Descriptive essay topics for college
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The Top 10 Most Exciting Descriptive Essay Topic Ideas
Biblical Ideas in Anne Bradstreet#39;s The Flesh and the Spirit Seminar Paper 2007 11 Pages. 2. Biblical Ideas in “The Flesh and the Spirit” 2.1. The Flesh and the Spirit. 2.2. Descriptive Topics? The Strategies of the Flesh and essay about why should you, the Spirit. 2.4. Treasures in Heaven. 2.5.
The Old Adam. 2.6. The Hidden Manna. 2.7. The New Jerusalem. “I believe in the flesh and the appetites,” proclaimed the well-known American poet Walt Whitman in his famous “Song of Myself” in 1855.
About two centuries earlier, the descriptive essay for college Puritan poet Anne Bradstreet also dealt with the topic of her belief and the “flesh” in entrepreneurship, her poem “The Flesh and the Spirit” (1678), but from essay topics quite a different perspective and with very different associations. According to Joseph McElrath and Allan P. Robb it is known from autobiographical material that Bradstreet started to read the Bible at the very early age of six (xvi). He also states that “. . . her thorough familiarity with the Bible artfully manifests itself in virtually everything she wrote” (xix). Therefore I argue that as a work of Puritan poetry Anne Bradstreet`s “The Flesh and narrative, the Spirit” is mainly inspired by biblical ideas. In my paper, I intend to identify the topics for college basic ideas derived from the Bible in the poem and the allusions to books of the New but also the Old Testament. Essays On History Boys? For this purpose, I will examine which central concepts in topics, Bradstreet’s poem stem from the Scripture and explain their meaning in structure, the context of the Bible. Thus, the meaning of the poem itself should become clearer.
For the analysis, I will use the knowledge I acquired by reading the Bible for several years and studying Protestant theology. In addition, I will consult a Bible concordance and linguistic critical literature. 2. Biblical Ideas in for college, “The Flesh and the Spirit” As the title of the poem reveals, the main concepts presented in Anne Bradstreet’s verses are the “Flesh” and the “Spirit”, here in the allegory of two opposing sisters. The poem is written in the form of dissertation a dialogue. There is an argument between the Flesh and the Spirit. After a short introduction (l.
1-8), Flesh presents her view in lines 9 to 36. Descriptive Topics For College? Spirit makes her case in a longer section from lines 37 to informative essay structure, 108. So the content as well as the essay topics form of the poem make it clear that there is a conflict going on. Looking at the Bible we find this conflict between the “flesh”  and the “Spirit” in numerous passages, especially in the epistles of the apostle Paul. In the letter to essay we hire, the Galatians (5,17) Paul writes: ”For the flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary one to the other . . .”  . Then we have to answer the question what is meant by flesh and what by Spirit. Whelan argues that Bradstreet’s poem is about the descriptive essay for college relation of the body to the spirit, so flesh signifies “body” and spirit is a synonym for “soul” (259). Consequently, Bradstreet writes about the conflict between the 3-5k research material and the immaterial. In my opinion this is not correct if we take into account the Puritan orientation of Bradstreet and thoroughly examine the terms “flesh” and “Spirit” in the bible and in topics, the poem. Some differentiation and clarification is needed.
It is correct that in the Bible flesh (Greek: sarks) very often has the meaning of “body” or “man / mankind”, as in the gospel of John 1,14: “And the Word [Greek: logos, standing for Jesus] was made flesh . . .” or Matthew 24,22 referring to the last days of the earth: “And except those days should be shortened, there should no flesh be saved . . .” Nevertheless, in many cases flesh does not mean “body” or “man,” particularly when it is entrepreneurship compared to the Spirit!. A case in point is Paul’s Letter to the Romans chapter 8,9, where the apostle writes to the Christians in Rome: “But ye are not in essay, the flesh, but in the Spirit, if so be that the Spirit of God dwell in you.” Paul does certainly not address bodiless human beings  . In Galatians 5,19-20 he explains: “Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are these ; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness, 20 Idolatry, witchcraft, hatred, variance, emulations, wrath, strife . 3-5k Paper? . .” Of course, some of these sins are committed in the body, such as adultery or fornication, but idolatry, hatred, strife or wrath are not sins of the body. They constitute attitudes, traits or emotions of the soul. Also, the Flesh of Anne Bradstreet tries to seduce by promising honor (l. 25), fame (l.26) or treasures like pearls, silver or gold (l. 31). Honor and fame are immaterial, pearls etc. material, but all these things do not concern the body. Therefore I come to the conclusion that the Flesh in Anne Bradstreet’s poem as well as the flesh mentioned in particular passages of the Bible stand for the unrenewed (“unregenerate part”, l. 37), weak and sinful nature of essay all human beings since the you fall. The Spirit (Greek: pneuma) - as the counterpart of the flesh - is descriptive topics therefore the renewed, strong and 3-5k paper, holy nature the Christian believer receives when he turns to essay for college, Christ. The Bible calls this “being born again” or “born of the Spirit” or “of God”, for example in 3-5k research, John 1,12-13: “But as many as received him [Christ], to them gave he the power to become sons of God . . . 13 which were born . . . of God.” Also John 3,3 “Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God” and John 3,5 “Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except [sic] a man be born of water and of the Spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God.” Here we learn that unless a man is born of the Spirit, he is not able to see God’s kingdom, which means his reality and his heavenly dominion.
The flesh is blind for these spiritual and eternal matters; it can only see the things on earth, which will go by (“worldly wealth and descriptive essay for college, vanity” l. 6), whereas the Spirit sees the “higher sphere” (l. 8). As well as the flesh, the entrepreneurship essays Spirit also brings forth works or “fruit,” such as love, joy, goodness and meekness (Galatians 5,22-23). As long as the for college believer lives on earth, both natures – the flesh and entrepreneurship, the Spirit – are present in him and fight each other. That is why Martin Luther called the believer “simul iustus et peccator” – he is at the same time righteous and sinful in God’s eyes.
Therefore on the one hand Paul writes to the Galatians (5, 17) that due to the conflict between the flesh and the Spirit “ye cannot do the things that ye would,” which means that you sin, even if you don’t want to. On the other hand he says in topics, verse 16: “ This I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the 3-5k research paper flesh.” This spiritual battle between the two sisters Flesh and Spirit is described by the speaker of Anne Bradstreet’s poem. It is an essay internal battle within the person’s mind or conscience not visible to essay, anybody: “In secret place where once I stood” (l. 1). It is a hard struggle of thoughts and feelings bringing the speaker close to descriptive topics for college, tears (“Close by research paper, the Banks of Lacrim flood”; l. 2).  As opposed to Bradstreet’s poem, the for college “flesh“ is research spelt with a small letter in for college, the Bible.
In my paper “flesh” refers to the biblical and the general theological concept, “Flesh” to the allegory in Bradstreet’s poem. Structure? “Spirit” is spelt with a capital letter both in the poem and the Bible.  Bible quotes according to the King James Version, which was used in Anne Bradstreet’s time.  At times in Romans Paul uses “flesh” and “body” as synonyms. Descriptive Topics? But then he presupposes a “flesh-infected” body.
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The Top 10 Most Exciting Descriptive Essay Topic Ideas
night essay ideas You’ve spent quite a bit of time in essay for college, your English classes writing argumentative essays, and research, you’ve even gotten pretty good at writing on the topics your instructor assigns. But when it comes to choosing your own argumentative essay topics, you draw a blank. It’s not that there aren’t any good topics to descriptive topics for college, choose from, but you start over-thinking it, wondering if each topic is boys too cliche, overdone, or just not good enough. Chances are, all you need to do is relax and find a topic you’re passionate about and, of course, one that is debatable. Why Pick Debatable Argumentative Essay Topics? Photo by David Hume Kennedy via Gerald R. Ford Library. The name of the essay for college essay says it all– argumentative . It would be a lot easier to write an essay on something that people generally agree on, but that’s not really the point of an argumentative essay. It’s important to essay about you, choose debatable argumentative essay topics because you need opposing points that you can counter with your own points. The world isn’t black and white–there are a lot of gray areas, which is good because that means there are a lot of topics you can choose from. I have listed 50 argumentative essay topics below, phrased as questions, to help get you started.
I’ve separated the topics topics into 3-5k research five categories–legal, moral, social, media and family–and included a helpful link for each topic. Feel free to use the descriptive topics for your own essay, or as inspiration to structure, create your own original topic. 10 Legal Argumentative Essay Topics. Argumentative essay topics about descriptive essay topics for college legal matters are a popular choice. These types of essay, topics can include laws that you would want to create, change or completely abolish. They can also discuss certain benefits or negative aspects of existing laws. You don’t have to get super technical with legal argumentative essays, but be sure to essay for college, do your research on essays, what the current laws about your chosen topic actually say.
After all, you don’t want to suggest a changing a law that’s already been changed in essay for college, the way you want. Should cigarettes and other tobacco products be outlawed? Should prostitution be legal? Do the essays on history benefits of medical marijuana justify its legality? Is the essay drinking age appropriate (should it be lower, higher, or stay the same)?
Should nuclear weapons be outlawed worldwide? Should the essay United States put more restrictions on gun ownership and use? At what age should girls have access to topics, birth control without the consent of their parents? Does outlawing controlled substances only create a larger black market? Should corporations be granted personhood? In what situations, if any, does a woman have a right to an abortion? 10 Moral Argumentative Essay Topics. Moral argumentative essay topics are some of the easiest to get carried away with. They can cover a variety of moral dilemmas, from animal testing to dissertation timetable example, the death penalty.
These topics tend to be very debatable because everyone has different opinions–and justifications for those opinions–on what they think is topics right or wrong. If you’re talking about human or animal rights, and it’s something you’re very passionate about, it’s tempting to let your emotions take over. While it’s good to be passionate in an argumentative essay, remember to essay structure, keep your thoughts focused and organized. It’s definitely worth your time to create an outline so you don’t stray off topic. Photo by descriptive, John Snape via flickr. Is animal testing necessary? Should consumers buy items from countries that endorse child labor? Do patients have a right to die via physician-assisted suicide?
Should children’s beauty pageants be banned? Are nude photographs appropriate in museums that are open to on history, the public? Should schools and businesses give more incentives for descriptive essay topics for college, people to 3-5k research paper, do volunteer work? Are atheists less moral than theists? Does freedom of speech give people the right to use hate speech? Do people who commit heinous crimes deserve the death penalty? Do pre-employment drug tests infringe on personal privacy rights? 10 Social Argumentative Essay Topics. Social argumentative essay topics tend to overlap with legal and essay, moral topics, but deal more about how individuals act within society and what kinds of pressures society puts on essays, individuals or groups of people. This is a pretty broad category, so there are a lot of descriptive, topics to choose from and even more that you could create on your own. If you get stuck on which topic to timetable, write about, consider something that personally affects you or someone close to for college, you.
This should make writing about that topic come more naturally. Just be sure to rely on facts and not on personal anecdotes, which are more appropriate to the narrative essay realm. Is there too much pressure on about why should you, teenagers to go to college? At what age should citizens be allowed to vote in the United States? Should more rights be given to immigrants? Can heterosexual men and women truly be friends with no hopes or expectations of anything more?
In what case(s) could it be considered fair for a company to not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes? Should the United States make English the official national language? Should women wear less revealing clothing in order to descriptive for college, curb men’s catcalling? Do prisoners deserve the right to informative, vote? Should there be a legal curfew for minors? Can online dating replace meeting a person in real life? 10 Advertising and Media Argumentative Essay Topics. Advertising and the media have become nearly inseparable from society as a whole.
Essays written on these topics can include how media (television, news, movies, magazines, social media, etc.) affects society, and what should be allowed to be seen or heard through media and advertisements. Inspiration to descriptive essay, create your own advertising or media argumentative essay topics isn’t hard to find. Just turn on a television and don’t change the we hire channel when the commercials come on. Pay close attention to all things electronic, and you’ll be sure to find something debatable about descriptive topics for college what you see. Photo by Rod Allday via Wikimedia Commons.
Should sex be allowed to be portrayed on essays on history, prime time television? Where should networks draw the line for violence on television? Should news shows talk about celebrities? Do journalists have a duty to eliminate as much bias as possible? Is it acceptable for companies to advertise in schools? In what situations should advertisements for alcohol and essay, tobacco products be allowed? Should warnings and side effects be made more clear in advertisements? Is print advertising obsolete? Do TV shows and movies have the responsibility of being more diverse?
Are public service announcements effective? 10 Family Argumentative Essay Topics. Argumentative essay topics covering family life and entrepreneurship essays, values are abundant. That’s because every family is descriptive essay topics for college different. Timetable? Rules in descriptive essay, families vary on a case-by-case basis, contrary to laws that govern a state or nation. Because each family is different, it’s hard to generalize in informative essay structure, these types of essays. Essay Topics? However, if you look into research on child development and psychology, marital psychology, and personal stories from parents and their children, you can get enough information to make an essay structure, argument for descriptive essay for college, any of the topics below (or for example, a topic of your own). Photo by Eric Ward via Wikimedia Commons. Final Thoughts on Choosing Argumentative Essay Topics. As you can see, there are a lot of debatable argumentative essay topics you can choose from (way more than are on this list). Topics? For more ideas, read 20 Persuasive Essay Topics to essay why should we hire, Help You Get Started.
Once you’re ready to come up with a thesis, check out these Argumentative Thesis Statement Examples. When you are picking your topic, keep in mind that it’s much easier to write about descriptive topics something that you already have interest in–even if you don’t know a whole lot about it. Researching the topic will allow you to learn more about what fascinates you, and if you pick something you actually like , writing the 3-5k essay will be more enjoyable. If you’ve wrapped up your argument, but you think there may be a few holes in your logic, send your essay over to the Kibin editors. Descriptive Topics? They’ll help give you the essay defined winning edge in whatever you’re debating. Psst. 98% of Kibin users report better grades! Get inspiration from over 500,000 example essays.
About the Author. Eden Meirow is a self-employed freelance writer with a passion for English, history and education. You can find her on Google+. Thank you for these! I appreciate that you divided the topics into type! Awesome! Glad you found what you were looking for. Descriptive Essay Topics For College? #128578; Hello Naomi, what will be a good Hook for Argumentative essay about anti immigrants. Example? I want prove them wrong and show them posative side from immigrants, thanks for descriptive essay, the help. Hi Abdul–I’m not sure *who you’re proving wrong? However, if you are writing a pro-immigrant essay, I would suggest starting with an about, emotional hook.
A hook that makes the essay topics for college story of immigration a HUMAN story is a compelling story. Thank you for the help and the quick feedback! Please give me an example. Is the hook on dissertation timetable, the title or on the body? Thanks. The hook is the first sentence of essay for college, your intro paragraph. Hey, I have an narrative essay defined, arguementative assay due and I have NOOO idea what to do it on can u help?
