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Guidelines for a Literature Survey and an Annotated Bibliography. One of the options as a summative exercise for amcas, the MTS degree is to do a survey of literature of about 40 pages in length. Here you will choose a specific topic in the area of theological studies and identify, discuss, evaluate, and relate significant books, articles, and other resources. A survey evaluates what scholars and researchers have written on a topic, organized according to a guiding concept such as your research objective, thesis, or the problem/issue you have identified. You may need to include studies contrary to and weaknesses articles, your own perspective. The final result should be that your literature review be relevant, appropriate, and useful. An annotated bibliography is an organized list of sources, each of which is followed by a brief note or annotation. These annotations describe the content and focus of the book or article; suggest the source's usefulness to your research; evaluate its method, conclusions, or reliability; and record your assessments of the future coursework sources. This guide provides you with guidelines on how to evaluate the resources you are using, whether the result is included in the body of your survey of literature, or as an appendix in the form of an annotated bibliography, or both. Either way the purpose is evaluative: i.e. to assess the strengths and weaknesses of a select or comprehensive array of works (in book, article, essay, or electronic format) on a given topic.
This guide provides you with guidelines on what areas to address and questions to ask, the answers to which will provide you with the material from being knowing michael polanyi, which your survey of literature can be composed; and, as a derivative, how to construct annotations. Key questions are listed, sample annotations (print and electronic) are appended, and guidelines on amcas, style provided. The most important part of what abstract, your literature survey is the Introduction. In it you will set the scene for the rest of your work in the compilation of materials. It should be written before you choose literature to include in your survey. Refer back to your Introduction as you choose materials and write evaluations or annotations. The Introduction is best written after you have done some general reading on the topic. The Introduction should define your topic and should include the following: One sentence summarizing the topic Statement of how the topic fits into future, the larger context of the subject area Definitions of essay on commonwealth games, any terms used Statement as to how selective or comprehensive your survey and future coursework accompanying bibliography is. Do you want to include everything published on your topic or do you want to impose certain limitations?
If you choose to be selective, you must outline the criteria by which you include materials while excluding others. Limitations may consist of: Years of publication: e.g. deal with literature published between 1960 and 2000. Geographical: e.g. research done in North America only Language(s) of materials, e.g. only works in English Aspects of a topic: e.g. historical; particular schools or traditions of diseases, scholarship etc Type(s) of materials, e.g. Amcas? books, articles, essays, theses, online resources. Make a statement in the Introduction as to what limitations you are placing on the literature you are surveying. What is the scope of the literature review?
What types of publications are you using? See further below under VIII Structure . The objectives in doing a review of literature and its accompanying annotated bibliography include the following: To choose and evaluate current literature, print and electronic, relevant to your topic. To synthesize and evaluate it according to the guiding concept you have determined. To demonstrate the quality of your own research. What Is A? To provide additional information or background material for your reader.
To explore the topic as the basis for further reading or preparation for research. To give your research historical perspective or context. To place your project into the context of established work in coursework amcas, the field. The purpose of the review of literature is not merely to know what literature exists, but to provide an informed evaluation of that literature. To achieve both purposes, two methodological skills are required: Information Literacy : the ability to locate relevant literature (books, articles, essays, theses, or electronic resources) using efficient information seeking skills. How good are your information seeking skills? Has your search been wide enough to essay on incurable diseases, ensure you have found all the relevant material?
Has it been narrow enough to coursework amcas, exclude irrelevant material? Is the for my masters number of sources you have used appropriate for the length of your summative exercise? Is there a specific relationship between the literature you have chosen to review and future amcas the topic you have chosen? If you need assistance in this area make an is a dissertation appointment to talk to a reference librarian (Tom Power or Elsie Del Bianco) at the Graham Library (416-978-2653). Critical Evaluation : the future coursework amcas ability to apply evaluative criteria in order to identify those works which are central to your topic. For My Masters Thesis? The rest of this guide addresses this area.
IV Evaluation of Books/Articles/Essays. A number of key questions need to be asked the answers to which will provide you with the material upon which your survey and/or annotations can be constructed. Coursework? Checkpoints indicate the potential answers to the questions. Why was the strengths of the of confederation book/article written? To: inform? For example: sequence of historical events, results of lengthy study persuade?
For example: to amcas, change or refute an established point of view give an overview? For example: textbooks, encyclopaedias. The purpose is usually presented in essay on education, the introduction. Who published the book? A university press? (University theses and dissertations are considered published by the university that granted the degree to the student who wrote it.) Commercial publisher? Professional Association, Institution, or Research Centre?
What can you tell about the book from the publisher? What theological tradition is the publisher in? Catholic, liberal, evangelical, reformed, or broad academic? Some journals have an inherent bias that will impact articles printed in them. Is the journal: liberal or conservative, centrist, feminist in stance? Can you determine what its orientation is? Examine the table of coursework, contents and/or headings to determine if the strengths and weaknesses articles book is organized in future, a logical and understandable manner. Do the contents indicate that the essay book contains the information you need?
How thoroughly does the material cover the topic? Is there added material such as appendices? Is the material organized, focused, and clearly presented? Is the argument or presentation understandable? Is this original research, a review of previous research, or an future coursework amcas informative piece? Table of contents Index Introduction/Preface Book reviews Reviews of the literature. Some topics require current information, while other subjects, value older material as well as current. If the topic is controversial and/or rapidly changing, it is important to choose recent materials. Older materials may be used for topics explored from a historical perspective. Examine the currency of the book/article; is it: up-to-date, out-of-date, or timeless? Is the author an expert in this field?
Is the author reliable? Where is the author employed? What else has he/she written? Preface of book Biographical sources in dissertation abstract, library (e.g. P. W. Carey J.T.
Lienhard, Biographical dictionary of future amcas, Christian theologians , 2000). Type of publisher. Sources of Information/Perspective/Bias. Where is the author getting information? What types of essay on incurable, research methods are used? What are the author's assumptions? From what perspective or school of thought is the author writing? How does the book/article fit into the big picture?
In what context is the book/article written? In what time period? Are there outside influences that are reflected in the book/article such as a particular theoretical framework or model (e.g. a feminist interpretation, post-liberal, denominational)? Has the author clearly and unambiguously formulated a problem/issue and established its significance? What are the strengths and weaknesses of the way the author has done so? Could the problem have been approached from another perspective? Has the future author evaluated the masters thesis literature relevant to the topic? Does the author include literature taking positions s/he does not agree with? Is the analysis accurate and relevant to coursework, the research question?
Are the conclusions validly based upon the evidence and analysis? Is the author objective, or is s/he merely 'proving' what s/he already believes? Have similar materials been published? How do they compare? How important is this publication for the subject? Scholarly works always contain a bibliography of the essay in america resources that were consulted. Coursework? Bibliographical references should be in sufficient quantity and be appropriate for the content. For My Masters Thesis? Determine: if a bibliography exists if the bibliography is short or long if the future amcas bibliography is selective or comprehensive, if the references are primary sources (e.g. journal articles) or only secondary sources (e.g. encyclopedias) if the references are contemporary to the book or much older, and if the citation style is essay and weaknesses of the clear and consistent. A well researched, well-written book/article is not going to future coursework, be helpful if it does not address the topic at hand. Is the book/article relevant to the current research project?
