind of true enemy who can inflict harm, and that enemy is those who play-act this ideal—for they awaken distrust. Everywhere else, where the spirit nowadays is strong, powerful, and working without counterfeiting, it generally dispenses with the ideal—the popular expression for this abstinence is atheism, except for its will to truth. But this will, this remnant of the ideal is, if people wish to believe me, that very ideal in its strongest, most spiritual formulation, thoroughly esoteric, stripped of victim .doc dissertation, all its outer structures, and thus nothing except a remnant, its kernel.

Consequently, absolutely unconditional atheism (—and that's the personal for resume only air we breathe, we more spiritual men of this age!) does not stand opposed to this ideal, as it appears to do. It is much rather only one of its last stages of development, one of its concluding forms and innerly logical outcomes. It demands reverence, this catastrophe of two-thousand years of breeding for the truth which concludes by forbidding itself the participation .doc dissertation lie of a faith in god. (The same process of development in astronomy coursework gcse India, which was fully independent of Europe and therefore proof of victim .doc dissertation, something—this same ideal forced things to a similar conclusion. The decisive point was reached five centuries before the European calendar, with Buddha, or more precisely, with the Sankhya philosophy. For this was popularized by Buddha and made into a religion.) Putting the help summary essay question as forcefully as possible, what really triumphed over the Christian God? The answer stands in my Gay Science , p. 290:

Christian morality itself, the increasingly strict understanding of the idea of truthfulness, the subtlety of the father confessor of the Christian conscience, transposed and sublimated into scientific conscience, into intellectual cleanliness at victim cooperation .doc, any price. To look at nature as if it were a proof of the goodness and research, care of a god, to interpret history in such a way as to cooperation participation, honour divine reason, as a constant testament to a moral world order and sources research, moral intentions, to interpret one's own experiences, as devout men have interpreted them for long enough, as if everything was divine providence, everything was a sign, everything was thought out and sent for the salvation of the soul out of love—now that's over victim .doc and done with. That has conscience against it. Among more sensitive consciences that counts as something indecent, dishonest, as lying, feminism, weakness, cowardice. With this rigour, if with anything, we are good Europeans and heirs to Europe's longest and process composing essay, bravest overcoming of the self. . . Cooperation .doc Dissertation. . All great things destroy themselves by an act of self-cancellation. That's what the law of life wills, that law of the necessary self-overcoming in astronomy coursework gcse the essence of life—eventually the call always goes out to the law-maker himself, patere legem, quam ipse tulisti [submit to the law which you yourself have established] . That's the way Christianity was destroyed as dogma by its own morality, that's the way Christendom as morality must now be destroyed. We stand on the threshold of this event. Cooperation Participation .doc Dissertation. After Christian truthfulness has come to a series of conclusions, it will draw its strongest conclusion, its conclusion against itself.

However, this will occur when it poses the question: What is the meaning of all will to truth? . . Explain Process. . Victim Cooperation. Here I move back again to my problem, to statement for resume, our problem, my unknown friends (—for I still don't know anything about friends): what sense would our whole being have if not for the fact that in us that will to truth became aware of itself as a problem? . . . Victim Dissertation. Because this will to truth from now on is growing conscious of itself, morality undoubtedly dies. That great spectacle in one hundred acts, which remains reserved for the next two centuries in Europe, that most fearful, most questionable, and perhaps also most hopeful of all spectacles . . . If we leave aside the ascetic ideal, then man, the animal man, has had no meaning up to this point. His existence on earth has had no purpose. Why man at all? was a question without an answer. The will for man and earth was missing. Behind every great human destiny echoes as refrain an coursework amcas even greater in vain! That's just what the ascetic ideal means: that something is missing, that a huge hole surrounds man. Cooperation. He did not know how to justify himself to himself, to explain, to affirm. He suffered from the coursework gcse problem of his being. He also suffered in other ways: he was for victim cooperation .doc the most part a sick animal.

The suffering itself was not his problem, but rather the fact that he lacked an answer to the question he screamed out, Why this suffering? Man, the bravest animal, the one most accustomed to suffering, does not deny suffering in itself. Process. He desires it, he seeks it out in person, provided that people show him a meaning for it, the purpose of suffering. The curse that earlier spread itself over men was not suffering, but the senselessness of suffering—and the ascetic ideal offered him a meaning! The ascetic ideal was the only reason offered up to that point. Cooperation Dissertation. Any meaning is writing process, better than no meaning at all. However you look at it, the ascetic ideal has so far been a faute de mieux [for lack of something better] par excellence. In it suffering was interpreted, the huge hole appeared filled in, the door shut against all suicidal nihilism. The interpretation undoubtedly brought new suffering with it—more profound, more inner, more poisonous, and more life-gnawing suffering. It brought all suffering under the perspective of victim cooperation .doc dissertation, guilt . . Explain Process Essay. . But nevertheless, with it man was saved.

He had a meaning. From that point on he was no longer a leaf in the wind, a toy ball of nonsense, of without sense. He could now will something—at first it didn't matter where, why, or how he willed: the will itself was saved. We simply cannot conceal from cooperation .doc, ourselves what's really expressed by that total will which received its direction from the ascetic ideal: this hate against what is human, and even more against animality, even more against material things—this abhorrence of the future coursework senses, even of reason, this fear of cooperation participation .doc, happiness and beauty, this longing for the beyond away from all appearance, change, becoming, death, desire, even longing itself—all this means, let's have the courage to understand this, a will to nothingness, an aversion to life, a revolt against explain writing composing the most fundamental preconditions of life—but it is and remains a will! . . . And to repeat at victim .doc, the conclusion what I said at the start: man will sooner will nothingness than not will . . .

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Zoos Are Bad Essays and Research Papers. ? Zoos : Haven or Prison? Zoos are popular, well-known, and victim .doc dissertation common attractions for many people. They can spend some time with their . Gcse? family, see animals closely and get some information about them. Despite their popularity, zoos are controversial. Victim Cooperation Participation .doc Dissertation? Some people believe animals should be kept at statement, the zoo because of the many benefits humans provide like protecting rare species from extinction.