Btw I’m 14 so it needs to be school appropriate.? Hiya– so I think the important thing would be to choose a topic that you are actually interested in. Descriptive Topics? At 14, and sorry if I’m stereotyping you due to your age, perhaps a good argument would be to 3-5k research paper, discuss the descriptive for college effects of narrative essay defined, video games on young people. Here is a great resource to descriptive essay for college, help you: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/effects-of-video-games-essay-sources/ I looked @ the ideas but I’m still not sure. What would be a good resource for narrative defined, supporting the opinion that physician-assisted suicide is morally wrong? I’m having a hard time choosing a new topic for my argumentative essay. I was writing on how smoking should be outlawed but my professor told me she couldn’t help me on this and it was a hard topic to argue about. For College? Can you please help. It sounds like your teacher wants you to get more specific than that topic (which, to be fair, is pretty broad). A more specific version might be: In what case(s) could it be considered fair for entrepreneurship essays, a company to not hire a candidate who smokes cigarettes?
Or you could argue that more cities should enact smoking bans which disallow smoking in our near public places (look at laws in California and Colorado for example). I need to topics for college, write an dissertation example, argumentative research paper about 3000 words. Do you have any suggestions for a topic that I can find so much things to write about? I hope that one of the 50 above topics will get you thinking about essay for college what you want to write about. My biggest piece of advice is definitely choose a topic that you care about, otherwise you are really going to struggle getting 3000 words down.
Think about the entrepreneurship essays topics that get you fired up during your regular day-to-day life–maybe you can turn one of those topics into an argument. Speaking of 3k words, here’s a good post on essay topics for college, making an research, essay longer (without adding useless fluff): https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-make-an-essay-longer/ I’m sorry to hear that. Maybe you’ll find this post to be helpful in topics for college, your quest for essay why should we hire you, the perfect topic: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/good-persuasive-essay-topics/ Same I have to topics for college, do that. I need to dissertation example, write 3 essays and essay topics for college, I 5 days to do it need HELP and I’m 15. Hi Dyson–eep that’s a lot of essays in a short amount of time.
You’re going to want to stay organized. Check out this post with 7 different outline templates that you could use: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/7-essay-outline-templates-get-essay-going/ Thank you for that it really helps me. You’re welcome. Thanks for reading!
Hi, I was hoping to get some advice on an argumentative essay. Dissertation? My argument is broad and about Self-harm and Suicide, how can I find a specific direction to follow it I only topics for college, have 2 days to entrepreneurship, write a 6 page essay. Do you have any tips or advice to topics for college, help me specify my topic or where to even start? Can you please help? Hi i need to write 7-10 page argumentive essay and essays, i don’t have any idea can you help me what is it good to write about? contact me.I do help students write their essay.
I will appreciate. sweet! Thanks for descriptive for college, the comment. Hi there. My name is Lisa. Do you need any help with your homework? I am available for dissertation timetable, help and I will be glad to help.
Contact me for non-plagiarized, well formatted researched work, and always on time. Descriptive Topics? Thank you in advance. I have to right a research essay that will end up over the course be a 7 to 8 page essay and I can not think of a topic it has to be arguable…. Have any idea what topic would be good? The 50 topics in this post should lead you to essays on history, something good. The trick is to topics for college, choose a topic that you are interested in so that you have a chance to possibly even *enjoy the process of researching and writing. Remember, an arguable topic means that you could conceivably argue both sides (or more than one side). Structure? This post covers writing an argumentative thesis statement and descriptive topics, also has more topic ideas: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/thesis-statement-examples/
This is literally the same thing i’m going thru for english 202. It has to end up being 7 to 8 pages and it has to be a argumentative research essay. Year 10 800 words essays and these wont make enough. Don’t despair. You can do it. #128578; Hi Naomi. I am looking for help in formulating a thesis (a good argument) for a 3000 word research paper on the following ” Discuss the social and cognitive consequences on bilingualism and multilingualism” . Essays Boys? Any assistance rendered would be greatly appreciated. Descriptive Essay Topics For College? Thank you #128578; A basic framework for your thesis statement will outline the points that you want to defend throughout your paper.
It may look something like this: The social and cognitive consequences of bilingualism and multilingualism include CONSEQUENCE 1, CONSEQUENCE 2, and CONSEQUENCE 3. Or maybe you want to take it a step further and argue that biilingual is socially and cognitively BENEFICIAL, so your framework would be: The social and cognitive benefits of bilingualism and multilingualism are many and boys, include BENEFIT 1, BENEFIT 2, and essay, BENEFIT 3. Your first research goal would be to uncover the consequences (or benefits) that you can defend with evidence , perhaps you want to discuss research related to multilingualism and aging and how it 1) prevents cognitive decline 2) staves off Alzheimers and boys, 3) something else you can find perhaps more social than cognitive here. Once you have the points you want to defend in place, you can refine your thesis statement so that it is essay for college has a more organic structure than the list framework I provided. Thank you so much ! Of course!
Thanks for reading. #128578; Hi Naomi. I have started writing the entrepreneurship essays paper. However, I am having difficulties with the organization of my paper. Is it possible that you can proof read what I have so far and give me tips on topics, how to entrepreneurship, properly organize the essay? It would be greatly appreciated. It’s fantastic that you understand the descriptive essay topics for college value of having someone proofread your essay. While I can’t do this for you (not enough time in my schedule), you have come to the right place. Our editors are available 24/7 to check your essay for organization, clarity, grammar and more.
You can learn more about that service here: https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading. I have to do 700-900 word essays a week and I loose my nerve a lot. 3-5k? but trust me, it can be worse… Good luck on descriptive topics, your writing though!–I’m sure you need it more than me… i have to do a 10-15 page essay single spaced. Pinterest tells me that if you want an essay to seem longer, highlight all the periods, and change the font size from 12 to 14. I can promise you that most professors are on to this trick! If you go into an essay well-prepared, you should be able to hit your word count without resorting to tricks like this, which are often more time-consuming than doing a little extra writing in the first place #128578; I am writing an 1800 minimum word essay and for some topics there will be enough you just have to be well prepared.
So true! If you’re armed with plenty of sources and essays on history boys, make a solid outline to essay for college, plan your paper, it’s much easier to reach your target word count #128578; Here are the basic steps you need to timetable example, take to execute an argumentative essay: 1) pick your topic–this post is a good place to start. 2) do your research–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/writing-a-research-paper/ 3) formulate a thesis statement–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-a-thesis-statement/
4) write an outline–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ 5) draft your paper–https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/essay-formatting-survival-guide/ 6) edit your paper –https://www.kibin.com/essay-editing-proofreading. 7) turn it in essay for college, and celebrate your accomplishment! three claims right.
Yes, three claims is a nice round number (in some cases you could do more or less, depending on the specific requirements and length of your paper). Hey, i Have to submit a 2000 word argumentative essay by tomorrow afternoon on essay, inspiration vs infringement and for college, so far I’ve written only 200. Entrepreneurship Essays? Could you please tell me what all points i could include? Just saw this and it looks like “tomorrow afternoon” has arrived. I hope that you were able to come up with some good points. This makes me think of Walt Disney and essay topics for college, how all of his characters came from essay defined previously dreamed up characters (from Grimm and others), and how later on (in the 90s) Disney led the charge in more restrictive copyright laws.
That would be one case study I would use for descriptive, a topic like this. That is informative awesome to hear. Thanks for your comment! thank you Naomi for this. hi Naomi, me and my partner have no idea on what are topic will be, based on our courses. I’m studying entrepreneurship and descriptive topics, she is studying computer science. it has been 2 months and yet we cannot come up with an idea on what will be our topic. Entrepreneurship Essays? please help us for we are desperate. we would be so thankful if you’l help us a little bit. I’m not quite sure what you are asking for. Are you trying to descriptive essay, find a topic for a research paper that is related to dissertation example, both computer science and entrepreneurship? I hope so, because that is the essay topics question I’m attempting to answer here.
What you choose will largely depend on where your interests are. You two would do well to sit down and brainstorm a list of structure, potential ideas and then do some preliminary research to see if you can find information to descriptive essay topics, support your project. For example, my initial brainstorm of topics might look like: -what role do robotics play in business? -what softwares are essential for running a scalable startup? -will emerging technologies lead to 3-5k, a jobless economy?
-will emerging technologies lead to a new type of job market? -should computer science students be required to take business classes (since most startups require both tech savvy and business understanding)? Then I’d do some initial research on descriptive for college, my favorite two ideas to find out research, if any of them have enough material to support a full research paper. For example, I found this source http://ieeexplore.ieee.org/abstract/document/5673619/?reload=true that could support my last topic idea (computer sci students taking biz classes). I think that you may be struggling a bit because “computer science” and descriptive topics, “entrepreneurship” or both broad disciplines that cover a variety of topics. You might find this post helpful for you to narrow down your idea: https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-narrow-a-topic/ this article is great and essay structure, also helped me a lot for my project….but i am currently writing a novel and i need some pointers for it…..would you be able to help.
The novel is a fan-fic on the original series Percy Jackson… Congrats on starting the rewarding project of writing your own novel. The best advice for writing a novel is just sitting down and writing it. You may be tempted to make up excuses such as not having enough time or not feeling like it’s coming out as you want it to, but if you’re serious about this, you’ll set those excuses aside and descriptive essay topics, just write. Your first draft does not have to be perfect. In fact it won’t be perfect.
It will likely be a giant mess. So you need to essays, be okay with that fact and just get through it. Set a word count goal for for college, every day, and every week. A final novel is about 70,000-100,000 words so keep that in mind! It’s a marathon. Once you have a draft, you can go back and revise it… again and again until it’s right. were recquired to do 1500 word essay and example, i didnt know what topic I can choose.
But thank you for descriptive essay for college, this, it gave me an idea. I’m so glad you found it helpful! Thanks for reading. Naomi help me please? i’am looking for the disadvantages of essay, a physical store and found only minor things. i wanted to descriptive for college, find a disadvantage that can put up a fight. Do you mean the disadvantages of shopping at a physical store or of 3-5k research, owning one? I assume you mean shopping at essay topics for college, one, so here are a couple ideas off the top of my head: – Unless you live nearby, you have to 3-5k, pay to travel there (gas, wear and tear on your car). – There is a higher risk that the store will be out descriptive essay topics for college, of the item you need (or won’t have the right size, type, flavor, etc.) due to limited inventory. – Prices may be higher due to overhead costs (rent, utilities, etc.) compared to online-only establishments. thank you Erin. this is such a big help.
Happy to help! Thanks for reading #128578; I think any of the dissertation example topics listed here could be pretty amazing — just make sure you back up your ideas with solid reasons. Happy writing (and impressing)! Hi, help here how do I start a court criminal observation essay with this thesis- Justice should be maintained but is the system worth it? i have a ten page essay due in a month so any advice on how to get it done without killing myself. Hey, a month is a good long while. I’d definitely break it down into lots of smaller steps that you can attack a little at a time — brainstorming, researching, outlining, drafting, then revising.
The outlining step will save you a ton of descriptive essay topics, work; I’d definitely read https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ for some pointers. You might also check out https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/how-to-write-an-essay-on-anything/ I have to make an long af essay and english is not even my natural born languege.SEND HELP. Agreed with some comments below that for some kind of essays up to 2k words everything you need is imagination and nothing else. Especially if you have internet then not a sinple paper work seem hard for me. The internet definitely makes writing papers easier. Thanks for the comment! Hello, I’m need to write a thesis for timetable, my uni’s project this year. Topics? But, I’m having a problem with my topic, is 3-5k it a good topic or not?
I’m not sure, will you help me? My thesis topic is, “Students’ perception on integrity, as one of the NDUM characteristics.” *NDUM is essay topics my university, so I want to know how this integrity give an essay about we hire, effect to topics for college, the students, in the way of education. I think you’re off to a good start, but you still need to about we hire, take a stance on your topic. Here is an essay topics, example of what I mean: “Students’ perception of integrity, which is one of NDUM’s characteristics, has a strong impact on how student success in essay about why should we hire you, education.” In a paper with that thesis, you could explore how positive/strong perceptions of descriptive essay for college, integrity affect success and/or how weak perceptions of integrity impact success. Another approach, if you want to essays, focus only on positive impacts, might be: “Students who have a strong perception of descriptive essay for college, integrity, one of NDUM’s core characteristics, tend to be more successful in their educational endeavors.” I hope these ideas help you narrow down your topic a bit! Hello everyone?
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Email: [emailprotected] . I’m writing a 10-12 page essay about essay topics for college mental health. I don’t know specifically what to write about because the topic itself is so broad. Can someone give ma an advice on this? I’m writing a 10-12 page essay about mental health. Essays? I don’t know specifically what to write about because the topic itself is descriptive topics for college so broad. Why Should? Can someone give ma an advice on this?
You’re right that “mental health” is descriptive topics for college a really broad topic. If you’re writing an argumentative essay, you need to come up with an approach/stance that’s a) debatable and b)provable. Here are a few examples of possible approaches: – Argue that the on history boys government (national, local, etc.) has a responsibility to increase funding for essay for college, mental health initiatives. – Should free mental health therapy be offered in schools? Argue in favor of/against. – Does the mental health of narrative defined, parents impact their children?
Why or why not? There are a lot of possibilities here, but I hope those spark some ideas for how you can narrow your topic to be more specific. Descriptive Essay For College? Happy writing! Thank you. I started my essay on government should increse the fundings. Now I’m on my thesis statement. i just started this. do you think this will improve my spelling problem. I am writing a 25000 minimum word essay. #128577; That’s a long one, but you can totally do it.
Just make sure to organize your ideas before you start. Essays On History Boys? You might want to check out https://www.kibin.com/essay-writing-blog/argumentative-essay-outline/ . This outline template can work just as easily for descriptive essay topics for college, a 25000-word essay as it would a 500-word essay depending on how many claims you’re making and how much evidence you use to entrepreneurship, back them up. Much respect for your decision to go back to essay, school! What an awesome example you’re setting for your kids #128578; I would definitely recommend that you explore some of example, our (many, many) other blog posts for writing help. I’m obviously biased, but they’re a fantastic resource for getting un-stuck. As for this essay, I think that there are definitely some argumentative angles you could take with the subject of autism. Off the top of my head: 1. Argue that autism should (or should not be) classified as a disorder/disability. For instance, some suggest that it’s simply a type of neurodiversity and should not be treated as something “wrong,” just different. 2. Argue that autism stems from descriptive for college (or does not stem from) environmental factors. Defined? The vaccine debate is perhaps the most popular example of this argument, but there are a host of essay for college, other causes that doctors, researchers, and essays boys, parents have considered too.
3. Argue that Asperger’s syndrome is/is not different from high-functioning autism.
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The Top 10 Most Exciting Descriptive Essay Topic Ideas
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Resume Template Library 1: Resume Genius' Original Designs - Expert's Choice. The above basic resume library was designed by our resident resume experts and have been battle tested by job seekers. On History? As this set performed the best, we included them in our resume builder software– and topics now we are offering them to essays on history boys, you for essay for college, free to download in Microsoft Word format. Each professional template comes in five colors. Essay You? Explore these templates, download them, personalize them, and start getting more interviews. Resume Template Library 2: Advanced Layouts.
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But remember — the way you format your resume is extremely important depending on dissertation, how much experience you have, or if you have any job gaps. So be sure to modify downloaded files to you get to match your experience accordingly. Template Library 3: Professional Profile Layouts. Washington Brick Red. Murray Dark Blue.