Ask, is essay strengths of the articles of confederation this book/article useful to me? If it is coursework amcas useful, does it: support an argument refute an essay on education argument provide wrong information that can be challenged or disagreed with cover the topic comprehensively, partially or is it an overview? How does the author structure his or her argument? Can you 'deconstruct' the flow of the argument to analyze if/where it breaks down? Is this a book/article that contributes to our understanding of the problem under study, and in future, what ways is it useful for practice?
What are the strengths and what abstract limitations? How does this book/article fit into future amcas, the thesis or question you are developing? For what type of reader is the author writing? Is the level of the book/article appropriate for your needs? Is the book/article intended for a scholarly or general audience? Introduction Level of language used Type of publication/publisher the material is found in. Are charts, graphs, maps, photographs, etc. used to essay diseases, illustrate concepts? Are the illustrations relevant? Are they clear and professional looking?
Do they enhance the text? To evaluate a web page (and determine if you want to use it for your research) look for: Why was the page created? Is the page organized and focused? Is it well designed? Is the coursework text well written? Are the links relevant and is a appropriate?
Are the links evaluated? Is the scope or purpose of the web page clearly stated? Is the document written for an academic audience? Are the sources for any factual information clearly listed? Is a bibliography or list of works cited provided? Can you verify citations from your own academic resources? Is the information free of spelling and future amcas grammatical errors? Distinguish between fact and opinion. On Education In America? Since web resources are rarely reviewed, the information provided should not be accepted at amcas face value. Is A Dissertation Abstract? Some web pages have an coursework inherent bias that will impact everything that appears on them. What is the theological orientation of the author or sponsor?
Is there objective analysis as opposed to mere expression of opinion? Is the information presented with a minimum of bias? Is there use of bibliographical references to other credible sources? The value of a web page is closely related to currency and timeliness. Essay Strengths And Weaknesses Of The Articles Of Confederation? When was it last revised? Are the coursework amcas links still viable? Is the date of creation of the by essay knowing michael polanyi page provided? Are the links in the document current (i.e. have not expired or moved)? Is the web page relevant to the current research project? A well-researched, well-written, page is not going to be helpful if it does not address the future amcas topic at hand. Ask, is this useful to me?
If it is useful, does it: support an being by essay knowing polanyi argument refute an argument provide wrong information that can be challenged or disagreed with productively What is the relative value of the website compared to the range of information resource (print and non-print) available on the topic? What is the provenance of the website? Does the page have an identifiable, respectable author? If not, the page must be used with caution. What is the institutional affiliation of the author? Does this imply a particular theological perspective? Who is responsible for the page? Is the author an expert in this field?
What else has he/she written or produced? How accurate is the provided information? Is the author of the document clearly stated? Are the credentials of the author(s) provided (i.e. position, education, occupation)? Is contact information (email address, phone number and mailing address) for future, the author provided? Do you believe this person is qualified to write on by essay michael, the given topic? (look at credentials, other publications he/she has written) Is there an editorial board or someone who verifies or checks the information?
Often a web page is coursework amcas not signed or a specific author is knowing michael polanyi not attributed to the document. If this is the case you should try to determine the credibility of the host or sponsoring organization of the web document. Future Coursework Amcas? If you can, answer the following: Is the sponsoring organization reputable? To what type of reader is the web page directed? Is the level appropriate for your needs? Is the page for: general readers, students, specialists or professionals, researchers or scholars? Does the page cover the strengths of the articles of confederation topic comprehensively, partially or is it an overview? Are the coursework amcas links relevant and is a abstract appropriate for this site? What do the links offer that is not easily available in future, other sources?
Are the links evaluated in any way? Are annotations included? Are the graphics clear in intent, relevant and professional looking? Do the graphics add to or enhance the content? Use the diseases Chicago A style for your annotations. Be careful with the order of elements within a citation: punctuation, spacing, indenting (each line except the first within citations, etc).
Use the format outlined in K.L. Turabian, A manual for writers of term papers, theses, and coursework amcas dissertations 7th ed. (Chicago, 2007). Annotations can vary in length depending on what you have to say but they should be concise (see examples below, X Examples of Annotations ). Just like print sources, information derived from the web as part of essay on commonwealth, your survey must be acknowledged. Although different style manuals may require different citation formats, most will include the following:
Author's last name, first name Title of document Title of future coursework amcas, complete work (if different from title of document) Document date (if known and if different from date accessed) Protocol and full address Date of access. The Chicago A style for electronic resources is as follows: using the Chicago Manual of Style to include Internet sources produces the following model: author's name (in normal order), document title, date of Internet publication, or other retrieval information (date of access), text division (if applicable). To document a file available for michael, viewing and downloading, provide the following information: author's name (if known); title of document (in quotation marks); title of complete work (if applicable), in coursework amcas, italics or underlined; date of essay strengths of the, publication or last revision (if known; otherwise use n.d.); URL in angle brackets; date of access (in parentheses). Example: Leslie R. Shade, Gender Issues in Computer Networking, 1993, http://www.mit.edu:8001/people/sorokin/women/lrs.html(28 May 1996). Provide the following information: author's name (if known); author's email address (in angle brackets); subject line from future coursework amcas, posting (in quotation marks); date of publication; for emails: type of communication (personal, distribution list), or for listserv, address of the listserv (in angle brackets); date of access (in parentheses). To document a file that can be retrieved from a list serve or web address, provide the following information after the publication date: address of listserv (in angle brackets); address or URL for list's archive (preceded by via and enclosed ion angle brackets); date of on education in america, access (in parentheses). Example (Email): Danny Robinette, firstname.lastname@example.orgEpiphany Project, 30 April 2000, personal email (29 May 2000). Example (Listserv): Victor Parette, email@example.com On Expectations of Class Participation, 27 May 2000 (29 May, 2000).
Example (Listserv Archive): Nick Carbone, firstname.lastname@example.orgNN 960126: Follow-up to Don's Comments about Citing URLs, 26 January 1996, email@example.com http://www.ttu.edu/lists/acw-l(17 February 1996). Bibliography entries differ from footnote/endnote references in the following ways: authors' names are inverted; elements of entries are separated by amcas, periods; the first line of each entry is aligned with the in america left margin, and coursework subsequent lines are indented three or four spaces. If your paper is double-spaced, double-space the bibliography as well. Example: Hoemann, George H. Electronic Style-Elements of by essay knowing michael, Citation. Future Coursework Amcas? Electronic Style Page. 3 November 1995. http://funnelweb.utcc.utk.edu/ hoemann/style.html (29 May 1996). You will already have established a preliminary structure resulting from essay games, your introductory considerations (see above I Introduction ). When composing and writing your literature review and annotated bibliographies certain structural considerations are worth noting: Your review should be organized into practical sections that present themes or identify trends. Your review must be a conceptually organized synthesis of the results of coursework amcas, your search. It must organize information and relate it to the thesis or research question you are developing synthesize results into a summary of what is and isn't known identify controversy when it appears in the literature develop questions for what is a dissertation abstract, further research.
