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Beat the Robots: How to Get Your Resume Past the System Into Human Hands. Mark Slack and Erik Bowitz. Landing an samford university dissertations interview for a position in a giant organization can feel impossible if you don’t have any personal connections. People often blame the sheer volume of resumes that are submitted—HR simply can’t review them all with enough detail to see what a perfect candidate you are! And this is partially true—one study suggests that recruiters spend only six seconds looking at each resume. Raph Levien Thesis? However, many resumes are trashed before they’re even seen by human eyes.
How is that possible? Here’s how: Many large organizations rely on dissertations, applicant tracking systems (ATS) to help pre-filter resumes. The systems work by scanning resumes for contextual keywords and child key phrases, mathematically scoring them for relevance, and sending only the most qualified ones through for human review. Essentially, they’re the 21st century version of the samford, troll under the bridge. Undoubtedly, this saves HR managers the time and trouble of where analysis sorting through irrelevant, underprepared, and weak resumes to find the golden candidates. But it also means that your application could slip through the cracks if you don’t format your resume just right or include the exact keywords the hiring manager is searching for. To make sure you get past the samford dissertations, troll and into the door for an interview, check out these tips for writing a resume that an ATS will approve—and a hiring manager will love. While you might want to minority law essay, highlight your creativity or individuality to a hiring manager, ATS require cold conformity and samford dissertations simplicity. Essays? Therefore, you’ll need to delete any extra touches you’ve added to your resume, like logos, pictures, symbols, and shadings. Also, stick to standard resume formatting in a normal font like Arial, Courier, or Times New Roman—the ATS can’t read fancy fonts and will reject your resume out of confusion. Furthermore, only include the usual sections of a resume: Qualifications, Professional Experience, Education, Skills, and the like.
Adding unfamiliar headings like Affiliations, Publications, or Memberships can choke up an ATS. Finally, send your resume as a Word doc or in rich text format instead of a PDF. Though ATS software is becoming better at reading PDFs, it can still miss important things when trying to dissertations, process them. For any profession, there’s always lingo, software, responsibilities, basic skills, and licenses or certificates associated with performing the job well—and an ATS will be looking for key phrases and what contextual information related to those qualifications. To make sure the university dissertations, software recognizes that you’re a good fit for the job, use these tips to raph levien, successfully keyword optimize your resume: Include verb phrases and skills written in samford, the job description on research child soldiers, your own resume. These are very likely to be the same keywords and phrases the hiring manager has programmed the ATS to pick up—“project manager,” “Final Cut Pro,” or “social media marketing,” for example. Try services like Wordle and samford TagCrowd to paper child soldiers africa, help you figure out samford which keywords to focus on. Input the job descriptions into these tools to create a word cloud that visually highlights the research child africa, most frequently used words, and make sure they’re sprinkled throughout your resume. Use both the acronym and the spelled-out form of university any given title, certification, or organization, so you’re set regardless of which format the unions, ATS is looking for. For example: Certified Public Accountant (CPA). An important note here: Don’t go overboard.
In the dissertations, past, people thought that they could exploit the where are you going you been analysis, system by overstuffing their resumes with keywords, thus ranking them higher in the eyes of the ATS. This is a very bad idea: Not only is the software sophisticated enough to see this kind of keyword stuffing, if your resume does make it into dissertations human hands, no one will be impressed by on credit, a nonsensical resume dressed to the nines in keywords. Aim for university dissertations, repeating important skills-related keywords two or three times (and no more). How can you do that without repeating job responsibilities or sounding obnoxious? Try this: WANT TO GIVE YOURSELF AN EXTRA BOOST? Are there people who would say no to that? 3. Ditch the Career Objective Section. Career objective sections are kind of a waste of space.
That boring boilerplate “I am a hard working person who wants to work in are you going you been analysis essay, (blank) industry” is a bit obvious: Why else would you be submitting your resume? Furthermore, it’s not about how you want to apply your skills, it’s about how the company needs you to apply them. Instead, try replacing this with a qualifications summary—a six-sentence (or bullet pointed) section filled with ATS-friendly keywords. Dissertations? Even better, use those six sentences to paper africa, concisely present the creme of the crop of your achievements, major skills, and university dissertations important experiences. By doing this, you’re killing two birds with one stone: You’re appeasing the ATS with keywords, and you’re also giving the hiring manager the juicy, important bits right at child africa the top where he or she can quickly scan and understand the value you would bring the company. Seriously, spelling mistakes are the death of your resume. While a human being can at samford university dissertations least figure out what you mean (before tossing your resume into the trash in disapproval), an essay ATS will terminate you immediately because it will simply have no idea what you’re talking about.
So double, triple, and samford dissertations quadruple check your resume before sending it in. Have someone else do the same. Spelling mistakes can be easily avoided if you’re careful. Minority In Company? So take the time to follow these tips, and you’ll have a resume that will make it onto a hiring manager’s desk—and ultimately snag you the interview. Feeling on a roll with your resume? Why not check out samford university dissertations how to optimize your contact information or beef up your skills section? Photo of person on laptop courtesy of Sawitree Pamee/EyeEm/Getty Images#46; Mark Slack and where going essay Erik Bowitz are Senior Resume Consultants and content managers of the Resume Companion Blog. Resume Companion is a leading online resume building company with over 650,000 registered users, and over 8 million resumes created to university, date. Hmmm, seems you#39;ve already signed up for this class.
While you#39;re here, you may as well check out all the amazing companies that are hiring like crazy right now.
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How to university dissertations, Construct a Killer Resume, From Start to Finish. Last week, I wrote a controversial article about resume tips that got a lot of readers fired up. As a result, I thought it would be worthwhile to what dissertation, go through the entire process of creating a strong resume, step by university dissertations, step. Step 0: Do NOT fire up Microsoft Word and use a generic resume template. Absolutely, positively , do NOT do this, no matter what.
Microsoft Word is a powerful program, but just firing it up and opening up one of the included resume templates does one thing and minority in company one thing alone – make your resume look like everyone else’s. You want your resume to look unique and samford memorable, but classy – Word’s default templates will not cut the mustard. Step 1: Open a plain text document and start listing all of the information you might ever include on a resume. List the details of every job, including every possible relevant accomplishment at each one. List every organized activity you’ve ever participated in, and where where essay every noteworthy honor you’ve received in your life. List everything . Tip #1: If you don’t know where to start, include the following in this order:
Work experience (dates, names of samford university, employers, location, tasks, accomplishments) Education (dates, degrees obtained, location) Honors and essays unions awards. Other activities of note (professional organizations, special skills, etc.) This is essentially your “default resume.” You’re never going to university dissertations, send it to where going where have you been essay, anyone. Instead, you’re going to use it to quickly build the real resumes that you will send to potential employers. Step 2: Read and research the job you’re interested in applying for. Once you’ve found a job that you’re actually interested in applying for, do a few minutes’ worth of research. Samford University. Find out as much as you can quickly about the job itself and the employer. Where Going Have Analysis. If you don’t understand fully what you’re applying for and who your employer is going to be, you’re essentially tossing things at the wall and hoping it will stick.
Tip #2: Before you actually start assembling a resume for samford university dissertations, a job, make sure you can answer these five questions, at minority, the very least. What is the university dissertations, likely primary function of the job? What are you being hired to what is a dissertation abstract, do? This isn’t your job title, but what you will actually be doing. What is the organization that I’m applying to?
Sure, you know the name of the organization, but what is that organization’s function? Do they produce certain products? Do they provide certain services? What is the university, reputation of this organization? Applying to Google and to “Joe’s Desperate Search Engine” are two completely different things, even though the jobs may appear very similar on paper. In Company. Joe is probably seeking a programmer with very specific skills, while Google is looking for people who exhibit exceptional problem solving skills. What is my role within this organization? If you accept this job, what will your role be? Will you be working on developing the dissertations, product directly, or will you be providing services to the public? Perhaps you will even be providing services to the people who make the products. What skills and essay prompts attributes point to success with this specific organization in the role I’m going to fill?
Basically, knowing what you know about the samford, job, what sorts of are you going where have you been, things would make you a really great candidate? Step 3: Open a new copy of dissertations, your default resume and eliminate everything that isn’t highly relevant or impressive. Now that you know what you’re applying for, you should know the skills and attributes that position would need. Eliminate everything that isn’t pertinent to the position or doesn’t speak extremely strongly for are you where you been essay, your character. If you’re applying for a job as an administrative assistant, your position as a typist is samford university probably very relevant – but if you’re seeking work as a manager of a department store, it basically just fills out research paper soldiers africa, your work history. Also, unless it’s highly relevant to university, what you’re applying for, don’t include much about positions you left more than ten years ago. Tip #3: If you’re early in your career, you may wish to list some jobs that don’t match the description very well to establish a work history. That’s fine, but go minimal on describing them. What you have now is the information you want to put on the resume. Where Where You Been Analysis. Now, let’s polish it up a bit.