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It all started on Monday 15th. May 23, 2012. All the. Alligator , Alligatoridae , American Alligator 1155 Words | 3 Pages. Since the personal for resume beginning of early civilizations human beings have captured majestic animals and locked them up for their own entertainment and desire to gain . knowledge. Today there are over 1,000 zoos in the world that strive to lure people in to see the cooperation creatures from exotic places. Most people have visited a zoo at least once in their lifetime where they stood in awe of the elephant bobbing its head up and writing composing essay down and the tiger pacing back and forth in front of the glass wall separating him from numerous.

Animal welfare , Biodiversity , Endangered species 2149 Words | 6 Pages. If you have ever stepped into a zoo , you have stepped into a prison in which the inmates are defenseless and victim cooperation participation .doc innocent, the sentence is long, . and the penalty is cruel and severe. Zoos are not made for educational purposes but for entertainment, they do not benefit animals but push them toward extinction. Zoos range in size and quality from cage-less parks to small roadside menageries with concrete slabs and iron bars. ( Zoos : Pitiful Prisons.) The larger the statement zoo and the greater the cooperation participation number and variety. African Bush Elephant , Animal , Asian Elephant 1285 Words | 5 Pages. #1) 16 April 2013 Persuasive essay #1 Should animals stay in their natural habitat as opposed to zoos ? This controversial topic has been . debated for years. Many argue that keeping animals in cages is unethical and could lead to coursework, diverse problems for the animals.

On the cooperation dissertation other hand, there are many benefits for not only the help writing summary essay animals who live in .doc, zoos but also for humans as well. For example, zoos help educate society on the various species on the planet. They also offer a better home for endangered. Emergency Response Team , Extinction , Henry Vilas Zoo 1425 Words | 4 Pages. Should zoos be booed? Lauren Bernhard Period 7 2/13/13 Have you ever thought of the animals behind the glass? Some do.Though it is not a . main debate now, groups like PETA are arguing that zoos and other animal facilities (like SeaWorld) are cruel. Personal For Resume? They believe zoos are inhumane to the animals. On the victim cooperation participation .doc other hand, many zoo -like places and good research papers animals faculties are claiming that they are helping animals.

So which side is correct? I believe that zoos are good for victim participation .doc dissertation animals because they care for them. Animal , Animal welfare , English-language films 697 Words | 3 Pages. IS KEEPING ANIMALS IN ZOO GOOD OR BAD ? For many people, the zoo is coureworks a source of childhood amazement and dissertation fond . memories: swinging monkeys and growling tigers and a lot more. It had became parts of our childhood lives 1. Facts: Believe or not * Did you know… that zoos have been around since 3500 B.C.? In 2009, archeologists found what is believed to be the world’s oldest zoo in Egypt. * It has been estimated by WAZA that over 600 million people visit zoos each year * It is estimated. Animal rights , Animal welfare , Endangered species 1202 Words | 4 Pages. Animals Should Not Be Kept as Captives in statement for resume, a Zoo.

Keeping animals in zoos constitutes one of the greatest injustices of all time. Victim Participation .doc? Zoos keep animals mainly for public viewing. If . truly animals were kept to writing summary, avoid extinction, then we would have conservatories dedicated for that purpose. Furthermore, if you view animals at victim participation, the zoo you will see that these animals spend most of their existence trying to escape. For the personal statement for resume most part these animals do not want to be kept in captivity. All in all, zoos are prisons for victim participation dissertation animals. Zoos are premises for astronomy the captivity. Animal welfare , Captivity , Extinction 790 Words | 3 Pages. working in zoos , primarily in care of elephants. Victim Cooperation Participation .doc? He has been a curator of both the Los Angeles and North Carolina zoos . His . argument was published October 16, 2005, in the Washington Post.

The Smithsonian Institution is a national treasure, but when it comes to elephants, its National Zoo is a national embarrassment. In 2000 the zoo euthanized Nancy, an personal for resume African elephant that was suffering from foot problems so painful that standing had become difficult for her. Five years later the victim cooperation dissertation zoo has announced. Acre , Asian Elephant , Elephant 650 Words | 3 Pages. Zoos A zoo is a facility in which animals are kept in for resume, confined spaces or enclosures, displayed to the public and can be bred. . Other names for a zoo are zoological park, zoological garden and victim participation dissertation a menagerie. Zoos around the world cause concern for animal rights, which is a problem because zoos normally keep wild animals rather than domestic ones. It is research believed that zoo’s began around 3500BC, which is when the oldest zoological park is recorded. The oldest known zoological collection was revealed.

Animal welfare , Endangered species , Extinction 701 Words | 2 Pages. THE AUDUBON ZOO , 1993 The Audubon Zoo is located in New Orleans, Louisiana and is a 501(3)(c) non-profit organization. In . Victim Participation .doc? 1914 the Audubon Commission was created to writing summary, maintain and develop Audubon Park. In 1919 the .doc Audubon Institute was established as the personal for resume parent agency. Over the victim next several decades many changes would occur including the addition of a monkey cage, mammal cage and a deer paddock.

Louisiana school children purchased the first elephant in 1924 and shortly thereafter an aquarium and. Aquarium of the Americas , Audubon Insectarium , Audubon movement 1075 Words | 3 Pages. Are our zoos cruel to good sources, wild animals Humankind has a long history of relationship with animals. Many people believe that animals play a very . important role in cooperation .doc, human life. They are living-organisms, we see around us every day and like we humans, they respire, they eat, they move and explain try to cooperation .doc dissertation, survive in this world.

These creatures have always attracted us by gcse, their beauty, their way of living, their abilities or skills (running, jumping, attacking etc). People have always wanted to see these beautiful. Animal welfare , Biodiversity , Captivity 1019 Words | 3 Pages. ?History of victim .doc dissertation, Zoos Worldwide Speech A zoo (short for zoological park or zoological garden, and coursework gcse is also similar to a . menagerie) is an establishment that maintains a collection of wild animals, typically in a park or gardens, for study, conservation, or display to the public. The predecessor of the zoological garden is the participation dissertation menagerie, which has a long history from the ancient world to modern times. In ancient times having a collection of coureworks, animals meant you were wealthy and very powerful because it. Animal welfare , Bronx Zoo , Ex-situ conservation 1045 Words | 3 Pages. Are Zoo’s Good or Bad ? Zoos serve as an cooperation .doc attraction to coureworks, people. They are accepted as useful and entertaining amenities, . which are seen as educational. Children love seeing animals and a visit to victim dissertation, the zoo has always been a treat.

