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Barack Obama Essay Paper - iyereenray | Justice Delayed Is Justice
Cake Inc: Tips for Writing a Business Plan. Favorited Add to Favorites. Term On Barack Obama? You#8217;ve baked dozens of beautiful cakes and cupcakes for friends and how do we write an argumentative family that were met with rave reviews, you#8217;ve saved up a whack of cash and you#8217;ve been dreaming of on barack obama, taking your love of essay, baking, cake decorating and design to the next level #8212; but how do you dive in? First of term, all, you#8217;ll definitely want to start by writing a business plan. A business plan is an exercise in helping you work through every last detail of opening your cake business. How Do Essay? It helps you flesh out exactly what your business will be, what it will look like, who your customers will be and what everything will cost.
It is also an essential part of applying for term obama business loans from investors or banks. Yes, you can bake a mean red velvet cupcake and you#8217;ve got a secret sugar flower up your sleeve, but take precautions and be smart about starting your cake business and you might just see your profits multiplying like mini cupcakes! Before you even think about siddhartha self discovery essay, opening your doors, offer a top quality product. Cake shops are a dime a dozen, yet new businesses are constantly opening all over the world. The macaron, the papers obama, doughnut, the cronut, the cronut hole #8212; nothing has been able to touch the a mockingbird characterization essay, cupcake empire#8217;s blob-like sprawl of shops worldwide. I think it#8217;s because no other pastry says party time quite like an individual pink-frosted mini cake with rainbow sprinkles. Since there are oodles of cupcake bakeries out there, this makes it crucial to start with one thing: an exceptional product. If you#8217;re just trying to make a quick buck by tossing together some cake mixes and papers premade icing, you may lure in to kill a mockingbird characterization, one customer but you won#8217;t create a loyal following that will keep coming back. Pride yourself on becoming the best baker you can be, and term truly stand behind your product as delicious. If you have a good product, that#8217;s half the battle.
Once you have a great product you can stand behind, write your business plan. Here#8217;s an overview what your business plan should include: 1. What exactly are you offering? What is your product? Your product is mfa computer art thesis, your business. Term Obama? Knowing your product will help answer the subsequent question of what does your business look like. Describe what you are going to offer your clients and does a thesis statement look how it is term papers, unique. Include adjectives or descriptions for what you want your business to discovery be. For example, perhaps you want to be a modern, chic cake business catering to a high-end clientele, or you want to start a cottage industry cake business from your home and offer rustic homemade cakes for obama birthday parties.
Write it all out! This will help distill your vision and strengthen your eventual brand. Photo via Coco Cake Land. Chances are there are several if not dozens of bakeries in your hometown. Do some research on how do we write an argumentative their pricing, customer base, cake flavors, look, feel and design of their businesses #8212; not to papers on barack copy them, but to see what#8217;s out there. Who will your target market be? Try creating a marketing survey that can help answer your questions. Send your survey out to friends, family and ask them to discovery essay pass it along to their network, as well. You will want to papers obama include all of this information in your business plan. It will also help you figure out who you want your clientele to be.
By knowing your market, you#8217;ll be able to nature figure out what your customers want and how you#8217;re able to give it to them. 4. Term Obama? Be realistic about your budget and figure out your costs. What will you need to college boot camp open a bakery or cake business? Create a budget for your business. Be realistic with your numbers. You#8217;re doing yourself the on barack obama, best favor by being detailed with your expenses and realistic with your revenue. Characterization Essay? Anticipate all the details/roadblocks before you run into them. Don#8217;t simply go to on barack obama the most popular cupcake chain and think, #8220;oh, they are charging this and making this much a month #8212; I#8217;ll be doing the same.#8221; Remember you are just starting. Think about what a realistic amount of money you can make in mfa computer, a month.
What#8217;s your best-case scenario? What#8217;s your worst-case scenario? What#8217;s your contingency plan (extra money squirreled away if things get rough)? If your budget and numbers work and you can be profitable in your worst-case scenario, it#8217;s a good indication that you#8217;ll be able to be successful. Think about what you will need down to every detail. Term Papers Obama? Things you will likely need: a commercial space to lease; commercial oven; refrigerators; countertops; workspaces; lighting; flooring; seating; etc. Nature? You may need to hire contractors and people to help install equipment, plumbing, and lighting. You#8217;ll need a logo for your business, signage for your shop, you#8217;ll need a cake web site and you may need to hire staff. You#8217;ll need cake boxes, cupcake liners, cake boards and all the perishable supplies needed to create cakes such as butter, cream, and eggs. Obama? Before you sign the lease, figure out what your monthly costs will be and ensure you#8217;ll be able to make all of that back!
5. Have a good plan for marketing and promotion. Essay? Don#8217;t underestimate the need for getting your name out there. Put some time and money toward marketing yourself! If a tree falls in the woods and nobody hears it#8230; Like any successful business, you#8217;ll need to work your butt off for term papers on barack a good long while to achieve success. We Write Essay? Put your nose to the mixer beaters and get ready for carpal tunnel piping wrist syndrome — you#8217;re about to jump in to what can be a very exciting, exhausting (but fun!) ride. Don#8217;t forget about the importance of your social media presence, either a successful online presence can translate to a successful cake business. Thanks for mentioning this valuable insight!
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Essay Sample On Presidency Of Barack Obama
Frequently Asked Questions for Cisco IP Communicator. View with Adobe Reader on on barack, a variety of a mockingbird characterization devices. Frequently Asked Questions. What is papers, Cisco IP Communicator? Cisco IP Communicator is look like, a desktop application that turns your computer into a full-featured Cisco Unified IP Phone, allowing you to papers on barack obama, place, receive, and college essay camp, otherwise handle calls from on barack, any location where you can connect to the corporate network. For example, if you are on a business trip, you can use your IP Communicator to receive calls and to kill a mockingbird, check voice messages while you are online. Or, if you are working from home, coworkers can reach you by papers on barack obama dialing your work number. Cisco IP Communicator works like a traditional telephone, allowing you to place and receive phone calls, put calls on hold, speed-dial numbers, transfer calls, and so on. Siddhartha Discovery. IP Communicator also supports special telephony features (such as Call Park and Meet-Me conferencing) that can extend and customize your call-handling capabilities. IP Communicator also works with Cisco Unified Video Advantage to enhance your communications with video. The operation of your IP Communicator and papers obama, the features available to you may vary, depending on the call processing agent used by your company and the configuration of your phone system.
Contact your support desk or system administrator for human essay, more information. What are the features of Cisco IP Communicator? In addition to call-handling features, Cisco IP Communicator includes: Audio Tuning wizard Quick Search directory dialing Easy access to term papers obama, your Cisco Unified CM User Options web pages and what a thesis, phone services Comprehensive online help system Changing the appearance of papers obama IP Communicator Drag-and-drop dialing Cut-and-paste dialing Pop-up incoming call notification Alphanumeric dialing Keyboard shortcuts Video support with Cisco Unified Video Advantage Release 2.1.1. How can I change the settings on how do we write an argumentative, my IP Communicator? You can change your IP Communicator settings in the following places. Most settings are accessible by choosing Preferences from the menu. You access the term, menu from the menu icon in how do we write, the window control button bar, by right-clicking anywhere on the interface, or by pressing Shift + F10 . Ring sounds and background image settings are available from the Settings button User Preferences.
Some settings are accessed online from your User Options web pages. Phone lines and intercom lines (line buttons) Speed-dial numbers (speed-dial buttons, including the Busy Line Field (BLF) speed-dial feature) Web-based services (for example, a Personal Address Book button) Call features (for example, a Privacy, Hold, or Transfer button) Buttons light up to indicate status: Green, steady-Active call or two-way intercom call. Green, flashing-Held call. Amber, steady-Privacy in use, one-way intercom call, or Do Not Disturb (DND) active.
Amber, flashing-Incoming call or reverting call. Red, steady-Remote line in use (shared line or BLF status) You can convert extra line buttons into term papers on barack, speed-dial buttons. How do I answer a call? You can answer a call by using the following methods if they are available at your workstation: Answer with a USB handset Answer with a headset Answer with the speakerphone Press a hotkey Switch from a connected call to answer a new call Send a call to a voice message system Use AutoAnswer Answer a priority call (Skinny Client Control Protocol (SCCP) phones only) Answer a call on statement look, your mobile phone or other remote destination. How do I answer calls automatically? When AutoAnswer is papers, enabled, your phone answers incoming calls automatically after a few rings.
Your system administrator configures AutoAnswer to use either the speakerphone or a headset. Essay. You might use AutoAnswer if you receive a high volume of incoming calls. AutoAnswer is disabled when the Do Not Disturb feature is term obama, active. How do I answer calls using a hotkey? You can enable this optional feature by clicking the Enable answer hotkey checkbox in the User Preferences screen. Your system administrator will determine which hotkey to use. How do I answer a call that is waiting? How do I use my phone to answer a call that is does a thesis, ringing elsewhere? Click an available line button and PickUp . Term Obama. The call now rings on your line. How do I put calls on hold?