Step 4: Make your accomplishments ring with action. Now it’s time to polish up the samford university dissertations, statements about what you’ve done, focusing on on credit unions, two things: language that indicates that you’ve performed an action, and selection and modification of these statements to appeal to the organization. First, go through and change all of the descriptions of your work tasks into action sentences. Let’s work through three examples of this. Bad job attribute : Participated in the development of a data entry program. Better job attribute : Developed a high-throughput data entry program in a team-based environment. Bad job attribute : Chaired three committees. Better job attribute : Led the creation of dissertations, new company-wide policies. Bad job attribute : Introduced a new filing system and helped set it up.
Better job attribute : Implemented a new document organization system. In each case, the raph levien thesis, move was towards verbs that indicate more decisive action that led to a desired result. Employers want actions that lead to results, not participation. Next, mold these action-oriented accomplishments so that they speak to the job you’re applying for university dissertations, . Let’s look at essays on credit, that data entry program developer. A person with that on their resume might be applying for a software development position. Samford University. In that case, one might want to highlight the code-based accomplishment: Great job attribute : Wrote 22,000 lines of Java for a data-handling class for a high-throughput data-entry tool.
On the other hand, if you’re looking for a leadership job, you may want something like this: Great job attribute : Led a team of in company, seven to develop a high-throughput data entry program. In the end, you want to highlight those parts of the tasks you have done that will make you seem most exciting to the potential employer. Step 5: Write a one sentence pitch explaining why your job attributes make you a good candidate. Your resume should not have an objective on university dissertations, it. A person hiring you can guess your objective from the simple fact that you applied. Instead, you should have a statement explaining how your specific skills make you the right person for law essay, the job.
Here’s a good example. I have nine years experience developing high-throughput Java-based data entry software and university leading teams in the implementation of this software. In other words, write a one-sentence summary of your qualifications as they specifically relate to research africa, the job you’re applying for. This will go right at the top of the resume. Now that you have all the information ready, it’s time to fire up Microsoft Word and make it shine. Step 6: Make a polished document out of the material you’ve created. There are several useful tutorials for just this task. I recommend starting with LifeClever’s tips for giving your resume a face lift, for starters. I strongly recommend using Georgia as your font, as it is fairly distinctive while still quite legible in samford university, print, and I also recommend making your line spacing 120% (go to Format, choose Paragraph, choose Multiple, and taks essay set it to 1.2). I also recommend putting things in the following order:
Summary of Qualifications. Work Experience (unless this is your first “real” job) Professional Organizations (unless these are slim, the eliminate or move to end) Honors (unless these are slim, then eliminate or move to samford university dissertations, end) A note indicating that references are available upon request.
Ideally, you want this to be as short as possible. One page, with an additional cover letter, is best. If you feel the need to essays on credit, include more stuff, feel free, but every time you add something more to university, the resume, you provide more and more cover for your truly excellent attributes to hide in a sea of merely good attributes. Essays On Credit Unions. One strong approach is to create a short resume and a long resume, and samford university include a short URL (made at essay prompts, TinyURL) to university, download the longer one if interested. I generally encourage people to essays unions, include reference contact information in samford university, their long resume, but not in the short one. Remember, always, that you’re trying to sell yourself to the company . Is A Dissertation Abstract. Think of yourself as a product on samford university dissertations, the shelf, next to many competitors.
How are you going to minority law essay, grab their attention in dissertations, a positive way, show off your best attributes, and make them at unions, least consider buying you (i.e., interview you)? Keep that in mind at all times when constructing your resume, and you’ll do fine. Get rid of high interest debt with a 0% balance transfer credit card. Earn credit card points toward your favorite ways to travel. Save money and expand your travel budget by packing any one of samford university, these cards on research child africa, your trip.
A comprehensive guide to maximizing rewards and getting paid back for everything you buy. “Chaired three committees” is many times better than “Led the creation of new company-wide policies”, which is so vague it could mean writing a roster for samford dissertations, filling the where are you have essay, office dishwasher. I like a bullet list of facts in the resumes I review, and putting that at samford university dissertations, the very top has always proved successful in my job applications. Child Soldiers. Achieved $5million in sales in 2006. Samford. Worked on 6 university research facilities. Is A Abstract. Supervise and mentor 10 junior personnel. Etc. I’m not a fan of samford, using inflated “office language” in unions, place of these facts. This research into the job/company before creating a tailor-made resume reminds me a lot of submitting stories for publication. This research into the job/company before creating a tailor-made resume reminds me a lot of submitting stories for publication. The more you know…
You mentioned honors and university awards. Is it okay to put in academic ones? I’ve been in the workforce for only a couple of years, so my experience is pretty limited. Raph Levien Thesis. Also, some of my affiliations/volunteer work are religious in nature. These gave me valuable leadership, project management and teaching experience. Samford. Would that be okay to put into my resume? You mentioned honors and awards. Is it okay to put in released prompts, academic ones? I’ve been in university, the workforce for only a couple of years, so my experience is protection law essay pretty limited.
Also, some of dissertations, my affiliations/volunteer work are religious in dissertation, nature. These gave me valuable leadership, project management and samford university dissertations teaching experience. Would that be okay to put into my resume? Thanks! I am always amazed at where have analysis essay, the poor quality of resumes submitted by many job applicants. If you are not willing to put forth a little effort to samford, get the job, it really makes me question your overall work ethic and your motivation to have a successful career.
I think people should stop including their “objective” in are you have you been analysis, their resumes. Obviously the objective is to get a job in a related field. Samford University Dissertations. Frequently, applicants include nothing useful as their objective with things like “To find a position in africa, the customer service sector that will utilize my people skills etc etc… This type of samford university dissertations, information is better left in minority in company law essay, your cover letter. One thing you didn’t mention is personal interests. I have a short list on my resume, and it is great for building rapport and starting the conversation, especially if your interviewer shares similar interests. For the most part, this advice is great. University. But as guinness416 noted, your “bad job attributes” and “better job attributes” need work. “Chaired three committees” is awesome to me as an paper africa, employer. It conveys specific information. “Led the creation of samford university dissertations, new company-wide policies”, as guinness said, could mean anything. Your advice about including a pitch instead of an objective statement are spot-on. Raph Levien Thesis. Objective statements are a waste of space.
I have no idea who is perpetuating the idea that they’re a good idea, but they’re not. I’ve lurked here for quite a while now and thought i’d throw in university dissertations, the opinion of a HR professional. Child Soldiers Africa. In terms of the “bad attributes and good attributes” a better thing would be to mesh the two together; “Chaired three committes leading to the creation of new company-wide policies” I agree with Money that objective statements are becoming a thing of the past. @Rita, In terms of the religios nature of your awards/affiliations, it is up to samford university dissertations, you. Essays. However, you should be ready to samford, have comments made about this (of course it would depend on the industry you are in) If I eliminate everything that isn’t highly relevant or impressive, I’d be down to raph thesis, almost nothing! I have had two low-wage dead-end jobs over the last 25 years.
What’s impressive about samford university dissertations, that? I can SAY I have certain skills, but if those wkills have never been relevant to my employment, how are employers going to receive that claim? There are non-employment attributes I could include (e.g. I was on the board of my neighborhood association and protection law essay a local food co-op) but wouldn’t that be excessive reaching in samford university, the context of scant job achievement? (Yes, “excessive reaching” itself is excessive reaching. Irony intended.) Any opinions to research paper child africa, the idea that pitch and/or objective statements are both unneeded? The pitch is samford university how you should begin your cover letter.
I agree the resume should be tailored to the job opening, but I am no fan of any opening paragraphs. I do list my most relevant abilities on dissertation, the top depending on the job, which could be seen as a bulleted form of a pitch. Good stuff, Trent. Especially original (and after my own heart) is starting in a text editor…not letting someone else’s (poor) cookie cutter form dictate your personal marketing document. One thing that bears repeating and CANNOT be stressed enough: tailor your resume individually for each and university every job opportunity you’re applying for. Unless you’re applying to manager of cereal branding at General Mills and want to is a, impress people with your mass marketing skills, no hiring manager will waste time with your resume unless ever inch of it sings your praises for the one job you’re being considered for. If you really want the job, take the time to figure out which of your strengths are appropriate for THAT job, and move them to the very top of your resume and eliminate everything that’s not relevant or interesting to the hiring manager. Despite my firm belief in samford, the philosophy of the Purple Cow, my instinct is to is a, save the personal interests for the interview. Resumes are screened by computers and/or HR people for keyword richness, not your hobbies, and you can really only turn people off at university, the scanning stage.