IX Examples of Surveys of Literature. Waldman, Nahum M. The recent study of Hebrew: a survey of the amcas literature with selected bibliography . Cincinnati: Eisenbrauns, 1989. Strengths Articles Of Confederation? Oesterley, W. O. E. Coursework? A short survey of the literature of essay on commonwealth games, rabbinical and mediæval Judaism . Amcas? London : Society for on commonwealth games, Promoting Christian Knowledge, 1920. Hahn, Herbert Ferdinand. The Old Testament in modern research. With a survey of recent literature . Philadelphia: Fortress Press . Survey of current literature on the Christian mission and Christianity in the non-Western world [microform].No. 1 (1982)- Aberdeen: Scottish Institute of Missionary Studies, 1982-. Runia, David T. Philo in early Christian literature : a survey . Minneapolis: Fortress Press,1993. The content of the annotations can be varied from amcas, summative to evaluative or a mixture of strengths and weaknesses of the of confederation, both, however, at this level they will normally be evaluative. An annotation that is purely a summary is merely a summary of the source.
A descriptive annotation defines the scope of the source, lists the significant topics included, and future tells what the source is about. In the evaluative annotation you assess the source's strengths and weaknesses. You assess why the source is dissertation abstract interesting or helpful, or why it is not. In doing this you should list what kind of and how much information is given; in short, evaluate the source's usefulness, critically stating its place in the field in relation the topic you have chosen. Most annotations are a combination of these approaches with one or two sentences summarizing or describing content and one or two sentences providing an evaluation. In terms of writing style used in the annotations the key factor is future coursework amcas brevity, whether you are writing in phrases, paragraphs, or complete sentences. Essay? Omit anything that is apparent in the title, background materials and references to previous work by the same author. You are recommended to amcas, use full sentences in your annotations. Although the length of sentences may vary, avoid long and complex sentences.
Paragraph length is expected, and essay they should be full and coherent. Sample annotations on the topic of New Testament theology follow below: Goppelt, L. Future? A Theology of the New Testament . 2 vols. Michael Polanyi? Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1981, 1982. The first volume includes a great deal of material on coursework, the history of and essay methods of the discipline of biblical theology. Goppelt is especially insightful when he treats salvation history. Future? Not as conservative as Ladd or Guthrie, Goppelt nevertheless is a thoughtful and careful student of Scripture, and strengths of the of confederation his work deserves wide circulation, even if many will find his approach to history unduly cautious and skeptical. Guthrie, D. New Testament Theology . Downers Grove: InterVarsity Press, 1981. More than twice as long as its closest rival (Ladd, above), this major study is distinctive for another reason: it is the only recent NT theology to organize its material in this way.
Guthrie selects a wide variety of themes and future coursework amcas topics and examines how each is treated in each corpus of the NT, and on education in america then concludes with summary syntheses. Kummel, W. G. The Theology of the New Testament according to its Major Witnesses: Jesus-Paul-John . Nashville: Abingdon, 1973. This book hews its own line and interacts very little with secondary literature. Future Coursework Amcas? Kummel is far more conservative than the two volume standard by Rudolf Bultmann, and very suggestive. The material is organized as in Ladd. Ladd, G. E. A Theology of the New Testament . Essay On Incurable Diseases? Grand Rapids: Eerdmans, 1974. This theology is coursework organized by presenting the major themes of each Biblical author/work. There is no attempt to being by essay michael, synthesize the material for the NT as a whole, and no comparison of themes from corpus to coursework amcas, corpus. Nevertheless, although some coverage is patchy (e.g. on being by essay michael, the theology of the cross), some is outstanding, especially Ladd's treatment kingdom and of salvation history. XI Examples of coursework amcas, Published Annotated Bibliographies. You may find it useful to what abstract, consult some published annotated bibliographies of which the following are a sample:
Joseph A. Amcas? Fitzmyer, An Introductory Bibliography for the Study of Scripture , 3rd ed. (Rome, 1990). Douglas Moo (ed.), An Annotated Bibliography on for my thesis, the Bible and the Church (Deerfield, Ill., 1986). Future Coursework? Mark A Powell, The Bible and Modern Literary Criticism: a Critical Assessment and Annotated Bibliography (New York, 1992). Mark Minor, Literary-Critical Approaches to the Bible: an Annotated Bibliography (West Cornwall, CT, 1992). Robert J. Kepple John R. Muether, Reference Works for by essay knowing michael, Theological Research: an coursework Annotated Selective Guide for thesis, Bibliographical Research (Lanham, MD, 1992).
Henry O. Future Amcas? Thompson, The Book of Amos: an Annotated Bibliography (Lanham, MD, 1997). Frank E. Sugeno, Episcopal and Anglican History: 1973-1975, an annotated bibliography. Historical Magazine of the Protestant Episcopal Church 46 (Mar., 1977), 115-148. XII Examples of Online Annotated Bibliographies. T. Power, Nov. 2012.
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Section 4 of the AMCAS® application: Course Work
Analysing Barack Obamas Election Victory Speech. Extracts from this document. ?Analysing Barack Obama?s Election Victory Speech Barack Obama is a very successful speaker, and uses a variety of methods to captivate the audience and make his message clear to future everyone. Being By Essay Knowing! From the introduction of the speech we can clearly see that the tone of the coursework amcas speech is inspirational. The speech is about change and reaching towards unity and a better future for America. As we can see from his opening sentence (?This election had many firsts and many stories that will be told for essay on incurable diseases, generations?), we see that Obama is clearly referring to the fact that he had made history by becoming the first black president. However, the way that he breezes past this achievement shows that he does not believe that believe this is an important fact. The reference to future coursework amcas the future shows he hopes that his achievements will be remembered in the future, not his race.
Very soon into the speech he uses an anecdote (?But one that?s on my mind tonight is being knowing michael polanyi, about a woman who cast her ballot in amcas Atlanta?) . Essay Diseases! read more. Tripling is future, very effective here and creates a sense of progression through the history of America. The use of the ?buses in Montgomery? is reminiscent of Martin Luther King?s Speech, and relates to a darker time in American history. He moves on to say how he will move on, emphasising the fact he wants to help America through the current economic dark time. On Education In America! Through the speech we see that Obama only uses simple connectives such as ?and?.
This is to coursework amcas keep the audiences interest and keep the main focus on the points he is trying to get across. Obama also keeps the audiences interest by having sentence length variation to create contrast in the speech and rhythm. Rhetorical questions are also used in the speech to incorporate the audience in the speech and force themselves to question themselves. ?What progress will we have made? is a very philosophical question and makes the diseases audience ask themselves too. In this rhetorical question, we also see one of the most important language techniques used by Obama; pronouns. . read more. These are not jerky hand movements, but slow ones which reassure the audience that what he is saying is true. During the speech, Obama speaks very clearly with enunciated words. This shows the audience he is well educated as well as being easy to understand.
The words he uses are quite simple and not overcomplicated. This is to ensure the audience?s interests to not waver and they are always on him. Obama has an extremely good rapport with the audience. Future! He directly acknowledges the audience by using ?we? a lot during the speech and constantly looking around. What Is A Dissertation Abstract! This includes the audience in his speech and makes them feel connected to him, as if he were a friend having a conversation with them. This is an effective way to create a rapport with the audience. This style is very impressive and future coursework amcas persuasive to the audience, since they already feel connected to Obama, so they are more likely to believe in his choices. In conclusion, Obama is a very good speech writer and essay on incurable diseases speaker, with many techniques to captivate the audience.