Press Hold to place a call on hold. To resume the call, highlight it and exhibition, press Resume. When you put a call on hold, the Hold icon appears on the right in on barack, the call information area and the corresponding line button flashes green. When you place a call on hold with a shared line, the line button flashes green and the phone displays the Local Hold icon. Mfa Computer Exhibition. When another phone places a call on term on barack, hold, the line button flashes red and the phone displays the Remote Hold icon . How do I park a call? During a call, click Park (you might need to click the siddhartha self, more softkey first). This prompts IP Communicator to store the call. Note the call park number displayed on the phone screen and hang up. How do I retrieve a parked call? Enter the call park number from term obama, any Cisco IP Communicator or IP Phone in your network to college boot, connect to the call. How do I mute a call?
How do I switch calls? To switch between connected calls on one line, highlight the call that you want to switch to and press Resume . Term Obama. The active call is placed on hold and the selected call resumes. To switch between connected calls on different lines, press the green blinking line button for siddhartha self, the line that you are switching to. If a single call is holding on the line, the call automatically resumes. If multiple calls are holding, highlight the appropriate call and press Resume. Press Answer to term on barack, switch from a connected call to answer a ringing call. Any active call is placed on hold and the selected call resumes. How do I transfer a call to another number?
From an active call, press Transfer. Enter the target number. If your phone has on-hook transfer enabled, complete the transfer by hanging up. How do I transfer a call to a voice messaging system? How do I transfer two calls to connect with each other, without staying on to kill a mockingbird characterization essay, the line? Scroll to highlight any call on the line. Scroll to term obama, highlight the second call and press Select . With one of the selected calls highlighted, press DirTrfr (Direct Transfer). The two calls connect to each other and drop you from the call. If you want to stay on the line with the college essay, callers, use Join instead.
How do I forward a call? You can use call forwarding features to redirect incoming calls from your phone to another number. Your system administrator determines which call forwarding features are available to on barack, you: Unconditional call forwarding (Call Forward All); applies to all calls that you receive. Conditional call forwarding (Call Forward No Answer, Call Forward Busy, Call Forward No Coverage). How do I turn off call notifications? You can use the Do Not Disturb (DND) feature to what a thesis look like, turn off only the term papers obama, ringer on your phone or to turn off all audible and visual notifications of incoming calls. Your system administrator enables DND for what does a thesis statement look like, your phone. Press DND to toggle DND on papers on barack obama, and off. When DND is active, Do Not Disturb is active is displayed on the phone, the DND icon lights, and the ring tone is an argumentative essay, turned off.
How do I end a call? Hang up or press EndCall. How do I dial a call with IP Communicator? To place a call using a USB handset, pick up the handset and enter a number. To place a call using the term papers obama, speakerphone, press Speaker and enter a number. To place a call using a headset, press Headset and enter a number. Or, if Headset is lit, press New Call and enter a number. You can dial on-hook, without a dial tone (pre-dial).
To pre-dial, enter a number, and how do an argumentative essay, then go off-hook by lifting the term papers on barack, USB handset, tapping the number on the touchscreen, or pressing Dial , Speaker , or Headset. When you predial, your phone tries to anticipate the number you are dialing by displaying matching numbers (if available) from essay, your Placed Calls log. This is called Auto Dial. Papers On Barack. To call a number that is displayed with Auto Dial, press the human nature, number, or scroll to term papers, it and go off-hook. How do I redial a number? Press Redial to dial the last number that you dialed, or press the Navigation button (with the phone idle) to see your Placed Calls. How do I use my computer as a speakerphone? Make sure that the Speaker button is lit so that Cisco IP Communicator operates in what a thesis statement like, speakerphone mode. Unlike other modes, speakerphone mode provides echo suppression. You can toggle speakerphone mode on and off by clicking the Speaker button or by entering the keyboard shortcut Ctrl + P. By default, speakerphone mode is term papers on barack, active.
This means that many of the actions you take to place or answer a call (such as using a speed-dial button or a softkey) automatically trigger speakerphone mode. If you have an analog headset plugged in to the computer, you cannot hear audio through the computer speakers in does a thesis statement like, speakerphone mode. How do I switch to the speakerphone during a call? Click the Speaker button or the term papers obama, keyboard shortcut Ctrl + P. If you were using a USB handset before switching, hang it up. How do I use my computer speakers as a ringer for calls? Make sure that your sound card is nature, assigned to the ringer mode and that you have not muted the computer speaker. If you plug an analog headset into your computer, the ringer is audible only from the headset speakers. How can I use AutoAnswer in speakerphone mode? Click the on barack, Speaker button to place, answer, and end calls, to nature, open and on barack obama, close lines, and to switch from other audio devices to speakerphone mode. Because speakerphone mode is self, active by default, you do not need to keep the corresponding button lit as you do for headset mode.
How do I place another call on the same line while a call is active? How do I place another call on another line while a call is active? Press a line button for a new line. Term. The first call is automatically placed on hold. Enter a number. How do I speed dial a number? Click a speed-dial button before or after going off-hook.
Enter a speed dial index number (1-99 on college essay boot camp, the keypad) while on-hook, and click AbbrDial if you have Abbreviated Dialing set up in your User Options. Highlight an entry in your Personal Address Book (PAB), press Select and then press Fast Dial . You must have Fast Dial configured for your PAB. How do I dial from a call log? Choose Missed Calls , Received Calls ,or Placed Calls and tap the listing on the touchscreen. How do I dial from a corporate directory? Choose Corporate Directory (its name may vary). Term. Enter a name and press Search . Highlight a listing and go off-hook.
To dial from a corporate directory on your personal computer using Cisco WebDialer: Open a web browser and go to a WebDialer-enabled corporate directory. Click the number that you want to dial. How do I dial from a Personal Address Book (PAB)? Choose Personal Directory to sign in. Choose Personal Address Book and search for a listing. Can I use IP Communicator with my mobile phone? Perform the human essay, following steps to papers, make a call from a mobile phone using Mobile Voice Access:
Obtain your Mobile Voice Access number and PIN from your system administrator. Dial your assigned Mobile Voice Access number. Enter your mobile phone number (if requested) and PIN. Press 1 to make a call to an enterprise IP phone. Dial a desktop phone number other than your desktop phone number. How do I place an intercom call? If the intercom target is preconfigured, press an intercom target line and begin speaking after you hear the nature, intercom-alert tone. For other targets, press an term, intercom line. Essay. Enter the intercom target number or press a speed-dial number for your target.
After you hear the intercom-alert tone, begin speaking. How do I receive an intercom call? When you hear the term papers, intercom-alert tone, handle the does a thesis like, call in one of these ways: Listen to the message in one-way audio. Talk to the caller by pressing the active intercom line. Term On Barack. Highlight the how do an argumentative, intercom call and press End Call . How do I place a video call? To make a video call, you must meet these criteria:
You must have Cisco Unified Video Advantage installed on your system. Term Papers On Barack Obama. Your system must support Skinny Call Control Protocol (SCCP). Cisco IP Communicator must be enabled for video calls on the call-processing server. After video calls are enabled, your Cisco IP Communicator displays the video camera icon in the lower right corner of the human essay, of the phone screen. You must launch Cisco Unified Video Advantage before you initiate the video call.
The person you call must also meet these same criteria and use a device that is papers on barack obama, a video endpoint. To enable your phone for video calls, contact your system administrator for assistance and essay, see the term on barack obama, Cisco Unified Video Advantage User Guide: http://www.cisco.com/en/US/products/sw/voicesw/ps5662/products_user_guide _list.html. How do I create a conference call? From a connected call, press Confrn (Conference). (You may need to press the more softkey.) Enter the participant's phone number.
Wait for the call to connect. Press Confrn again to add the siddhartha discovery essay, participant to papers obama, your call. Repeat these steps to self, add additional participants. Your system administrator determines whether anyone other than the term papers, conference initiator can add or remove participants. How can I see a list of human nature essay conference participants? Press ConfList (Conference List). Participants are listed in the order in which they join the conference with the most recent additions at the top.The initiator of the term on barack, conference is art thesis exhibition, always listed at the bottom, with an term papers, asterisk(*) next to his or her name. Press Update to we write essay, refresh the term on barack obama, list of conference participants. How do I remove a participant from a conference?
While you are viewing the conference list, highlight the siddhartha self discovery essay, participant's name and press Remove. To drop the last participant that you added to the conference, press RMLstC (Remove Last Participant) while viewing the conference list. How do I verify that a conference call is secure? Look for the Authenticated Call or Encrypted Call icon after Conference on the phone screen. To verify that a participant is calling from a secure phone, look for the Authenticated Call or Encrypted Call icon beside the participant's name on the phone screen.
How do I join calls to create a conference? If the calls are on a single phone line: From an active call, highlight another call that you want to include in the conference and press Select . Repeat Step 1 for each call that you want to on barack, add. Press Join . (You may need to press the nature essay, more softkey to see Join .) If the calls are on multiple phone lines: From an active call, press Join . (You may need to press the term, more softkey to see Join .) Press the green flashing line button for the call(s) that you want to include in the conference. One of the following occurs:
The calls are joined. A window opens on your phone screen prompting you to select the call(s) that you want to join. Siddhartha Self Discovery Essay. Highlight the term obama, call(s) and mfa computer art thesis, press Select , and then press Join to complete the action. If your phone does not support Join for calls on multiple lines, transfer the calls to papers, a single line before using Join. How do I use Barge to create a conference? Press the human, line button for term, the shared line.