“Trent juggles? Oh no, the released essay, hiring manager’s mom was killed by a juggler. Pass.” Wait until you get the interview, look around the manager’s office for university, “no juggling” signs or voodoo dolls of clowns, then bring up your interests that make you remarkable and memorable. I would refuse to hire you on the grounds that “throughput” is levien not a real word, and I wouldn’t want to have to work with someone who uses abstruse business-speak instead of university dissertations, real words. Throughput is for sure a real world, usually used in context of computers, processors… How much data can be put through how quickly. Funny you should bring this up. I came across an interesting resume format the research soldiers africa, other night.
I recognize the shameless blog plug, but it’s located on my site at entry titled “Resumes Suck. (Until Now)”. Rick Turoczy of the university, More Than a Living blog has an awesome format. Great post. For those of us who are recent graduates and haven’t had much experience putting a resume together, firing up Word or downloading a resume format is usually the first step. It’s usually a fear of the formality of the document and not having a solid grasp of what to taks essay prompts, include in it. I like how the personal interests were actually not mentioned. Some interests are frankly lame, and a resume can only ‘describe’ so much of you.
An interview is a much better way to show how interesting of samford university, a person you are. I?d further reccomend that people, Trent included, that are interested in research africa, this to check out the samford university dissertations, Manager Tools podcast and dissertation website. They have a podcast titled “Your resume stinks!” and samford university dissertations I believe they know it. The hosts have worked in corporate recruiting for many years, specifically in technical jobs. Minimum wage, having a steady job history looks good, no matter what the job. It looks especially good for entry-level jobs where employers experience a lot of problems with absenteeism and tardiness–just showing up and actually doing your work impresses them. And absolutely, positively include any actual experience related to the jobs you want.
Just because you didn’t get paid, doesn’t mean it’s not work experience. In fact, if you can get volunteer gigs that require the skills you want to use in your next job, that’s a good plan. Did you accomplish anything impressive on these boards? If not, can you now, now that you know how things are currently done and have a better idea of the big picture? Another approach is to levien, get an entry-level job in a company that also hires people for the kind of job you want. I’ve even heard of university dissertations, people crossing the invisible barriers–I know an assembly line worker who got a job as an engineer in the same firm just by speaking up at a meeting once (in addition to doing awesome work). Another approach is to join the professional associations that people who have the job you want next belong to and do committee work so that you can meet people and get good advice on what to do next. Thanks for a great post! Any resume advice is paper child soldiers greatly appreciated! Good tips, though I don’t agree with step #5. You should always include a cover letter with your resume which is samford university dissertations where your pitch should go.
Putting a pitch at the top of your resume is what is a abstract (or at least should be) redundant. In regards to hobbies and personal interests, I find that to be a bit of a gray area. Professionally I don’t think that should make a difference to whether or not someone is hired. University. Their life outside of the job is are you have their own business. On the flip side you want to hire someone that fits with your team and common interests can be an easy way to have a conversation and find out a bit about someone’s personality. I disagree with you, DrBdan on step #5. Generally speaking, you are right – this should most certainly be shouted out at in your cover letter – thats the blurb that is university dissertations going to get the potential employer to read your resume, period.
However, if you can do two different blurbs, having it at where are you where you been analysis, the top of your resume will 1 – reinforce the idea, and 2 – show your employer that you didn’t just copy and paste a blurb from the web, because you were able to samford university dissertations, organize your skills in two different ways. I think its a great idea to what dissertation, replace the mission statement with a pitch. I want to add that finding a job while employed seems to be much easier than finding one when unemployed. I setup a linkedin.com page and have been using it heavily. Every time I meet someone whether we are in Boston or Bangalore I send them an invite. Slowly but surely my network is growing and samford university people are coming to ME to see if I will work for them rather than the other way around.
Resumes get you in the door but if you can be proactive while you are employed you can create your own safety net! I am so glad to see resume/cv related advice, but how do you get all that data together to start with? I’ve often been told to provide anecdotal evidence, but I can never remember any when called upon! Stephen’s comment that “an interview is research child africa a much better way to show how interesting of a person you are” is samford university dissertations right on. Remember, resumes get you interviews, and interviews get you jobs.
Write the best resume you can, but don’t neglect interview prep. I once interviewed a person who sounded absolutely perfect on his resume, but in his interview he was an arrogant jerk, and minority protection we never talked to him again. We hired someone with a resume that was “marginal” because of university dissertations, her limited experience, but in her interview it was clear she would be a terrific fit for our department. (And she was.) As a resume reviewer, I think personal interests are generally not helpful unless they demonstrate some personality trait relevant to essays on credit unions, the job — for example, if you run marathons, it gives me a sense that you are capable of setting goals and university sticking to them. Please don’t tell me you do yoga. I do yoga.
Most of the people in my office do yoga. Minority In Company. It probably makes you a better worker. Samford University Dissertations. But it’s not going to start a conversation or get you the prompts, job. If you can make it interesting — “Recently completed 108 sun salutations in samford university, one day to released prompts, raise money for victims of domestic violence” — now that gets my attention. Which also ties in to Minimum Wage’s question — serving on university, the board of any organization definitely counts as relevant for essays unions, a lot of jobs. It (hopefully) shows that you’re willing to pitch in when people need help, and dissertations that you’ve probably been in on credit, situations where you had to solve problems or make decisions as a team. University. You could have a whole section of your resume for “Leadership Positions” that may or may not include anything from your paid employment. Hey Simple Dollar, I keep ending up here from like 10 different places (MyMoneyBlog, this time it’s CodeProject!), good job on the market. There’s a line from the Tao Te Ching: “good speaking leaves nothing to pick at”, however, the fact that everyone is picking at the same thing (chaired committees and objective) gives me the prompts, impression that what you’ve written is very good.
So good that “we” only want to samford university, “fix” two things to make it perfect. What Abstract. So congrats! :) I will add my two cents to “Objective” discussion: Write a good objective or leave it out dissertations, . If you don’t think that you can write a good one, leave it out. I like mine, it’s brief, it’s distinct, it says that I’m here and I’m going there. Released Taks Essay. The same things go for university dissertations, personal interests. My interests include Magic: the Gathering Pro Tour Competitor. This isn’t small potatoes, this is big money, I got a free flight to protection in company law essay, Geneva! I’ve won money at an amateur open event and I’m one of the university, top-ranked players in Canada (in Limited).
In a brain field, this is raph levien a relevant hobby. Though I can understand the personalized resume, I rarely customize the resume b/c I’m usually looking for the same type of job. As a computer consultant, the 71 different buzzwords and TLAs on my two page resume are all quite specific. I usually just spend extra time (1+ hours) to customize the cover letter. Interesting about the font type (Georgia) but you don’t reference the font size. Samford University Dissertations. What is considered a readable font size? Font size = minimum 12. Objective. hmmm what if the raph, employer is university filling 6 different positions and HR gets ALL the what is a dissertation abstract, resumes. Which resume goes with which job? Objective: Programmer (Job Title) or using a profile instead of an objective?
Minimum Wage: with 25 years of work experience you have a truckload of transferable skills (hard and soft skills). The biggest part of making a resume work is publishing it. I would absolutely work to get a website or publish through a networking company such as LinkedIn. I’ve not had to send my resume to anyone in years. Definitely agree with point # 0 2. Do not use Microsoft Templates to ensure that your resume stands out from the crowd and samford university dissertations be sure to research the job before applying for research paper child, it and this way you will be able to create a customized resume which is cognizant to the needs of the job and hence ensure at least a interview. Every time I write a resume, I don’t feel good about it. But when there’s a call for university, an interview, I think there’s a hope for essays on credit, me. My resume is not too bad. But what is a value of dissertations, good resume without the protection, skill for an interview.
So, I basically think, a good resume is useless without a good skill for an interview. Resume constructing tips found here really great. Definitely i will follow some of them.Thanks for samford university dissertations, sharing useful information for job seekers. Whatever your taste, this is a great story! Bingo! I love this blog…just bookmarked it. Keep it coming. These tips helped me to make perfect resume and i got my job finally, all credits goes to you..thanks a Lot. Any experienced resume reviewer can advise on the best way to name a resume? Thanks.
Heya i’m for the first time here. I came across this board and dissertation abstract I find It really useful it helped me. out a lot. I hope to give something back and aid others. like you helped me. Good information.
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Orwell#8217;s 1984: Privacy Issues and Public Manipulation. The links related to privacy issues taught me all of the negative things that come along with modern technology and social websites. In Tom Head’s Big Brother is Watching , he says that “as technology improves, privacy as we know it will inevitably evaporate; the samford university dissertations best we can hope for is the power to watch the watchers.” By this he means that with the advancement of technology comes the decline of research paper child africa, individual privacy. This holds true in my opinion, because I believe that the use of modern technology is linked to samford university the decline is where going where you been, personal relations, and the decline of personal relationships is dissertations, linked to the weakening value associated with privacy. There are other ways that privacy is currently invaded other than the use of social media sites.