His speeches are moving, interesting, and future work very well on is a abstract, the general public. . read more. This student written piece of future amcas, work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Writing to Argue, Persuade and Advise section. What Is A Abstract! Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month. Join over 1.2 million students every month Accelerate your learning by 29% Unlimited access from just £6.99 per future, month. Related GCSE Writing to Argue, Persuade and Advise essays. Martin Luther King - Essay on his speech amp;quot;I have a dreamamp;quot; King also uses emotive language to encourage positive behaviour, he tells his audience not to 'seek to satisfy' their 'thrust for freedom by drinking from the thesis cup of bitterness and hatred'. Beyond the spoken aspects of King's speech, he uses non-verbal methods to increase the effectiveness of his speech. Amcas! Indira Gandhi, Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi fought hard for the reduction of poverty and the increase in India's standard of living. This was clear in her speeches and the way she addressed the public.
Throughout her life she fought hard for the reduction of diseases, poverty through speeches such as the coursework amcas green revolution until her death in 1984. Critical Responce On Obama's Speech Informing Osama Bin Laden Is Dead. By using a metaphor Obama builds a relationship with the audience because he has remembered this awful day and is sympathetic with the audience to essay on incurable diseases show he cares about the numerous amount of people who died, Obama feels that this American nation was broken on this day by these terrorist. Study of Spoken language - Comparison of speeches by Barrack Obama and Martin Luther . of future amcas, his language choice has on his audience?s, mine and others use. This is an what is a dissertation abstract intelligent idea, evoking the audience by future, adding personal reflections. For future use, I will most likely employ personal anecdotes into my own speeches, as it would further engage my audience. amp;quot;I have a dreamamp;quot;. In what ways does this extract/s show that Martin Luther . America being a very patriotic country, most Americans would know and believe very strongly in for my thesis the American Declaration of Independence. This therefore this has a very strong impact on the audience, as the ?American dream? is something very close to all American?s hearts. Comparison Of President Bush's RTE Interview And His Address To Congress. Support for this war was far from universal, with many anti-war protests around the world.
In Ireland and elsewhere there was much speculation about the evidence used to provide legal and diplomatic justification for the invasion, especially concerning weapons of mass destruction. of student written work Annotated by. experienced teachers Ideas and feedback to. improve your own work. Marked by Teachers, The Student Room and future Get Revising are all trading names of on incurable, The Student Room Group Ltd. TurnItIn the anti-plagiarism experts are also used by: Want to future read the rest? Sign up to on incurable diseases view the future coursework amcas whole essay and download the PDF for anytime access on your computer, tablet or smartphone. Start learning 29% faster today 150,000+ documents available Just £6.99 a month. Essay On Commonwealth! Looking for expert help with your English work?
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essays of coursework amcas, montagne Note on the e-text: this Renascence Editions text was provided by Professor Emeritus Ben R. Schneider, Lawrence University, Wisconsin. What Abstract. It is in the public domain. Florio's Translation of Montaigne's Essays was first published in 1603. In 'The World's Classics' the future coursework amcas first volume was published in strengths of the 1904, and reprinted in 1910 and 1924. Amcas. Additional material was supplied by Risa S. Bear from the Everyman's Library edition of 1910. Content unique to essay diseases this presentation is copyright 1999 The University of future, Oregon. For nonprofit and educational uses only.
Send comments and what is a abstract corrections to the Publisher, rbear[at]uoregon.edu. norable my best-best Benefactors, and most-honored. Ladies, Lucie, Countesse of Bedford; and hir best-most loved-loving Mother, Ladie Anne Harrington. trange it may seeme to some, whose seeming is mis-seeming, in one worthlesse patronage to future joyne two so severallie all-worthy Ladies. But to any in what is a dissertation the right, it would be judged wrong, to disjoyne them in amcas ought, who were neerer in kinde, then ever in for my thesis kindnesse. None dearer (dearest Ladies) I have seene, and coursework amcas all may say, to your Honorable husbands then you, to you then your Honorable husbands; and essay strengths and weaknesses of the of confederation then to other, then eyther is to th' other. So as were I to name but the one, I should surely intend the other: but intending this Dedication to future coursework two,I could not but name both. Dissertation Abstract. To my last Birth, which I held masculine, (as are all mens conceipts that are thier owne, though but by future coursework amcas their collecting; and this was to in america Montaigne like Bacchus, closed in, or loosed from his great Iupiters thigh) I the indulgent father invited two right Honorable Godfathers, with the One of your Noble Ladyshippes to amcas witnesse. So to this defective edition (since all translations are reputed femalls, delivered at second hand; and being by essay knowing michael polanyi I in this serve but as Vulcan, to hatchet this Minerva from that Iupiters bigge braine) I yet at least a fondling foster-father, having transported it from future coursework amcas France to strengths of the articles England ; put it in English clothes; taught it to talke our tongue (though many-times with a jerke of the future amcas French Iargon ) wouldset it forth to the best service I might; and to better I might not, then You that deserve the best. On Education. Yet hath it this above your other servants: it may not onely serve you two, to repeate in coursework amcas true English what you reade in fine French, but many thousands more, to what abstract tell them in their owne, what they would be taught in an other language. How nobly it is future coursework amcas, descended, let the father in the ninth Chapter of his third booke by letters testimoniall of the Romane Senate and Citty beare record: How rightly it is his, and his beloved, let him by his discourse in the eigh'th of his second, written to the Lady of Estissac (as if it were to you concerning your sweete heire, most motherly- affected Lady Harrington ) and by his acknowledgement in this first to all Readers give evidence, first that ir is de bonne foy, then more than that, c'est moy: how worthily qualified, embellished, furnished it is, let his faire-spoken, and fine-witted Daughter by alliance passe her verdict, which shee need not recant. Heere-hence to offer it into your service, let me for him but do and say, as he did for essay in america, his other-selfe, his peerlesse paire Steven de Boetie, in the 28. of the coursework amcas first, and thinke hee speakes to essay and weaknesses of the praise-surmounting Countesse of Bedford , what hee there speakes to the Lady of Grammont, Countesse of future coursework, Guissen: Since as his Maister-Poet saide, -----mutato nomine, de te.
Fabula narratur: -- Hor. Essay On Incurable Diseases. ser. lib. i. Sat. i. 69. Do you but change the name, Of you is saide the amcas same: So do hir attributes accord to on commonwealth games your demerites; wherof to runne a long-breathed careere, both so faire and large a field might envite mee, and my in-burning spirits would encite mee, if I were not held-in by your sweete reining hand ( who have ever helde this desire, sooner to exceede what you are thought, then be thought what you are not or should I not prejudice my premonstration your assured advantage, When your value shall come to the weighing. And yet what are you not that may excell? What weight would you not elevate in future coursework amcas truest ballance of being polanyi, best judgements? More to be followed by glorie, since you fly-it; which yet many good follow: Most to be praised, for refusing all praises; which yet will presse on vertue; will she, nill she.
In which matter of fame (and that exceeding good) wel may you (I doubt not) use the word, which my Authour heere (I feare) usurpeth: -----Viresque acquirit eundo. -- Virg. Æn. 1. Future. 4, 175. The further that she goeth, The more in strength she groweth: Since (as in essay the originall) if of his vertue or glory, more of future amcas, yours, his Arch-Poet might verifie. Ingrediturque solo, caput inter nubila condit: --- 177. She (great and and weaknesses good) on earth doth move, Yet veiles hir head in heaven above: But being by your limit-lesse moderation lockt in limits (who more desire, nothing may be said, than too much) though I can never say too much; as he of Carthage, so I of future amcas, your praise-worthinnesse, were better to being knowing michael polanyi say nothing, then too little.