In some cases, you must highlight the call and press cBarge to art thesis exhibition, complete the term obama, action. How do I start a Meet-Me conference? Obtain a Meet-Me phone number from your system administrator. Distribute the what does statement look like, number to participants. When you are ready to start the meeting, go off-hook to papers, get a dial tone, and then press MeetMe . Dial the Meet-Me conference number. Participants can now join the conference by nature essay dialing in. Participants hear a busy tone if they call the term obama, conference before the initiator has joined. In this case, participants must call back. How do I join a Meet-Me conference? Dial the Meet-Me conference number (provided by the conference initiator).
You will hear a busy tone if you call the siddhartha self discovery essay, conference before the initiator has joined. Term Papers. In this case, try your call again. How do I end a Meet-Me conference? All participants must hang up. The conference does not automatically end when the mfa computer, conference initiator disconnects. How do I set up my voice messaging service?
Click the Messages button and follow the voice instructions. On Barack. If a menu appears on to kill a mockingbird, your phone screen, choose an appropriate menu item. How do I check for new voice messages? There are audible and visible indicators for new voice messages: An indicator light on your handset. (This indicator can vary.) A flashing envelope icon and text message on your phone screen. The indicator light and Message Waiting icon are displayed only when you have a message on your primary line, even if you receive voice messages on other lines.
A stutter tone from your headset or speaker when you place a call. The stutter tone is term on barack, line-specific. You hear it only college boot camp, when using the line with the waiting message. How do I listen to my voice messages or access the voice messages menu? Click the Messages button. Term On Barack Obama. Depending on your voice message service, doing so either autodials the message service or provides a menu on your phone screen. How do I send a call to my voice messaging system?
Click iDivert . The iDivert feature automatically transfers a call (including a ringing or held call) to your voice message system. Callers hear your voice message greeting and college camp, can leave you a message. How do I change the voice message indicator settings? Right-click and term papers on barack obama, select Cisco Unified CM User Options from the menu. College Camp. Sign in to papers, your Cisco Unified CM User Options web pages. Select your device. Click Line Settings , and exhibition, then make changes to the Message Waiting Lamp section. Typically, the term papers on barack obama, default policy is to light the a mockingbird, indicator when you receive a new voice message. What is the Audio Tuning wizard? The Audio Tuning wizard guides you through the process of selecting and tuning installed audio devices.
The Audio Tuning wizard automatically appears the first time that you launch Cisco IP Communicator after installation. Before you use the term papers on barack obama, Audio Tuning wizard to tune an audio device that has its own volume adjuster, such as a headset with inline volume controls, increase the device volume level to the highest setting. The Audio Tuning wizard gives you the opportunity to does a thesis statement like, select audio devices for audio modes or to term papers obama, use the default Windows audio device. Tuning a device is a different task from changing the volume setting for a call. Ideally, you tune each device only once and retune only boot, if you encounter voice quality issues. The Check Audio Settings window has appeared. What do I do? Choose one of these buttons: Revert - to re-instate previous settings for this audio device. Tune - to retune this device.
Skip - to maintain modified settings (for example, to keep the sound card muted) The Check Audio Settings window appears on subsequent launches if you modified (or muted) the papers, volume for a device since you last tuned it. For example, if you muted your computer sound card or changed the volume controls on a USB headset or USB handset. What are audio modes? You must assign one of the following audio mode s to art thesis exhibition, each audio device that you plan to use with Cisco IP Communicator:
Audio mode selection tells Cisco IP Communicator which audio devices you want to on barack obama, use for nature essay, audio input and output. By default, Cisco IP Communicator selects one audio device for all of your audio modes and for the ringer. Papers On Barack Obama. This device could be a sound card, for example. If you have multiple audio devices available, you have additional configuration options. For example, if you have a USB headset, you can select it for headset mode and activate it by clicking the Headset button. You can maintain the default configuration or customize it.
If you choose to customize the a mockingbird characterization essay, configuration, follow these recommendations: If you use a USB headset, assign it to headset mode. If you use an external USB speakerphone, assign it to speakerphone mode. If you use a USB handset, assign it to handset mode. If you use an analog headset, assign the term, computer sound card to headset mode. If you do not have an external speakerphone device, select the a thesis statement look like, computer sound card for speakerphone mode. Assign the term papers obama, ringer to art thesis, the device that you want to alert you when you receive a call. Be aware, however, that if you assign the ringer to a sound card and plug an analog headset into your computer, you cannot hear the papers, ringer unless you are wearing the headset. How do I use a headset with IP Communicator? Click the unlit Headset button.
Doing this activates the device you selected for this mode. If you want headset mode to be the default mode instead, click the unlit Headset button and click EndCall . Headset mode acts as the how do an argumentative, default audio mode as long as the Headset button remains lit (unless you have a USB handset enabled). How do I use a handset with IP Communicator? Go off-hook with your USB handset (assuming this device is available and is assigned to handset mode). The method you use to take a USB handset off-hook depends on how the term papers on barack, handset is does a thesis statement like, designed. You might need to press a hook-switch or an on button. How do I use my IP Communicator as a speakerphone? Click the Speaker button. Papers On Barack. Doing this activates the device you selected for this mode. By default, speakerphone mode is activated when you click softkeys, line buttons, and speed-dial buttons (unless you have a USB handset enabled).
How do I activate the ringer? The ringer becomes active when you receive an incoming call. How do I adjust the volume on what does statement look, my IP Communicator? To adjust the volume level during a call , click the term papers on barack obama, Volume button, or click the Page Up/Page Down keys on your keyboard during a call or after you hear a dial tone. Art Thesis Exhibition. Click Save to preserve the term papers, new volume as the default level for the currently active audio mode. To adjust the characterization, volume level for the ringer, click the Volume button while Cisco IP Communicator is on-hook (no calls or dial tone are active). The new ringer volume is papers obama, automatically saved.
How do I change the ringtone for what statement look like, a line? Click the Settings button and select User Preferences Rings . Papers Obama. Choose a phone line or the default ring setting. Choose a ring tone to essay, play a sample of it. Press Select and then press Save to set the term papers on barack obama, ring tone, or press Cancel . How do I change the what statement look, ring pattern? Right-click and select Cisco Unified CM User Options from the menu. Sign in to your Cisco Unified CM User Options web pages. Select your device. Click Line Settings , and then make selections from the term papers, Ring Settings section. If the problem is related to volume, first try to human essay, adjust the volume by clicking the Volume button on Cisco IP Communicator.
Try to determine if the source of the problem lies with your IP Communicator or with the remote phone by calling additional parties. If you suspect that the papers, problem lies wit h the other phone, adjust the essay, volume on IP Communicator, but avoid modifying settings through the Audio Tuning wizard because these modifications might not be broadly applicable. Your system administrator might ask you to term, enable logging to a mockingbird characterization essay, capt ure detailed information for troubleshooting purposes. If you are having trouble with volume levels, follow these guidelines: In the Audio Tuning wizard, adjust the master volume slider first. Papers On Barack Obama. Because this setting affects all applications that play sound, test the setting against art thesis, other applications (such as Microsoft Windows Media Player and RealPlayer) to ensure that volume levels are appropriate. In the Audio Tuning wizard, adjust the term on barack, wave volume slider to a comfortable level for phone calls after adjusting the master volume.
If you changed the volume settings from Microsoft Windows, run the college boot, Audio Tuning wizard again (according to term on barack obama, these guidelines) to retune the siddhartha self discovery, master and term papers on barack obama, wave volume settings. The other party sounds too loud. Try to adjust the volume by clicking the Volume button. Launch the human nature essay, Audio Tuning wizard, and adjust the papers obama, speaker volume for the current audio device. The other party reports that you sound too loud. If you are using a headset, move the microphone boom slightly away from your mouth and toward your chin. If the problem persists, launch the Audio Tuning wizard and self, decrease the microphone volume for term papers, the current audio device.
If you still sound too loud to the other party, from the Audio Tuning wizard, disable the Microphone Boost feature, if it is enabled for that device. The other party sounds too quiet. Try to adjust the volume by clicking the Volume button. Launch the Audio Tuning wizard, and adjust the essay camp, speaker volume for the current audio device. The other party reports that you sound too quiet. If you are using a headset, make sure that IP Communicator is operating in term obama, headset mode and human essay, not in speakerphone mode. Headset mode is term, operating if the Headset button is lit.
If it is unlit, click it. Make sure that the microphone boom is does a thesis statement like, positioned correctly if you are using a headset. If the problem persists, launch the Audio Tuning wizard, and increase the microphone volume for the current audio device. Before you tune an audio device that has its own volume adjustor, such as a USB headset with volume controls on the wire, increase the device volume level to the highest setting. If you still sound too quiet, enable the Microphone Boost feature for the audio device from the term obama, Audio Tuning wizard. The other party sounds muffled. If you are using IP Communicator remotely, enable Optimize for Low Bandwidth (right-click and art thesis, select Preferences , then click the term papers obama, Audio tab). If you are not using IP Communicator over a remote connection, disable the low-bandwidth option. Ask the other party to decrease the microphone volume, if possible.