For starters, the CIFA has previously “exceeded its authority and dissertation conducted unauthorized spying on innocent people and organizations,” (The Other Big Brother). They have even acknowledged that some reports may contain information on U.S. citizens and groups that “never should have been obtained.” Also, this same source states that the National Security Agency to samford monitor telephone conversations in unions the U.S. It has been proven, according to this source, that CIFA’s database has contained information that “may have violated regulations,” because the department isn’t allowed to retain information about citizens for university dissertations, more than 90 days unless there is a reasonable belief that the where are you where have person is linked to terrorism or foreign intelligence. This regulation has been violated. Also in use are video surveillance, face recognition software, GPS tracking, all of which go beyond the human eye and the evidence these technologies hold leaves an samford, unsettling feeling to potential “victims,” (Tana Ganeva, Massive New Biometric Database ). The links related to public manipulation showed me that things aren’t always as they seem. There was one link that confirmed that the portrait of Abraham Lincoln was actually Lincoln’s head painted atop of John Calhoun’s body.
The link “Orwell and March Madness” talked about an child africa, advertisement stating that African-American male student athletes are 10% more likely to graduate. A comparison of college basketball players with other full-time student proves otherwise—that the samford dissertations athletes were 20% less likely to graduate than non-athletes. This link, (Orwell and March Madness) directly reminded me of the scene in 1984 where Winston overhears the telescreen state that the is a abstract chocolate rations had been raised to 20g when he knew for samford university dissertations, a fact that the rations had just been dropped to essays on credit 20g from 30g. In Oceania, the people believe whatever Big Brother tells them to believe. If the telescreen says rations of goods have been raised, then they have been raised. If the telescreen says that conditions today are better than the dissertations conditions of the past, it is truth. If the telescreen reports that they are at war with Eurasia, they have always been at war with Eurasia and Eastasia has always been their allied country. The people of Oceania are constantly manipulated by their government to believe that Big Brother is their provider, protector, and savior. Either they mask their realization and pretend to believe in the Party, they really don’t realize that they’re being manipulated, or they are punished and tortured in the Ministry of Love like Winston is in paper africa the very end of the novel. The telescreens can always see and samford university dissertations hear whatever is going on, both in public and private settings. There are no secrets and there is no privacy.
They have eyes and essays on credit ears everywhere, in samford university technological forms and in the form of undercover spies, like Mr. Charrington. Released Taks Essay! If someone is acting or believed to be thinking suspiciously, that person is captured, tortured, and executed, then vaporized into an imaginary non-existence. All of this happens simply because the government, Big Brother, has some sort of inkling that one person is not thinking and behaving exactly like the rest. It could potentially be caused by nothing more than mere suspicion, suspicion that wouldn’t exist if it weren’t for the governmental spies—the Thought Police and university the telescreens.
The technology of what is a dissertation abstract, Oceania’s society is the core of its societal and moral destruction. This brings me back to Tom Head’s statement: “As technology improves, privacy as we know it will inevitably evaporate; the best we can hope for dissertations, is the thesis power to samford dissertations watch the watchers.” In Oceania, their technology was so advanced that the people were continuously watched, leaving them no privacy. The best the people there could hope for was the existence of The Brotherhood—an organization conspiring to released taks essay prompts overthrow the unjust Big Brother—or a revolt against Big Brother himself. University Dissertations! The could only hope to free themselves by watching Big Brother watch them, see what he sees in order to do what he is incapable of seeing. While George Orwell’s ideas about governmental surveillance were far-fetched at the time, and still seem over-the-top today, his underlying interpretation of the future government holds true. We are watched and our activities are monitored by our government, though not to the severity assumed by Orwell in 1984. Researching the privacy issues and the ways our government manipulates the public opinion by use of advertisements makes me feel like I ought to be more cautious, especially when on the internet.
I have also learned that in order to know the truth behind certain ads, I ought to research that ad, not just trust it for what it is. Some may say the current state of government surveillance is raph levien, minimal and dissertations doesn’t make much difference, and perhaps that is are you going where have you been analysis essay, true, however, what level may it reach in university the near future?
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Clinical case studies in heart failure management. The outlook for patients with cardiac failure has improved substantially in the last 15 years. This is largely due to the application of the results of university dissertations, multicentre clinical trials of new and older drugs and a better understanding of outcomes for individual patients. Interest has focused on systolic dysfunction in both symptomatic and asymptomatic patients. Less is known about the minority in company law essay, definition and university dissertations, management of diastolic dysfunction. The following case studies have been chosen to illustrate the basis for therapeutic management of systolic heart failure and going where, outline the remaining gaps in dissertations knowledge, of which there are several. The issues apply across the spectrum of released essay prompts, patients seen in university clinical practice. Acute stabilization and chronic management of systolic failure. A 74-year-old female patient was admitted from home with progressive increase in breathlessness, orthopnoea and ankle oedema over the previous 3 weeks. Is A Dissertation Abstract. Her general practitioner had prescribed oral coamoxiclav and coamilofruse (substituting the university, latter for where are you have essay, bendrofluazide).
She had suffered from dyspepsia, increasing over recent weeks, and the general practitioner had noted a new murmur. She was apyrexial yet tachypnoeic (25 beats min #x02212;1 ); with a low volume pulse. Sitting blood pressure was 110/70 mm Hg. The apex beat was in the anterior axillary line and a parasternal lift was prominent. A pansystolic murmur was audible and late inspiratory crackles were heard throughout both lung fields. There was sacral oedema.
The ECG confirmed sinus tachycardia (110 beats min #x02212;1 ) with antero-lateral Q waves of previous infarction and the chest X-ray confirmed cardiomegaly and interstitial oedema. Routine chemistry showed Na + 128 mmol l #x02212;1 ; K + 5.8 mmol l #x02212;1 ; urea 9 mmol l #x02212;1 ; creatinine 155 mmol l #x02212;1 . A creatine kinase series was unremarkable. Echocardiography showed a dilated heart (left ventricular end diastolic distension (LVEDD) 650 mm) with anterior and septal hypokinesis and apical dilatation compatible with previous anterior infarction. The posterior wall was contracting vigorously. A high velocity jet (4.7 m s #x02212;1 ) of mitral regurgitation was noted but the left atrial size was normal. This is a common clinical presentation of progressive systolic dysfunction after unheralded myocardial infarction. Samford Dissertations. A number of therapeutic and general management steps should be considered for all such patients. Whereas in stable patients clinical identification or grading of the severity of heart failure is unreliable , recent studies suggest that in acute heart failure clinical diagnosis is much more secure .
Any abnormality of the ECG in a breathless patient is supportive evidence for a cardiac cause of dyspnoea. A normal ECG usually suggests another diagnosis . Radiological cardiomegaly is also supportive of dissertation, a diagnosis of heart failure . This is not the case for more subtle radiological signs, even in the hands of experienced radiological staff  where the clinical context can significantly affect the interpretation. Radiological cardiomegaly most often represents either significant ventricular dilatation or hypertrophy (provided that there is no suspicion of pericardial fluid). This, in conjunction with an abnormal ECG, almost rules out a noncardiac cause of breathlessness. Echocardiography provides definitive diagnosis. Although a lack of quantitative images is a frequent practical problem, this may not be of importance to clinical management .
While there is a lack of university dissertations, controlled clinical trial evidence to minority in company law essay support the university dissertations, use of diuretics as initial therapy, effective diuresis and consequent adjustment of the loading conditions of the failing heart is africa, generally regarded as essential . Immediate empirical management is with supplementary oxygen, opiates and diuretics. Vasodilatation appears to be an important effect of intravenous diuretics although clear evidence for this is scant. However, relief of samford university dissertations, symptoms appears to what is a abstract precede diuresis and natriuresis. Intravenous nitrate infusion provides balanced arterio- venous dilatation and is widely employed, supported by beneficial central haemodynamic changes in small studies , although little is known about its effects on either morbidity or mortality . Intravenous ACE inhibitors also produce beneficial haemodynamic effects . These drugs are not used routinely intravenously due to difficulties with appropriate dosage regimens, unpredictable and protracted hypotensive effects and concerns over an adverse effect on survival in haemodynamically unstable patients in the early stages after myocardial infarction .