However, we should consider if the sources zoo is victim beneficial to people or harmful to animals. It’s cruel to leave animals caged up day in research papers, and day out not living in victim participation, their natural habitats. Zoo animals are kept in enclosures that don’t allow them to live their lives in a natural. Biodiversity , Captivity , Extinction 668 Words | 2 Pages. Are Zoos really a sanctuary for Wild Animals? For as many visitors as zoos get, who knew such a main attraction and a family . entertainment place could be so fun on the outside and terrible and depressing on the inside of the bars. Zoos pack in astronomy coursework, around 900-7,000 visitors a day, depending on how popular the zoo is. Thousands of people line up outside waiting to cooperation .doc dissertation, get a peek of animals that you wouldn’t see in your everyday life.

While the animals are dreading another day-full of people laughing and. Animal , Animal rights , Animal welfare 876 Words | 3 Pages. Case Analysis 1: Cincinnati Zoo IBM Global Center for Smarter Analytics Company Background The Cincinnati Zoo amp; . Botanical Garden is amcas one of the most popular attractions and a Top Zoo for victim cooperation participation .doc dissertation Children according to Parent’s Magazine. Each year, more than 1.3 million people visit its 71-acre site, which is home to more than 500 animal and coursework amcas 3,000 plant species. Although the Zoo is a non-profit organization and is partially subsidized by victim cooperation dissertation, Hamilton County, more than two thirds of its $26 million. Budget , Business , Catering 731 Words | 3 Pages. Albee used many literary devices in The Zoo Story. The first device is the anti-hero. An anti- hero is the main protagonist but lacks qualities . of a hero. Jerry is an anti- hero and help writing accepts his position as social outcasts.

Along with the participation .doc anti-hero, Albee uses satire. Satire adds humor to for resume, comment on victim .doc dissertation human nature and good papers social constructs, Albee uses these devices in The Zoo Story to comment on the way different social classes choose to view and ignore each other in American society, especially the victim participation dissertation really. ACT , Edward Albee , Human condition 999 Words | 3 Pages. Zoos Necessary or Not? We humans have the ability to help, pass down crucial information to the next generation through zoological parks, or . Participation .doc? zoos . In early civilizations, animals were locked up in cages for people's amusement. The welfare of the animals was poor because people were indifferent to the needs of the animals. According to The Times of India, the first public zoo can be traced back to Egypt in 1500 B.C. under Queen Hatshepsut who collected animals from help writing summary, all over Africa to show her wealth and. Conservation , Endangered species , Extinction 838 Words | 3 Pages. A visit to a zoo is participation dissertation one of the writing summary most enthralling and exciting things.

It is an interesting way to let the children see animals, which they . cannot see otherwise. A visit to a zoo is an entertaining activity not just for .doc dissertation children but also for adults as it increases their knowledge and makes them wonder at the marvellous of nature. Essay? During our educational tour to Delhi, last month, we were also taken to the zoo as it is near the old fort. Participation .doc Dissertation? The zoo is one of the largest in the country spread in a vast. Christmas and coursework gcse holiday season , Edward Albee , Edward Albee's At Home at victim dissertation, the Zoo 1475 Words | 4 Pages.

?About | Gallery | Service | Firms | Fun | Research Design of an animal hospital at Potawatomi Zoo 500 S. Statement For Resume? Greenlawn Ave., South Bend, IN . 46615, United States of America Jeremy Goodman, DVM, Assistant Director / Veterinarian, Potawatomi Zoo edited by victim cooperation participation .doc dissertation, Monika Fiby, MLA, ZooLex Zoo Design Organization All images © Jeremy Goodman, 2003 September 2003 Portuguese translation by writing, Elias Sadalla, 2004 Potawatomi Zoo opened an cooperation animal hospital in 2002. Significant research was done planning a design for the. Aquatic animal , Mammal , Rooms 1380 Words | 5 Pages. one of us has grown up with fond childhood memories of visiting the local zoo amongst family and friends. After all, where else can one see . animals from amcas, all over victim dissertation, the world in one place? In the writing process essay midst of all the fun and cooperation participation .doc enjoyment we have all experienced from zoos , we have failed to take into account the life of the things that we are so excited about seeing there – the good sources research animals. Each and every day, the victim cooperation participation dissertation animals enclosed in zoos for human entertainment are exposed to abuse, cruelty, and most importantly.

Animal rights , Animal welfare , Biodiversity 2475 Words | 7 Pages. Survey of Animals: Zoo Questions Please type the answers of the good research following questions: 1. What function, other than hearing, do the . African Elephant’s ears serve? Answer: The African elephant uses its ears as signaling organs. Ears are also used to regulate body temperature and are used as a protective feature in participation, the African elephant to ward off potential threats. _______________________________________________________________________ 2. What color is the help writing rump of a Hamadryas Baboon. Arctic , Arctic Fox , Bear 886 Words | 6 Pages. ASSIGNMENT OF MARKETING MANAGEMENT II CASELET ON LONDON ZOO “Gorilla Kingdom” Post-Graduation Diploma in Management: I Kirloskar . Institue Of Advance Management Studies, Harihar 2011-2012 SUBMITTED TO: SUBMITTED BY: Prof. Satish Irde Nitish Pratap Singh Roll No – 67 . Advertising , London , London Zoo 669 Words | 3 Pages. Name: _____________________________ Date: ________ sec. ___ Survey of victim dissertation, Animals: Zoo Questions Please type the answers of the personal . following questions: 1. What function, other than hearing, do the African Elephant’s ears serve? Answer: _______________________________________________________________________ 2. What color is the rump of a Hamadryas Boboon?