The other party reports that you sound muffled. Launch the Audio Tuning wizard, and to kill characterization, adjust the microphone volume for term on barack obama, the current audio device. If you are not using IP Communicator over a remote connection, disable the low-bandwidth option. The other party sounds distant or unnatural. If you are using a headset, make sure that IP Communicator is operating in headset mode and not in speakerphone mode. (The Headset button should be lit.) The other party reports that you sound distant or unnatural. Enable Optimize for mfa computer exhibition, Low Bandwidth (right-click and select Preferences , then click the Audio tab). The voice of the other party is disrupted by unintended silences or sounds jittery. Try the following measures: Close any unnecessary applications.
Be aware that launching applications and performing network-intensive tasks such as sending email messages can affect audio quality. Verify that you are not on speakerphone. Try choosing a different audio setting; right-click and select Preferences , click the Audio tab, and click the Advanced button. If you are using IP Communicator over a remote connection (for example, on a VPN connection from home or a hotel), voice quality is papers on barack, probably suffering from how do essay, insufficient bandwidth. Enable the Optimize for Low Bandwidth feature (right-click and select Preferences , then click the term, Audio tab).
Verify that your sound cards and audio drivers are correctly installed. You might hear occasional pops, clicks, or broken audio when the network experiences congestion or data traffic problems. Background noise is we write an argumentative, making it difficult to hear the voice of the speaker. Try the following measures: Ask the speaker to move to obama, a quieter location.
Enable noise suppression or increase the noise suppression aggressiveness level (right-click and select Preferences , click the Audio tab, and click the mfa computer art thesis exhibition, Advanced button). Noise suppression is applied to the microphone (input device) to prevent the transmission of noise to the remote end. If you are in obama, a conference call, ask other participants to mute their phones if they are not speaking. Try the following measures: Ask the other party to decrease the microphone or speaker volume, if possible. If the other party is to kill characterization essay, using Cisco IP Communicator as a speakerphone, ask him or her to make sure that the Speaker button is lit. Make sure that your sound card is not feeding back audio from the speaker to term papers, the microphone. Follow these steps: Adjust the volume ( Control Panel Sounds and Multimedia Audio tab). Click the Sound Playback Volume button. Choose Options Properties Playback , and make sure that all the check boxes in essay, the lower part of the window are selected, and then click OK.
In the papers on barack, Volume Control window, make sure that Mute is a thesis look, selected for term obama, the Microphone column. Some sound devices have multiple microphone inputs (for example, internal and external) that can pick up sound from the speaker device and introduce feedback. The other party hears echo. Try the following measures: Launch the to kill a mockingbird characterization essay, Audio Tuning wizard, and reduce the microphone volume for the current audio device. Term Obama. Make sure that Microphone Boost is does statement look, disabled. Then, confirm the on barack obama, new volume setting by calling another party. If you are using your computer as a speakerphone, keep the Speaker button lit. As a last resort, change your audio device.
If you are using a laptop with no headset or USB handset, all three modes are mapped to the sound card, which causes all three modes to to kill essay, act like speakerphones. Put the papers on barack obama, device in speakerphone mode. The other party cannot hear you at all (but you can hear the other party). Ensure that the following conditions have been met: You have not enabled Mute from college essay, controls on the headset wire or on term papers obama, the USB handset. Your speaker and microphone plugs are inserted into the correct audio jacks on your computer. No other application (such as a sound recorder or another software-based phone) is using your microphone. The other party can hear you, but you cannot hear any audio.
Try the following measures: Make sure that your speaker and microphone plugs are inserted into the correct audio jacks on your computer. Check the volume and mfa computer exhibition, mute settings of the system sound devices through the Control Panel. Check the volume setting of term papers on barack IP Communicator (both the Volume button and the Audio Tuning wizard). Simultaneous speaking fails. Make sure that you are using a full-duplex sound card. You cannot hear any audio, not even a dial tone. If you are using a docking station and your audio device is plugged into characterization essay, it, make sure that your computer is connected to the docking station. If you still cannot hear anything, restart IP Communicator. Voice quality is papers on barack obama, degraded when you use IP Communicator while Windows is starting up. Verify that Windows has completed its startup process and human essay, that no other applications are still loading before you use IP Communicator.
Voice quality is degraded when your workstation's memory is low. We recommend that IP Communicator operate with approximately 60MB of available physical memory. This amount is different from on barack obama, minimum required workstation memory as other applications will be consuming workstation memory. To reduce sound distortions based on low available RAM conditions, make sure that other applications- including the characterization, operating system-leave enough available memory for IP Communicator. If you are experiencing sound distortion, close some applications when you run IP Communicator or increase the RAM in your PC. Voice quality is degraded when using IP Communicator with other applications that consume available bandwidth. Minimize the term papers, use of applications that consume large amounts of bandwidth (for examples, applications that transfer large files, send or receive video, or perform screen-sharingoperations) while on an active call. Voice quality is degraded when you move your laptop. Some computer manufacturers have introduced a feature called HDD Protection, which prevents damage to the computer hard drive when the laptop is moved.
This feature may also temporarily affect applications that are currently running on siddhartha self discovery essay, the workstation. We recommend that you do not physically move a computer that is enabled with this feature while you are on an active call. CCDE, CCENT, CCSI, Cisco Eos, Cisco Explorer, Cisco HealthPresence, Cisco IronPort, the Cisco logo, Cisco Nurse Connect, Cisco Pulse, Cisco SensorBase, Cisco StackPower, Cisco StadiumVision, Cisco TelePresence, Cisco TrustSec, Cisco Unified Computing System, Cisco WebEx, DCE, Flip Channels, Flip for Good, Flip Mino, Flipshare (Design), Flip Ultra, Flip Video, Flip Video (Design), Instant Broadband, and Welcome to the Human Network are trademarks; Changing the term on barack, Way We Work, Live, Play, and Learn, Cisco Capital, Cisco Capital (Design), Cisco:Financed (Stylized), Cisco Store, Flip Gift Card, and One Million Acts of mfa computer art thesis Green are service marks; and Access Registrar, Aironet, AllTouch, AsyncOS, Bringing the Meeting To You, Catalyst, CCDA, CCDP, CCIE, CCIP, CCNA, CCNP, CCSP, CCVP, Cisco, the Cisco Certified Internetwork Expert logo, Cisco IOS, Cisco Lumin, Cisco Nexus, Cisco Press, Cisco Systems, Cisco Systems Capital, the Cisco Systems logo, Cisco Unity, Collaboration Without Limitation, Continuum, EtherFast, EtherSwitch, Event Center, Explorer, Follow Me Browsing, GainMaker, iLYNX, IOS, iPhone, IronPort, the term on barack, IronPort logo, Laser Link, LightStream, Linksys, MeetingPlace, MeetingPlace Chime Sound, MGX, Networkers, Networking Academy, PCNow, PIX, PowerKEY, PowerPanels, PowerTV, PowerTV (Design), PowerVu, Prisma, ProConnect, ROSA, SenderBase, SMARTnet, Spectrum Expert, StackWise, WebEx, and the WebEx logo are registered trademarks of Cisco and/or its affiliates in the United States and certain other countries. All other trademarks mentioned in a mockingbird characterization essay, this document or website are the property of their respective owners. The use of the word partner does not imply a partnership relationship between Cisco and any other company. Term On Barack Obama. (1002R)
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Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) The GMAT Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) consists of two, 30 minute components. One asks you to analyze an argument, and the other asks you to analyze an term on barack issue. These 2 essays can appear in either order when you take the college camp, GMAT. A Warning About Studying the Downloadable GMAT Essay Questions. The test writers at the GMAC have published two complete lists of current Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) questions. On Barack! You can download the analysis of an argument questions here and the analysis of an college essay boot camp issue questions here. A note of warning: Please understand that you do not want to spend the papers on barack, time it would take to practice responding to how do we write essay every one of these questions.
It is, however, a good and efficient preparation technique to papers on barack review the list and to think about how you would respond to a few selected questions. Your essays will most likely be graded by a teaching assistant or graduate student from a university English department. This evaluator will assign your essay a grade from 0 to 6. A computer program, called the E-rater, will then 'read' your essays and assign a grade as well. If there is a difference of more than one point between the two grades, a second human reader will grade your essay and college essay boot your score will be the average of the two humans' scores. This average will be rounded up if it falls between the half point intervals. The graders (both human and computer) look for overall evidence of the following 4 qualities in your essays: Critique of the argument or analysis of the issue Ideas developed in a rational, persuasive manner, with relevant examples supporting them Organization Proper grammar and syntax. Due to the economics involved in grading this test, graders are not given much time to spend on each essay. In fact, it is estimated that they spend an average of only 2 minutes on term papers on barack obama each essay.
As you will see below, this impacts the mfa computer art thesis exhibition, strategies that you should choose for taking the AWA. The Overall Importance of the Writing Assessment. Admissions committees simply do not give AWA scores the same importance that they do to GMAT verbal and quantitative scores. This written assessment is just another way for the business school to assess your communication skills, in addition to papers your admissions essays and interview. We recommend that you spend more time preparing for the verbal and quantitative sections of the GMAT than you do for the AWA. You will have 30 minutes for each section.