More recent data suggest that there may yet be a role for intravenous administration of university dissertations, ACE inhibitors in unstable patients . ACE inhibitors It is now clear that patients with either symptomatic or asymptomatic left ventricular dysfunction benefit from ACE inhibitor drugs. Morbidity is reduced with symptomatic improvement, improved exercise duration and unions, improved quality of life indices. Mortality is reduced at all stages of the samford dissertations, illness with greater absolute benefit the greater the degree of left ventricular impairment. Treatment is effective regardless of age, gender or aetiology of cardiac impairment. Further coronary events are also reduced in patients with ischaemic cardiomyopathy  although the reasons for this are obscure.
Research now focuses on the reasons why ACE inhibitors remain under used in the management of heart failure . They are cost-effective in comparison with other cardiovascular treatments  (e.g. lipid lowering in patients with ischaemic heart disease; control of mild hypertension) even when used for treatment of mild (NYHA Grade I/II) heart failure. Released. The reasons why individual patients do not receive an ACE inhibitor need to be clearly defined but may relate to unfounded concerns about side effects. Samford University Dissertations. The implications for such patients are a significantly worse prognosis for symptom control, repeated hospitalization and survival. The degree of neurohormonal suppression by the ACE inhibitor is linked to survival in individual patients . Some patients taking long-term ACE inhibitor therapy still have normal or elevated levels of the essays unions, key mediator hormones aldosterone and angiotensin II.
The reasons for this are unclear. It may be due to samford university dissertations the secondary rise in active renin in response to treatment, failure of compliance, the use of short-acting agents (although these are undoubtedly better than placebo) or to alternative control pathways for generating angiotensin II (the tissue chymase system) and aldosterone (K + or ACTH). Despite 20 years of study the minimum effective dose of an ACE inhibitor to levien treat heart failure remains unknown . It is possible that the symptomatic and samford university, mortality benefits occur at different doses and are achieved through a combination of haemodynamic, hormonal or structural effects on the heart and/or the kidneys. One large but short-duration study of enalapril (NETWORK)  has suggested that high dosages may be unnecessary to reduce mortality. The results of a larger study with lisinopril (ATLAS)  suggest high doses may provide additional benefits. The need for law essay, long-term loop diuretic treatment in stable patients taking an ACE inhibitor is unclear and has received little attention. Few studies address the effects of ACE inhibition alone compared with those of an ACE inhibitor plus diuretic, either in the short or long-term. Patients treated with and without a loop diuretic after myocardial infarction in the SAVE study appeared to benefit from captopril . Those requiring a loop diuretic might have more significant impairment of left ventricular systolic function but this is by no means always the case.
Although the left ventricular ejection fraction is an samford university accurate predictor of mortality, it is poorly correlated with exercise capacity. Where Are You You Been Analysis Essay. Discontinuation of frusemide in patients with stable heart failure appears to samford university be feasible in is a abstract a minority of patients, usually those with lesser degrees of impairment of left ventricular function . University. In practice this is rarely attempted and essays, chronic diuretic therapy is university, usual for patients who have had one episode of overt heart failure requiring hospital admission. Newer agents to suppress the renin angiotensin aldosterone system. Other agents that block the tissue and circulating RAS have been widely studied. Inhibitors of released prompts, renin have been available for many years but there are few published data from samford university controlled trials . Low oral bioavailability has seriously compromised the value of this drug class although they are undoubtedly active biochemically and haemodynamically after intravenous administration . More promising are the selective orally active nonpeptide antagonists of the angiotensin II AT 1 receptor (ARAs) of which there are now several .
Haemodynamic activity is predictable and all produce prolonged hormone suppression. These drugs have a significant advantage for some patients, since they do not produce the research soldiers africa, dry cough which results from potentiation of kinins during treatment with an ACE inhibitor . A recent trial has shown a useful improvement in samford university short-term survival with the AT 1 ARA losartan compared with thrice daily captopril in what elderly patients with grade II/III heart failure . This study was designed to examine the dissertations, safety of losartan with respect to what renal function. The reasons for samford, reduced mortality in the group receiving losartan are unclear. The large body of experimental work suggesting that potentiation of the effects of kinins by ACE inhibitors has an important adjuvant role in the therapeutic effects of essays on credit, ACE inhibitors in heart failure  now appears to be in samford dissertations doubt.
Before the use of ARAs can be recommended in are you you been preference to ACE inhibitors for the management of heart failure, this result must be confirmed in samford outcome trials. At present, ARAs are a useful alternative for patients intolerant of ACE inhibitors. Other therapeutic options in on credit unions systolic heart failure. Combination high dose oral nitrate and hydralazine therapy was shown in the mid 1980s to university dissertations be effective in are you going where relieving symptoms of heart failure  although the impact on survival was less than that achieved by an ACE inhibitor . The efficacy of nitrates or hydralazine alone has not been tested. The combination should be considered when an dissertations ACE inhibitor is contraindicated, e.g. in paper child bilateral reno-vascular stenosis. The main limitation to this therapy is intolerable vasodilator side-effects in a substantial proportion of patients. Samford Dissertations. Nitrate tolerance must be avoided by ensuring an 8 h wash-out phase overnight.
Management and course of the illustrative case. The patient was symptomatically improved by initial intravenous diuretics and supplemental oxygen correction of the fluid imbalance (1.5 l fluid restriction; oral coamilofruse twice daily) resulted in a weight loss of 4.5 kg over 5 days. Although supine blood pressure remained low (#x02248;100 mmHg), an ACE inhibitor (perindopril 2 mg daily) was introduced without difficulty and she experienced no postural symptoms. Renal function improved in response to the changes in therapy. No other therapy was required long-term and diuretic dose was subsequently reduced to coamilofruse one daily). While remaining functionally limited at raph thesis discharge, she was able to live independently. Having remained well during out-patient review and with no further cardiac admissions, she died suddenly at home some 18 months after presentation.
Optimization of therapy in dissertations established cardiac failure. A 53-year-old man who had sustained previous inferior and anterior myocardial infarctions presented with gradually increasing fatigue and research paper soldiers, oedema despite increasing diuretic therapy. He was being treated with frusemide 80 mg three times daily, captopril 50 mg three times daily, aspirin 150 mg once daily, isosorbide mononitrate SR 60 mg once daily and amlodipine 10 mg once daily. On examination he had dependent oedema to the mid thigh and basal fine crepitations. Dissertations. He had a resting tachycardia of 105 beats min #x02212;1 in sinus rhythm. Mitral and are you going where, tricuspid regurgitation were evident and the supine blood pressure was low at 95/48 mmHg. Laboratory investigation revealed a reduced serum sodium (125 mmol l #x02212;1 ) with impaired renal function (urea 12.8 mmol l #x02212;1 ; creatinine 189 #x003bc;mol l #x02212;1 ). Samford Dissertations. The chest radiograph showed minimal interstitial oedema, a right sided pleural effusion and marked cardiomegaly.
A 24-h ECG shows repetitive but nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (4 episodes of 10#x02013;20 beats with rate #x0003e;150 beats min #x02212;1 ) and multifocal ventricular ectopy (#x0003e;15 000 aberrant beats/24 h). Repeat echocardiography revealed poor left ventricular contractility with global impairment, marked dilatation (LVEDD 750 mm) and unions, functional mitral regurgitation. Radionuclide scintigraphy indicated a left ventricular ejection fraction of 11%. The prospects for improving symptom control rely on optimising current treatment. University. Multiple drug therapy involves the risk of is a dissertation abstract, patient confusion over the medicines and university dissertations, a failure of compliance. This is a neglected area in the care of patients with heart failure  yet well known to protection be associated with poor clinical outcome in cardiac patients .
Most decompensated patients require hospital admission for assessment and observation although community based care is university dissertations, increasingly being studied to minority protection reduce costs (see below). Isolated dependent oedema may be drug-related. Although amlodipine does not appear to cause deterioration in heart failure  unlike some calcium antagonists , marked oedema can occur in some patients. University. Unless active myocardial ischaemia is present and there are no other management options, withdrawal should be considered. Diuretic resistance and optimising diuretic therapy. Initiating more effective diuresis and overcoming diuretic resistance is the first goal. Increasing the dosage or frequency of where are you have you been analysis essay, dosing with an oral loop diuretic has limited value for diuretic resistance.
Improved efficacy can be achieved by a variety of means . Oral combination diuretic therapy with the addition of a thiazide drug such as bendrofluazide is one option. Although metolazone is often used, it offers no greater benefit and may cause a greater incidence of adverse effects . The combination of dissertations, a loop diuretic with a potassium sparing diuretic is another possibility. If the are you going have, patient is taking an ACE inhibitor, such an approach is not generally advised but can be used with success given careful control (see below). Combination diuretic treatment requires close monitoring.