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Brooklyn Bridge Black. Taj Mahal Dark Blue. White House Brick Red. Empire State Gray. Mount Rushmore Dark Blue. Are you having trouble separating yourself from your competitors? Have you been using the same resume format since you graduated college over a decade ago? Then it might be time to descriptive essay for college, add some style to your resume! We’ve come up with a new set of creative designs that are the perfect blend of paper, professionalism, personality, and descriptive just the right amount of informative, style.
These styles are great for graphic designers, artists, or anyone who wants to add a hint of character to their job search. Template Library 5: Career Life Situations. Job Hopper Original. Mid-Level Dark Blue. Career Changer Brick Red. Whether it’s entry-level, manager, or executive, every job seeker experiences different phases throughout their career. Some phases, like being in the middle of a complete career change or hopping around short-term jobs, are quite difficult to transfer on a resume. Fortunately, we have created a new library of descriptive, templates specifically tailored to the various stages of informative structure, a career. Remember: You can download any of these resume templates for descriptive essay topics for college, free and add the bullet points yourself, or you can make a resume in minutes with Resume Genius’ renowned resume builder software. It can save you a lot of hassle designing and filling up your resume, and land you more interviews faster.
However, if you’d still like to make the resume on narrative, your own, use our industry-specific resume samples to give you guidance and essay for college inspiration when writing your own resume. On History Boys? Lastly, don’t forget to check out essay, our professional cover letter examples. Not Sure Which Template to Choose? The answer is dissertation example yes — if you want to. Every person’s experience is unique, so you’ll need to choose a template that best reflects and promotes your skills and essay topics experiences.Our templates are built to structure, be customizable to any industry and are great for any of the 3 resume formats. The fact is, the web is filled with so many fantastic and creative template designs that there is undoubtedly something for you out there. Descriptive Topics? We are proud of the designs we’ve created, and have seen that they are effective at landing interviews.
But we’re not finished yet — we’ll be adding template designs to about why should we hire you, this page extensively in the near future. If you feel like creating your own, that’s fine too. Readability is king when creating a good template — it is the most important factor, followed by how the resume itself is for college structured to essay, showcase your best experiences and conceal your negative ones. You may have read on the Internet that it’s inappropriate to use a resume template. You’ll hear these arguments: 1. It shows you’re lazy and descriptive topics uncreative, and unable to design your own. Wrong, it shows you’re efficient. (Creating your own is fine, too.) 2. Since your experience is unique, a resume template won’t cut it. Wrong again. Your experience is essay structure personally unique, but you still generally fall into for college, pattern that many other people have traveled before. 3. The hiring manager will be tired of looking at that resume template design because a lot of other people use it.
That hiring manager should be fired. It’s the content of your resume that matters, not the aesthetic (unless it’s not readable.) We hope that clears up any misconceptions you may have had. Research? We invite you to topics, scroll back to the top and essays boys choose from one of our many resume libraries, and start writing. cover letter for nursing. Should i include collegiate sports in my resume? And if so where?
It depends how much professional experience you have. If you are a recent college grad, then it is acceptable to descriptive topics, include on your resume. Good luck on the job hunt! Good luck on the job hunt! If the jobs are relevant to the ones you are applying for, then you can go as far back as you like. With regards to paper, your military experience, check out our military to civilian resume guide: https://resumegenius.com/blog/go-shooting-guns-coffee-runs.
Any of the essay templates in library 2 would be suitable for manufacturing careers. Best of luck! I’ve worked in you, the same industry for the past 13 years. Multiple employers with jobs lasting two to three years each. Topics? The jobs have been similar, so the entrepreneurship experience looks a bit repetitive. I need to find a template that highlights my experience without getting bogged down in the chronology, Any suggestions? It provides ample space for your professional experience, while also highlighting your top qualifications. Good luck on the job hunt! hi resume genius.. i need template resume that suitable for trainer and coach.. Essay? can u suggest to me with template is suitable.. #128578; I had a job for 7 years and during that time I wore many hats, Executive Admin, Purchasing, Vendor Management, Project Coordination, etc.
How would I write that on my resume? Perhaps the informative essay structure Company name and then all the related roles under that and the times I did those jobs? I was always the Executive Admin, but I did other jobs during that period. Yes, your suggestion is correct. Start with the company name and included the descriptive topics for college related jobs with their own bullet points underneath. Good luck! Consider trying the ‘Job Hopper’ or the informative essay ‘Executive.’ They should able to topics for college, fit all your jobs nicely. Ive never had a job so what should I use? Most of the narrative essay templates above would suit your situation, but we suggest trying the Career Changer template because it emphasizes skills over essay for college, the dates of your professional experience. (https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/career-level-life-situation-templates#career-changer-templates) Best of luck! We suggest using the ‘Gatsby’ Template. 3-5k Research? Good luck with grad school!
As far as style, we suggest our ‘Professional’ template. In terms of format, if you want to include your restaurant experience, then you might want to consider using a functional format:https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats/functional-samples-writing-guide. Hope this helps! We suggest using our ‘Entry-Level’ template. Good luck with the internship! Good Day Resume Genius.I’m a midwife by profession an has worked in a military hospital for 16 years in KSA. I’m trying to topics, apply as a home based ESL educator and an email respondent . Entrepreneurship? Since I’m from the medical profession, I’m having difficulty in choosing the perfect resume.The skill I know is more on the medical.,clerical which involes data entry for appointments and summary, interpreter and my part time informal english lessons to native speaking arabs.
What template should I use? Try the ‘Murray’ template. Good luck! Hello. Which is topics good for cabin crew applicant? I have no many work experience in service. So i want to highlight the dissertation other things. Topics? Thanks #128578; Take a look at dissertation our Flight Attendant resume sample: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/flight-attendant-resume-example You can download it and input your own information. Which template would you recommend for a career in essay, education? Check out timetable example, our teacher resume samples: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/teacher-resume-example You can download them and input your own experience.
Try using the ‘Freeman’ template. Best of luck on descriptive essay topics, the promotion! Hi! What resume template would you recommend for a college freshman trying to about why should you, apply for a competitive summer program with the USDA and South Dakota State University? Sound like the ‘Entry-Level’ template would be a good fit for what you’re trying to topics for college, do. Essay Why Should We Hire You? Good luck with the summer program. Hi! Which resume template would you recommend for essay topics for college, someone trying to tap into the finance and accounting market. Looking for defined, an entry-level position. You should go with the ‘Entry-Level’ template.
Good luck with the job hunt. I have worked 32+ years as a nurse, the last 4 years taking care of my elderly father and topics online work. Now seeking to get back into the job market for extra income, not necessarily in dissertation timetable example, the health field, just to earn some income and socialize. What resume do you suggest? Try the ‘Job Hopper’ template. Good luck with your job search! Hi!
What resume template would you recommend for a 9th grader trying to apply for a doctor (any)?? Apparently, resume making and topics for college interviewing is our project for the fourth quarter this year. Essay About Why Should You? I couldn’t find any clear examples on the web, and I was hoping you could help me out with what template I should use.. Try using the ‘Elegant 2.0’ template. Descriptive Essay Topics For College? Good luck on your project.
Yes, if you click the structure View all Resume Designs button and click the descriptive for college download link for the template pack of your choice. If you’ve never written a resume before, I’d recommend checking out our “How to research paper, Write a Resume” guide to get a clearer idea (it’s much more comprehensive than any answer I can give here). Descriptive Topics? https://resumegenius.com/how-to-write-a-resume. Hit us up with any follow-up questions after giving that a read we’ll see if we can help further! Good luck! Hey there Margaret,
In order to best understand which template works, it’s a good idea to check out which resume format fits your particular needs; then you can take it from there. https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. All of the templates were created by professional resume writers, so it’s hard to go wrong with any of them — it just depends on timetable, your preference. Topics? Good luck! It really depends on what job you’re applying for. Since you have substantial work experience, try quantifying that in your resume (think: any numbers that a hiring manager can look at boys and better understand what you accomplished during your time working there). Check out this page and choose the one you find most fitting, that should be a good start: https://resumegenius.com/resume-formats. Good luck on the job hunt! Hey there hbil036, This way, you can focus on your skills qualifications critical to the job application. As an aside, you may want to look into whether you’re qualified to get back into descriptive topics, accounting after that many years outside of the field.
I understand that some regulations and rules change over the years — it may just be a matter of taking a test or updating your certifications, but I’m not certain. If that doesn’t seem to essay, be a problem then go with the functional resume for sure. Descriptive For College? Good luck on the job hunt! If you are lacking in essays, major experience, I’d recommend using a reverse chronological format for descriptive essay topics for college, your resume. Our “Classic” template on this page should do the trick: https://resumegenius.com/resume-templates/ Good luck at the job fair!
I recommend you first check out our internship resume sample page: https://resumegenius.com/resume-samples/internship-resume-example. Afterwards, feel free to choose any format – just use a comprehensive education section instead of a professional experience section, and you should be good. Good luck landing that internship! Share Free Downloadable Resume Templates Our code geeks and HR experts are proud to introduce our new Free Resume Builder software to help you land more interviews in today’s competitive job market. We provide HR-approved resume templates, built-in job description bullet point phrases to choose from, and essay structure easy export to MS Word and PDF. Get awesome job opportunities sent directly to your inbox.
See why. How to Modify and descriptive Maximize your Resume Template. Need a resume template? Feel free to informative essay, download one, but be sure to make small modifications to essay for college, unlock your. Would You Rather Work for a Man or a Woman? Do people still care whether they work for a man or woman, or do most people simply look for a nice job. Resume Builder Comparison | Resume Genius vs. LinkedIn Labs.
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Descriptive Essay Topics | Reading and Writing Resouces
An Aircraft Lessor#8217;s Delivery Commitment: Some Drafting Fundamentals (Part 2) Picking up from the end of Part 1. 2. Don#8217;t Make Vague, Un-Qualified or Open-Ended Delivery Commitments. #8220;The Aircraft will be in good condition.#8221; #8220;All damage to the Aircraft will have been repaired.#8221; #8220;The Aircraft will be ready for immediate operation by Lessee in Lessee#8217;s normal operations.#8221; Let#8217;s talk about each of the above. #8220;The Aircraft will be in good condition.#8221; What is descriptive, #8220;good condition#8221;? Does it mean #8220;satisfactory to Lessee#8221;? Does it allow the lessee require additional or more stringent delivery conditions at narrative essay defined delivery? The goal for the lessor in the delivery conditions is agreeing a set of requirements that are achievable (don#8217;t overpromise) and, just as important, objective. If a lessee were to ask me to add this delivery condition, my response would be #8220;Let#8217;s agree a detailed set of delivery conditions that will make you comfortable that you are getting a satisfactory aircraft, but I can#8217;t promise you the essay topics, aircraft will be in #8216;good condition#8217; because I don#8217;t know what that means or requires.#8221; #8220;All damage to the Aircraft will have been repaired.#8221; Really? All damage? Even the narrative defined, scratch on the underside of the armrest in row 23? The requirement should be re-drafted as follows: #8221; All damage to the Aircraft outside of maintenance manual limits will have been repaired in accordance with the SRM or as approved by the Airframe Manufacturer.#8221; #8220;The Aircraft will be ready for immediate operation by Lessee in Lessee#8217;s normal operations.#8221; This one is scary. Does it mean that the lessor has to make the descriptive essay for college, aircraft comply with all operational requirements of the lessee#8217;s regulatory authority (even though the lessor promised only an dissertation example FAA- or EASA- compliant aircraft)? Does it mean that the lessor has to outfit the aircraft with lessee#8217;s standard safety and galley equipment?
Does it mean that other parts (avionics, wheels and brakes, etc.) need to essay, be swapped to the lessee#8217;s standard to about, allow use #8220;in Lessee#8217;s normal operations#8221;? My response to this request would be the same as above: #8220;Let#8217;s agree a detailed set of delivery conditions that will make you comfortable that you are getting a satisfactory aircraft, but I can#8217;t promise you that you will be getting an aircraft that is ready for descriptive, immediate operation in your #8216;normal#8217; operations because I don#8217;t know what that requires.#8221; It#8217;s rare that an aircraft, even a new aircraft delivered from the essay, manufacturer, meets all of the agreed delivery conditions. In a transition between lessees it#8217;s almost certain that there will be delivery condition discrepancies. Different lessors address this issue in different ways, but the topics, basic point is that the lease agreement should provide that the paper, lessee cannot refuse acceptance of the aircraft when tendered by the lessor other than because of #8220;material#8221; delivery condition discrepancies. The definition of #8220;material#8221; is descriptive essay topics for college, going to be a discussion item with the lessee and on history it should be addressed in essay, the lease agreementand not left for narrative essay, delivery. Descriptive Topics For College! My standard approach is to say that the lessee may not refuse acceptance so long as the lessor has complied with its obligations regarding an export certificate of on history, airworthiness (or certificate of airworthiness) and the aircraft is capable of being used by the lessee in its commercial operationsnote not #8220;normal commercial operations,#8221; just #8220;commercial operations.#8221; (The lease will also need a mechanism for descriptive topics, the correction of the discrepancies post-delivery, the preferred mechanism (from my POV) being that lessee rectifies the discrepancies after delivery with the lessor to reimburse the lessee for the lessee#8217;s out-of-pocket costs (or for an amount agreed in the acceptance certificate).) Often during these negotiations the lessee will point out that the entrepreneurship, lease agreement requires #8220;perfect tender#8221; at essay topics for college redelivery, but not at delivery. Why is that? Well, my usual response is that #8220;the lessee has control of the aircraft during the lease term, is responsible for arranging the return maintenance and part of its business is managing aircraft maintenance; on research paper, the other hand, the lessor is primarily a financier of aircraft and, in a transition, is relying on descriptive, the previous lessee to perform its obligationsconsequently the lessor should not be held to the same perfect tender standard.#8221; While I think that this argument is entrepreneurship, a good one, I do have some sympathy for the lessee#8217;s point of essay, view on this issueand have agreed from time to informative essay structure, time to apply a #8220;materiality#8221; standard at return, but only so long as the new lessee is willing to accept the aircraft with the descriptive essay for college, return discrepancies without the lessor incurring any incremental costs.
4. Give the Lessor Adequate Time to Perform. As I discussed in Part 1 of this post, in research paper, a transition of an aircraft between lessees so much of the work required to make the transition successful is outside the control of the lessorand so the lessor should have an descriptive essay extended grace period during which the lessor can satisfy the delivery conditions. In addition, a short grace period for the lessor#8217;s delivery obligations may encourage the lessee to #8220;run out the clock#8221; by essays, delaying inspections, delaying comments on the condition of the aircraft, providing serial (daily) comments, nitpicking the topics for college, condition of the dissertation timetable example, aircraft, etc. until the grace period has expired and the lessee is able to terminate (or renegotiate) its obligations. Keep in mind that a failed transition really is a disaster for a lessor because in most cases it will result in the aircraft being on the ground (and not earning rent) for a significant period of topics, timeand so an extended grace period is a necessity for entrepreneurship essays, a lessor. Descriptive For College! What#8217;s the right grace period for a delivery? From three to six months (possibly longer). From the lessor#8217;s perspective the minimum amount of essays, time will depend on a lot of factors, including the essay, reputation of each of the returning lessee and the new lessee for competence and fair dealing and the type and essays amount of work to be performed at return and for the new lessee.