We suggest that, before you begin writing, you spend 3 to 5 minutes preparing a rough outline on your scrap paper of how you intend to attack your essay. Mfa Computer Art Thesis Exhibition! Consider this your brainstorming time. Obama! Just throw down as many ideas on the paper as you can. At the end of this 3 to 5 minutes, look at a mockingbird what you have written. Scratch out anything you know you do not want to include. Number the remaining thoughts in terms of their importance to papers obama your issue or argument.
Congratulations you now have a logical outline around which to essay boot structure your essay! You should spend the next 20 to 22 minutes actually writing the essay, leaving yourself 5 minutes for proof-reading. Try to finish writing the essay when there are 5 minutes remaining on the GMAT CAT's clock. Take a second to close your eyes, stretch, and then try to term on barack re-read your essays with fresh eyes. These last 5 minutes are best utilized to proof what you have just written. How Do We Write An Argumentative Essay! Here's what you should be looking for: Make sure the introductory paragraph is still relevant to the body of your essay. Read the essay line by line, looking for and correcting omitted words, typographical errors, and grammar errors. Make sure your thoughts come across clearly. Check for use of appropriate transition words.
Do not, however, attempt to begin a drastic overhaul of your essay. Giving Your Essays the Proper Structure. You will only use approximately 20 of the allotted 30 minutes to actually write each essay. You will probably only be able to write about 350 words, which translates into on barack obama 5 or 6 paragraphs. How Do We Write! Since this must include an term on barack obama introduction and conclusion, you will have only 3 or 4 paragraphs in what does statement look, which to express 3 or 4 ideas. This is the formula for a winning essay: express a few ideas (the top ones you identified during your initial brainstorming session) in a few interesting sentences.
Keep the essay structure simple. Remember, you only have a short amount of term papers on barack obama time to write the essay, and the graders have an even shorter amount of time to evaluate it. You certainly don't want to confuse the graders by using unduly complex structures or language. You are best served by using an introductory paragraph that clearly explains what you are going to say in the essay. You then want to develop your 3 or 4 ideas, each in its own separate paragraph. A Thesis Statement Look Like! Make sure your opinions are clearly stated. (Leaving out opinion or reasoning is on barack obama, probably the most common mistake people make on to kill a mockingbird characterization essay the writing portion of the term papers, GMAT exam. Do not worry about human essay, offending a grader with your opinions or analysis. AWA topics are not that controversial.) Finally, in your conclusion, you want to summarize your main points, and tie the conclusion back to papers obama the introduction. This is essay, not a good structure to follow in all writing particularly your admissions essays but it works extremely well for the AWA. Other General Tips for the GMAT's AWA. Your grader will spend an average of 2 minutes reading and grading your essay.
Clever metaphors and term papers on barack obama the like will be neither noticed nor appreciated. However, you do need to come across as smart in statement look like, order to make the critical first impression needed to achieve a high score on this writing assessment. The following tips were conceived with just this objective in mind: Use transition words generously. Phrases like for example, consequently, or first, second, . lastly will help the papers obama, reader follow your essay's structure more easily. Words such as because, consequently, and however can also be used to highlight your analytical abilities. In addition, these words are so succinct that it is difficult even for a time-pressed grader to miss them. Be specific. One of the key criteria graders look for is your ability to present ideas and arguments clearly and art thesis persuasively. Many writers grow vague when pressed for time. Do not let this happen to you. However, do not let yourself slip into dogmatism, either.
It is appropriate, even helpful, to acknowledge the limitations of your arguments and to on barack obama concede the validity of opposing points of characterization essay view. Our society in general, and the graders in particular, look highly upon the judicious individual. Because AWA essays are so short, however, such acknowledgements should be given only once or twice, and only in term obama, the body of the essay. Do not use big words just for the sake of using them. Despite a popular myth to the contrary, the AWA is not designed to to kill a mockingbird characterization essay judge your vocabulary. Your grader will get a first impression which is the only impression he or she will be able to form in 2 minutes that you used big words to mask weaknesses in your analysis. Grammar is important.
The grammar you use to express your ideas influences the way that people receive them. If your essay is grammatically incorrect, most people graders included will conclude that the essay's logic, structure, etc., are also incorrect. Do not allow this natural bias to harm your essay grade. Vary the length of your sentences. This will make your essay easier for the grader to term on barack obama read.
It also signals that you are a smart and art thesis exhibition effective writer. The Analysis of an Argument Essay. You will be given a one-paragraph argument to critique. You are not asked to term obama present or discuss your own opinion on the subject. Instead, you are supposed to find fault with the argument's reasoning.
Use your 5 minute brainstorming session to think of college some thoughtful and perceptive analyses of what you just read. Term On Barack! These analyses should be geared towards providing a better remedy towards the stated problem. Statement Look! A specific and term papers obama sufficiently-detailed example should be used with each argument you develop. As stated above, you should have 3 to what does a thesis statement like 4 paragraphs in term on barack, the body of the essay. Each of these paragraphs should contain one point that you wish to make about the argument. Graders like to see you use specifics in your essay. For example, find the siddhartha discovery essay, generalizations included in the one-paragraph argument. (We guarantee this will not be difficult to papers on barack do.) You will be given a one-paragraph text discussing the pros and a mockingbird characterization cons of some issue. Papers On Barack Obama! You will be asked to select the position with which you agree. The graders will have no preference towards which position you decide to support. During your initial 5 minutes of mfa computer brainstorming, try to come up with points that support each side of the argument. That way, you are more likely to select the papers on barack obama, position that you can defend well in your essay (even if it's not the position you would take if you had more time or space to explain yourself).
As you do in your analysis of an argument, be sure to include a specific example supporting or illustrating each point you make in the body of we write essay this essay. It's a good idea to acknowledge the term obama, complexity of the issue in your introduction. It is also a good practice to concede 1 or 2 points supporting the other position in to kill a mockingbird characterization essay, the body of the essay. Do not worry that this might make you appear indecisive to the graders. Recall what we stated above, about graders looking fondly on papers on barack obama evidence of a judicious individual.
Be careful with your choice of language and college essay tone on this essay. You are being asked to write an term papers on barack issues analysis, not a campaign ad. Many test takers make the mistake of adopting language that calls on the reader to take action. The test grader will react far more favorably to a persuasive argument that lays out the a mockingbird characterization, reasons to term on barack support a position but does not call on him or her to take any immediate action. GMAT TM and GMAT CAT TM are registered trademarks of the Graduate Management Admission Council TM . Characterization! The GMAC does not endorse, nor is it affiliated in any way with the owner or any content of this web site.
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All about Virtual Documents in details. Inherently Virtual documents are complex. Assemblies add a little to that but here goes as simple as possible: From the papers server object perspective, the dmr_containment object is the key to understanding Virtual Documents. + r_is_virtual_doc- A dm_sysobject in the Docbase becomes a Virtual Document if r_is_virtual_doc is how do essay, set to 1. + r_link_cnt- Defines the term papers number of components of the Virtual Document. + resolution_label- Defines the how do we write an argumentative the version label for late-bound nodes of the Virtual Document.
We will discuss this shortly. + A dmr_containment object defines the term papers on barack link between the parent and statement like, child nodes. + parent_id- The Object ID of the parent node. + component_id- This is the chronicle_id, or original version id, of the term papers on barack obama child node. + version_label- Version label for the child component. Essay Boot! This overrides parent’s resolution_label. + use_node_vers_label- If set to TRUE for early-bound components, the server uses the early-bound symbolic label to resolve late-bound descendants of the component during assembly. + follow_assembly- If set to TRUE, directs the system to resolve a component using the component’s Assembly (if the component has an Assembly). Note that only the papers obama root node and the dmr_containment objects have attributes related to Virtual Documents. Because of we write this, the dm_sysobject can be the child of “thousands” of Virtual Documents without the need for setting “thousands” of attribute values for the object.
The connection between the parent and child is maintained in papers, the dmr_containment object. When a parent node is versioned, new containment objects are created between the human existing child node documents and the new parent version. When a child node is versioned, no containment object is created. This is because the containment object links the version of the papers on barack parent to “any” version of the siddhartha essay child node. (Usually, the “CURRENT” version is requested but other options are available as will be described in the coming Binding section). This is accomplished by the containment object referring to the “chronicle_id” of the child node.
The chronicle_id is the r_object_id of the first, original version of that SysObject. The parent “edge” object contains the link information that relates the parent to “any” version of the obama child. To DFC programmers, an “edge” is referenced using an IDfContainment or IDfAssembly reference. + An Assembly is a “snapshot” of a version of a Virtual Document at the time it was assembled. + Assembly Objects= dm_assembly on the server. + An Assembly is a record or “snapshot” of a version of a Virtual Document as it existed at the moment of assembling versions of statement look its parts. Each Assembly object (dm_assembly) contains static binding information between a specific version of a parent node and a specific version of a child node of a Virtual Document. Assemblies will be discussed in greater detail at the end of this module.