Once a diuresis is established, it may be possible to stop the dissertations, additional drug. Long-term combination therapy has not been shown to be beneficial and the risks of electrolyte depletion and induction of dysrhythmia (although this remains controversial) raises concerns. Levien. If a combination of diuretics is continued, regular biochemical monitoring is dissertations, desirable. Another method to overcome resistance to loop diuretic therapy is intravenous administration either by bolus dosing or by taks essay prompts continuous infusion . Samford University Dissertations. The latter is particularly effective as it delivers a constant efficient concentration of frusemide at thesis the tubular lumen. Careful monitoring of renal function and samford, the extent of the thesis, diuresis are desirable. Diuresis can also be enhanced by the addition of dissertations, low-dose dopamine infusion to facilitate renal vasodilatation . This may be used in combination with intravenous or oral loop diuretic. Child Soldiers Africa. Oral dopamine agonist drugs have not been demonstrated to be useful .
Improving neurohormonal blockade of aldosterone and angiotensin II. Failure to samford university suppress plasma angiotensin II and/or aldosterone concentrations may be associated with an adverse outcome in heart failure . Are You Essay. Patients who have increasing symptoms may therefore benefit from increased hormone suppression. The short-acting agent captopril provides incomplete hormone suppression over 24 h unless used in multiple daily doses. Nevertheless, it is widely used in heart failure. The case for using a longer-acting ACE inhibitor in university dissertations preference is poorly documented. Comparative studies of long and short-acting ACE inhibitors are few and do not address improvement in paper symptoms or mortality. Short-acting drugs are sometimes used on the pretext of university dissertations, a lower risk of producing significant biochemical renal dysfunction . However, adverse renal effects induced by the combination of loop diuretic and ACE inhibitor are generally predictable, minor and are probably unrelated to the duration of action of the ACE inhibitor selected . Increased dosage or increased dose frequency of the ACE inhibitor might be useful for minority protection in company law essay, some patients, although the optimal dose of samford, ACE inhibitor remains uncertain.
Due to the strength of the evidence suggesting that neurohormonal activation in heart failure is raph levien thesis, integral both to samford university dissertations the progression of symptoms and pathology  the combination of ACE inhibitor and ARA is being examined as an option. By blocking the negative feedback loop promoting renin release following treatment with an on credit unions ACE inhibitor and in addition by providing receptor blockade, levels of bioactive angiotensin II are markedly reduced . This strategy is samford, currently under investigation using enalapril and valsartan in a multicentre outcome study (ValHeFT). As aldosterone has control systems independent of the renin-angiotensin axis and since it may be independently detrimental in heart failure, the use of additional aldosterone blockade may have a role. Minority Protection In Company. Spironolactone has a variety of beneficial effects on samford university surrogate markers of research child soldiers africa, prognosis in heart failure . Whether this can be translated to an improved outcome will be demonstrated by samford university the multicentre RALES study . Protection Law Essay. Preliminary reports of this study suggest that mortality is university dissertations, significantly reduced by in company this combination. Samford. The combination of what dissertation, loop diuretic, ACE inhibitor and spironolactone increases the risk of renal dysfunction and significant electrolyte imbalance, particularly potassium retention. In small trials it is not possible to assess the frequency of such potential adverse events in routine clinical practice, since treatment and biochemical changes are closely monitored. Digoxin The role of digoxin in patients with heart failure already treated with an ACE inhibitor and diuretics and who are in sinus rhythm has been a matter of controversy for many years. However, digoxin withdrawal was demonstrated to be detrimental in the PROVED trial .
Recent studies have confirmed that there is samford university dissertations, no adverse effect on mortality in heart failure  when digoxin is added to patients on diuretics and ACE inhibitors. However, there were useful reductions in recurrent hospitalization after the addition of digoxin. Digoxin should be considered in patients with persistent symptoms despite optimal dosage of a diuretic and an ACE inhibitor. Research Paper Africa. Care should be exercised when there is impairment of renal function and/or suspicion of samford dissertations, impaired AV conduction or sinus node disease, in view of the research child, effects of digoxin on cardiac conduction. More recently considerable interest has arisen in the use of #x003b2;-adrenoceptor blockade in heart failure.
Importantly these studies have been conducted in patients who were already receiving an ACE inhibitor and diuretic. The combination of data from several studies using carvedilol, a non selective #x003b2;-adrenoceptor antagonist with additional #x003b1; 1 -adrenoceptor blocking effects, show its efficacy in unselected patients with heart failure. Carvedilol improves survival in patients already receiving an samford university dissertations ACE inhibitor and diuretic . Worsening heart failure was not more frequent in the #x003b2;-adrenoceptor blocker treated patients and is a abstract, benefits only emerge over weeks, with a vaguely defined period of increased symptoms during the early phase of treatment. Cardioselective (#x003b2; 1 )-adrenoceptor blockade has been studied for some years in the management of idiopathic dilated cardiomyopathy. Recently preliminary data from a multicentre trial of bisoprolol in unselected heart failure have shown unequivocal evidence of further reductions in mortality. University Dissertations. Although the what, overall mortality reductions appear small, significant reductions in symptomatic decompensation were evident . A retrospective (though nonrandomised) analysis of the SAVE study database  suggested that in patients with asymptomatic left ventricular dysfunction after myocardial infarction there is a 30% reduction in cardiovascular death and a 21% reduction in the development of heart failure with the addition of any #x003b2;-adrenoceptor blocker to captopril. Small scale studies suggest greater improvements in central haemodynamics and a more significant impact on cardiac adrenergic tone with carvedilol in comparison with metoprolol . Overall the impact of #x003b2;-adrenoceptor blockade on exercise capacity is variable, positive in some studies but negative or insubstantial in others dependent on university dissertations the method of testing .
If #x003b2;-adrenoceptor blockade is to minority law essay be widely accepted as a treatment for heart failure, significant practical issues remain to be addressed. There is no clear definition of those patients who stand to benefit most. The treatment appears to samford university dissertations be well tolerated in small studies (7#x02013;8% intolerance for cardioselective and/or vasodilating #x003b2;-adrenoceptor blockers; ) but many patients in routine clinical practice will have occult peripheral vascular disease or airways obstruction related to smoking which may complicate the use of minority in company, these drugs. The best methods for initiation of treatment is uncertain. Large doses of samford dissertations, a #x003b2;-adrenoceptor bocker can induce hypotension, bradycardia and shock due to the withdrawal of on credit unions, myocardial adrenergic support.
As the samford university dissertations, benefits of #x003b2;-adrenoceptor blockade appear to emerge gradually during chronic therapy  slow dosage titration is desirable. In most instances weekly medical reviews including daily weight records and regular blood pressure and renal function assessment are recommended for safe treatment . A substantial minority of patients have problems arising from low blood pressure. As with the ACE inhibitors the optimal dose of #x003b2;-adrenoceptor blockers is unknown and titration to the #x02018;maximum tolerated#x02019; dose is currently recommended. The mechanism of action of #x003b2;-adrenoceptor blockers in heart failure is unclear.
As many patients have overt or covert coronary disease they may simply reduce the impact of ischaemia in otherwise stable cardiac failure. An antiarrhythmic effect, although controversial (see below), cannot be ruled out. The use of diuretics can be guided by released essay prompts clinical assessment and body weight. For other treatments, the samford dissertations, use of invasive pressure measurements can be valuable. Optimal use of essays unions, vasodilator/vasoconstrictor agents and inotropic drugs in conjunction with diuretics can sometimes be guided by readings from dissertations a central haemodynamic monitoring catheter. This is particularly helpful for patients who have uncontrolled breathlessness and oedema or as a prelude to raph thesis cardiac transplantation .
This approach can be effective in restoring a compensated state to samford university dissertations an otherwise decompensated and deteriorating patient. Most patients who develop major haemodynamic and symptomatic decline despite an what is a ACE inhibitor and effective diuresis are in an almost intractable position. Intensive intravenous therapy, more commonly employed in North America and in younger patients, is not widely used in Europe. Its use is normally dependent on transplantation or a ventricular assist device being a viable option. Control of dysrhythmia in heart failure remains a major concern. Many patients die suddenly, usually attributed to some form of dysrhythmia (both tachydysrhythmias and bradydysrhythmias are common). The numbers who die in university this way may be increasing with the raph levien thesis, increasing use of therapies that reduce uncontrolled pump failure as the samford dissertations, mode of death. The use of have essay, antiarrhythmic therapy in left ventricular dysfunction is restricted following the university, results from the is a dissertation abstract, CAST studies which demonstrated increased mortality with some treatments in patients with coexistent left ventricular (LV) dysfunction . A particular concern reflects the samford university, use of potent drugs with the essays on credit unions, potential for pro-arrhythmic effects in patients who had minimal levels of electrical instability. University. Amiodarone appears to be an exception.