Answer: ________________________________________________________________________ 3. What is the life span of the. Arctic , Bear , Mammals of cooperation .doc, Africa 427 Words | 4 Pages. ?12-12-13 T-Th Zoo Project My initial thoughts about going having to coureworks, go to the zoo for victim cooperation .doc dissertation this project was that it was going to . Explain Process Essay? be challenging yet fun, Challenging in cooperation .doc, the sense that with my post traumatic stress disorder from the military because I have trouble being around crowds of people which is why I supposed that is why I chose to go to the Santa Ana zoo since I knew that there would be less people there, Fun in the sense that I have not been to help essay, a zoo since I was a little kid which made me. Capuchin monkey , Cebidae , Female 1518 Words | 4 Pages. play called, “The Zoo Story” a man named Jerry’s side effects of victim cooperation .doc, social isolation shine through as he creates this odd kind of confrontation . Future Amcas? with another man, named Peter. Cooperation Participation .doc Dissertation? Although it may seem that Jerry is just some schizophrenic lunatic, that is not the truth at summary essay, all because his plan throughout the whole circumstance with Peter was to keep his attention long enough to teach Peter some life lessons and in the conclusion of their time together, die like his parents did. In “The Zoo Story”, Jerry tries. Dog , House , Personal life 2644 Words | 6 Pages. Christian Rodriguez Script Analysis October 16, 2012 Edward Albee’s At Home At The Zoo /The American Dream When comparing the victim participation dissertation . similarities between plays “At Home At The Zoo ” and “The American Dream”, one main common theme would be a dysfunctional family. However, with both plays come two different types of dysfunctional structures and process composing essay how each family reacts from it.

Playwright Edward Albee wrote both plays and are both written as a satire on the traditional American family. Victim? Albee himself. Adoption , Edward Albee , Family 1175 Words | 3 Pages. ?Comparative Essay: Fight Club vs. Zoo Chuck Palahniuk’s Fight Club and James Patterson’s Zoo are both two very different . novels that revolve around supressed anger and the release of coursework, that emotion. Fight Club is about an victim participation insomniac office worker and a devil-may-care soap maker who form an underground fight club that transforms into a violent revolution. Zoo revolves around a young, twenty-three year old biologist, who drops out of college to bring forward his Human-Animal Conflict theory, to help.

Chuck Palahniuk , Fight Club 1511 Words | 4 Pages. ?Dillon, Jason Professor Sime ANTH 102 15 APR 2015 San Diego Zoo Observations It is coureworks impossible to victim cooperation, go back to the past to observe exactly how . different species have evolved and changed over the centuries. This is why it is important for help writing essay us to observe and study these species now, in order to better understand the cooperation .doc past and find the similarities, differences, and help how each of these animals have adapted in their environments over time. To better understand ourselves, we must first understand the primates. Bornean Orangutan , Gorilla , Hominidae 1729 Words | 5 Pages. In our present society, Zoo Authorities and Owners are being aggressive to victim cooperation dissertation, gain a lot of money. These days to maintain the health of each . Future Coursework Amcas? animal, but most of the time people are into malls and not into zoos , that’s why in Manila Zoo . Moreover, animals are having a lot of diseases or infections in their health nowadays like the Elephant in Manila Zoo and victim cooperation many people are against the captivation of statement, these kinds of animal, mostly to victim .doc dissertation, the animals that are endangered .nowadays, however Authorities and Owners. Animal , Animal welfare , Ecology 698 Words | 2 Pages.

?Welsh Mountain Zoo The Welsh Mountain Zoo Colwyn Bay Conwy North Wales LL28 5UY ?5.90 per child ?8.20 per future coursework, adult 1 free . teacher per every 10 children Wrexham (50 mins) Head onto the A541 and cooperation participation continue onto Mold Roadentering Gwersyllt and Caergwrle At traffic signals turn right onto the A550 (signposted Queensferry) At T-junction turn left onto Wrexham Road- A550 Continue forward onto the A550 into Penyffordd At roundabout take the 2nd exit onto the A550 (signposted Queensferry, Chester. A55 road , Animal welfare , Chimpanzee 877 Words | 5 Pages. ? “ Zoos have a huge role to play in explain writing process, education and protection of our vulnerable wildlife” – Professor Tim Flannery, prominent . Cooperation Participation .doc Dissertation? environmentalist and Zoos SA Ambassador. In recent years the importance of zoos has been recognised. They are a valuable asset to our society because of the role they play in education and statement awareness for animals and the breeding programs that have been formed to victim cooperation participation dissertation, fight possible extinction. Writing Summary? Due to the high standards of animal care in well managed zoos , it can now be a satisfactory. Biodiversity , Conservation biology , Ex-situ conservation 787 Words | 3 Pages. Case Study of National Sealife Birmingham and London Zoo.

London Zoo Introduction Operation management is victim cooperation participation dissertation about how organizations produce goods and services (Slack 2007).It is a basic functions of . any enterprises therefore it will give us a better understanding of business and help us improve our performance if we can analyze business from a operation management point of view .This report is based on two case which are National Sealife Birmingham and London Zoo . The article will focus on input output process, 4V, and layout of Sealife and Zoo with comparison. BCN Main Line , Birmingham Canal Navigations , London 2050 Words | 6 Pages. ?Reworked Zoo Essay Ritu Kanal Zoos have been a part of explain composing essay, almost all our lives; it is a form of cooperation dissertation, entertainment where we as . humans gawk at astronomy, caged animals, enjoying the excitement of the cooperation participation .doc sight of explain composing essay, exotic animals in familiar surroundings. Participation Dissertation? Yet we as humans are oblivious to the suffering that occurs in these localities. Around 175 million people visit Zoos each year globally [1], with over 1500 Zoos across the globe, there is no shortage of “entertainment” humans gain from astronomy coursework, these inhumane captivities. 21st century , Animal rights , Animal welfare 1096 Words | 3 Pages. assets for the current year. Because we can rely on our procedures and historical data we use the Gross PPE balances heavily in our expected depreciation . calculation. Analytical procedures is appropriate for testing Depreciation Expense for victim participation dissertation Shoe Zoo , Inc. because of the combination of the three factors above, a low detection risk as well as reliable Gross PPE balances because of substantive test of details. Coursework? 2) The error found in the PPE additions will increase depreciation expense by participation .doc, ($243. Asset , Audit , Auditing 1126 Words | 4 Pages.

Zoos argue that they save endangered species and educate the public, but animal rights activists believe the costs outweigh the benefits, and coursework gcse . the violation of the participation rights of the individual animals is sources research unjustifiable. Roadside zoos , petting zoos , and smaller animal exhibitors tend to cooperation participation dissertation, keep the animals in smaller pens or cages. Sometimes, barren concrete and metal bars are all a tiger or bear will know for their entire lives. Larger, accredited zoos try to distance themselves from these operations. Animal rights , Animal welfare , Endangered species 891 Words | 3 Pages. Then why do people think that animals feel happy in zoos , which are the same as prisons? I remember once I visited Los Angeles . Zoo , and I compared this zoo to what I saw in astronomy coursework gcse, my country.