Any factors that add to descriptive topics for college, the uncertainty should result in the lessor pushing harder for a longer grace period. Like with the perfect tender issue, the lessee will likely point out during these delivery grace period negotiations that the lessee has no (or a very short) grace period in its obligation to return the aircraft in the required return condition at the end of the scheduled lease term. The issues here are the same as the narrative essay defined, perfect tender issues discussed above, and for college like the above I do have some sympathy for the lessee#8217;s #8220;mutuality#8221; argument so long as the essays, delay in return does not adversely affect the next lessee#8217;s obligation to lease the aircraft. During the delivery delay negotiations the lessee will often ask for a per descriptive topics, diem #8220;delay penalty#8221; paymentfor example, if the delivery if delayed for essay structure, more than 30 days from the scheduled delivery date, then the lessor will pay the lessee an agreed amount for each day of for college, delay in excess of 30 days. Narrative Essay Defined! If you get this request from a lessee, first, you should highlight to the lessee that a delay will likely have negative economic consequences for the lessor as well. Second, keep in mind that a delay in descriptive essay, delivery may be, at least in part, caused by essay structure, the new lessee#8217;s delay in accepting the aircraftand the lessor#8217;s agreement to pay a delay penalty to the lessee may only encourage further delay. Third, also keep in mind that if the returning lessee believes the delay in for college, return is being caused by essay structure, the lessor (e.g., because of additional return work requested by the lessor) or by descriptive, the new lessee (e.g., by the new lessee#8217;s unreasonable demands) then the 3-5k research paper, returning lessee may, rightly or wrongly, stop paying rent before return, in which case the loss of rent together with the penalty to the new lessee will be a double financial blow to the lessor.
What do I suggest? If the returning lessee is obligated to descriptive essay for college, pay a penalty in connection with a delay in informative essay, the return of the aircraft, offer to share that amount with the lessee if and when actually received from the returning lessee. Otherwise each party should bear its own costs of descriptive essay for college, delay. And of course under no circumstance should the lessor be obligated to pay the entrepreneurship, lessee for the lessee#8217;s #8220;losses#8221; in connection with a delayed delivery. The lease agreement should in fact expressly provide that under no circumstances will the lessor be liable for essay for college, any such losses. The foregoing should go without saying, but you should be careful about the interplay between the lessee#8217;s delivery condition condition precedent and the language of the delivery proceduresfor example, I have recently seen in a signed lease agreement (paraphrasing) #8220;Lessor will not be liable for any losses of lessee incurred in entrepreneurship, connection with a delay in delivery (other than caused by a failure of descriptive for college, Lessee#8217;s conditions precedent to timetable, be met).#8221; Since one of the lessee#8217;s conditions precedent was that the aircraft be in the required delivery condition, the topics, lessor is this deal indirectly (and I#8217;m pretty sure unknowingly) agreed to pay for the lessee#8217;s losses in on history boys, connection with any delay in delivery caused by the failure of the aircraft to meet the required delivery condition. To sum up, as lessor#8217;s counsel you should make sure the lease agreement#8217;s delivery procedures and conditions are drafted so that your client (1) knows exactly what is required, (2) has the capability to meet the requirements, (3) has sufficient time to meet the requirements and (4) is descriptive essay for college, not penalized for delay. That#8217;s it for now. An Aircraft Lessor#8217;s Delivery Commitment: Some Drafting Fundamentals (Part 1) Delivering an aircraft to a lessee is difficult. Narrative Essay! Delivering an aircraft to a lessee in a transition from a returning lessee is essay topics, really difficulteasily an aircraft lessor#8217;s most challenging task.
And a failed delivery is a disaster. When a delivery fails, the aircraft can sit for a prolonged period before a new lessee is found, signs a lease agreement, takes delivery and dissertation timetable example starts paying rent. In this post I will be discussing delivering an topics aircraft to informative, a new lessee in a transition from a returning lessee, but most of the concepts I discuss apply equally well (with some tweaks) to descriptive topics for college, a delivery of a new aircraft and a delivery of an off-lease aircraft. Why are deliveries so difficult for a lessor? Reason 1: The lessee is taking delivery of an aircraft it will use for at least a couple yearsmaybe much longer. After delivery the about we hire you, lessee wants to descriptive essay topics for college, avoid, for as long a period as possible, paying for any unplanned maintenance or modifications or having any unplanned downtime. As a consequence, the lessee is going to 3-5k, be aggressive in descriptive topics for college, its pre-delivery inspections and claimed delivery condition discrepancies.
Reason 2: So much of a transition delivery is outside of the lessor#8217;s direct control. For putting the aircraft in the required delivery condition the lessor will need to rely on not only the returning lessee, but also possibly on, inert alios, parts suppliers, an dissertation timetable engineering firm, the airframe manufacturer and/or an MRO. If the amount of predelivery work is large (for example, a heavy check being performed by the returning lessee or substantial interior modifications for descriptive essay for college, the new lessee) the possibility for return-delivery delay is essays, substantialeven with the best efforts from a top notch lessor technical team. Reason 3: In the delivery of an aircraft to a lessee timing is very important. In a transition between lessees, the returning lessee wants the lessor to take redelivery as scheduled so that the returning lessee can stop paying rent and go #8220;off risk#8221; for the aircraft; and the lessor wants the new lessee to simultaneously take delivery so that the new lessee starts paying rent and goes #8220;on risk#8221; for the aircraft. Unfortunately, the new lessee may not (for whatever reason) be willing to take delivery as scheduled and if so the lessor needs to manage both the returning lessee and the new lessee to avoid a gap in rent and risk allocation (as well as a gap in registration and insurance coverage). With the above in mind, following is a discussion of some #8220;fundamentals#8221; the lessor#8217;s counsel should keep in mind when drafting the delivery conditions and procedures in a lease agreement. Descriptive Essay For College! Each of the fundamentals relates to one or more of the three Reasons discussed above. First, each and every delivery commitment by the lessor (e.g., the aircraft will be painted in the new lessee#8217;s livery) should have either a corresponding return commitment from the returning lessee or a clear indication from the lessor#8217;s tech team that the delivery commitment is otherwise achievable. When I draft or review delivery conditions I usually prepare a matrix (#8220;matrix#8221; is my fancy word for a Microsoft Word table) with three columns and essays on history with a row for each delivery condition. For College! The three columns are (1) Promised Delivery Condition (to the next lessee), (2) Contracted Return Condition (from the informative, returning lessee) and (3) Mismatch.
In the Mismatch column each row should ideally say #8220;None#8221;; if not, there should be an explanation of why the mismatch is ok or how the mismatch is going to be addressed. And don#8217;t be too creative with your draftingwhere your goal is to essay, simply match a return requirement, then (unless you have a very good reason) the wording of the delivery requirement should be a cut-and-paste from the return section of the returning lessee#8217;s lease agreement. If there is a disagreement with the structure, new lessee about whether a delivery requirement has been met, you want to make sure you have recourse to the returning lessee on its return requirement. Don#8217;t allow the lessor to get whipsawed between two different wordings that you thought said the same thing. Speaking of being whipsawed, when matching the returning lessee#8217;s return conditions in the delivery conditions be careful when referring to maintenance intervals and hours/cycle/months remaining (and similar concepts).
In all cases such references should be expressly tied to the returning lessee#8217;s maintenance schedule/program. I learned that lesson the hard way. If you see a return condition from a returning lessee and descriptive essay topics for college have reason to doubt whether it will be performed, then don#8217;t automatically match it in the delivery conditions to the new lessee. For example, if you see a return condition that says #8220;No part will be older than the Airframe in hours, cycles or calendar time,#8221; before you match that return condition in the delivery conditions check with a lessor tech officer to see whether he or she thinks the returning lessee will actually satisfy that return requirement. If not (which would be my guess), then you should give yourself some wiggle roome.g., #8220;no more than 150% of the defined, age of the airframe#8221;or maybe not have a part-age delivery condition at all. Another good example is #8220;All Aircraft records will be in English.#8221; For some returning lessees that return condition is not going to descriptive topics for college, be metregardless of the what the essays on history, lease agreement return conditions say. It may be better to say #8220;All Aircraft records required to be in English by [EASA/the FAA] will be in English.#8221; The delivery condition matrix mentioned above is helpful for working through these #8220;in practice#8221; mismatches with the lessor tech team; you can go through each row with a tech officer and discuss whether the returning lessee will meet the descriptive essay topics, return requirement. (c) Pre-delivery Modifications. Most lessees of used aircraft will want, before or immediately after delivery, some modifications to the aircraftbecause of the informative structure, lessee#8217;s regulatory requirements, for the aircraft to conform to the lessee#8217;s other aircraft or for some other reason.
There are three options for performing these modifications: A. The new lessee can perform the modifications itself after taking delivery, usually with the lessor providing a rent holiday for an agreed number of days. B. The returning lessee can perform them during the essay for college, return maintenance. 3-5k! C. The lessor can take redelivery of the descriptive essay for college, aircraft, perform the modifications and then deliver the aircraft to the new lessee. Essay Defined! From the lessor#8217;s point of view, the descriptive topics, first option is almost always the best. The new lessee takes responsibility for dissertation example, ordering the parts, arranging any engineering, scheduling the labor and arranging any regulatory approval in connection with the modifications. Topics! Plus the new lessee takes any risk of delay in entrepreneurship, connection with the modifications, with the lessor#8217;s loss of rent capped at the agreed rent holiday period.
As between options B and C, the descriptive essay, lessor#8217;s preference is going to depend on the factsthe identity of the returning lessee, the returning lessee#8217;s ability and willingness to accommodate the request, whether the modifications can be performed during the scheduled return maintenance (or will the aircraft downtime need to be extended), the added complexity of the lessor taking redelivery and having to register and insure the aircraft during the modification and essays deal with the regulatory approvals for the mods. In both options B and C, the lessor will likely be required to order parts and arrange engineering. Option B is generally my least favorite option. In this option, the lessor has taken redelivery from the returning lessee and so no longer has any recourse to descriptive topics for college, the returning lessee when the new lessee finds a problem with the aircraft that violates the delivery conditionseven a perfectly crafted delivery-return matrix is worthless once the lessor takes return of the you, aircraft. Plus during the modifications the lessor has all the risks associated with the possession of the aircraftrisk or damage and risk of mechanical failure (both of which are real risks even for a grounded aircraft). And during the modifications the lessor will need to register and insure the aircraft and, depending on topics, the facts, the dissertation timetable, lessor may need to arrange for issuance of a new export CofA before delivery to the new lessee.
Regarding option C, it will be tempting to avoid option B by asking the returning lessee to perform the descriptive, modifications, and in fact some lease agreements have a boilerplate provision dealing with lessor-requested maintenance and modifications at return. But please be careful. The returning lessee will almost certainly condition its performance of any modifications on such modifications not resulting in a delay in redelivery, and the returning lessee will want an agreement from the lessor that if such modifications do result in a delay then the returning lessee will not be required to pay rent during such delay. That is a fair request from the returning lessee, but I can tell you from personal experience that the returning lessee will try to tie *any* delay in the redelivery to essay, the performance of the modifications. For example, #8220;we couldn#8217;t finish the required return check because of the on-going interior reconfiguration that you requested, and then when the reconfiguration was finally done we didn#8217;t have sufficient manpower to finish the check and so redelivery will be delayed for at least two weeks and we won#8217;t be paying rentoh, and the interior configuration means that we cannot get an topics export CofA without having the new configuration approved by our aviation authority and that approval will take several weeks (during which we won#8217;t be paying rent)unless of course you#8217;re willing to waive the requirement for an export CofA.#8221; Sometimes having the returning lessee do the work is the best option (it may be the dissertation example, only option), but the essay topics, lessor#8217;s tech team needs to be heavily involved in the returning lessee#8217;s return planning and executionit#8217;s not just a matter of the lawyers getting the drafting right. And, of timetable example, course, don#8217;t commit option C to descriptive essay topics for college, the new lessee until you have a written agreement with the returning lessee in which the returning lessee agrees to perform the modifications. Finally, you#8217;ve probably noticed that I haven#8217;t mentioned which party bears the cost of essay why should you, these modifications. Clearly the returning lessee will not bear any costs.
As between the essay topics for college, lessor and lessee, the burden of entrepreneurship essays, these costs is a matter for commercial negotiation, but note that option A is the only effective way for a lessor to cap its costs. Option A is also the best way to avoid over-promising on modifications. Essay! Wow, this post is already over 1,700 words and I#8217;ve only made it through one fundamental. To be continued in Part 2. Initial Reserve Credits When Leasing a Used Aircraft: Some Thoughts. In my posts this year I have been writing a lot about maintenance reserves. This focus is not misplaced. The maintenance reserve section is one of four aircraft lease sections where the lawyers on a deal can make a commercial differenceeither positively or negatively. The other lease sections are the maintenance sections, the delivery conditions and the return conditions. My work for the last year has been focused on reviewing lease agreements in connection with the purchase of essay why should we hire, leased aircraftand an for college unsurprising pattern has emerged in these reviews. I will have substantive comments throughout the lease documentation (default/remedy section, insurance section, general indemnity section, etc.), but when I finish the review and prepare a summary highlighting the most serious problems with the lease documentation, the list is heavily weighted with maintenance reserve and return condition issuesmainly because these are the issues that will have a material and inevitable financial impact on the lessor.
If there is a mistake in the general indemnity, insurance or the default/remedies section, it#8217;s highly unlikely such mistake will ever have any impact on the lessor. As a consequence, when my client discusses my comments with me and then with the seller of the aircraft, my client#8217;s focus is on research, these maintenance reserve and essay return condition issues. And if a purchase falls apart during the due diligence stage, it#8217;s very likely going to be because of either an unsatisfactory aircraft inspection or deficiencies in the maintenance reserve and return condition sections of the lease documentation. The deal is not going to fail because, for example, the scope of the timetable, general indemnity isn#8217;t broad enough. With the above in mind, here are some thoughts on the maintenance reserve provision dealing with initial credits for reimbursable maintenance (aka #8220;lessor contributions#8221;). 1. Descriptive Essay For College! Start Date. When a lessor is offering to essay, lease a used aircraft to descriptive essay topics, a lessee the lessor will generally offer to boys, provide the lessee with credits that the lessee may use in for college, connection with the essay about why should, first reserve reimbursable maintenance visit (major airframe check, engine performance restoration, etc.) during the lease term. The credits are generally calculated from the time of the last relevant maintenance event before delivery. One of the things that I look for when reviewing this lease provision is whether the descriptive essay topics, lease documentation is clear about the start date for the calculation of the credit.
For the airframe and the landing gear, where the essays, checks/overhauls are generally calendar driven and the workscope well-defined, the start date should be obvious from the aircraft#8217;s maintenance records. Similarly, for essay for college, the engine LLPs, assuming the aircraft records and lease documentation accurately reflect cycles since new and have back-to-birth (including thrust usage) traceability, the start date and the credit calculation should be just a matter of math. But for the engines and APU, the timing of performance restorations is on history, driven by essay topics for college, operating condition and not by calendar time, hours or cycles, and the workscope for an engine restoration can be heavy or light. Consequently it is very common for a lessor and lessee to disagree about the start date for 3-5k paper, the initial credit on the engines and APUthat is, disagree on the amount of the initial credit. A disagreement on the engine performance restoration start date can easily be a several hundred thousand dollar issue. The best practice here is to agree either the start date or the amount of the initial credit during the essay for college, lease negotiation.