Although results from paper child soldiers four major trials have not shown consistent improvement in survival in established LV dysfunction [57, 58], amiodarone is the best available drug for overt dysrhythmia in the face of impaired LV function. Samford Dissertations. In general it can be used without preliminary electrophysiological testing . Nonsustained ventricular tachycardia (VT) is common in symptomatic heart failure and is an independent marker of increased risk of where are you going where have you been essay, sudden death in severe heart failure . Whether amiodarone should be prescribed in all patients with heart failure who have non sustained and asymptomatic VT is dissertations, not yet clear. The role of drug therapy in comparison with electrical devices allowing sophisticated pacing detection and raph, including the samford university dissertations, implantable cardioverter/defibrillator remains an important area for study . At present these devices are generally restricted to patients with documented syncopal dysrhythmia or resuscitated arrest.
Patients who survive arrhythmogenic cardiac arrest generally have significant pre-existent heart failure and structurally abnormal hearts. In Europe the application of such technology remains relatively limited and adequate trials comparing this therapy with drug treatments, although underway, are not yet available for dissertation abstract, guidance. University Dissertations. These devices may play a significant role in heart failure in the management of selected patients. Pulsed inotropic therapy and inotropic-vasodilator drugs. The use of unions, inotropic agents in dissertations heart failure has encountered many problems. In the 1980s and early 1990s many agents were developed with effects on the heart and vascular tree combining a central inotropic stimulus with peripheral arterial vasodilatation.
These have been uniformly unsuccessful during chronic dosing and are you where have, often result in increased mortality [62#x02013;64] (e.g. flosequinan; ibopamine) As a result, the development of new drugs in this class has been all but halted. The major problems have been selection of appropriate patients and the narrow therapeutic index for such treatments. However, these drugs may have a role in the short term to samford relieve symptoms without the increase in minority protection in company mortality that occurs during protracted use . In a different approach to inotropic therapy, Adamopoulos and university, colleagues employed intermittent dobutamine infusion in taks 20 patients with severe heart failure in an attempt to university up-regulate myocardial #x003b2; 1 -adrenoceptors . Raph. In the short term, there were no clinical complications of treatment, but also no increase in diuresis. Exercise capacity and sub maximal heart rate rise improved with therapy and lymphocyte adrenoceptor numbers increased. This result is in contrast to the adverse effects of chronic inotropic therapy . Samford University Dissertations. A fine balance may have be struck to improve adrenoreceptor responsiveness but to protection in company avoid excessive stimulation or adrenoceptor down-regulation. Multidisciplinary care and samford dissertations, hospitalization.
Despite high annual mortality rates a substantial proportion of patients with heart failure face an uncertain yet chronic illness. What Is A Abstract. Many patients are elderly and need repeated hospital admission. These admissions are both psychologically and financially taxing. In common with many chronic diseases, management of these patients can be improved by samford contact with many varied health professionals concerned not only with cardiac care but social circumstances; promotion of drug compliance and psychological support [67, 68]. Non-pharmacological approaches such as increased exercise and training within limits has important and demonstrable physical  as well as psychological effects . There are few instances where a supervised increase in minority physical exercise is not of benefit to samford dissertations the patient with heart failure. Surgical treatment need not be considered as a final line of where going, therapy. Increasingly important is the application of surgical revascularization for occult or overt ischaemia in patients with heart failure. This is often the dissertations, best way to released taks improve contractility although the operative management may be complicated and associated with increased perioperative mortality.
Less well demonstrated are the samford university dissertations, benefits of scar reduction; cardiomyoplasty or the most recent and most dramatic innovation of where have, ventricular reduction/ventriculotomy. As yet these procedures are limited in their application to a few selected patients and with generally no agreed role. Cardiac transplantation is a proven therapy but restricted by organ availability and delay prior to intervention. Assessment is usually based on the severity of cardiac impairment on objective testing during treatment with maximal therapies. It is increasingly recognized that many patients with very poor left ventricular function can survive for many years without transplant.
Functional exercise capacity is seen as the main delineator of those patients who should be entered onto an urgent transplantation waiting list or those who can safely remain on drug therapy [71, 72]. University. The long-term problems of rejection and where are you going have you been, accelerated atherosclerosis and their effects on survival after transplantation will not be considered here. The outlook for the transplanted patient is dissertations, dramatically better than those who await transplantation. Management and course of the illustrative case. Following emergency admission, initiation of diuresis required bolus doses of intravenous frusemide combined with continuous intravenous infusion of dopamine and fluid and released prompts, sodium restriction. Although he was considered a good candidate for invasive pulmonary pressure monitoring, this proved unnecessary. Following temporary withdrawal of captopril during stabilisation of renal function and samford university dissertations, diuresis, an ACE inhibitor was subsequently reintroduced without difficulty (lisinopril 10 mg daily).
Renal function improved and blood pressure stabilised. Following discharge he remained symptomatic. Oral digoxin was introduced with only modest benefit. Repeat outpatient ambulatory ECG recording confirmed persistent episodes of non-sustained ventricular tachycardia. He was treated with prophylactic oral amiodarone despite his lack of symptoms. Outpatient stress perfusion scintigraphy confirmed perfusion defects consistent with known infarctions, but with no reversible ischaemia.
Maximal cardiopulmonary exercise testing confirmed severe functional incapacity and very poor maximal oxygen consumption at peak exertion (13 ml kg #x02212;1 min #x02212;1 ). He was therefore referred for consideration of orthotopic cardiac transplantation.
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However, “page length isn’t the most critical thing,” Keating told me. “What’s important is how clearly and quickly they can see how you can help them with the job they’re hiring for.” A general rule of thumb: If you have less than five years of experience, your resume should be one page. If you have over five years of experience, you can go to two. However, consulting and investment banking require one page resumes for raph everyone — even if you have 20 years of samford dissertations, experience. The goal is to show what you’ve been doing most recently. If you are within a year of having graduated or you’re still in school, put your education at the top of research paper child soldiers africa, your resume. Samford University. (It shouldn’t take up a ton of page real estate.) Once you’ve been out of minority in company, school for two or more years, put your eductation on samford university dissertations the bottom. Research Paper Child Soldiers. If you are getting your MBA in addition to working at samford university your current job, put that at levien thesis the top. Your resume should read in dissertations reverse chronological order, from most recent title to least.
Don’t put it on released taks essay your resume. University Dissertations. Your resume should present you in what is a dissertation abstract the best light possible. Industries that care the most about university dissertations, GPAs are consulting and investment banking. Some communication agencies will use GPA as a filter because they have so many candidates, but that’s only relevant if you’ve just recently graduated. Most people drop their GPAs off their resumes after three years unless they have an exceptionally high one. What if I pulled a Bill Gates and didn’t graduate? You can still write the year that you plan to graduate if you plan on finishing your degree at some point in the future. For example, if you are planning to going have analysis essay, finish your degree in university 2018, dropped out in 2015 and decided to start Banana (the new Apple!), but needed to where going have essay, apply for side hustles, I’d write: “[Wherever You Went] University, Expected Graduation 2018.”
If you completed 3 years of university, college but have no intention of finishing your degree, write your university name plus however many years you completed of said degree. For example: “[Wherever You Went] University, X years of a bachelor degree in journalism.” Another angle is to are you have analysis, list the number of courses. Samford University. For example: Completed six business courses at [Wherever You Went] University. Only do this if it’s been a year or less since finishing these courses. Are cover letters antiquated?
According to Keating, some hiring managers care if you have one, some don’t. She knows how frustrating that sounds. She also knows that some hiring managers won’t bother looking at your resume at on credit all if they don’t like your cover letter, so to play it safe, she advises her clients to write a cover letter every time unless the job description specifies not to include one. …How the hell do I write a cover letter? Keating says that the best thing you can do is get good examples (ask friends, look online) and follow their structure. Here’s the basic structure:
Four paragraphs: intro, conclusion, two middle paragraphs. The first middle paragraph should answer: Why you? Why are you right for university dissertations this job? The second middle paragraph should answer: Why them? Why do you want to work for that company specifically? I am supposed to write one of these every single time I apply for a job. Yes. But think quality over quantity. Rose Keating much prefers that her clients apply to two jobs a week with really well-crafted, highly-tailored documents rather than sending out a blast of where are you going where have analysis essay, cover letters that communicate nothing.
Should I be adding color to university, make my resume stand out? If you’re in a creative industry, Keating says that you have more freedom to use color. Google “Visual resume” for ideas. (Here are some that are really out of where are you have, that damn cliche box!) If you’re not a graphic designer, there are websites where you input your information and the site helps create cool visuals, like timelines and pie charts. (She recommends checking out samford dissertations Smashfreakz.com) If you’re applying to more analytical roles, keep it traditional. Don’t: tell white lies, even though “everyone does it.” It’s never necessary. What Dissertation Abstract. Don’t misrepresent yourself. Do: present yourself and your experiences in the best light possible.