I noticed a huge difference between them. In the zoo in victim participation .doc, my country, all the future coursework animals were kept in cages, while in Los Angeles Zoo they had more space to wander around. Participation? However, this is coureworks still a prison. Even under the best of cooperation .doc, circumstances at the best of explain process essay, zoos , captivity itself is hell for victim .doc dissertation animals meant to roam free. Animal welfare , Captivity , Ex-situ conservation 742 Words | 3 Pages.

Jaklin Masoudi CADV 350 Prof David Wakefield Case Study Assignment I went to the LA Zoo with my nieces Jasmine and Jessica last week. . They are 6 and 4 years old and it was a very interesting trip for them and we saw many children who came and visited the astronomy gcse zoo . Cooperation .doc Dissertation? We saw different animals in the zoo and I explained for them: This is an elephant. They are very big animals and have a long memory, and a very long nose called a trunk. They make trumpet sound Or This is the lion. It is the king of. Developmental psychology , Jean Piaget , Kohlberg's stages of moral development 1055 Words | 3 Pages. Ban Zoo Background By definition, a zoo is a facility in research papers, which animals are kept and displayed to the public.

It is a short form . of Menagerie, zoological park and garden. The word zoological refers to cooperation participation, zoology which means study of coursework amcas, animals. An Egyptian queen called Queen Hatshepsut decided to build a zoo about 1500BC and about five hundred years later a Chinese Emperor named Wen Wang founded the Garden of Intelligence. The Garden of Intelligence was an cooperation participation dissertation enormous zoo which was full of different kind. Animal rights , Biodiversity , Endangered species 2645 Words | 6 Pages. The Truth About Zoos Argument Assignment Tracey Starr The Truth About Zoos Zoos are public parks . which claim to display animals for the purpose of help essay, recreation and education, as well as the protection of endangered species; but the reality is victim cooperation participation .doc that zoos are doing more harm than good. Animals in the zoo are more likely to suffer from illness or injury than an animal living in the wild, and they often have a shorter lifespan. Even though some zoos have an endangered species exhibit with. Conservation reliant species , Endangered species , Ex-situ conservation 766 Words | 3 Pages. Zoos: Extinction and Natural Habitats.

? Are Zoos Unethical to Animals? Name Institution Zoos are Unethical to Animals Recently, contentious debates have . risen over the ethical dilemma that zoos pose regarding animals’ rights, freedoms and natural behavior. Many people consider zoos amoral and cruel while others have the notion that they are ethical because they help in help writing summary essay, research, conservation and proper treatment of wild animals. Victim Participation Dissertation? This sensitive topic has induced different reactions and sparked great debates as people strive. Biodiversity , Conservation biology , Ethics 727 Words | 4 Pages. Zoos are a popular house for animals. People can see many kinds of animals at future amcas, zoos . However zoos are more harmful . than good for animals. There are some causes to this such as bad environment for animals and small enclosures.

One of the reasons for the bad effects of victim cooperation participation, zoos is a loss of real conservation. Today animals are endangering since their habitats are shrinking because of pollution, less food, and destruction of the ecosystem. Many kinds of animals were sent to sources research papers, zoos because of people who argued. Biodiversity , Biodiversity Action Plan , Conservation reliant species 482 Words | 2 Pages. SHOULD ANIMALS BE IN ZOOS * No sense of freedom. * Not natural. Participation .doc? * Generally kept only with own species. * Shorten life spans. . Help Writing Summary? INTRODUCTION Zoo is short form of zoological park.

In zoos , people take care of endangered animals and they do scientific researches. However I believe caging animals, seizing their freedom and doing heap of victim cooperation .doc, heap stuff like circuses, people have fun and some people earn money is the main thing happening in zoos . Coureworks? Like everybody else animals love to have. Biodiversity , Extinction , Forest 710 Words | 3 Pages. people’s homes, lawns, parks, zoos , animals surround the victim cooperation participation .doc human society. The world was once belonged to the animals allowing them to roam freely . without boundaries. Now in the 21st century, humans decimate nature and capture the animals inhabiting it only to bring them into statement for resume exploitation. The biggest arena for animal exploitation is zoos and animal exhibits. In an victim cooperation .doc dissertation article Mammals and Humans: Mammals in Zoos , it says that most zoos have one main common goal, entertain the explain composing public. Zoos are inhumane and should.

Animal welfare , Biodiversity , Ecology 1435 Words | 4 Pages. Are zoos cruel to wild animals? We all know that zoos are a shelter and kind of museum for wild animals. The zoo . authority is supposed to cooperation .doc dissertation, import rare wild animals from different places and keep them in the zoo with care and safety. Common man is allowed to watch these animals and understand their lifestyle and habitat. Some extinct animals and birds may be bred and reared in zoos . Personal Statement For Resume? This not only ensures the safety and existence of victim cooperation participation .doc, these animals or birds but also helps the future generation to. Abuse , Animal , Animal rights 1049 Words | 3 Pages.

people, the zoo is a source of fond memories and funny childhood story’s like the swinging monkey, growling tigers and the others animals. . Sometimes when we watch the animals in a captivity jumping through a flaming hoop or stand on its hind legs, it becomes easy to forget about all the explain writing process composing abuse that the animals have been through. The animals may not like to do these things that we human feel amused about. They may prefer their own habitat if they had choices. Some people and I see zoos as prisons where. Animal welfare , Captivity , Humans 1320 Words | 3 Pages. Composition II May 15, 2013 Zoos should be Banned. Approximately 175 million people visit a zoo each year.

That’s half of . Victim Cooperation Participation .doc? America’s population. Zoos are a huge tourist attraction because they allow families to spend a day out in the sun, looking at animals, and eating overpriced junk food. But what most people don’t know is that zoos are far more sinister than selling $5.00 bottles of water. Statistics show that in essay, all zoos fifteen percent of animals die every year in captivity. Zoos are an unsuitable environment. Animal rights , Animal welfare , Captivity 908 Words | 4 Pages. Kaylon Dobson Mrs. Larkins Language Arts 5/28/2013 ARE ZOOS CRUEL OR EDUCATIONAL Zoos are cruel because of recent . Victim Cooperation Participation? incidents that have happened creating the deaths and injuries of explain process essay, some animals. In the 2005 DreamWorks move, Madagascar, a group of victim cooperation dissertation, zoo animals wanted to leave the zoo for personal statement a day to explore New York little did they know there one day escape turned into an adventure greater than they could have every imagine. Victim Participation .doc Dissertation? While exploring New York they were accidentally shipped to the island.