For this in hand (if it may be so honored to kisse your Honors gracious hand) if any grace or good be either afforded to it, or deserved by it, all that by the father, foster-father, and all that are of kinne or kinde unto it, must be to your Honor, grace, and goodnesse imputed and ascribed. Future Coursework. For (that I may discharge me of essay on education in america, all this, and charge you with your owne; pardon Madame my plainenesse) when I with one Chapter found my selfe over-charged, whereto the coursework charge or choise of an Honorable person, and by essay on commonwealth games me not-to-be-denied Denefactor (Noble and vertuous Sir Edward Wotton ) had engaged me, (which I finished in your owne house) your Honor having dayned to read it, without pitty of my failing, my fainting, my labouring, my languishing, my gasping for some breath O could so Honourable, be so pitty-lesse? Madame, now doe I flatter you?) Yet commaunded me on: (and let me die outright, ere I doe not that commaund.) I say not you tooke pleasure at shore (as those in this Author) to future coursework amcas see me sea-tosst, wether-beaten, shippe-wrackt, almost drowned ( Mon. And Weaknesses Articles Of Confederation. lib. iii. c. Future. 1). Nor say I like this mans Indian King, you checkt with a sower-sterne countenance the yerneful complaint of of the articles of confederation, your drooping, neere-dying subject ( Lib. Coursework Amcas. iii, c. Games. 6). Nor say I (as he alleadgeth out of others) like an amcas ironically modest Virgin, you enduced, yea commaunded, yea delighted to see mee strive for life, yet fall out of breath ( Lib. ii. c. 23).
Unmercifull you were, but not so cruell. Dissertation Abstract. (Madame, now do I flatter you?) Yet this I may and must say, like in this French-mans report, our third in coursework amcas name, but fist and on education in america chiefe in fame, K. Edward, you would not succour your blacke, not sonne, but servaunt, but bade him fight and coursework amcas conquere, or die ( Lib. i. c. 41): Like the Spartane imperious Mother, a shield indeede you gave mee, but with this Word. Essay On Education In America. Aut cum hoc; aut in hoc ( Giou. Imp. Mar Pes. ). I must needes say while this was in dooing, to put and coursework amcas keep mee in hart like a captived Canniball fattend against essay in america, my death, you often cryed Coraggio, and called ca ca, and applauded as I passt, and if not set mee in, yet set mee on, even with a Syrens ô treslo¨able Ulisse ( Mont. li. Future Amcas. ii. c. 16). O Madame who then spake faire? As for mee, I onely say, as this mans embossed Hart out of hart ( Lib. ii. c. 11), I sweat, I wept, and I went-on, til now I stand at bay: howsoever, I hope that may yet save me, which from what abstract others strangles others, I meane the future amcas coller you have put about my neck with your inscription, Noli me cædere, nam sum Dianæ . Games. Yet nor can you denie, nor I desseble, how at first I pleaded this Authors tedious difficultie, my selfe-knowne insufficiencie, and coursework amcas other more leisurefull abilitie. But no excuse would serve him, that must serve without excuse. Little power had I to performe, but lesse to for my thesis refuse what you impos'de: for amcas, his length gave you time: for his hardnesse you advised help: my weaknesse you might bidde doe it's best: others strength you would not seeke-for-further. Yet did your honoured name r'ally to by essay knowing polanyi my succour the forces of two deare friends, both devoted to coursework your service, both obliged to your vertues: The one Maister Theodoro Diodati, as in name, so indeede Gods-gift to me, my bonus genius, and sent me as the essay good Angel to Raimond in Tasso ( Tas. Coursework. Gior. can.
7) for my assistant to combat this great Argante: Who as he is happy in you, and you in dissertation him, that like Aristotle to Alexander, he may in all good learning, and doeth with all industrious attention, instruct, direct, adorne that noble, hopefull, and much-promising spirit of your beloved brother and coursework house-heire Maister Iohn Harrington: So was he to me in this inextricable laberinth like Ariadnes threed: in on incurable diseases this rockie-rough Ocean, a guide- fish to the Whale; in these darke-uncouth wayes, a cleare relucent light. Future Coursework Amcas. Had not he beene, I had not bin able to wade through: and in america had he not dissolved these knottes, none had, few could. Future Coursework. The other (my onelie dearest and in love-sypathising friend, Maister Doctor Guinne, of whome I may justly say what my Authour saith of essay, his second-selfe Steven de Boetie ( Lib. i. c. Amcas. 27; Lib. iii. c. 9): for, he could not better pourtray him for him selfe, then he hath lively delineated him for me) willing to doe me ease, and as willing to doe your Honour service, as you know him a scholler (and pitty is it the World knowes not his worth better; for as the Prince of essay on incurable, Italian poets saide of Valerius Corvinus, Non so se migior Duce o Calliero ( Pet. triu. fam. cap. i ver. 99), so may I truely say of him. Non so se meglior Oratore e Poeta, o Philospho e Medico ). So Scholler-like did he undertake what Latine prose; Greeke, Latine, Italian or French Poesie should crosse my way (which as Bugge-beares affrighted my unacquaintance with them) to future coursework ridde them all afore me, and for and weaknesses of confederation, the most part drawne them from their dennes: Wherein what indefatigable paines he hath undergone, and how successefully overgone, I referre to your Honor, I remit to the learned; for, who but he could have quoted so divers Authors, and noted so severall places? So was hee to coursework amcas mee in this bundle of riddles an understanding Oedipus, in this perilous-crook't passage a monster-quelling Theseus or Hercules: With these two supporters of knowledge and friendship, if I upheld and essay on education armed have passt the pikes, the honor be all yours, since all by yours was done for your Honor. That all this is thus, the future reply of that friend upon my answer to your ho: invitation in a sonet of the like, (but not same) terminations may signifie and testifie to essay diseases all the world. Then let none say I flatter, when I forbeare not to tell all.
Yet more I must needs say, if Poets be inspired by their muse, if souldiers take corage by the eie or memory of their mistrisses (as both have made some long believe) having already said, as Petrark to future amcas his mistris, In questo stato son Donna ver vui, --- Petr. p. 1, son. 107. By you, or for you, Madame, thus am I. I now rather averre as the Lyricke to his Melpomene. Quod spiro, placeo, si placeo, tuum est. Essay Diseases. That I doe breath and please, if please I doe, It is your grace, such grace proceed's from coursework you. For, besides your owne inexplicable bounty first- mover of my good, La quale ritogli me peregrino errante, e fra gli scoglii e l'onde agitato, al furor do Fortuna, e benignamente guidi in porto di salute e pace ( Tasso Gior. can. i. st. 4), Your noblest Earles beneficence, fore-running all as farre in curtesie as pedegree, and bearing not onely in his heart or hand, but even in aspect and due respect the native magnanimity of Bedford, and magnificent francke-Nature of the RUSSELS, hath so kindly bedewed my earth when it was sunburnt, so gently thawed it when it was frost-bound, as (were there anie good in me) I were more sencelesse then earth, if I returned not some fruite in essay on commonwealth good measure. this may be thought too much for no better a deserver than I am: Yet more must I acknowledge joyned to amcas this: for as to all, that professe any learning, do you (but small) steade therein, you and on education your husbands hand (most bounteous Ladie Harrington ) have beene still open, your hospitable house, my retreate in coursework amcas storms, my reliefe in neede, Yea, your hearts ever enlarged: so for an instance, in doing wel by for my thesis me (the meanest) as if honorable father and mother with their noblest sonne and daughter should contend in that praise-worthy emulation of well doing, you seemed even to strive, who should excel each other, who should best entertaine, cherish and foster mee: And as if this river of benignitie did runne in a blood, your worthie Sonne in-law, and vertuous Daughter Chichester with like- sweete liquor have supplied my drie cisterns. So as to the name and house of Bedford and Harrington , without prophanenesse, let me vow but one worde of the Pastorall, ILLIUS ARAM, and with that word my selfe Your Honorable Ladiships in humble Hartie service, norable, Lucie Countesse of Bedford.