Keating says to think about a resume like a first date: No one needs to know that your last relationship went up in flames. Show off your qualities and the best parts of your personality. Samford. If you increased the social media following from protection in company law essay, 50 to 100, that’s a 100% increase in followers — so say that. Don’t: use pronouns or write in first person. Your resume should never say “I” or “me.” Instead of, “I worked for samford university dissertations three months on levien thesis x project,” you would write, “Worked three months on samford university dissertations x project.” Don’t: focus on tasks and prompts responsibilities. – Instead, focus on samford results and achievements that convey the minority in company, impact of the university dissertations, tasks that you did and the responsibilities you had. On Credit. “Tell me how well you did it,” Keating says. – Your resume shouldn’t look like lists from your job description — the person looking to hire can’t learn anything from university dissertations, that. Instead, write the impact or the result of essays on credit unions, those actions. For example: “Increased office efficiency by providing accurate and timely file management. Enabled upper level to make strategic decisions by providing accurate weekly status reports.”
– Empty adjectives do nothing. Dissertations. Anyone can list “leader” or “hard worker.” Write something that demonstrates how you can multitask. What would not have been possible had you been unable to are you have you been essay, juggle five things at once? If you meet about 70% of the qualifications listed, go for it. They’ve written their job description for their ideal candidate — they aren’t expecting everyone to university, have every single item checked off, so you’ll probably get a call. Besides, you can’t get a job you didn’t apply for. If you have less than 70% of the research child africa, required qualifications, don’t waste your time applying online, but do network your way into the company if you are passionate about what they do.
20% of your energy should go into dissertations online applications. The rest of your energy should go into talking and meeting one on one and doing informational interviews. Find informal interviews through alumni networks, friends, family connections and LinkedIn. Tell them you want to hear about their career-path. It’s one of the most important tools in your job search. Alright guys — good luck!
Check out Rose Keating’s blog here for on credit more tips and tricks to getting the samford university dissertations, job you want (among other things, like how to ask for protection in company a raise) Elizabeth wearing NARS “Dragon Girl” Velvet Matte Lip Pencil; Photographed by Krista Anna Lewis; gifs by samford university dissertations, Emily Zirimis. I was going to quickly scroll past this post and protection law essay suppress all dreaded ugly resume feelings but then I remembered that I JUST had a conversation telling someone to do things that make them uncomfortable so I was like UGH I GUESS I SHOULD TAKE THE MEDICINE I PRESCRIBE TO OTHERS. WE CAN DO THIS TOGETHER! I am getting a salary of 6800 dollars each week. Over a year ago I was in a horrible condition , jobless and samford university dissertations no bank credit ..tu Thanks to one of my friends who showed me a way where I was able to dissertation, gather myself and making average of 58 d/h.
So it can change your life as it has changed mine. Why not try this. When I looked at the draft of samford, 6785 dollars, I have faith that brother of what, my friend was like really generating cash in his free time with his PC..yi His aunt’s neighbor has done this for only 11 months and by dissertations, now repaid the research paper soldiers, loan on samford university their home and bought a new Car. Check out protection Rose Keating’s blog here for more tips and tricks to getting the job you want (among other things, like how to samford university, ask for a raise) Oh I’m saving this post ASAP!! You read my mind! I need help for a resume sooner than later! =)
This is SO GOOD, thank you guys. Where Where Analysis. Ridiculously perfect timing, you mind-reading goddesses. Just got out of career counseling, felt overwhelmed, went online to samford dissertations, distract myself, then saw this. Almost didn’t click bc anxiety, but this article makes it actually seem doable! MR comes through again. thanks guys, perfect timing! I am a 36 yr old in the apparel industry, with 13 years experience in trend forecasting and graphic design.
After being laid off this time last year I have applied for over 150 jobs, mostly in released NYC. Unfortunately, right now I live in samford dissertations Missouri; that’s where my previous job was located. I swear my resume is excellent, my cover letters are thoughtful, and paper soldiers africa my online portfolio is SMASHING. University Dissertations. Yet, of 150 jobs I’ve had less than 10 calls, 3 in person interviews, and just 1 narrow miss for landing an actual job. Is it like this for anyone else.
I know I’m qualified and talented – previous managers and coworkers rave about me. Sometimes I feel like there is an on credit, invisible penis drawing or something on my resume that only recruiters and samford university dissertations hiring managers can see. Where Analysis. WHAT AM I DOING WRONG. I’m sorry to hear your struggle – I went through something similiar for 1.5 years, in NYC. Samford University Dissertations. Hundreds of cover letters, some calls, a handful of awkward in research person interviews. My anxiety about finding a long term job increased as each month went by. This is not encouraging, but it’s probably because you’re in Missouri. University. The last two companies I’ve worked for only looked at resumes from people in the tri-state area in order to interview and hire someone within two weeks. Thank you so much for the response! You are definitely not alone in minority protection law essay the struggle!! The online application system isn’t working well for many people these days, which is samford university dissertations, why I recommend getting out from what is a dissertation, behind your computer and scheduling a visit to New York so you can do some in person meetings, aka: informational interviews.
By getting to know people at your target companies and presenting yourself in person, they get to know and be impressed by the whole you, not just you on a piece of paper. If you can find a friend to samford university, stay with in NY for two weeks that would be ideal as well, it’s much easier to land a job in a new city if you can stay there while looking! Thanks for the great advice! One of the best pieces of prompts, advice I have gotten on university dissertations building your professional network – even if you don’t live in the same city as someone – is reaching out to people for essays on credit informational interviews. I have done them several times and they’re always worth it. Who do you reach out to? Go on LinkedIn and samford see who went to your Alma Mater that works in your industry and reach out the them. Prompts. When the interview is coming to a close, ask who they recommend you talk to next. Samford. Lots of great articles are written on doing informational interviews – I’ve included two of are you have you been analysis, my favorites below. Good luck!!
These are great tips! If you can’t use color, my professional portfolio professor told us to samford, really use font to your advantage. Go with something sans serif for the header and sub heads, but use serif fonts for your bullets. It really helps break things up without being too obvious! Also is this image the work of Emily I love it I really do I can’t describe it it reminds me stuff but yet it doesn’t, like Me Early and the Dying Girl but very quintessentially MR. Thanks for the tips! Thanks a lot! It’s really useful #128578; I’m definitely saving it. Good tips. I have 10 years’ experience in HR and are you going where have essay employee benefits, and am actually wanting to make a jump to samford dissertations, a more creative field.
Nice to see that some creativity is allowed in these things in, you know, creative fields. One tip I’d add: make sure the research paper child africa, grammar, spelling, proper names, job details, etc. are all correct in resumes/CVs and cover letters: recruiters LOOK for this stuff. If you’ve got the samford university dissertations, wrong job title and/or company name referenced in your cover letter, that doesn’t bode well. This is so so helpful. I am going to paper soldiers africa, apply for an internship during summer holidays and I hope this tips will help me to get my first prio x. Even though it is probably less money than I currently make and is only offered part-time, I remembered reading this article this week and applied for a job that is samford university dissertations, actually relevant to my desired field! ALSO, in further career developments, I got in to in company law essay, grad school this month. this is a GREAT post! love the practical tips! Next article – what to wear to a job interview! This is samford dissertations, super helpful and does make the idea of updating my resume (finally, this weekend…I SWEAR) seem less daunting.
Although, I’m still on the hunt for someone to write mine for what me…ha. But error: “One pages..” should be “One page or two?” Great tips, I am 100000% bookmarking this post! Really interesting post! I’ve been applying for different jobs for almost three years now and I remember that it took me months and dissertations several people giving me advice until I was able to “present myself in is a the best light” and NOT mention the exams I failed… Before that I felt like a resume or cover letter was something like an official document where you just have to state the facts in university a plain and simple way. Cool. Share some other tips on resume design with you. Paper Child Soldiers. Hope it’s useful to all of us. https://www.amolink.com/blog/resume-design.html. Very informative and interesting article, Amelia!
As a resume writer, I can attest that these tips are the real deal. Samford Dissertations. Length, where to put your education, customization, and being truthful are all very important. Going Where Have Essay. Visit the ResumeSpice website for more tips on crafting an effective, customized resume: https://resumespice.com/ This is what really helps when writing a resume: http://www.cvhacks.com. I think the main point in cover letter writing is that this document should tell your story.
You can’t describe it as a structure (Four paragraphs: intro, conclusion, two middle paragraphs). It’s absolutely crucial to university, make it unique because it actually gets you the job. Resume is only a formal overview – cover letter gets you hired.