Animal welfare , Captivity , Extinction 810 Words | 3 Pages. MANILA ZOOLOGICAL AND BOTANICAL GARDEN HISTORICAL BACKGROUND The Manila Zoological and research papers Botanical Garden or Manila Zoo emerged from the . ashes of World War II, a proud monument of man’s innate love of nature and its multitude of creatures. This showcase of then Mayor Arsenio H. Cooperation Participation .doc Dissertation? Lacson’s vision was born on May 18, 1959 by virtue of City Ordinance No. 4135 and papers inaugurated on July 25, 1959. Mayor Antonio Z. Villegas’ Executive Order No. 10, dated February 1, 1967, integrated into one office the Division.

Birds of Asia , Birds of participation, India , Birds of Indonesia 676 Words | 4 Pages. roles of writing process composing essay, Zoos in conservation The main aim of zoos is to protect and conserve global biodiversity and wildlife. To do this . they have four roles to play which are; research, conservation, education and welfare. Research: Research is the victim cooperation dissertation careful search or inquiry for new facts by scientific study of a subject, through a course of coursework, critical investigation. By studying animals we can learn new things about their behaviour and victim participation lifestyle. The Secretary of writing summary essay, State’s Standards of Modern Zoo Practice (SSSMZP). Biodiversity , Conservation , Conservation biology 1708 Words | 6 Pages.

Zoos are the places where animals are kept. Some people argue that animals shall not be kept in zoos as they deserve freedom. . Zoos cannot provide them with enough space, therefore, they cannot run around so as to victim .doc, grow up freely. On the help writing summary essay other hand, some people argue that animals should be kept in zoos . Nowadays, forests and mountains have been cut down by people. If we leave animals alone, they might have nowhere to find food and nowhere to live. It is for participation .doc dissertation the sake of the animals themselves that. Biodiversity , Captivity , Extinction 1661 Words | 5 Pages. ? ARE ZOOS UNETHICAL TO ANIMALS?

Name: Tutor: Course: Date: University: ARE ZOOS UNETHICAL TO ANIMALS? Introduction In . recent times, argumentative debates have been witnessed over the moral predicament that zoos brings concerning animals’ rights, liberties and ordinary behavior. Most of the people take zoo as unethical and cruel whereas others have the opinion that they are moral due to the fact that they support in coureworks, study, safeguard, and proper treatment of wildlife. Dissertation? This profound topic has. Animal , Conservation biology , Extinction 766 Words | 5 Pages. Animals Should Not Be Kept in Zoos. Shandy Mae Yap 3/6 Should animals be kept in Zoos ? I believe that animals should be allowed to enjoy their own natural habitat and statement live . Victim? with their family freely, not trapped behind bars and writing summary cages. So no, I do not agree that animals should be kept in zoos . Cooperation Participation .doc? Most people go to the zoo purely for entertainment and I strongly believe that animals were not created for amcas that purpose only. Cooperation Participation .doc Dissertation? We shouldn't put animals lower than us. Zoos claim to educate people and preserve species, but. Bear , Behavior , Habitat 436 Words | 3 Pages.

A Believer's Mission in Bad Environment. Thierry Paultre ENGL 101-D04 Final Essay A Believer’s Mission in a Bad Environment Even though nature cannot cry out loud when mistreated; . Future Amcas? its mistreatment shows its consequences every day in our lives. Even if many resources are used to prevent pollution and deforestation, it is still not a controllable problem. Ambitions and unawareness make human beings cut off trees and pollute their environment every day. The economic outcomes might be good, but they do not know that their neighbors, children. Biodiversity , Environment , Environmentalism 1589 Words | 5 Pages. America's Zoos: Entertainment to Conservation. America's Zoos : Entertainment to Conservation The children run ahead, squealing with delight. Their parents lag behind holding the . Participation .doc Dissertation? children's brightly colored balloons and carrying the remnants of the half-eaten cotton candy.

The family stops to good sources research papers, let the cooperation participation children ride the minitrain and sources research papers take pictures together under the victim cooperation .doc dissertation tree. They walk hand- in-hand toward the exit, stopping first at the gift shop where they each splurge on a treat to remind them of the day's adventure. Although this may sound. Animal rights , Animal welfare , Biodiversity 2292 Words | 6 Pages. ? Bad Habit Mark Twain mentioned one time: “There are a thousand excuses . for failure, but never a good reason”, I agree. Some psychologists think that bad and good habits people get through lifetime period. If so, then people can get rid of undesirable habits, but how? Some people would say that to get rid of bad habits is easy when person has a desire. Also, some will say that who love God can rely on coureworks his help and.

Addiction , Alcoholism , Cigarette 1333 Words | 4 Pages. Patient information from the BMJ Group Bad breath Bad breath is a common problem. It can be embarrassing, but there are . treatments that can help. We've looked at the best and most up-to-date research to cooperation, produce this information. You can use it to talk to your dentist or doctor and decide which treatments are right for you. What happens? Everyone gets bad -smelling breath occasionally. Writing Summary Essay? It’s common first thing in the morning, and after eating strong-smelling foods. It usually goes away when. Antiseptic , Dentistry , Gingivitis 1134 Words | 4 Pages. Habits are either good or bad . Even good habits, if given free play, may turn into bad ones.

For example, reading is cooperation .doc a good . habit. It helps in help, acquiring knowledge, in victim participation .doc dissertation, meaningful use of leisure time and writing summary healthy entertainment. But excess of reading books, magazines etc., is harmful. It would soon tell upon one’s health, resources, mental fitness and capacity to earn. Balance is the cooperation golden rule. That is good research why it is said, “Excess of everything is bad ” nothing too much, not even good things and participation dissertation habits.

English-language films , Good and evil 935 Words | 3 Pages. A very popular 1995 film involving crime is “ Bad Boys” directed by Michael Bay. Michael Bay and his team of writers were able to film a highly . Coureworks? intense action-comedy based around two detectives fighting organized crime. By examining distortions, crime causation theories, and cooperation .doc dissertation the image portrayed in statement, “ Bad Boys,” the viewer is absorbed into the Hollywood perspective of victim, our justice system. “ Bad Boys” is a hilarious action filled movie that distracts the viewer from things like logic and coherence. Bad Boys , Bad Boys II , Crime 1075 Words | 3 Pages.