If the start date is not clear from the lease documentation, then I will recommend to the buyer of the essay, aircraft to agree the start date in the lease novation documentation. 2. The Method of essay, Calculation. Essay About Why Should You! Once the start date is agreed there are a couple ways to calculate the initial creditthe pro rata method and descriptive essay topics the rate-times-hours/cycles/months method. Under the latter method, the calculation of the initial credit is the simply the on history boys, applicable base year (unescalated) maintenance reserve rate multiplied by the number of hours, cycles or months (as applicable) since the last relevant maintenance event. For College! Using the pro rata method the amount of the credit cannot be determined until the boys, relevant maintenance event during the lease term.
At that time the essay topics, full reimbursable cost for you, the visit is for college, allocated pro rata between the usage before the delivery date and the usage after the delivery date, with the lessor obligation to provide a credit for the usage before the narrative essay defined, delivery date. For example, if an engine performance restoration costs $4M, the topics for college, #8220;start date#8221; was two years before the delivery date and essay we hire the performance restoration was started two years after the delivery date, then the initial credit would be $2M. Lessors generally don#8217;t like the pro rata approach because (1) it shifts the risk early maintenance (especially respect to engines) on to the lessor (because the denominator in descriptive essay, the pro rata calculation is smaller for early maintenance) and (2) it shifts part of the risk of the final cost of the maintenance on to the informative essay structure, lessor (because the lessor#8217;s credit is descriptive, not capped at the per hour/cycle/month rate, but instead is narrative, calculated using the actual reimbursable cost of the maintenance event). The use of the pro rata method for engine performance restorations is especially risky for lessorsbecause an engine can come off wing early for condition reasons and because the descriptive for college, cost of performance restorations is notoriously difficult to predict/control. To take an narrative essay extreme example, if an engine is driven off wing for a performance restoration on the first day of the lease term, the pro rata approach would result in the lessor bearing 100% of the cost of the performance restoration.
As I have discussed in previous posts, a central tenet of aircraft leasing is that the lessor does not take operational/maintenance risk. Descriptive For College! The pro rata approach, for the reasons outlined above, shifts operational/maintenance risk onto the lessorand so should be avoided. 3. Engine LLPs. The credit given for engine LLPs should be provided on a part-by-part basis, not as a pool that can be drawn for any one part. Like the pro rata approach discussed above, allowing the lessee to draw on a pool of entrepreneurship essays, credits for the replacement of any one part shifts the risk of early removal to the lessor. Also, the credit should be calculated based on cycles used since newnot since installation and not since (as I have seen) last engine performance restoration. 4. Descriptive Essay! Other Considerations. The start date and the method of calculation are the two big commercials issues in connection with the initial credit. Here are some further less controversial recommendations: (a) The initial credit provisions should apply only to timetable example, the first reimbursable maintenance event during the topics for college, lease term. (b) The initial credit should apply only to reimbursable maintenance events and only to the extent the essay we hire, maintenance event is reimbursable. (c) The obligation to pay the credit should be conditioned on the same conditions as the reimbursement of reserves (e.g., no continuing lessee default). (d) The initial credit should be payable only to the extent the reserves are insufficient to cover the reimbursable cost of the maintenance event and then only to the extent of the reimbursable cost of the maintenance event. Topics! (e) The base house/cycle/month rate for the initial credit should not escalate or adjust in any way. I know some you will be saying #8220;no duh, dude#8221; to (a) through (e) above, but it#8217;s common for a lease to be silent on one or more of these issues.
5. Novation. As discussed in a previous post, when acquiring a lease by novation or assignment, the essay, novation/assignment agreement should have a provision in which the lessee confirms which credits have already been satisfied and, unless the lease documentation uses the pro for college rata method, the amount of the remaining credits. Entrepreneurship! Engine Thrust at Delivery and descriptive topics Return. Here#8217;s a common fact pattern in connection with the research, sale and essay topics leaseback of a used aircraft: An airline and a lessor will agree that the dissertation, lessor will purchase one or more of the airline#8217;s aircraft and then lease those aircraft back to the lessee for an agreed term and at an agreed rent. The lessor#8217;s obligation to purchase the aircraft will usually be subject to a pre-purchase inspection of the aircraft and to the aircraft being in the same condition (as at inspection) on the purchase date. Rarely will there be a full description of the aircraft in essay, the purchase agreement; instead the entrepreneurship, lessor will rely on its inspection of the aircraft and on detailed return conditions in the leaseback documentation. I have discussed the general issue of aircraft descriptions in purchase agreements in this earlier post. As most of you know most (all?) aircraft jet engines may be operated at different thrusts. Changing the topics for college, thrust on an engine may require physical/software modifications to the engine (e.g., a derate plug), but a change will also require paperwork from the engine manufacturer; and the paperwork from the manufacturer for an increase in thrust will generally require a large payment to the engine manufacturer (sometimes hundreds of thousands of dollars per engine). Informative Essay Structure! Instead of purchasing additional thrust, airlines may #8220;lease#8221; the thrust for an agreed period of time.
Most of you probably see where I#8217;m going here. If the lessor in a sale/leaseback transaction sends its inspector to look at, say, a 737-800 and topics for college the inspector reports back that the installed engines are CFM56-7B26 engines (per the narrative essay defined, dataplate on each engine), the essay for college, lessor knows that that the installed engines are certified to operate at entrepreneurship essays 26,300 lbs. thrust (signified by the #8220;26#8221; in the #8220;7B26#8221;). But the first question from the lessor#8217;s tech and legal officers should be #8220;is that thrust rating owned and transferable by the airline or is it leased by the airline (and the engines will revert to a lower thrust rating at some point)?#8221; If the lessor fails to ask that question, it may be surprised to find at return of the aircraft at lease end that the engines are returned as CFM56-7B24 engines (that is, with 24,000 lbs. thrust). At this point the tech and essay for college legal officers for the lessor will be scrambling to find something in the purchase or lease documents that would allow the lessor to timetable, insist on return of CFM56-7B26 engines. For example, the lessor may say #8220;look, the description of the engine in the purchase agreement says #8216;CFM56-7B26,'#8221; to which the airline will respond #8220;that#8217;s because they were CFM56-7B26 engines at delivery.#8221; Then the lessor will say #8220;look, the descriptive topics, lease return conditions require the aircraft to be returned in the same configuration and paper with the same capabilities as delivery,#8221; to which the lessee will say #8220;#8216;configuration#8217; refers to the seating configuration and the aircraft is airworthy and so does have the same capabilities.#8221; Acrimony ensues. The lessons here are: The purchase agreement should be clear that the current thrust is owned and transferable by the airline.
In addition, the lessor#8217;s tech officers should confirm such with the engine manufacturer directly. The lease agreement return conditions should be clear that at return the engines will have the expected thrust rating. Essay Topics For College! The above also applies to new aircraft in sale/leaseback transactions. For example, an essays airline may have a deal with the engine manufacturer such that the installed engines will be delivered from the airframe manufacturer at a higher thrust but such thrust will apply only for so long as the airline operates the aircraft, after which a lower thrust rating would apply. As always, be careful out there.
Replacement of Parts and Part Pooling. In a perfect world for an aircraft lessor the following rules would apply to each part on a leased aircraft: Rule 1. No part should be removed from the aircraft except as required for maintenance of the aircraft and/or the part. Rule 2. For College! While removed the part should be safely stored and/or repaired/refurbished. Rule 3. No part on on history boys, the aircraft should be replaced other than because of damage, failure, loss or expiry of that part. Rule 4. If a part is to be replaced because of for college, damage, failure, loss or expiry, the part should be promptly replaced with a part of the same manufacturer and model (or a more advanced and compatible model), and upon installation title to the replacement part should vest in lessor free and clear of narrative essay, any liens. Descriptive Essay For College! I can hear a number of you saying #8220;uh huh, yeah, that#8217;s right, what#8217;s your point?#8221; My point is that very few aircraft lease agreements actually contain the first three rules. Don#8217;t believe me?
Pick up any random lease and check. Right now I am picking up a lease at random (I really am) and I see the following standard Replacement of Parts clause: LESSEE, at its own cost and expense, will promptly replace all Parts which may from time to time become worn out, lost, stolen, destroyed, seized, confiscated, damaged beyond repair or rendered unfit or beyond economical repair for essay defined, use for descriptive topics for college, any reason. In the ordinary course of maintenance, service, repair, Overhaul or testing, LESSEE may remove any Part provided that LESSEE replaces such Part as promptly as practicable. The wording in informative, this lease agreement goes on to specify the descriptive topics, requirements for the replacement part (Rule 4 above) and to address title transfer issues (also Rule 4 above) and the required timing for replacement (again, Rule 4 above).
But what about the first three rules? They are not contained in the above quoted language (read it again). Note especially that in the second sentence it does not say #8220; Only in ordinary course of maintenance . . Narrative Essay Defined! . #8221; or #8220;maintenance, service, repair, Overhaul or testing of the Aircraft .#8221; You may be able to find the first three rules partly covered in other parts of the lease agreement. For example, the lease agreement Possession section may have a provision prohibiting delivering possession of any part to a third party (though the prohibition in that section is often limited to the aircraft and essay topics engines). The Maintenance section will likely have a clause on repair. Essays! But I bet you didn#8217;t find the first three rules in the Replacement of Parts section.
So, what are the consequences of essay, a lease agreement not containing the first three rules. Well, the most material and (highly) likely consequence is that parts will be removed from the lessor#8217;s aircraft for use on other aircraft in essay why should you, the lessee#8217;s fleet, with the only requirement usually being that the removed part be replaced with a compliant part #8220;as soon as practical but in any case prior to the last day of the Lease Term#8221;and that the lessor will not be able to prohibit the essay topics, use of its parts on other aircraft. Another possible consequence, theoretically at least, is essays on history boys, that good parts can also be swapped out for inferior partsthough most leases have a requirement that the descriptive topics, replacement part have a value and utility at least equal to the replaced part. Informative Structure! Let me jump to another issue here and descriptive then I#8217;ll come back the issues raised above. Often during lease negotiations the essay about we hire, lessee will say #8220;we need the right to descriptive for college, do part pooling,#8221; and when I#8217;m reviewing leases I sometimes run across a #8220;Part Pooling#8221; section in timetable example, which the lessor gives the lessee broad rights to descriptive topics for college, pool #8220;Parts#8221; from the aircraft with other airlines pursuant to an inter-airline pooling arrangement. When I see such a part pooling section I wonder how can the lessee engage in inter-airline part pooling and still comply with its separate obligation to replace removed parts #8220;as soon as practical,#8221; vesting title to the replacement part in the lessor. The two provisions are in narrative essay defined, conflict. When pooling comes up in my lease negotiations, my first response is to ask the lessee#8217;s representative what he/she means by #8220;parts pooling.#8221; Invariably the essay, response is essay about why should we hire, something like #8220;if we need a part from your aircraft to keep another aircraft in our fleet in operation then we will want the descriptive essay for college, right to remove the part from your aircraft.#8221; Anyone who has been in the aircraft leasing business for more than a few deals knows that this sort of part sharing among aircraft is common. Lessors don#8217;t like it, but it#8217;s going to happen and it#8217;s unlikely the lessor will ever find out. I don#8217;t think I have ever heard the following response from a lessee: #8220;we want the ability to share your aircraft#8217;s parts with other airlines as part of an inter-airline pooling arrangement without any obligation on our part to replace them before return of the aircraft to you.#8221; I can see a very creditworthy airline taking that position, but unfortunately (for me) those are the kind of airlines I don#8217;t usually deal with. My experience is that a request to entrepreneurship, #8220;pool parts#8221; is a pretty narrow request to use parts from descriptive a lessor#8217;s aircraft in an #8220;emergency.#8221; And if that is the case and the lessor is essay, willing accommodate the lessee on this request, then the descriptive essay, #8220;part pooling#8221; provision should be narrowly drafted.
I sometimes wonder whether the loose drafting around the removal and replacement of parts (as discussed above) is the result of lessees trying to leave open the possibility of removing parts from the leased aircraft for structure, use on other aircraft in topics, its fleet. Essays! If so, I guess that is OK, but as a lessor#8217;s counsel I would strongly prefer that the four rules above are clearly stated and that any exception for #8220;emergency#8221; use of parts on essay for college, other aircraft is clearly and essay we hire narrowly drafted. Miscellaneous Thoughts on the Miscellaneous Section. When I was a young associate at a law firm and just starting to learn how to draft documents, I worked for a partner who had a unique approach to reviewing my work. After I handed him my draft (this was post-computer (barely) but way before email) he would weigh my draft in his open palm and invariably say #8220;feels light.#8221; When he handed back his handwritten markup, his comments were almost always spot on, but I noticed that the most marked up section of every draft was the Miscellaneous section. I wasn#8217;t the only associate to observe this pattern and it became of the subject of some humor: #8220;your draft is malpractice per se, except for the Miscellaneous section, which is topics, brilliant.#8221; And, to this day, when I get to paper, the Miscellaneous section of a draft (whether I#8217;m drafting or reviewing) I force myself to slow down and apply some of the things I learned, like the following: 1. Redundancy. Probably more so than any other section of a contract, lawyers draft the Miscellaneous section by a cut and descriptive topics for college paste from another contract, sometimes cutting and pasting from multiple contracts. And of course this leads to a Miscellaneous section that has both a #8220;Severability#8221; clause and an #8220;Invalidity #8221; clause, both of which of course say exactly the same thing. Another common redundancy: a #8220;No Amendments#8221; section and a #8220;Variation#8221; section.
Simple lesson here: the lawyer needs to entrepreneurship essays, read the operative provision, not just the essay for college, heading. In fact most Miscellaneous sections have a section that says just thatit#8217;s called #8220;Headings#8221; and it#8217;s often redundant with a clause in the Interpretation section of the same contract that says the same thing. Essay Why Should You! 2. Lack of consistency. There are a few sub-issues here: (a) The most common mistake resulting from #8220;cut and paste drafting#8221; is a mismatch between parties and defined terms with the rest of the document. But there are also often substantive mismatchese.g., Miscellaneous provisions addressing payment matters (e.g., default rate or payment date convention) that are already covered elsewhere in the contract). Descriptive Essay! Another simple lesson here: just be careful and review the Miscellaneous section with the same care as the rest of the document. (b) Most large commercial transactions involve multiple documentse.g., a loan agreement and associated security agreement. Each of the documents in a transaction should have matching Miscellaneous sections. Dissertation Timetable! Better yet, the main document should have a Miscellaneous section that expressly applies to all #8220;Related Documents#8221; or #8220;Operative Documents#8221; or whatever term you like for the transaction documents; this approach not only ensures consistency but cuts down on descriptive essay topics, the length of the ancillary documents (and I#8217;m amazed how few people do this). Rule of thumb: If in a document (or set of documents) you say the same thing twice but in research paper, different ways you should assume the other side is descriptive essay, going to find some way to use that against you. If you must say something twice, use the same words. Essays! (c) For most commercial attorneys there is really no excuse for not having your own boilerplate Miscellaneous section stored in essay topics for college, a Word document. If you#8217;re the drafter, it’s a simple cut and paste from the boilerplate; if you#8217;re the reviewer the boilerplate serves as a handy checklist and source for drafting comments.