In one comprising all most priz'de of all, Whom Vertue hirs, and future coursework bounty hirs do call, Whose vertue honor, beauty love enflames, Whose value wonder writes, silence proclaimes, Though, as your owne, you know th'originall. Of this, whose grace must by translation fall; Yet since this, as your owne, your Honor claimes,
Yours be the honour; and if any good. Be done by being by essay michael polanyi it, we give all thanks and praise. For it to you, but who enough can give? Aye-honor'd be your Honorable Blood; Rise may your Honor, which your merites raise: Live may you long, your Honor you out-live. To the noble-minded Ladie, Anne Harrington. If Honours heart excelling all mens hearts, If bounties hand with all her beauteous parts, Poets, or Painters would to pourtray prove, Should they seeke earth below, or heav'n above,
Home, Court or Countrie, forraine moulds or marts, For Maister point, or modell of future amcas, their artes, For life, then here, they neede no further move: For Honour, Bountie, Love, when all is essay diseases, done, (Detract they not) what should they adde, or faine, But onely write, Lady A N N E H A R R I N G T O N.
Her picture lost, would Nature second her, She could not, or she must make her againe. So vowes he, that himselfe doth hers averre. Al mio amato Istruttore Mr. Giovanni Florio. Florio che fai?
Vai cosi ardito di Monte? Al monte piu scoscese che Parnasso, Ardente piu che Mingibello? Plino qui muore prima, che qui monte. Se'l Pegaso non hai, che cavi'l fonte, Ritirati dal preiglioso passo. L'hai fatto pur', andand' hor' alt' hor baffo: Ti so ben dir', tu sei Bellerophonte. Tre corpi di Chimera di Montagna. Hai trapassato, scosso, rinversato. Del' honorat' impres' anch' io mi glorio.
Premiar' to potess' io d'or' di Spagna, Di piu che Bianco-fior' saresti ornato. Ma del' hono' ti basti, che sei Florio. A reply upon Maister Florio's answere to the Lady of Bedfords. Invitation to future amcas this worke, in a Sonnet of like terminations. Anno.
1599. Thee to excite from Epileptic fits, Whose lethargie like frost benumming bindes. Obstupefying sence with sencelesse kindes, Attend the vertue of Minervas wittes; Colde sides are spurrd, hot muthes held-in with bittes; Say No, and grow more rude, then rudest hindes; Say No, and on commonwealth blow more rough, then roughest windes.
Who never shootes, the marke he never hitt's. To take such taske, a pleasure is no paine; Vertue and future Honor (which immortalize) Not stepdame Iuno (who would wish thee slaine) Calls thee to this thrice-honorable prize; Montaigne, no cragg'd Mountaine, but faire plaine. And who would resty rest, when SHEE bids rise? To my deere friend M. Iohn Florio, concerning his translation of Montaigne. Bookes the amasse of humors, swolne with ease, The Griefe of on education, peace, the maladie of coursework amcas, rest, So stuffe the world, falne into strengths articles of confederation, this disease,
As it receives more than it can digest: And doe so evercharge, as they confound. The apetite of skill with idle store: There being no end of words, nor any bound. Set to conceipt, the Ocean without shore. As if man labor'd with himself to be. As infinite in words, as in intents,
And draws his manifold incertaintie. In ev'ry figure, passion represents; That these innumerable visages, And strange shapes of opinions and discourse. Shadowed in leaves, may be the witnesses. Rather of future, our defects, then of our force. And this proud frame of our presumption,
This Babel of our skill, this Towre of wit, Seemes onely chekt with the confusion. Of our mistakings, that dissolveth it. And well may make us of on education in america, our knowledge doubt, Seeing what uncertainties we build upon, To be as weake within booke or without; Or els that truth hath other shapes then one. But yet although we labor with this store. And with the future presse of writings seeme opprest, And have too many bookes, yet want we more, Feeling great dearth and scarsenesse of the best;
Which cast in games choiser shapes have bin produc'd, To give the coursework best proportions to the minde. To our confusion, and games have introduc'd. The likeliest images frailtie can finde. And wherein most the skill-desiring soule. Takes her delight, the future coursework best of all delight, And where her motions evenest come to essay games rowle. About this doubtful center of the right. Which to future amcas discover this great Potentate, This Prince Montaigne (if he be not more)
Hath more adventur'd of is a dissertation, his owne estate. Than ever man did of himselfe before: And hath made such bolde sallies out amcas upon. Custome, the mightie tyrant of the earth, In whose Seraglio of essay, subjection. We all seeme bred-up, from future coursework our tender birth;
As I admire his powres, and out of on commonwealth, love, Here at future coursework amcas his gate do stand, and glad I stand. So neere to him whom I do so much love, T'applaude his happie setling in dissertation abstract our land: And safe transpassage by his studious care. Who both of him and us doth merit much, Having as sumptuously, as he is future, rare. plac'd him in the best lodging of our speach. And made him now as free, as if borne here,
And as well ours as theirs, who may be proud. That he is is a abstract, theirs, though he he be every where. To have the franchise of his worth allow'd. It being the future coursework amcas portion of a happie Pen, Not to thesis b'invassal'd to one Monarchie, But dwells with all the better world of future coursework, men. Whose spirits are all of one communitie.
Whom neither Ocean, Desarts, Rockes nor Sands. Can keepe from th'intertraffique of the what minde, But that it vents her treasure in future all lands, And doth a most secure commercement finde. Wrap Excellencie up never so much, In Hierogliphicques, Ciphers, Caracters, And let her speake nver so strange a speach, Her Genius yet finds apt decipherers: And never was she borne to by essay knowing dye obscure, But guided by the Starres of future coursework, her owne grace, Makes her owne fortune, and on commonwealth games is aever sure.
In mans best hold, to amcas hold the strongest place. And let the abstract Critic say the future coursework worst he can, He cannot say but that Montaige yet, Yeeldes most rich pieces and extracts of man; Though in a troubled frame confus'dly set. Which yet h'is blest that he hath ever seene,
And therefore as a guest in on incurable diseases gratefulnesse, For the future coursework amcas great good the house yeelds him within. Might spare to essay taxe th'unapt convayances. But this breath hurts not, for both worke and frame, Whilst England English speakes, is of that store. And that choyse stuffe, as that without the amcas same. The richest librarie can be but poore. And they unblest who letters do professe. And have him not: whose owne fate beates their want. With more sound blowes, then Alcibiades.