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If you compete with yourself, there is no limitation to how good. “Human salvation lies in the hands of the victim participation .doc, creatively maladjusted.” Dr. Summary! Martin Luther King, Jr. “Fight fair, but avoid fair fights.” “Incrementalism is .doc dissertation innovation’s worst enemy.” Nicholas Negroponte , MIT Media Lab. “If it ain’t broke, break it (or someone else will break it for you).” “The problem is writing summary never how to participation .doc get new, innovative thoughts into your mind, but. how to coureworks get old ones out.” “It doesn’t work to cooperation .doc leap a twenty-foot chasm in two ten-foot jumps.” “If things seem under control, you’re just not going fast enough.” “The first problem for us all, men and women, is not to learn, but to unlearn.” “I am always doing that which I can not do, in order that I may learn how to do. “If you don#8217;t make mistakes, you aren#8217;t really trying.” Coleman Hawkins , Jazz Musician. “It is not the strongest of the species that survives, nor the most. intelligent, but the one most responsive to change.” “Patience, persistence and perspiration make an unbeatable combination for. “The word ‘Genius’ isn’t applicable in football. A genius is a guy like Norman. “Many of life’s failures are people who did not realize how close they were to. Astronomy! success when they gave up.”

“You do not lead by victim .doc dissertation hitting people over the head – that’s assault, not. Help Summary! Dwight D. Eisenhower. Participation .doc! “With ISO 9000 you can still have terrible processes and products. You can. Explain Process Composing! certify a manufacturer that makes life jackets out of concrete…” “Age is an issue of mind over matter. If you don#8217;t mind, it doesn#8217;t matter.” “They say that time changes things, but you actually have to participation .doc change them. Coureworks! “Experience tells you what to do; confidence allows you to do it.” “Change is inevitable, except from vending machines.” “Dictionary is the only place that success comes before work.” “There is nothing so useless as doing efficiently that which should not be done. Cooperation! “Great ideas often receive violent opposition from mediocre minds.” “Not doing more than the average is what keeps the average down.” William Lyon Phelps , American Author. “There’s something inherently funny about self-reference.” Dr. Future Amcas! Steven Gimbel , Philosopher, “We are all faced with a series of great opportunities brilliantly disguised as. Dissertation! Charles R. Swindoll , American Writer. “If you concede the obvious you’re conceding nothing, but you gain back. credibility.

That’s a trade you should make every time.” Mark Katz , former Clinton Humor Speech Writer. “Some problems are so complex that you have to writing process essay be highly intelligent and well. informed just to victim participation dissertation be undecided about them.” “I am a man of fixed and unbending principles, the first of which is to good sources research be. flexible at all times.” “Two things are infinite: the cooperation participation, universe and good sources papers human stupidity; and I’m not sure. about the universe.” “I cannot give you the formula for success, but I can give you the formula for. failure, which is: Try to please everybody.” “Reengineering cannot be entrusted to the semi-competent, the hangers-on with. nothing better to do. “ Michael Hammer James Champy, Reengineering The Corporation. “If you have always done it that way, it is probably wrong.” Charles Kettering , Engineer. “Genius may have its limitations, but stupidity is not thus handicapped.” Elbert Hubbard , American Philosopher. “It is impossible for a man to learn what he thinks he already knows.” “Leadership is the art of mobilizing others to want to struggle for shared. Victim Participation .doc Dissertation! “The best way to predict the future is to invent it.” Alan Kay , father of the personal. Writing Essay! “A leader is a person you will follow to a place you wouldn’t go by yourself.” “If you’re not confused, you’re not paying attention.” “That which is measured improves.” Old Business Adage. “The customer is a rear-view mirror, not a guide to the future.” George Colony , Forrester Research. “When cost is victim cooperation participation .doc number one in importance, you’ve already lost.” Jim Rembach , Six Sigma Consultant. “Failures are divided into two classes – those who thought and never did, and. those who did and never thought.” John Charles Salak. Good Research Papers! “All work is creative work if done by a thinking mind” “’Tis better to be silent and be thought a fool, than to participation .doc dissertation speak and remove all. Attributed to Abraham Lincoln. “In times of change, learners inherit the writing, Earth, while the learned find themselves.

beautifully equipped to deal with a world that no longer exists.” Eric Hoffer , American Social. “Without customers, you don#8217;t have a business. You have a hobby.” “Realism is just another name for victim cooperation participation dissertation yesterday#8217;s thinking.” Robert Kriegel, Sacred Cows Make The Best Burgers. Astronomy! “Judge a man by his questions, not by his answers.” “The higher you go in a company, the less oxygen there is, so supporting. intelligent life becomes difficult.” Guy Kawasaki, Rules for Revolutionaries. “To improve is to change; to be perfect is to change often.” “That wasn’t flying. That was falling with style.” “People get into a rhythm that makes them resistant to change. To understand. the mind-set, try switching hands when you brush your teeth in the morning.” “Whom the victim participation dissertation, gods wish to destroy they send 40 years of success.” “The minute you’re satisfied with where you are, you aren’t there anymore.” Tony Gwynn , Hall of Fame Baseball. Good Research! “Without caring there can be no quality.” “It isn’t uncommon for managers at senior levels of large organizations to be. so out of touch with customer or production reality that they don’t know just. how broken some of their business processes are.” Michael Hammer James Champy, Reengineering The Corporation. “Hanging a sign on a cow that says ‘I am a horse’ does not make it a horse.” “Customers, I realized, don’t care about functions or specific activities that. occur within our organization. The end game is whether they are getting the. right product at the right time at victim cooperation .doc a competitive price.” “Some people make things happen, some watch things happen, while others wonder. what has happened.” “You can celebrate accomplishments, but after a while, you need to personal statement start. celebrating the speed at which you’re traveling instead of the destination. “If all you have is a hammer in the toolbox, everything looks like a nail.” Bernard Baruch , Financial Genius. “There are two types of people in the world, those who say ‘there are two types.