There are two wrapper interfaces in the fc.client package that publicly expose the operations required to access the services of the vdm package. These two Virtual Document wrapper interfaces are: + IDfVirtualDocument – provides a tree representation of papers a Virtual Document. A Virtual Document tree is essay, comprised of a collection of on barack obama nodes. Each node object corresponds to a sub-component of nature essay a Virtual Document. The IDfVirtualDocument object tracks node changes and manages tree node dynamics as changes are made to term on barack obama the Virtual Document graph. (A Virtual Document is modeled as an “acyclic directed graph”. Self! An object cannot directly or indirectly have itself as a child). + IDfVirtualDocumentNode – Represents a single node in a Virtual Document graph.
IDfAssembly – This class provides the functionality for term papers on barack, the client to interact with dm_assembly objects in human, the Docbase. IDfContainment – Represents a dmr_containment object. IDfSysObject – This class provides the functionality for the client to interact with dm_sysobject objects in the Docbase. Use the asVirtualDocument() method to turn a dm_sysobject into term papers obama a Virtual Document. Fetching a Virtual Document using asVirtualDocument( “preferredVersion”,t/f), causes the statement like system to populate a node tree corresponding to the binding criteria encountered when fetching the descendants of the Virtual Document. This procedure is called, “assembling” a Virtual Document. Term Papers On Barack Obama! Until now we have avoided using that term to to kill a mockingbird characterization essay prevent confusion with this topic. “Assembling” is the papers act of populating a node tree according to the 6 binding factors mentioned earlier. Self Essay! The purpose is to term papers obama obtain a “version” of the Virtual Document. The node tree is a “versioned” node tree. Assemblies allow you to what statement look “record” the papers on barack collection of ObjectIDs from a versioned node tree. You would want to do this if:
A) You would like a “shortcut” to mfa computer exhibition a version you reproduce often. B) You need to lock certain child object versions from being deleted in term on barack obama, order to guarantee the art thesis exhibition ability to reproduce the same version of the child nodes in the future. Note : Although the term papers on barack current version of human nature essay DFC does not support creating assemblies of XML documents, you may find them useful to create a Virtual Document from term papers obama various Docbase objects. Tip : An alternative approach to creating assemblies is to use version labels (like, “Assembly 1?) and binding to retrieve specific past versions of the graph. This hint may be useful until DFC supports assemblies of XML documents. An Assembly, therefore, is a recording (or “snapshot”) of a version of a Virtual Document. Siddhartha Discovery! It is comprised of a collection of Assembly object elements. Each Assembly object in the Assembly collection references one version of on barack obama one component (sysObject) of the mfa computer art thesis exhibition Virtual Document. For each node in the Assembly collection, an “Assembly object” exists in the Docbase server. An Assembly object is actually an instance of term on barack “dm_assembly” and contains the absolute ObjectID of the version of the sysObject referenced by that node in the versioned Virtual Document. Each “dm_assembly” object has fields that are used when fetching the an argumentative essay Assembly collection in the future.
All Assembly objects of the same Assembly have the same value for term on barack obama, their “book_id” field. The book_id is the objectID of a unique sysObject chosen to act as a “handle” for that snapshot. You can associate the collection Assembly objects with a single sysObject by calling: The Assembly collection is conceptually accessed from the Docbase server as a single unit using a unique sysObject we term an “Assembly Document”. An Assembly Document is a unique sysObject (specific version of a document) that refers to that “snapshot” (collection of Assembly objects). It is the sysObject passed to the node.assemble() method.
An Assembly Document can only reference one collection of Assembly objects at a time. Essay Boot! Therefore, make sure that the sysObject passed to the assemble() method is not already associated with an Assembly or you will lose the previous Assembly. The Assembly Document (or “ book “) can be either the sysObject referenced by the Assembly’s root node or some other sysObject. However, since an Assembly Document can only reference a single Assembly, a separate Assembly Document would be necessary when multiple assemblies from the same Virtual Document are required in order to avoid overwrite. When the Assembly is requested in the future, the system looks for the dm_assembly objects that share the same “ book_id ” value and fetches the sysObjects referenced by papers on barack obama the “component_id” of that dm_assembly object. In this example, three documents are fetched from the Docbase. “doc” is college, a Virtual Document. aDoc1 and aDoc2 are generic document objects. The “doc” object refers to a Virtual Document but does not actually populate the node tree until asked to term on barack obama do so. Here, the node tree is finally populated using the mfa computer exhibition binding criteria starting with “Released” as the term papers on barack preferred version. As you can see from the table on the left, the different nodes did not all retrieve the “Released” version of what statement look like each child. This is because of the term on barack obama binding criteria as well as settings in the nodes (such as early binding) may override the preferred version. Once all the child nodes are assembled, that collection of objects is how do we write an argumentative, recorded by calling node.assemble( aDoc1 ). This sets a value in obama, the aDoc1 object as a reference to the collection of the bound version of the object at each node.
aDoc1 is the Assembly Document for the “Released” version of does statement like Virtual Document “A”. Here, another version of the term papers on barack obama node tree is populated (assembled) using the binding criteria starting with “CURRENT” as the preferred version. Human! As you can see from the table on the right, the different nodes did not all retrieve the “CURRENT” version of each child. This is because of the binding criteria as well as settings in the nodes (such as early binding) may override the term obama preferred version. Once all the child nodes are assembled, that collection of objects is recorded by calling node.assemble( aDoc2 ). This sets a value in the aDoc2 object as a reference to the collection of the bound version of the object at each node. aDoc2 is the essay Assembly Document for the “CURRENT” version of Virtual Document “A”. Sometimes a Virtual Document nests an Assembly within its hierarchy.
When fetching a Virtual Document that potentially has sub-assemblies within it, it is often necessary to obtain the sub-assemblies. When you include an term papers on barack obama, Assembly Document as a node in a Virtual Document, you must decide if the Assembly components should replace that node, and any of its containment components, with the whole Assembly, or to ignore Assembly altogether. + The default is that the Assembly components should be ignored and what statement, instead the server uses the binding criteria to term papers obama fetch the components referenced in the dmr_containment objects; + The node can optionally override the binding criteria so the server fetches the siddhartha discovery Assembly components based on the dm_assembly collection instead of the term papers node or any of its virtual children. To direct the server to human nature essay use the node’s Assembly components, call node. setFollowAssembly(true) . If the node is papers on barack obama, not a Virtual Document, or it does not have children, or it does not have an Assembly, this setting on essay, the node is ignored. + Cannot add or delete components from the Assembly. + That version of the term on barack obama component will be frozen. – Can’t change contents or attributes. – Assembly Document will be frozen.
– Can’t change contents or attributes. + May add or delete from the Assembly again. + That version of the a thesis statement look component is unfrozen. – Can change contents and attributes. + Only works if it is not nested within another frozen Assembly. To remove the Assembly status from a sysObject and to remove all its Assembly objects, either call sysObject.disassemble() or node.disassemble() . You must have at least VERSION permission for the sysObject in term papers obama, order to delete its Assembly. Deleting an Assembly will remove all the Assembly objects but does not remove the sysObject components of the Assembly objects. Note: The ownership of the article lies with the essay Original Author and is here only as a reference. The copyright laws applicable to this note are as defined by term papers obama EMC Forums. BOF is a deployment mechanism we use for a number of different component types, like TBOs, SBOs, modules, aspects.
This is how it works from a 20,000 ft view. BOF modules are packaged using Composer into DARs (or docapps in the old days). Discovery Essay! They are deployed to a docbase. In general, with the exception of SBOs, they have docbase affinity (you might get a different implementation from term papers a different docbase). SBOs are deployed to human nature a global registry docbase and on barack obama, so have a single implementation. Once deployed to art thesis exhibition the docbase, any DFC instance that communicates to that docbase will be sensitive to any changes made to the BOF module. If it detects a change (via an optimized polling strategy) it will download the papers new/updated module definition to its file system cache. You can find these caches in $DOCUMENTUM/cache/release/bof/docbase. In these directories you will find downloaded jars and other downloadable resources (the jar names are the object ids). You will also find a content.xml file which is mfa computer art thesis, a manifest. These caches can be deleted at will and will be automatically reconstructed as necessary by a running DFC instance.
Zipping up this cache can be very useful collateral in debugging a BOF problem. The BOF runtime (within DFC) runs entirely from the on barack file system. Class loaders are constructed which point to the jar files on the file system, so there is no performance penalty in essay, deploying to the docbase (except for the initial reference). BOF supports hot deployment. Papers On Barack Obama! If a DFC instance recognizes an updated BOF module it will download it and build a new class loader for that module which points to the updated jars. The next request for that module will use the new implementation. Any preexisting objects remain using the old implementation and will be aged out as they are garbage collected. We Write Essay! This is great for papers on barack obama, updating an implementation, but you must never update a public interface or you will cause havoc (you would need to reload the web app and ensure application compatibility first). The class loader and packaging implications of BOF will be addressed in a subsequent post.
Developing BOF applications with Composer tutorial. 1 Understanding BOF class loading. Before you begin BOF development, it is important to siddhartha understand how Composer categorizes JAR files, the BOF class loader, and term on barack, the problems that you might encounter when developing BOF applications. 1.1. The BOF class loader hierarchy. Composer categorizes JAR files into three categories: Implementation, Interface, and exhibition, Mixed. A different class loader is used to load the classes depending on the type of JAR file. The following diagram shows the term on barack obama class loader hierarchy: Implementation JAR files are loaded into module-specific class loaders.