Did his pedante that did Homer want. norable and all praise-worthie Ladies, Elizabeth Countesse of Rutland, and Ladie Penelope Rich.
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essay workers duel January/February 2010 Issue. Respecting Boundaries €” The Don€™ts of Dual Relationships. By Claudia J. Dewane, DEd, LCSW, BCD. Engaging in dual relationships is risky business for social workers. Read about the future amcas, boundaries you shouldn€™t cross. Social work is a profession that prides itself on essay strengths and weaknesses articles of confederation, the use of self, the future coursework amcas, person in the process (Mattison, 2000). As distinctive and positive as it is, this concept lends itself to developing secondary relationships. These relationships can include nonsexual and legitimate interactions, many of which are unplanned and inadvertent, yet still have ethical ramifications. Ethical issues related to professional boundaries are common and dissertation abstract complex. Similar to a Rubik€™s cube, the issue is multifaceted and rarely do all the future coursework amcas, sides line up correctly.
We should be concerned with dual relationships primarily because they can hurt clients but also because they can hurt the profession and social workers. Reversing a historical trend, the essay strengths of the articles, number of lawsuits filed against social workers has recently increased. A primary reason why clients sue is because they feel they have been exploited, and future coursework exploitation is at the core of the dual relationship issue. A debate has emerged in the social work field about dual relationships. On one side are those who support avoiding dual relationships at all costs.
On the other side are those who say these relationships are situationally and contextually determined. They argue that being too dogmatic about articles, avoiding dual relationships diminishes the amcas, essence and authenticity of social work. These two polarities represent deontological (categorical imperative) ethics and utilitarian (situational, or €śthe ends justify the essay in america, means€ť) ethics: absolutists vs. relativists. An absolutist believes that certain actions are ethically right or wrong and that certain values should always determine the moral course of coursework, action. A relativist believes that moral standards are personal, subjective, and situational.
The morality of a decision is measured by strengths the goodness of the outcome. The deontological view focuses on future amcas, process; the utilitarian view emphasizes outcome. This is a case example from the National Association of Social Workers (NASW): An oncology client with a terminal diagnosis, widowed six months earlier, is unemployed and on commonwealth has a 5-year-old daughter for whom she feels incapable of providing good care. She has no next of future coursework amcas, kin, so she has decided to relinquish her daughter for adoption. The client notices that her social worker is good with her child. The client also overhears the social worker talking about her plans to try to adopt a child. The client asks the social worker if she would consider being the adoptive parent for her daughter. An absolutist might argue that there should be no blurring of roles because there is a foreseeable risk of by essay knowing, exploitation.
A relativist might argue that it is a win-win situation. In this context, the mother would feel relief, the child would have a good home, and the social worker could adopt as desired. The decision is measured by the goodness of the outcome for the most people. The social work Code of Ethics stipulates that if a dual relationship is exploitative, whether it begins before, during, or after a professional relationship, it should be avoided. There is future amcas, room for interpretation, and many of the dual relationships social workers encounter are much more subtle than the for my masters thesis, egregious exploitation of a sexual relationship: developing a friendship with a client, participating in social activities with clients, belonging to the same social advocacy group as a client, accepting goods instead of money, sharing religious beliefs, counseling a friend. What€™s Right or Wrong With Dual Relationships? The potential for exploitation or harm to future amcas a client is masters thesis, what makes dual relationships insidious. Dating, bartering, and entering into coursework amcas business arrangements with clients represent examples of on education, situations that are best avoided.
But are these situations always wrong? Often they are inevitable, especially when the social worker is in private practice or practices in a rural setting or a denominational agency. In a small community, same sex social activities are limited and thus may be attended by both client and worker. The incidental occurrence of boundary crossings may be unavoidable. And there may be therapeutic reasons for crossing the professional boundaries, too, such as eating a meal in future a family-based treatment visit or attending the funeral of a hospice patient. Freud (2002a) has written about the is a, inadequacy of the Code of Ethics in addressing dual relationships.
In fact, she prefers calling them consecutive or concurrent relationships, arguing that the future coursework, contexts in which dilemmas arise do not easily fit into the guidelines of the for my thesis, code. She agrees that there is a need for clear boundaries for the following three reasons: 1. Protection of the therapeutic process: The professional relationship is a fiduciary one. Future Amcas. It is not a friendship and even minor boundary transgressions can give a mixed message; a boundary symbolizes limits of a professional transaction. 2. Protection of dissertation, clients from exploitation: Clients are vulnerable, and social workers are entrusted to protect them from more harm. 3. Protection of social workers from liability: The previous discussion of malpractice suits attests to this need. However, Freud also asserts that maintaining the amcas, rigid power hierarchy of essay, professional-client relationship adds to distancing and reduces authenticity. €śThere may even be instances when purposeful cultivation of dual relationships may be necessary for successful entry, professional legitimacy, and knowledgeable intervention€ť (p. Future Coursework Amcas. 486).
She objects to knowing the concept of perpetuity, the future coursework, belief that once someone is a client, he or she is by essay knowing polanyi, always a client, meaning a social worker should never have any relationship with a former client. She refers to the American Psychological Association, which provides the following specific contextual factors when deciding whether a dual relationship is appropriate: €˘ the amount of time that has passed since the professional relationship; €˘ the nature, duration, and intensity of the professional relationship; €˘ the circumstance of termination; €˘ the client€™s history and vulnerability; €˘ the client€™s current mental status; and. €˘ the likelihood of an adverse impact on future amcas, the client.
It could be argued that these criteria provide a loophole for retrospective rationalization for essay on commonwealth games impaired objectivity. Future Coursework Amcas. But does this trend toward legitimization serve only to rationalize poor judgment (Johner, 2006)? Reamer (2000) indicates that social workers€™ emphasis should not necessarily be on avoiding dual relationships at games, all costs but instead managing risk. In some cases, risk management may call for avoidance. The distinction between crossings and excursions may lie in the difference between inadvertent and deliberate. A blurring may occur unexpectedly when you see a client in the grocery store and he or she introduces you to family members. An excursion, however, may be more deliberate, as when you serve as an evaluator for coursework amcas an adoption to what is a someone you know. Rural communities often have a limited pool of future, healthcare and mental health providers. In rural or small towns, the possibility of essay and weaknesses of the articles of confederation, simultaneous personal and professional involvement is high if not inevitable (Brownlee, 1996). The relative isolation of the area, distinct community and cultural norms, and limited resources and options all contribute to coursework amcas the high possibility of in america, secondary relationships (Roberts, Battaglia, Epstein, 1999). If there is no other referral source, is it better to leave the need unmet or provide the future, service?
This is a case example from the NASW: A rural social worker who provides clinical services at a nursing home has agreed to strengths and weaknesses of the assume medical power of attorney for a number of patients who have no other appropriate resources. The social worker differentiates the roles, never providing counseling to the patients for whom he has the fiduciary role and responsibility. One effect is that clients to whom he provides counseling can never have the opportunity to select him as their legal representative, and clients for coursework whom he has power of for my, attorney cannot receive clinical services. Another example is future coursework amcas, if a social worker attends the essay on commonwealth games, same 12-step group as a client. Should the future, social worker limit his or her involvement in on education in america the group? Social workers have an future obligation to their clients but also to their own well-being (Rothman Sager, 1998).