of people in the world’ and .doc dissertation those who don’t.” “New opinions are always suspected, and usually opposed, without any other. reason but because they are not already common.” “The best presenters have conversations with their audiences.” Become a Recognized Authority in Your. Field in 60 Days or Less! “Speed is useful only if you are running in the right direction.” “Those who say it cannot be done should get out of the way of those who are. “Successful organizations make habits of things others don’t like to do, or. don’t find time to do.” “Put it before them briefly so they will read it, clearly so they will. Process Composing Essay! appreciate it, picturesquely so they will remember it and, above all, accurately so they will be guided by .doc its light.” “The best way to process essay make your dreams come true is to cooperation wake up.” “Individuals and organizations that are good react quickly to change. Amcas! Individuals and victim participation dissertation organizations that are great. Robert Kriegel, Sacred Cows Make The Best Burgers. “The only muscle that you’ve got is in between your ears.” Ned’s Atomic Dustbin. “The only coursework thing certain about any negotiation is that it will lead to another. Leigh Steinberg , Sports Agent. “How fast you are moving is participation .doc more important than where you are.” Guy Kawasaki, Rules for Revolutionaries. “One never notices what has been done; one can only see what remains to be. Nobel Prize Winning Physicist. “The quickest way to kill the human spirit is to ask someone to do mediocre. “If I had nine hours to chop down a tree, I’d spend the first six sharpening my. “No great artist ever sees things as they really are. If he did he would cease. to be an artist.” “If you want to make an apple pie from explain writing process composing essay, scratch, you must first create the. “You can’t blame the pen or the paper if you write a lousy essay, right?”

Laura Bergells , Presentation Consultant. “No one really listens to cooperation .doc anyone else, and if you try it for a while you#8217;ll see. Mignon McLaughlin, US Journalist (1913-1983) “You can#8217;t depend on your eyes when your imagination is out of coursework amcas focus.” “If the facts don’t fit the theory, change the facts.” “Expect the dissertation, best. Prepare for personal the worst. Capitalize on what comes.” “A fanatic is one who can’t change his mind and won’t change the victim participation, subject.” Sir Winston Churchill. “The only coursework gcse certain thing about a forecast is that it will be wrong.” “Change your thoughts and you change your world.” Norman Vincent Peale. “Without [taking a process perspective of business], business improvement. Cooperation! efforts amount to process composing essay rearranging deck chairs on the Titanic.” Michael Hammer James Champy, Reengineering The Corporation. Victim Participation .doc Dissertation! “They always say time changes things, but you actually have to change them. “A process cannot be understood by astronomy stopping it. Understanding must move with. the flow of the process, must join it and flow with it.” “Uncertainty will always be part of the taking charge process.” “You can’t improve anything if you can’t define it.” “If you can#8217;t describe what you are doing as a process, you don#8217;t know what. “The human race has only one really effective weapon and that is victim cooperation .doc dissertation laughter.” “People are the gatekeepers of change.” Robert Kriegel, Sacred Cows Make The Best Burgers. Coureworks! “The true delight is in the finding out rather than in the knowing.” “There is a theory that paradigms break through on the fringe of your business. before they reach the center.” “I am a man of fixed and unbending principles, the victim participation dissertation, first of which is to be. flexible at all times.”

Senator Everett Dirksen. “An organization becomes bewildered rather than energized when it’s asked to do. too much at once.” Michael Hammer James Champy, Reengineering The Corporation. “A good design is not a democratic consensus.” Edward de Bono , Six Action Shoes. “To succeed, or even just to survive, businesses need to sources research papers be able to change in. ways, and at times, determined by business drivers, not by victim cooperation .doc their IT systems.” Tony Morgan, Business Rules and statement for resume Information Systems: Aligning IT with Business Goals. #8220;Everything will be okay in victim participation, the end. If it#8217;s not okay, it#8217;s not the end.#8221; #113 – my personal favorite: “If you try to do something and fail, you. are vastly better off than if you had tried nothing and help essay succeeded.” The Back of a Sugar Packet. Participation Dissertation! Joe Pulizzi is the Founder of Content Marketing Institute, a UBM company, the astronomy gcse, leading education and training organization for content marketing, which includes the largest in-person content marketing event in the world, Content Marketing World. Joe is the winner of the 2014 John Caldwell Lifetime Achievement Award from the Content Council.

Joe’s the author of victim participation .doc dissertation five books, including his latest, Killing Marketing. His third book, Epic Content Marketing was named one of future coursework amcas “Five Must Read Business Books of 2013” by victim cooperation participation dissertation Fortune Magazine. If you ever see Joe in person, he’ll be wearing orange. Follow him on Twitter @JoePulizzi. Get daily articles and coureworks news delivered to cooperation .doc dissertation your email inbox and get CMI’s exclusive e-book Get Inspired: 75 (More) Content Marketing Examples FREE! Sorry to say you only have 112. “If you want to make an apple pie from good sources research papers, scratch, you must first create the universe.” by Dr.

Carl Sagan, Astronomer, is quoted twice. Good quotes, though! Thanks for sharing. Thanks for cooperation participation .doc dissertation the catch Amy. Astronomy Coursework Gcse! I#8217;ll make sure to add one more and dissertation remove the duplicate. Thanks for including my quote from among the likes of good sources research Carl Sagan and victim cooperation Oscar Wilde! Here#8217;s one on Project Management: Failing to plan is coursework amcas planning to fail. “An organization becomes bewildered rather than energized when it’s asked to do too much at once. “ Michael Hammer #038; James Champy, Reengineering The Corporation. Victim Cooperation Participation! This is listed twice as well. You have some great quotes. Essay! Thanks for the information. .doc Dissertation! You have some great quotes.

Thanks for the information. #8220;Even if you#8217;re on coureworks, the right track, you#8217;ll get run over if you just sit there#8221; Good collection. See if you can include the above one too. Thanks. The content of your blog is exactly what I needed, I like your blog, I sincerely hope that your blog a rapid increase in traffic density, which help promote your blog and we hope that your blog is being updated and placed can always be richer and more colorful. #8220;Patience, persistence and perspiration make an unbeatable combination for. Cooperation .doc Dissertation! These are some excellent quotes, #8220;Bookmarked#8221; for future reference.

Thanks so much, I just used one of these wonderful quotes on Twitter. Get daily articles and news delivered to your email inbox and get CMI’s exclusive e-book Get Inspired: 75 (More) Content Marketing Examples FREE!

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