Each BOF application has its own class loader and all of its implementation JAR files are loaded into this class loader. Classes in different module-specific class loaders cannot reference one another. Boot Camp! This class loader is parent-last, meaning classes within the class loader take precedence over term, the same classes in its parent class loaders (the shared BOF class loader and the application class loader). Interface JAR files are loaded in self, a class loader that is term papers on barack obama, shared across a DFC instance. Does A Thesis Statement Look! All interface JAR files for all BOF applications are loaded into the shared BOF class loader. This allows published interfaces to be shared across multiple components that require it. This class loader is parent-first, meaning classes that are loaded by its parent class loader (the application class loader) take precedence over its own classes. Classes in this class loader cannot reference classes in the module-specific class loaders. Mixed JAR files are deprecated and term, should not be used.
The application class loader is typically where your client or web application is college essay camp, loaded. This class loader cannot reference any of the classes that are loaded by the shared BOF class loader or the module-specific class loaders. You must package any interface JAR files that are needed by your client application with the client application, so it is aware of your BOF application’s API. The different types of JAR files and their class loading behavior in on barack, a repository are more complex than in your development environment. Self! Because of this fact, applications that work in your development environment might throw exceptions when deployed in a repository. Term On Barack Obama! It is important to understand what to self essay package in implementation and interface JAR files before developing your BOF application. As a general rule, you should not use mixed JAR files. Implementation JAR files typically contain the logic of your application and a primary class that serves as the entry point to your BOF module.
Implementation JAR files are loaded into on barack a module-specific class loader and classes in to kill essay, different BOF modules cannot reference one another. Interface JAR files do not need to include all interfaces, but all published interfaces that are needed by your clients should be packaged. Any exception classes or factory classes that appear in your interfaces should also be packaged in term papers obama, interface JAR files. Ensure that your interfaces do not transitively expose classes that are not packaged in the interface JAR file, which would lead to a NoClassDefFoundException. To be safe, package your implementation and published interface classes in different JAR files. Implementation JAR files can contain non-published interfaces (the interface is self, not needed by the client or any other BOF module). It is papers obama, recommended that you also separate your implementation and published interface source files into separate directories so that the packaging process is less error prone.
1.3. Common exceptions caused by incorrect JAR packaging. If you do not package your JAR files correctly, the different layers of class loaders can cause exceptions to occur. Essay Boot Camp! The two most common exceptions that you might encounter are ClassDefNotFound and ClassCastException. The ClassCastException occurs when you try to cast an papers on barack, object to discovery an interface or class that it does not implement.
In most cases, you will be sure that the object you are casting implements the interface that you are trying to cast it to, so there is another point to term on barack obama consider when encountering this error. Java considers a class to be the same only nature essay, when it has the same fully qualified name (package and class name) and if it is loaded by the same class loader. Term Papers Obama! If you accidentally package a published interface within an implementation JAR file, the exception occurs if you try to to kill a mockingbird essay cast an object to that interface in your client application. For instance, say you created a BOF module that implements an interface and package the interface in an implementation JAR file: The interface that is packaged in the implementation JAR resolves to the module-specific class loader because it is term papers obama, parent last. Your client application instantiates the BOF module and tries to cast it to the interface. It uses the interface that is loaded by the client application class loader, because there is no way for your application to reference the interface in the module class loader (the parent class loader cannot see children class loaders). Java throws ClassCastException, because it expects the interface that was loaded by the module-specific class loader to be used to siddhartha self essay cast the BOF module, but you are using the one that was loaded by your application class loader. Alternatively, if you correctly package the interface inside an interface JAR file, it is loaded by the shared BOF class loader, which is parent-first. The interface resolves to its parent class loader first (your application’s class loader), and no exception is thrown. NoClassDefFoundException most often occurs when you transitively expose a class that a class loader cannot find.
A common example is when you accidentally package an implementation class inside an interface JAR file, and that implementation class references another class in an implementation JAR file. Term Papers! The exception is thrown, because classes in the shared BOF class loader cannot reference anything in the module-specific class loaders. For instance, say you created a BOF module and accidentally packaged an implementation class inside an interface JAR file: You call a method that references the implementation class that you accidentally packaged inside the interface JAR file. The method runs and in turns references another class inside the human nature implementation JAR file. Java throws the NoClassDefFoundException, because the term papers on barack obama classes that are loaded in the shared BOF class loader cannot see any classes that are loaded by the module-specific class loaders (classes in parent class loaders cannot see classes in child class loaders). This problem can manifest itself in other scenarios, but the basic problem involves referencing classes that do not exist (either through not packaging the class at all or packaging the class at a level that is hidden from the referencing class). Understanding these two common problems can help you avoid them when developing your BOF applications. Because of these problems, it is recommended that you separate your implementation source files and published interface source files into different folders to begin with, so that packaging the JAR files is a simpler process. 2 Building the Hello World BOF module. Now that you have some background on BOF development, this tutorial will guide you through developing a simple Hello World BOF module.
You will create the following items when developing the Hello World BOF module: An interface for the Hello World BOF module An implementation class for the Hello World BOF module An Ant script that builds the interface and implementation classes into separate JAR files A JAR Definition artifact that defines the implementation and interface JAR files as a Documentum artifact A Module artifact that defines the BOF module An Ant script that automatically updates the JAR Definition with the most recent version of the college essay boot camp implementation JAR file and builds and installs the term papers project. 2.1. Creating the Hello World Java project. To begin, you will first create a Java project that contains the essay code for term papers on barack obama, the Hello World BOF module. During the project creation, you will also create two separate source folders for your implementation and interface classes. To create the like Java project: Start Composer and click File New Java Project…. Term Obama! The New Java Project wizard appears.
Type HelloWorldBOFModule in college essay boot camp, the Project Name field and click Next . The Java Settings screen appears. Check the Allow output folders for source folders checkbox. Click Create new source folder . The Source Folder window appears. Type src-impl in the Folder name field and term papers, click Finish . 2.1.1. Creating the characterization IHello interface.
The IHello interface defines one method: sayHello. This interface will be packaged in a JAR file that is designated as an Interface JAR when defining the JAR Definition artifact. To create the IHello interface: In the Package Explorer view, right click the src-int folder and select New Interface… . On Barack! The New Java Interface window appears. Specify the human essay following values for the following fields and click Finish : Package — com.emc.examples.helloworld Name — IHello. 2.1.2. Creating the Hello World implementation class. The HelloWorld class implements the IHello interface and prints out a “Hello, World” string when its sayHello method is called.
The HelloWorld class will be packaged in a JAR file that will be designated as an Implementation JAR when defining the JAR Definition artifact. To implement the IHello interface: In the Package Explorer view, right click the src–impl folder and select New Class… . The New Java Class window appears. Specify the following values for the following fields and click Finish : Package — com.emc.examples.helloworld.impl Name — HelloWorld. You will now create an Ant Builder to automatically build the term papers on barack obama interface and implementation classes into two separate JAR files: hello-api.jar and hello.jar. When you make changes to any of your code, the Ant Builder automatically rebuilds the how do JAR files. To create the Ant Builder:
Right click the HelloWorldBOFModule node in the Package Explorer view and select New File . The New File window appears. In the File name field, type jarBuilder.xml and click Finish. The jarBuilder.xml file appears in on barack, the Package Explorer view and is opened in an editor. Click on the Source tab in the XML file editor, copy and paste the following code into an argumentative the editor, and save the file: Right click the HelloWorldBOFModule node in the Package Explorer view and select Properties . The Properties for HelloWorldBOFModule window appears. Select Builders on term papers obama, the left and click New… . The Choose configuration type window appears. Select Ant Builder from the list and click OK . Human Essay! The Edit Configuration window appears. Specify the following values for the fields listed and click OK : Main tab Name — JAR_Builder Main tab Buildfile — Click Browse workspace and select HelloWorldBOFModule jarBuilder.xml Targets tab Auto Build — Click Set Targets… , select main , and click OK . The Composer project contains the Documentum artifacts that are needed for your BOF module. Term Papers Obama! You will create a project that contains a Module artifact along with JAR Definition artifacts. To create the Composer project: Click File New Project , select Documentum Project Documentum Project from the New Project wizard, and click Next . The New Documentum Project window appears.
In the Project Name field, type HelloWorldArtifacts and click Finish . Composer takes a few minutes to we write essay create the project. If you are prompted to switch to the Documentum Artifacts perspective, do so. 2.2.1. Creating the JAR Definition artifacts. Before you create the papers on barack obama BOF module artifact, you must create JAR Definition artifacts that reference your implementation and interface JAR files. The BOF module cannot reference JAR files directly. To create the JAR Definition artifacts: In the Documentum Navigator view, right click the HelloWorldArtifacts Artifacts JAR Definitions folder and select New Other… .The New Wizard appears. Select Documentum Artifact JAR Definition and self essay, click Next. In the Artifact name field, type hello and click Finish . The hello editor opens.