Just make sure that in your boilerplate you bracket/highlight the names of parties and defined terms so that these can be quickly updated after a paste. Entrepreneurship Essays! 3. Lack of Proportionality. Descriptive Topics For College! The number of provisions and the detail in the drafting of the Miscellaneous section should be proportional to the complexity and importance of the structure, contract. If you#8217;re drafting a one section letter agreement with a short performance period, you don#8217;t need three pages of descriptive topics for college, Miscellaneous provisions. In these cases I suggest a one-sentence Miscellaneous section covering governing law, counterparts and 3-5k research no amendments (and maybe jurisdiction and maybe entire agreement) in a shorthand way. For more complex agreements, a full Miscellaneous section is advisable. What is a full Miscellaneous section? Below is my list. Note that I have not included governing law/jurisdiction/process agent/etc. because these provisions should be included in a standalone and descriptive essay topics for college clearly named section. Also I don#8217;t include general payment provisions (e.g., application of payments) or default remedies (e.g., set-off right) because these are generally covered elsewhere in an agreement.
The Miscellaneous section should be limited to informative essay, provisions that don#8217;t fit neatly in essay topics for college, other sections of the 3-5k research, contract. No Implied Waivers. Topics For College! No Amendments Except in Writing. Entrepreneurship! [Chattel Paperwhere relevant] [No Partnership/No Agentwhere relevant] Headings [if not contained in the #8220;Construction#8221; section] Time of Essence. [Lessor] Determinations Binding Absent Manifest Error. Descriptive! Third Party Rights. Delegation by [Lessor] (to [Servicer]) Periodic Estoppel Certificate Required. I hope the essay about why should we hire you, above is helpful. I know you are not going to wow a client with your drafting of the Miscellaneous sectionin fact it#8217;s probably in your best interest never to descriptive topics, mention the Miscellaneous section to a clientbut you can take pride in a job well done. And I know one law firm partner who would appreciate your effort. Maintenance Reserves for LLPs: Some Random Thoughts. I have been reviewing a lot of leases recently, and among the various lessors and forms of leases I am seeing that there is almost always a drafting or conceptual issue with the engine LLP reserve provisions.
This post will discuss a few of those issues. Some of the issues below are also touched upon in less detail in a previous post. Several years ago a very sharp lessor tech officer pointed out essays, that the lease agreement we were negotiating should have an adjustment to the LLP reserve reimbursement amount where the replacement LLP (for which reimbursement is being sought) is a used LLP. The use of used LLPs by airlines and topics MROs is not uncommon, and the tech officer#8217;s view was that the lessee should not be able to informative structure, draw, without limit , from reserves or any lessor contributions (for utilization prior to the delivery date) for the cost of a used LLP. Descriptive! For example, why should a lessee be allowed to draw reserves, without limit , for dissertation, the cost of a used LLP where the essay for college, replacement LLP has less cycles remaining than the replaced LLP had at removal (e.g., in a replacement required because of FOD or failure)? Similarly, why should a lessee be allowed to draw lessor contributions, without limit , for the cost of a used LLP where the replacement LLP has less cycles remaining than the replaced LLP had on the delivery date ? Underlying these questions is the (correct and accepted) premise that a lessor should at all times have LLP reserves for an LLP that reflect the utilization of that LLP since new. The tech officer and I came up with some unfortunately complicated drafting adjusting the LLP reserve reimbursement amount in the above scenarios.
I say #8220;unfortunately#8221; because I value simplicity in draftingeasier to essay you, negotiate, easier to administer, easier to enforce. Since developing this adjustment drafting I have spent a lot of time explaining why it is necessary and how it works. Descriptive Essay For College! In the numerous leases I have reviewed recently not one has made a distinction between used LLPs and new LLPs in the reserve reimbursement section, and I so started to wonder whether maybe I was missing something. Why didn#8217;t these other lessors care about the on history, used LLP issue? In re-thinking through the issues I asked another very sharp tech officer how used LLPs are priced.
He told me that used LLPs are generally priced pro rata (straight line) to the price of a new partso an LLP with 75% life remaining would cost 75% of the catalog price of such part. Descriptive Essay Topics! If we assume that used LLPs are always priced on a straight-line pro rata basis and if the structure, working assumption for drafting is descriptive for college, that the reserve balance and any lessor contribution amount for any LLP reflects all prior utilization for such LLP at catalog price, then the use of used parts should not be an issue. In other words, any LLP reserve reimbursement should deplete the reserves and lessor contribution only to informative essay, the extent of life remaining on the replacement part. For example, if a part with 10% life remaining (and for which lessor holds reserves and lessor contributions equal to 90% of the cost of such part) is replaced by a part with 75% remaining (with a cost of 75% of catalog price), then after lessor#8217;s reimbursement (65% of catalog price after netting any waste expense on topics, the replaced partsee more on waste expense below) the lessor should have the benefit of an LLP with 75% life remaining and 25% in reserves/lessor contributions. Let#8217;s try a more detailed example. An aircraft is delivered used to why should we hire you, the lessee.
One of the LLPs on one of the engines has 60% life remaining at essay delivery to lessee and the lessor has provided to lessee a lessor contribution equal to 40% of the essay we hire, catalog price for such part. Lessee pays reserves on such LLP during the descriptive, term and at the time of removal of such LLP for dissertation timetable example, replacement, 20% life remains on such part; in other words, lessee has paid 40% of descriptive, catalog price in reserves. The replacement LLP has 30% life remaining (30% less life remaining than at delivery) and 10% less than the lessor contribution. Lessor#8217;s reimbursement would be 10% of catalog price after netting any waste expense on research, the replaced part) and the lessor should have the benefit of an LLP with 30% life remaining and 70% in reserves/lessor contributions. The key to making these examples work is the assumption that the for college, used LLP is priced on a straight line basis. And so the conclusion I am drawing from the above thinking is that I can scrap the complicated drafting language I have been using and replace it with something along the entrepreneurship essays, lines of the descriptive essay, following: #8220;If the narrative essay defined, replacement LLP is used then Lessor#8217;s reimbursement obligation will be equal to the lesser of (1) the actual cost of such LLP and for college (2) the product of (a) the catalog price of such part divided by its cycle life and dissertation timetable (b) the descriptive topics for college, number of cycles remaining on such part, in either case, less waste expense.#8221; Reimbursement on a Part-by-Part Basis vs. Essay Structure! from the descriptive, LLP Reserve Pool. I have discussed this issue in another post and so won#8217;t repeat myself here.
In the essay, leases I have reviewed recently I have seen both approaches taken and also saw a hybrid where the pool approach was used for descriptive, the LLP reserves and a part-by-part approach was used for essay, the LLP lessor contribution (I didn#8217;t understand the reason behind that split). My view is that the part-by-part approach is the logical and correct approach because the descriptive topics, pool approach shifts operational risk on the LLPs to the lessor. For a discussion of this issue see this previous post. Salvage Value, Waste Expense and 3-5k Stub Life. LLPS are very rarely removed with no life remaining. Engine shop visits are time-consuming and expensive, and descriptive topics so an operator will always have a timing strategy for LLP replacement. For example, if an engine is going into the shop for a performance restoration and research paper after the performance restoration the engine will be expected to run without another shop visit for topics, 7,000 cycles, then the essay, operator will generally replace all LLPs on the engine with life remaining of descriptive, less than 7,000 cycles.
The lease agreement for defined, an aircraft will also usually have an LLP #8220;build standard#8221; for a performance restoration and essay topics for college separately an LLP cycle-remaining return condition, both of which requirements will affect the timing of LLP replacement during a lease term. The question for the lessor is essay, how to account for descriptive essay, the #8220;early removal#8221; of LLPs when collecting and reimbursing reserves. Some lessors will build the narrative defined, lost cycle life into the reserve rate using a #8220;stub life#8221; assumptionwith the effect that the per cycle reserve rate for an LLP is descriptive topics, higher than the per dissertation timetable example, cycle catalog price for such LLP. Some lessors will net from the reserve reimbursement an amount based on the cycle-life remaining on the removed part. Some lessors will net from the reserve reimbursement the market salvage value (if any) of the removed part, usually in connection with using the stub life approach. I think the most direct, transparent and easiest-to-explain approach is to base the for college, reserve rate on catalog prices (without adjustment) and then deduct from the reimbursement an amount equal to the product of (1) the per cycle then catalog price of the replaced LLP and (2) the number of cycles remaining on essays on history, the replaced LLP.
This approach removes the guesswork of stub life and salvage value, with the essay for college, calculation of LLP reserve rate and reimbursement tied directly to catalog prices. LLP ReplacementScope of Reimbursement. LLP reserve reimbursement is for essays boys, the purchase price of the part, not for repair, installation or any other labor or any other cost. Descriptive Topics! This preceding sentence isn#8217;t debatable, it#8217;s not an #8220;issue#8221;; it#8217;s the commercial basis of the deal. But from time to time I see a negotiated lease agreement stray from the deal. If the we hire, lessee wants anything other than LLP price in the reimbursement, then the LLP rate needs to go up. I#8217;m just going to touch on this last issue, because it is a big topic. The above discussion refers in various places to essay, the cycle life of essays on history, a part as if cycle life were static and unambiguous.
But this not the case. For example: Engine manufacturers sometimes extend the cycle life of a part already in service for example, because operational experience has shown that the part will last longer. Engine manufacturers may assign different LLP cycle lives to different operators based on each operator#8217;s profile (geographic location, routes, etc.). Engine manufacturer#8217;s may guarantee a longer life of an LLP than the current cycle life (because the engine manufacturer expects the cycle life will be extended before the current cycle life is used). LLP cycle life may be adjusted if an engine is operated at different thrusts. For the descriptive essay, lawyer drafting the narrative essay, LLP reserve provisions in a lease agreement, all of the above should be considered while drafting. I#8217;ll try to essay topics, come back at a later date for a full discussion of this last issue.
In the meantime, caveat advocatus.
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Extraordinary and Original Descriptive Essay Topics with Example
emerson's essay [This essay was put together after Emerson's death from a number of commencement and similar addresses he had made. It appears in The Complete Writings of Ralph Waldo Emerson , edited by Edward Emerson] A new degree of intellectual power seems cheap at any price. The use of the world is that man may learn its laws. And the human race have wisely signified their sense of this, by calling wealth, means-- Man being the end. Language is always wise. Therefore I praise New England because it is the country in the world where is the freest expenditure for education. We have already taken, at the planting of the Colonies (for aught I know for the first time in the world), the topics initial step, which for its importance might have been resisted as the most radical of revolutions, thus deciding at informative structure, the start the destiny of this country--this, namely, that the poor man, whom the law does not allow to take an ear of corn when starving, nor a pair of shoes for his freezing feet, is allowed to put his hand into the pocket of the rich, and say, You shall educate me, not as you will, but as I will: not alone in topics for college the elements, but, by further provision, in narrative the languages, in for college sciences, in the useful and in elegant arts. The child shall be taken up by the State, and taught, at the public cost, the rudiments of knowledge, and, at last, the ripest results of art and science.
Humanly speaking, the school, the college, society, make the difference between men. All the fairy tales of Aladdin or the invisible Gyges or the taIisman that opens kings' palaces or the enchanted halls underground or in the sea, are any fictions to indicate the one miracle of example, intellectual enlargement. When a man stupid becomes a man inspired, when one and the same man passes out of the torpid into the perceiving state, leaves the din of trifles, the stupor of the senses, to enter into descriptive topics for college the quasi-omniscience of high thought--up and down, around, all limits disappear. Essay? No horizon shuts down. He sees things in their causes, all facts in their connection. One of the problems of history is the beginning of civilization. The animals that accompany and descriptive essay serve man make no progress as races. Why Should We Hire? Those called domestic are capable of learning of man a few tricks of utility or amusement, but they cannot communicate the descriptive essay topics skill to their race. Each individual must be taught anew. The trained dog cannot train another dog. And Man himself in many faces retains almost the unteachableness of the beast.
For a thousand years the islands and forests of a great part of the world have been led with savages who made no steps of advance in art or skill beyond the necessity of being fed and warmed. Certain nations with a better brain and usually in more temperate climates have made such progress as to compare with these as these compare with the bear and dissertation example the wolf. Victory over things is the office of man. Of course, until it is accomplished, it is the war and insult of things over him. His continual tendency, his great danger, is to overlook the fact that the topics world is only his teacher, and the nature of essays, sun and moon, plant and animal only means of descriptive topics for college, arousing his interior activity. Enamored of their beauty, comforted by their convenience, he seeks them as ends, and fast loses sight of the timetable example fact that they have worse than no values, that they become noxious, when he becomes their slave. This apparatus of topics for college, wants and faculties, this craving body, whose organs ask all the elements and all the functions of Nature for their satisfaction, educate the wondrous creature which they satisfy with light, with heat, with water, with wood, with bread, with wool.
The necessities imposed by his most irritable and all-related texture have taught Man hunting, pasturage, agriculture, commerce, weaving, joining, masonry, geometry, astronomy. Here is a world pierced and belted with natural laws, and fenced and planted with civil partitions and properties, which all put new restraints on the young inhabitant. He too must come into this magic circle of relations, and know health and sickness, the fear of injury, the desire of dissertation timetable, external good, the charm of riches, the charm of power. The household is a school of power. There, within the door, learn the tragicomedy of human life. Here is the sincere thing, the wondrous composition for essay for college which day and night go round. In that routine are the sacred relations, the passions that bind and essays sever.
Here is poverty and all the wisdom its hated necessities can teach, here labor drudges, here affections glow, here the secrets of character are told, the guards of man, the guards of woman, the compensations which, like angels of justice, pay every debt: the opium of custom, whereof all drink and many go mad. Descriptive Essay For College? Here is Economy, and essays boys Glee, and Hospitality, and Ceremony, and Frankness, and Calamity, and Death, and essay Hope. Every man has a trust of power--every man, every boy a jurisdiction, whether it be over a cow or a rood of a potato-field, or a fleet of timetable example, ships, or the laws of a state. And what activity the descriptive essay topics for college desire of essays, power inspires! What toils it sustains! How it sharpens the perceptions and stores the memory with facts. Thus a man may well spend many years of life in trade. It is a constant teaching of the descriptive essay topics laws of matter and of mind, No dollar of on history boys, property can be created without some direct communication with nature, and of course some acquisition of knowledge and practical force. Topics For College? It is paper, a constant contest with the essay active faculties of men, a study of the issues of one and another course of action, an accumulation of timetable, power, and, if the higher faculties of the individual be from topics for college time to time quickened, he will gain wisdom and virtue from his business.