Possible courses of action in such a situation include the following: €˘ Assuming an absolutist stance, the social worker may decide to go to on education in america a meeting where clients are unlikely to future amcas attend. €˘ The social worker may make the best of an awkward situation, stay at the meeting, and be selective about what experiences to share, maintaining some boundary with the client. For My Thesis. But while the social worker may be modeling the importance of attending meetings for future amcas the client, he or she may be deprived of a full personal experience. €˘ The social worker may decide to participate fully, which is by essay knowing michael, a risk he or she may feel comfortable managing. Any option is acceptable provided they are given thoughtful analysis and future coursework amcas the social worker can justify his or her decision based on foreseeable risk. Reamer (2001) proposes a typology of the following five categories of dual relationships in essay on commonwealth social work: 1. Coursework Amcas. Intimacy: Not all physical contact is sexual, such as holding the hand of a patient in hospice.
What about intimate gestures such as sending a card? 2. Being By Essay Michael Polanyi. Personal benefit (monetary gain): Social workers should not borrow from or lend money to clients, but what about future, being named in a will or finding a house before it is essay strengths and weaknesses of the articles of confederation, offered on the market because a client is a realtor? How about accepting referrals from coursework amcas, current clients? Is the counselor using the of confederation, client for his or her own financial gain? What about bartering goods and services rather than money for social work services? I had a student who reported that her field instructor/supervisor was being €śpaid€ť for future coursework amcas her social work services by receiving massages from her client who was a masseuse. Freud contends that bartering can be an empowering equalizer, that the traditional distancing accepted in psychosocial counseling prohibits authenticity and on commonwealth keeps the client in a one-down position, as if they have nothing to give. Those with egalitarian practice perspectives may agree. 3. Emotional/dependency needs: Many of us are in the social work profession because we find it rewarding; it fills an emotional need. But when our needs interfere with a client€™s needs, we have violated a boundary, such as adopting a child you€™ve been working with.
For instance, I was aware of a case in which a social worker became involved sexually with a client while she (the social worker) was in a postpartum depression. 4. Unintentional/unplanned relationships: These accidental crossings, particularly in amcas small communities, are not inherently unethical but require skillful handling. Inadvertent situations€”meeting a client in the grocery store or at the gym, attending a family gathering and realizing your cousin€™s boyfriend is your client€”are the ones in which we try to minimize risk to masters the client. 5. Altruism: The most common reason we enter into dual relationships is because we want to future amcas help: A client asks you to purchase wrapping paper for on commonwealth games her daughter€™s school fund-raiser; you give a client your old computer because she needs it for her studies; a client needs a ride home. Coursework Amcas. Such good intentions can feel like a bribe, create dependency, or have detrimental symbolic meaning. Factors to consider when deciding whether to enter into essay articles a second relationship include the following: €˘ How will this secondary relationship change the power differential or take advantage of future coursework, a power differential in the therapeutic relationship? €˘ How long will this relationship last? Is it a one-time occurrence or expected to last indefinitely? €˘ How will ending one relationship affect the other relationship? €˘ How much will objectivity be impaired?
€˘ What is the risk of exploitation? Imagine different scenarios, hopefully with the help of a trusted colleague, and consider all the knowing michael, possible ramifications of changed relationships.. Cultural sensitivity may also influence the decision. Feminists use self-disclosure to equalize the power differential in a therapeutic relationship. Africentric approaches emphasize mutual aid that €śit takes a village€ť to future help. What Is A Dissertation. To not assume a neighborly style may inhibit the development of a trusting relationship. In contrast, some Latino cultures emphasize the concept of personalismo, or behavior that indicates partiality, in order to be considered trustworthy.
Contextual factors that have been addressed in the literature (Freud, 2002; Brownlee, 1996; Roberts, 1999) are as follows: €˘ Type of practice: Community organizing or a private clinical counseling? €˘ Setting: Family-based service or outpatient psychiatric setting? €˘ Level of community involvement: Is community involvement needed to gain access to a population? €˘ Client€™s sense of self: How vulnerable is the client? Is he or she likely to misinterpret behavior, or does he or she have a strong sense of self that could distinguish roles? €˘ Legality: Are there legal ramifications? €˘ Culture: Does this client€™s culture require more or less friendliness? €˘ Social worker€™s self: Is the future coursework, worker trying to fulfill some personal need? €˘ Available supervision: Is competent consultation available and used? Social work is a profession in which dual relationships are common because of the nature of the work and essay clients€™ vulnerability.
It is amcas, our responsibility to protect clients and demonstrate appropriate standards of care and boundaries. Handle each situation with the utmost professionalism. Seek consultation through professional organizations; support networks are even available electronically for those in remote areas. €” Claudia J. Dewane, DEd, LCSW, BCD, is senior lecturer at Temple University€™s Graduate School of Social Administration. She is the founder of Clinical Support Associates, providing supervision, consultation, and training to professional social workers. Dual relationships have been found to be more prevalent in rural areas (Brownlee, 1996; Roberts, 1999). Gottlieb (as cited in Brownlee) developed a model for analyzing the is a abstract, appropriateness of future coursework amcas, a dual relationship in rural settings that can be applied to most social work settings. Using the and weaknesses of the, critical dimensions of amcas, power, duration, and games termination, the model recommends that social workers do the following: €˘ Assess the current and coursework future relationship on the dimensions of power, duration, and termination. €˘ Determine the extent of role incompatibility. €˘ Seek consultation.
€˘ Discuss the games, decision with clients in terms of possible ramifications. If your assessment of power, duration, and termination are all in low range, then perhaps dual relationship is not prohibited. Future. If your assessment of two or three dimensions are in low-to-mid range, proceed cautiously. If any of the assessed dimensions are in the high range, it is best to avoid. Brownlee, K. (1996). Ethics in community mental health care: The ethics of non-sexual dual relationships: A dilemma for the rural mental health profession.
Community Mental Health Journal , 32(5), 497-503. Freud, S., Krug, S. (2002). Beyond the code of ethics, part I: Complexities of ethical decision making in social work practice. Families in Society , 83(5), 474-482. Freud, S., Krug, S. (2002a). Strengths And Weaknesses Of The Articles Of Confederation. Beyond the code of ethics, part II: Dual relationships revisited. Families in Society , 83(5), 483-492. Gottlieb, M. C. (1993). Coursework Amcas. Avoiding exploitative dual relationships: A decision-making model.
Psychotherapy , 30, 41-48. Johner, R. (2006). Dual relationship legitimization and essay strengths and weaknesses articles client self-determination. Amcas. Journal of Social Work Values and Ethics , 3(1) Mattison, M. (2000). Ethical decision-making: The person in the process. Essay On Incurable Diseases. Social Work , 45(3).
Reamer, F. G. Coursework Amcas. (2001). Tangled relationships: Managing boundary issues in the human services . New York: Columbia University Press. Ringstad, R. (2008). The ethics of dual relationships: Beliefs and behaviors of clinical practitioners. Families in Society , 89(1), 69-77. Roberts, L. Essay. W., Battaglia, J., Epstein, R. S. Future. (1999). Frontier ethics: Mental health care needs and ethical dilemmas in rural communities. Psychiatric Services , 50(4), 497-503. Rothman, J., Sager, J. Thesis. (1998).
From the front lines: Student cases in social work ethics. Allyn and Bacon.