As every wind draws music out of the dissertation Aeolian harp, so doth every object in Nature draw music out of his mind. Is it not true that every landscape I behold, every friend I meet, every act I perform, every pain I suffer, leaves me a different being from essay topics that they found me? That poverty, love, authority, anger, sickness, sorrow, success, all work actively upon our being and unlock for us the concealed faculties of the mind? Whatever private or petty ends are frustrated, this end is always answered. Whatever the man does, or whatever befalls him, opens another chamber in his soul--that is, he has got a new feeling, a new thought, a new organ. Do we not see how amazingly for about you this end man is fitted to the world? What leads him to descriptive essay science? Why does he track in the midnight heaven a pure spark, a luminous patch wandering from age to age, but because he acquires thereby a majestic sense of power; learning that in his own constitution he can set the shining maze in order, and finding and carrying their law in his mind, can, as it were, see his simple idea realized up yonder in paper giddy distances and frightful periods of descriptive topics, duration. Essays? If Newton come and essay first of essay defined, men perceive that not alone certain bodies fall to the ground at a certain rate, but that all bodies in the Universe, the universe of topics for college, bodies, fall always, and at one rate; that every atom in nature draws to every other atom--he extends the power of his mind not only over every cubic atom of his native planet, but he reports the condition of millions of worlds which his eye never saw. Essay Defined? And what is the charm which every ore, every new plant, every new fact touching winds, clouds, ocean currents, the descriptive essay for college secrets of chemical composition and decomposition possess for Humboldt. What but that much revolving of similar facts in his mind has shown him that always the mind contains in its transparent chambers the means of classifying the you most refractory phenomena, of depriving, them of all casual and chaotic aspect, and subordinating them to a bright reason of its own, and descriptive essay topics for college so giving to man a sort of property--yea, the very highest property in every district and particle of the globe.
By the permanence of Nature, minds are trained alike, and made intelligible to each other. In our condition are the roots of language and communication, and these instructions we never exhaust. In some sort the end of life is that the man should take up the universe into himself, or out of that quarry leave nothing unrepresented. Yonder mountain must migrate into his mind. Yonder magnificent astronomy he is at last to informative import, fetching away moon, and planet, solstice, period, comet and binal star, by comprehending their relation and law. Instead of the timid stripling he was, he is to descriptive essay for college be the stalwart Archimedes, Pythagoras, Columbus, Newton, of the physic, metaphysic and ethics of the design of the world.
For truly the population of the globe has its origin in example the aims which their existence is to descriptive topics serve; and so with every portion of essays on history, them. The truth takes flesh in forms that can express it; and thus in history an idea always overhangs, like the moon, and rules the tide which rises simultaneously in all the souls of a generation. Whilst thus the world exists for the mind; whilst thus the man is ever invited inward into shining realms of knowledge and power by the shows of the world, which interpret to him the infinitude of his own consciousness--it becomes the office of a just education to awaken him to descriptive essay topics for college the knowledge of this fact. We learn nothing rightly until we learn the symbolical character of life. Day creeps after day, each full of facts, dull, strange, despised things, that we cannot enough despise--call heavy, prosaic, and desert. The time we seek to kill: the attention it is elegant to divert from things around us. And presently the aroused intellect finds gold and gems in one of we hire you, these scorned facts--then finds that the day of facts is descriptive essay topics, a rock of diamonds; that a fact is an Epiphany of God. We have our theory of life, our religion, our philosophy; and the event of each moment, the shower, the steamboat disaster the passing of a beautiful face, the apoplexy of our neighbor, are all tests to try our theory, the approximate result we call truth, and reveal its defects. If I have renounced the search of truth, if I have come into informative the port of some pretending dogmatism, some new church or old church, some Schelling or Cousin, I have died to all use of these new events that are born out of prolific time into multitude of life every hour.
I am as a bankrupt to whom brilliant opportunities offer in vain. He has just foreclosed his freedom, tied his hands, locked himself up and given the key to another to keep. When I see the doors by which God enters into the mind; that there is no sot or fop, ruffian or pedant into whom thoughts do not enter by passages which the individual never left open, I can expect any revolution in character. I have hope, said the great Leibnitz, that society may be reformed, when I see how much education may be reformed. It is descriptive essay for college, ominous, a presumption of crime, that this word Education has so cold, so hopeless a sound. A treatise on education, a convention for education, a lecture, a system, affects us with slight paralysis and a certain yawning of the jaws. We are not encouraged when the law touches it with its fingers. Education should be as broad as man. Whatever elements are in him that should foster and demonstrate. If he be dexterous, his tuition should make it appear; if he be capable of dividing men by the trenchant sword of his thought, education should unsheathe and sharpen it; if he is one to cement society by his all-reconciling affinities, oh! hasten their action!
If he is jovial, if he is mercurial, if he is a great-hearted, a cunning artificer, a strong commander, a potent ally, ingenious, useful, elegant, witty, prophet, diviner--society has need of all these. The imagination must be addressed. Why always coast on the surface and essays never open the interior of descriptive topics, nature, not by science, which is surface still, but by poetry? Is not the Vast an element of the mind? Yet what teaching, what book of essays on history boys, this day appeals to the Vast? Our culture has truckled to the times--to the senses. It is not manworthy. If the vast and descriptive essay topics the spiritual are omitted, so are the practical and the moral. It does not make us brave or free.
We teach boys to be such men as we are. We do not teach them to example aspire to be all they can.. Descriptive? We do not give them a training as if we believed in their noble nature. We scarce educate their bodies. We do not train the eye and essay defined the hand. We exercise their understandings to the apprehension and: comparison of some facts, to for college a skill in essay structure numbers, in descriptive words; we aim to make accountants, attorneys, engineers; but not to make able, earnest, great-hearted men. The great object of Education should be commensurate with the object of life. It should be a moral one; to teach self-trust; to inspire the essay youthful man with an interest in himself; with a curiosity touching his own nature; to acquaint him with the resources of his mind, and to teach him that there is all his strength, and to inflame him with a piety towards the Grand Mind in descriptive topics for college which he lives. Thus would education conspired with the Divine Providence. A man is a little thing whilst he works by entrepreneurship, and for himself, but, when he gives voice to the rules of love and justice, is godlike, this word is current in all countries; and all men, though his enemies, are made his friends and obey it as their own. In affirming that the moral nature of man is the predominant element and should therefore be mainly consulted in the arrangements of a school, I am very far from wishing that it should swallow up all the other instincts and faculties of man.
It should be enthroned in his mind, but if it monopolize the man he is not yet sound, he does not yet know his wealth. He is in danger of becoming merely devout, and wearisome through the monotony of his thought. Topics? It is not less necessary that the narrative essay defined intellectual and the active faculties should be nourished and matured. Let us apply to this subject the light of the same torch by which we have looked at all the phenomena of the time; the infinitude, namely, of every man. Everything teaches that. One fact constitutes all my satisfaction, inspires all my trust, viz., this perpetual youth, which, as long as there is any good in us, we cannot get rid of. Descriptive Topics For College? It is very certain that the coming age and the departing age seldom understand each other.
The old man thinks the young man has no distinct purpose, for he could never get any thing intelligible and earnest out of him. Perhaps the young man does not think: it worth his while to explain himself to so hard an inapprehensive a confessor. Let him be led up with a longsighted forbearance, and let not the sallies of his petulance or folly be checked with disgust or indignation or despair. I call our system a system of despair, and I find all the correction, all the revolution that is needed and that the best spirits of this age promise, in one word, in essay about we hire Hope. Nature, when she sends a new mind into essay for college the world, fills it beforehand with a desire for that which she wishes it to know and do, Let us wait and see what is this new creation, of what new organ the great Spirit had need when it incarnated this new Will. A new Adam in the garden, he is to name all the beasts in about the field, all the gods in the sky. And jealous provision seems to have been made in his constitution that you shah not invade and contaminate him with the worn weeds of your language and opinions. The charm of life is descriptive topics, this variety of genius, these contrasts, and essay about flavors by which Heaven has modulated the identity of descriptive topics, truth, and essay about you there is essay topics for college, a perpetual hankering to violate this individuality, to warp his ways of thinking and behavior to resemble or reflect your thinking and behavior. A low self-love in the parent desires that his child should repeat his character and fortune; an expectation which the child, if justice is done him, will nobly disappoint. By working on the theory that this resemblance exists, we shall do what in us lies to defeat his proper promise and produce the ordinary and mediocre. I suffer whenever I see that common sight of a parent or senior imposing his opinion and way of thinking and informative essay being on a young soul to which they are totally unfit.
Cannot we let people be themselves, and enjoy life in their own way? You are trying to make that man another you . Topics For College? One's enough. Or we sacrifice the genius of the informative essay pupil, the unknown possibilities of his nature, to for college a neat and safe uniformity, as the about why should Turks whitewash the costly mosaics of ancient art which the Greeks left on their temple walls. Rather let us have men whose manhood is only the continuation of their boyhood, natural characters still; such are able and fertile for heroic action; and not that sad spectacle with which we are too familiar, educated eyes in uneducated bodies. I like boys, the masters of the playground and of the street--boys, who have the same liberal ticket of admission to all shops, factories, armories, town-meetings, caucuses, mobs, target--shootings, as flies have; quite unsuspected, coming in as naturally as the janitor--known to have no money in their pockets, and themselves not suspecting the descriptive essay topics for college value of this poverty; putting nobody on his guard, but seeing the inside of the show--hearing all the timetable asides. There are no secrets from them, they know everything that befalls in the fire company, the merits of every engine and for college of every man at the brakes, how to work it, and are swift to try their hand at every part; so too the merits of every locomotive on the rails, and will coax the engineer to timetable example let them ride with him and pull the descriptive essay for college handles when it goes to the engine-house.
They are there only for fun, and not knowing that they are at dissertation example, school, in the court-house, or the cattle-show, quite as much and more than they were, an hour ago, in the arithmetic class. They know truth from essay for college counterfeit as quick as the chemist does. They detect weakness in your eye and behavior a week before you open your mouth, and boys have given you the benefit of their opinion quick as a wink. They make no mistakes, have no pedantry, but entire belief on experience. Their elections at baseball or cricket are founded on merit, and are right. They don't pass for swimmers until they can swim, nor for stroke-oar until they can row: and descriptive topics for college I desire to be saved from their contempt. If I can pass with them, I can manage well enough with their fathers. Everybody delights in the energy with which boys deal and talk with each other; the mixture of 3-5k research, fun and for college earnest, reproach and coaxing, love and wrath, with which the essays on history boys game is played--the good-natured yet defiant independence of a leading boy's behavior in the schoolyard. How we envy in later life the happy youths to whom their boisterous games and rough exercise furnish the precise element which frames and sets off their school and college tasks, and teaches them, when least they think it, the use and meaning of these. In their fun and extreme freak they hit on the topmost sense of descriptive topics, Horace.
The young giant, brown from his hunting tramp, tells his story well, interlarded with lucky allusions to Homer, to Virgil, to entrepreneurship essays college songs, to Walter Scott; and essay topics for college Jove and Achilles, partridge and trout, opera and binomial theorem, Caesar in Gaul, Sherman in Savannah, and hazing in Holworthy, dance through the narrative in merry confusion, yet the logic is good. If he can turn his books to such picturesque account in his fishing and hunting, it is easy to see how his reading and experience, as he has more of both, will interpentetrate each other. And every one desires that this pure vigor of action and wealth of narrative, cheered with so much humor and street rhetoric, should be carried: into the habit of the young man, purged of its uproar and rudeness, but. with all its vivacity entire. His hunting and campings-out have given him an indispensable base: I wish to add a taste for good company; through his impatience of bad. Essay About We Hire? That stormy genius of descriptive topics for college, his needs a little direction to games, charades, verses of society, song, and a correspondence year by year with his wisest and best friends. Friendship is an essay, order of descriptive essay, nobility; from its revelations We come more worthily into nature. Society he must have or he is poor indeed; he gladly enters a school which forbids conceit, affectation, emphasis and structure dullness, and requires of each only the flower of his nature and experience; requires good will, beauty, wit, and select information; teaches by practice the descriptive law of on history boys, conversation, namely, to hear as well as to speak.
Meantime, if circumstances do not permit the high social advantages, solitude has also its lessons. The obscure youth learns there the practice instead of the literature of his virtues; and, because of the disturbing effect of descriptive, passion and sense, which by a multitude of trifles impede the mind's eye from the quiet search of that fine horizon-line which truth keeps--the way to knowledge and power has ever been an escape from too much engagement with affairs and possessions; a way, not through plenty and superfluity, but by denial and renunciation, into solitude and privation; and, the more is 3-5k paper, taken away, the more; real and inevitable wealth of being is made known to us. The solitary knows the descriptive essay essence of the thought, the timetable scholar in society only its fair face. There is no want of example of great men, great benefactors, who have been monks and hermits in habit. The bias of mind is sometimes irresistible in that direction. The man is, as it were, born deaf and descriptive topics for college dumb, and dedicated to a narrow and essays boys lonely life. Let him study the essay topics art of solitude, yield as gracefulIy as he can to his destiny.
Why cannot he get the good of his doom, and if it is from narrative essay eternity a settled fact that he and society shall be nothing to each other, why need he blush so, and descriptive essay topics make wry faces to keep up a freshman's seat in the fine world? Heaven often protects valuable souls charged with great secrets, great ideas, by long shutting them up with their own thoughts. And the most genial and amiable of essays on history boys, men must alternate society with solitude, and learn its severe lessons. There comes the period of the imagination to each, a later youth; the power of beauty, the power of descriptive essay topics for college, books, of poetry. Culture makes his books realities to him, their characters more brilliant, more effective on his mind, than his actual mates. Do not spare to put novels into the hands of young people as an occasional holiday and experiment but, above all, good poetry in all kinds, epic, tragedy, lyric. If we can touch the essays on history imagination, we serve them, they will never forget it. Let him read Tom Brown at Rugby , read Tom Brown at Oxford , better yet, read Hodson's Life --Hodson who took prisoner the King of Delhi.
They teach the essay same truth--a trust, against all appearances, against all privations, in your own worth, and not in tricks, plotting, or patronage. I believe that our own experience instructs us that the secret of Education lies in respecting the pupil. It is not for you to choose what he shall know, what he shall do. It is chosen and foreordained, and he only 3-5k holds the key to his own secret. By your tampering and thwarting and too much governing he may be hindered from his end and kept out of his own. Respect the child. Wait and see the new product of Nature. Nature loves analogies, but not repetitions.
Respect the child. For College? Be not too much his parent. Trespass not on his solitude. But I hear the outcry which replies to this suggestion--Would you verily throw up the informative reins of public and private discipline; would you leave the descriptive essay young child to the mad career of dissertation timetable example, his own passions and whimsies, and call this anarchy a respect for the child's nature? I answer--Respect the child, respect him to the end, but also respect yourself. Be the companion of his thought, the friend of his friendship, the lover of descriptive essay topics, his virtue--but no kinsman of essay defined, his sin. Let him find you so true to yourself that you are the irreconcilable hater of his vice and the imperturbable slighter of his trifling. The two points in a boy's training are, to descriptive topics for college keep his naturel and train off all but that--to keep his naturel , but stop off his uproar, fooling, and horseplay--keep his nature and arm it with knowledge in the very direction to which it points. Here are the two capital facts, Genius and Drill.
This first in the inspiration in the well-born healthy child, the new perception he has of nature. Somewhat he sees in forms or hears in music or apprehends in mathematics, or believes practicable in mechanics or possible in political society, which no one else sees or hears or believes. This is the perpetual romance of new life, the invasion of God into the old dead world, when he sends into essays quiet houses a young soul with a thought which is not met, looking for something which is essay topics for college, not there, but which ought to be there: the entrepreneurship essays thought is dim but it is sure, and he casts about restless for means and masters to verify it; he makes wild attempts to topics for college explain himself and invoke the aid and consent of the narrative essay by-standers. Baffled for descriptive essay for college want of language and methods to convey his meaning, not yet clear to himself, he conceives that though not in this house or town, yet in some other house or town is the wise master who can put him in informative essay possession of the rules and instruments to execute his will. Happy this child with a bias, with a thought which entrances him, leads him, now into deserts now into cities, the fool of an idea.
Let him follow it in good and in evil report, in good or bad company; it will justify itself; it will lead him at last into the illustrious society of the lovers of truth. In London, in a private company, I became acquainted with a gentleman, Sir Charles Fellowes, who, being at Xanthos, in essay topics for college the Aegean Sea, had seen a Turk point with his staff to some carved work on the corner of a stone almost buried in the soil. Fellowes scraped away the dirt, was struck with the beauty of the sculptured ornaments, and, looking about him, observed; more blocks and fragments like this. He returned to the spot, procured laborers and uncovered many blocks. He went back to England, bought a Greek grammar and learned the informative essay structure language; he read history and studied, ancient art to explain his stones; he interested Gibson the sculptor; he invoked the essay for college assistance of the English Government; he called in the succor of Sir Humphry Davy to analyze the pigments; of experts in 3-5k research coins, of scholars and connoisseurs; and at last: in his third visit brought home to topics England such statues and marble reliefs and such careful plans that he was able to reconstruct, in the British Museum where it now stands, the perfect model of the Ionic trophy-monument, fifty years older than the Parthenon of Athens, and 3-5k research which had been destroyed by earthquakes, then by iconoclast Christians, then by savage Turks.
But mark that in the task be had achieved an excellent education, and become associated with distinguished scholars whom he had interested in descriptive essay his pursuit; in short, had formed a college for himself; the enthusiast had found the master, the masters, whom he sought. Always genius seeks genius, desires nothing so much as to be a pupil and to find those who can lend it aid to perfect itself. Nor are the two elements, enthusiasm and drill, incompatible. Accuracy is essential to beauty. The very definition of the intellect is Aristotle's: that by informative, which we know terms or boundaries. For College? Give a boy accurate perceptions.
Teach him the essay defined difference between the similar and the same. Make him call things by their right names. Pardon in descriptive essay topics for college him no blunder. Then he will give you solid satisfaction as long as he lives, It is better to teach the we hire child arithmetic and descriptive essay topics Latin grammar than rhetoric or moral philosophy, because they require exactitude of essay defined, performance; it is made certain that the lesson is mastered, and that power of descriptive topics, performance is worth more than the knowledge. He can learn anything which is important to him now that the power to learn is dissertation timetable example, secured: as mechanics say, when one has learned the use of tools, it is easy to work at a new craft. Letter by letter, syllable by syllable, the child learns to read, and in good time can convey to all the domestic circle the sense of Shakespeare. By many steps each just as short, the stammering boy and the hesitating collegian, in the school debates, in college clubs, in mock court, comes at descriptive essay for college, last to full, secure, triumphant unfolding of his thought in the popular assembly, with a fullness of power that makes all the steps forgotten. But this function of opening and feeding the human mind is not to be fulfilled by any mechanical or military method; is not to be trusted to any skill less large than Nature itself.
You must not neglect the form, but you must secure the essentials. It is curious how perverse and intermeddling we are, and what vast pains and cost we incur to do wrong. Whilst we all know in our own experience and apply natural methods in our own business -- in education our common sense fails us, and we are continually trying costly machinery against essay defined nature, in patent schools and academies and in great colleges and universities. The natural method forever confutes our experiments, and we must still come back to it. The whole theory of the topics school is on the nurse's or mother's knee. The child is as hot to learn as the mother is to dissertation example impart. There is descriptive essay topics, mutual delight. The joy of our childhood in hearing beautiful stories from some skillful aunt who loves to tell them, must be repeated in youth. The boy wishes to learn to skate; to coast, to catch a fish in the brook, to hit a mark with a snowball or a stone; and a boy a little older is just as well pleased to teach him these sciences.
Not less delightful is the mutual pleasure of teaching and essay learning the secret of algebra, or of chemistry, or of good reading and good recitation of poetry or of prose, or of chosen facts in history or in biography. Nature provided for the communication of thought by planting with it in the receiving mind a fury to impart it. 'Tis so in every art, in every science. One burns to tell the new fact, the other burns to hear it. See how far a young doctor will ride or walk to descriptive topics for college witness a new surgical operation. I have seen a carriage-maker's shop emptied of all its workmen into the street, to scrutinize a new pattern from New York. So in literature, the young man who has taste for informative poetry, for fine images, for noble thoughts, is insatiable for this nourishment, and forgets all the world for the more learned friend--who finds equal joy in dealing out his treasures. Happy the descriptive natural college thus self-instituted around every natural teacher; the dissertation timetable example young men of Athens around Socrates; of Alexander around Plotinus; of Paris around Abelard; of Germany around Fichte, or Niebuhr, or Goethe: in short the natural sphere of descriptive topics for college, every leading mind. But the moment this is organized, difficulties begin. The college was to dissertation be the nurse and home of genius; but, though every young man is descriptive, born with some determination in his nature, and narrative defined is a potential genius; is at last to descriptive essay for college be one; it is, in the most, obstructed and delayed, and, whatever they may hereafter be, their senses are now opened in advance of their minds.
They are more sensual than intellectual. Appetite and informative indolence they have, but no enthusiasm. These come in numbers to essay topics the college: few geniuses: and the teaching comes to be arranged for example these many, and not for those few. Hence the for college instruction seems to require skillful tutors, of accurate and systematic mind, rather than ardent and inventive masters. Besides, the youth of genius are eccentric, won't drill, are irritable, uncertain, explosive, solitary, not men of the world, not good for every-day association. You have to work for large classes instead of individuals; you must lower your flag and reef your sails to wait for the dull sailors; you grow departmental, routinary, military almost with your discipline and college police. But what doth such a school to form a great and heroic character? What abiding Hope can it inspire?
What Reformer will it nurse? What poet will it breed to sing to timetable example the human race? What discoverer of Nature's laws will it prompt to enrich us by disclosing in the mind the statute which all matter must obey? What fiery soul will it send out to warm a nation with his charity? What tranquil mind will it have fortified to walk with meekness in private and topics for college obscure duties, to essays on history boys wait and to suffer?
Is it not manifest that our academic institutions should have a wider scope; that they should not be timid and keep the ruts of the last generation, but that wise men thinking for themselves and heartily seeking the good of mankind, and counting the cost of innovation, should dare to essay for college arouse the young to a just and heroic life; that the 3-5k moral nature should be addressed in the school-room, and for college children should be treated as the high-born candidates of truth and virtue? So to regard the young child, the young man, requires, no doubt, rare patience: a patience that nothing but faith in the medial forces of the soul can give. You see his sensualism; you see his want of those tastes and perceptions which make the power and safety of your character. Very likely, But he has something else. If he has his own vice, he has its correlative virtue. Essay Structure? Every mind should be allowed to make its own statement in action, and its balance will appear. In these judgments one needs that foresight which was attributed to an eminent reformer, of whom it was said his patience could see in descriptive topics for college the bud of the aloe the blossom at the end of a hundred years. Alas for informative the cripple Practice when it seeks to come up with the bird Theory, which flies before it. Try your design on the best school. The scholars are of all ages and temperaments and capacities. It is difficult to class them, some are too young, some are slow, some perverse.
Each requires so much consideration, that the morning hope of the teacher, of a day of love and essay topics for college progress, is often closed at 3-5k research, evening by descriptive for college, despair. Essays? Each single case, the more it is descriptive essay topics for college, considered, shows more to be done; and informative structure the strict conditions of the hours, on: one side, and essay topics for college the number of tasks, on the other. Essays? Whatever becomes of our method, the conditions stand fast--six hours, and thirty, fifty, or a hundred and fifty pupils. Something must be done, and done speedily, and in this distress the wisest are tempted to adopt violent means, to proclaim martial law, corporal punishment, mechanical arrangement, bribes, spies, wrath, main strength and ignorance, in lieu of that wise genial providential influence they had hoped, and yet hope at topics, some future day to adopt. Of course the devotion to details reacts injuriously on the teacher. He cannot indulge his genius, he cannot delight in we hire you personal relations with young friends, when his eye is for college, always on the clock, and twenty classes are to be dealt with before the entrepreneurship essays day is done. Besides, how can he please himself with genius, and foster modest virtue? A sure proportion of rogue and dunce finds its way into every school and requires a cruel share of time, and the gentle teacher, who wished to be a Providence to youth, is grown a martinet, sore with suspicions; knows as much vice as the judge of a police court, and his love of learning is topics for college, lost in the routine of about why should we hire you, grammars and descriptive essay topics for college books of elements.
A rule is so easy that it does not need a man to apply it; an automaton, a machine, can be made to defined keep a school so. Essay Topics? It facilitates labor and thought so much that there is always the temptation in large schools to omit the endless task of meeting the wants of each single mind, and to govern by steam. But it is at frightful cost. Our modes of Education aim to expedite, to save labor; to do for masses what cannot be done for masses, what must be done reverently, one by one: say rather, the dissertation timetable example whole world is descriptive essay for college, needed for the tuition of each pupil. The advantages of this system of emulation and display are so prompt and obvious, it is such a time-saver, it is so energetic on slow and on bad natures, and is of why should, so easy application, needing no sage or poet, but any tutor or schoolmaster in his first term can apply it--that it is essay topics, not strange that this calomel of culture should be a popular medicine. On the other hand, total abstinence from this drug, and the adoption of simple discipline and the following of defined, nature involves at descriptive for college, once immense claims on the time, the thoughts, on the Life of the teacher. It requires time, use, insight, event, all the great lessons and assistances of we hire you, God; and descriptive essay for college only to think of essay defined, using it implies character and profoundness; to enter on this course of discipline is to be good and great. It is precisely analogous to the difference between the use of corporal punishment and the methods of love. Descriptive Essay? It is so easy to bestow on on history a bad boy a blow, overpower him, and get obedience without words, that in this world of hurry and distraction, who can wait for the returns of reason and the conquest of self; in the uncertainty too whether that will ever come? And yet the familiar observation of the universal compensations might suggest the fear that so summary a stop of a bad humor was more jeopardous than its continuance.
Now the correction of essay topics, this quack practice is to import into Education the wisdom of life. Leave this military hurry and adopt the pace of Nature. Her secret is patience. Do you know how the naturalist learns all the secrets of the essay structure forest, of plants, of birds, of beasts, of reptiles, of fishes, of the rivers and descriptive topics the sea? When he goes into the woods the birds fly before him and he finds none; when he goes to the river bank, the fish and dissertation the reptile swim away and leave him alone.
His secret is patience; he sits down, and sits still; he is a statue; he is a log. These creatures have no value for their time, and he must put as low a rate on his. By dint of obstinate sitting still, reptile, fish, bird and essay topics for college beast, which all wish to return to their haunts, begin to return. Essays On History Boys? He sits still; if they approach, he remains passive as the stone he sits upon. They lose their fear. They have curiosity too about him. By and by the curiosity masters the fear, and they come swimming, creeping and dying towards him; and as he is still immovable, they not only resume their haunts and their ordinary labors and manners, show themselves to him in their work-day trim, but also volunteer some degree of advances towards fellowship and topics good understanding with a biped who behaves so civilly and well. Informative Essay Structure? Can you not baffle the impatience and passion of the child by your tranquility? Can you not wait for him, as Nature and essay topics for college Providence do?
Can you not keep for his mind and ways, for his secret, the same curiosity you give to the squirrel, snake, rabbit, and the sheldrake and the deer? He has a secret; wonderful methods in him; he is--every child--a new style of essay why should we hire you, man; give him time and opportunity. Descriptive Essay Topics? Talk of Columbus and Newtonl. I tell you the child just born in yonder hovel is the beginning of a revolution as great as theirs. But you must have the believing and prophetic eye. Have the self-command you wish to inspire. Your teaching and discipIine must have the reserve and taciturnity of Nature. Teach them to hold their tongues by holding your own. Say little; do not snarl; do not chide; but govern by the eye. See what they need, and that the right thing is done.
I confess myself utterly at a loss in suggesting particular reforms in on history our ways of teaching. No discretion that can be lodged with a school-committee, with the overseers or visitors of an academy, of a college, can at all avail to reach these difficulties and perplexities, but they solve themselves when we leave institutions and address individuals. The will, the male power, organizes, imposes its own thought and wish on others, and descriptive makes that military eye which controls boys as it controls men; admirable in its results, a fortune to him who has it, and only dangerous when it leads the essays on history boys workman to overvalue and overuse it and descriptive for college precludes him from finer means. Sympathy, the female force--which they must use who have not the first--deficient in instant control and the breaking down of 3-5k, resistance, is more subtle and lasting and creative. I advise teachers to cherish mother-wit. Descriptive Essay? I assume that you will keep the grammar, reading, writing and arithmetic in order; 'tis easy and of course you will. But smuggle in a Iittle contraband wit, fancy, imagination, thought. If you have a taste which you have suppressed because it is not shared by 3-5k research paper, those about you, tell them that.
Set this law up, whatever becomes of the rules of the schooI: they must not whisper, much less talk; but if one of the young people says a wise thing, greet it, and let all the children clap their hands. For College? They shall have no book but school-books in the room; but if one has brought in a Plutarch or Shakespeare or Don Quixote or Goldsmith or any other good book, and narrative essay understands what be reads, put him at for college, once at the head of the class. Nobody shall be disorderly, or leave his desk without permission, but if a boy runs from entrepreneurship his bench, or a girl, because the fire falls, or to check some injury that a little dastard is indicting behind his desk on some helpless sufferer, take away the topics for college medal from the head of the class and give it on the instant to the brave rescuer. If a child happens to show that he knows any fact about astronomy, or plants, or birds, or rocks, or history, that interests him and you, hush all the dissertation classes and encourage him to ten it so that all may hear. Then you have made your school-room like the world. Of course you will insist on modesty in the children, and respect to their teachers, but if the boy stops you in your speech, cries out that you are wrong and sets you right, hug him! To whatsoever upright mind, to whatsoever beating heart I speak, to you it is committed to educate men. By simple living, by an illimitable soul, you inspire, you correct, you instruct, you raise, you embellish all. By your own act you teach the behold how to do the practicable. According to the depth from which you draw your life, such is the for college depth not only of your strenuous effort, but of your manners and entrepreneurship presence.
The beautiful nature of the world has here blended your happiness with your power. Work straight on in absolute duty, and you lend an arm and an encouragement to essay topics all the youth of the universe. Consent yourself to we hire you be an organ of your highest thought, and lo! suddenly you put all men in your debt, and are the descriptive essay for college fountain of an energy that goes pulsing on with waves of benefit to 3-5k research paper the borders of for college, society, to the circumference of things. See also the entrepreneurship following article: Morton M. Sealts, Jr. Essay Topics For College? Emerson as Teacher.
In Emerson Centenary Essays. , pp. Essays Boys? 180-190.