In the JAR Content section, click Browse… and select the hello.jar file that is located in obama, the workspaceHelloWorldBOFModulebin–impl directory. In the Type drop down menu, select Implementation and save the siddhartha self discovery essay JAR definition. In the Documentum Navigator view, right click the HelloWorldArtifacts Artifacts JAR Definitions folder and select New Other… . The New Wizard appears. Select Documentum Artifact JAR Definition and click Next . In the Artifact name field, type hello-api and click Finish . The hello-api editor opens. In the JAR Content section, click Browse … and select the hello-api.jar file that is located in on barack obama, the workspaceHelloWorldBOFModulebin–int folder. In the Type drop down menu, select Interface and save the JAR definition. Self! In the Documentum Navigator view, right-click HelloWorldArtifacts Artifacts JAR Definitions hello.jardef and term papers obama, select Properties . Select Documentum Arfitact on the left, select Ignore Matching Objects for the Upgradeoption field and click Apply . For the Upgrade option field, re-select the exhibition Create New Version of Matching Objects option and term on barack obama, click OK . Composer does not set the Create New Version of Matching Objects option unless you set it to something else first. This bug will be addressed in future releases.
This option allows the client to detect new changes in JAR files in how do we write an argumentative essay, the repository. If you do not set the term obama JAR Definition to this property, updated JAR files will not get downloaded to the client unless the BOF cache is cleared. The HelloWorld.jar and IHello.jar files are now associated with a JAR definition and can be used within a module. If you decide to modify any code within these JAR files, you must remove the siddhartha self discovery essay JAR file from the JAR definition and re-add it. You must do this, because Composer does not use the JAR file in the location that the Ant builder outputs it to. Composer actually copies that JAR file to another location and uses that copy.
The Ant Builder that you previously created updates the JAR file, but does not update the JAR Definition artifact. You can update the artifact manually by clicking the Remove button, clicking the Browse… button, and reselecting the appropriate JAR file whenever the JAR file is updated. Later on in this tutorial, you will learn how to automate this requirement with another Ant script and headless Composer. 2.2.2. Creating the BOF module artifact. Now that you have created all of the necessary components, you can now create the actual BOF module artifact. To create the papers on barack BOF module artifact: In the Documentum Navigator view, right click the HelloWorldArtifacts Artifacts Modules folder and select New Other… . The New Wizard appears.
Select Documentum Artifacts Module and click Next . College Boot! In the Artifact name field, type HelloWorldModule and click Finish . The HelloWorldModule editor opens. Obama! In the human essay Implementation JARs section, click the papers obama Add… button, select hello from the list that appears, and click OK . What Does Statement Like! For the Class name field, click Select… , select com.emc.examples.helloworld.impl.HelloWorld from the list, and click OK . This sets the HelloWorld class as the entry point for the module. In the Interface JARs section, click the Add… button, select hello-api from the list that appears, and click OK . Save the module. The hello.jar file and the hello-api.jar file are now associated with the module. Obama! You can now install the module to a repository.
Now that you have created all of the characterization essay needed artifacts, you can install the BOF module to the repository. Once installed, the module can be downloaded on-demand by clients that require it. To install the BOF module: Ensure that your Composer_rootpluginscom.emc.ide.external.dfc_1.0.0documentum.config is on barack obama, properly configured with the correct Docbroker information. Human Essay! In the obama Documentum Navigator view, right-click the HelloWorldArtifacts node and select Install Documentum Project… . The Install Wizard appears. Select the repository that you want to install the BOF module, enter the credentials for mfa computer art thesis, that repository, and click Login . If the term login is successful, the Finish button is mfa computer exhibition, enabled.
Click Finish to install the project. 2.4. Creating the term papers HelloWorld BOF module client. Once the BOF module is installed, you can write a client to test its functionality. When writing a client, you must include all of the interfaces that your client requires in your classpath. In this case, the client requires the hello-api.jar interface JAR file. If you do not package the mfa computer interface, the client is unaware of the API for the BOF module. To create the client: Create the project: In Composer, click File New Project… . Term! Select Java Project and click Next . In the Project Name field, type HelloWorldClient and click Finish . College Essay Camp! If prompted to switch to the Java perspective, do so.
Add hello-api.jar and dfc.jar to the build path: Copy the hello-api.jar file from the workspaceHelloWorldBofModulebin-int directory to the workspaceHelloWorldClient directory. Right click the HelloWorldClient node in papers on barack obama, the Documentum Navigator view and select Properties . Select Java Build Path from the left and click on mfa computer art thesis, the Libraries tab. Click Add JARs… , select HelloWorldClient hello-api.jar to term papers on barack add the to kill JAR file, and click OK . Click Add External JARs… , select Composerpluginscom.emc.ide.external.dfc_1.0.0libdfc.jar, and click OK . Click OK again to close the Properties for HelloWorldClient window. Create the dfc.properties file for the client: In the Documentum Navigator view, right click the HelloWorldClient src folder and term papers on barack, select New File . The New File window appears. In the File name field, type dfc.properties and click Finish . Specify values for the dfc.properties file as follows: Optional: Create the log4j.properties file for the client. If you do not have this file, the art thesis log4j logger will use a default configuration, but will post warnings to on barack obama the console. In the Documentum Navigator view, right click the HelloWorldClient src folder and select New File . Nature Essay! The New File window appears.
In the File name field, type log4j.properties and click Finish . Specify values for the log4j.properties file as follows: Create the client class file: Right click the src folder and select New Class . The New Java Class window appears. Specify the term on barack obama following values for the fields and click Finish : Package — com.emc.examples.helloworld.client Name — HelloWorldClient. Automating the updating, building, and installation process with headless Composer and Ant. Now that you have a working BOF module and client, it is does like, useful to have a process in place to update the term on barack obama BOF module in the repository automatically. Previously, you learned that when updating code in JAR files, you had to what a thesis statement also remove and papers on barack obama, re-add the what does JAR file to term papers on barack the appropriate JAR definition if you wanted the JAR definition to pick up the new changes. You can automate this step with headless Composer, a command line driven version of Composer that is used for what like, build and papers, deployment. The Ant scripts that you will create automatically update the like hello JAR Definition with the term papers most recent hello.jar implementation JAR file, build the project, and install it to a repository. To create the headless Composer Ant scripts: Extract the headless Composer package to college boot camp a location of your choice. The extraction process unzips the package to a ComposerHeadless directory.
In our examples, it is papers on barack obama, assumed headless Composer is unzipped to the C: drive. A Mockingbird Essay! Modify the ComposerHeadlesspluginscom.emc.ide.external.dfc_1.0.0documentum.configdfc.properties to specify the term on barack obama correct DocBroker information. Siddhartha Discovery Essay! You can also copy your existing dfc.properties file from UI Composer if you want to use the same settings. Create a directory named HelloWorldBuild in the ComposerHeadless directory. Create a batch file, ComposerHeadlessHelloWorldBuildrun.bat, that defines the necessary environment variables and runs the papers on barack obama Ant scripts. An example batch file is shown in the following sample. You can modify the strings in bold to meet your environment needs: The JAVA commands above should be on one line each in your batch file. When running the XCOPY command in the batch file, Windows might return an mfa computer art thesis exhibition, error displaying “Insufficient memory.” This might occur if the term on barack filepaths during the copy process are too long. If this occurs, try changing your build workspace to to kill a mockingbird a directory with a shorter name or download the Windows 2003 Resource Kit Tool, which contains ROBOCOPY, a robust version of the papers on barack obama COPY command that can handle longer filepaths.
Congratulations, you have successfully built a BOF module, built a client to access the BOF module, and automated the updating, build, and deployment of the module with headless Compose. Object Fetch Vs DQL Fetch Performance. A Object Fetch call would retrieve all attribute information of the object from server, this information will then be cached on the client side DMCL cache. A DQL query will only retrieve the siddhartha self essay attributes specified in the “select” statement of the query. A dm_document object has around 70+ attributes.
If you are only interested in few attributes of an term papers on barack obama, object you should use a DQL statement to avoid retrieving unnecessary information, this becomes significant especially in a low bandwidth environment. Object Fetch should used when most attributes of an object are wanted, and/or that attribute information is repeatedly needed in multiple places.
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A fourth and even fifth paragraph may be added if you need to on barack obama, present additional relevant information. Just remember to develop one idea per paragraph, and to how do an argumentative, keep the entire letter under one page. This is your opportunity to tie everything together, leading the reader to invite you to an interview. You need to on barack, reference your resume and any other included attachments. In addition, you need to politely, yet confidently state that you wish to we write, be invited to an interview. Finally, state the easiest way for the employer to reach you, referring to the phone number and e-mail address in term your letterhead. For important documents like cover letters, you need to go beyond your computer’s spell check and does statement like, grammar check. Place the cover letter aside for a few hours, or overnight if possible, and on barack obama, look at it with fresh eyes. Mfa Computer Art Thesis Exhibition. You might find errors that you didn’t see previously.
As a final step, ask someone, who you trust will do a decent job, to term papers on barack obama, proofread your cover letter. Now, you have a well-written cover letter that will hopefully lead a potential employer to read your resume and ultimately invite you to an interview. The rest is up to you! How to prepare for a winning job interview. In a competitive market for available jobs, potential candidates should put in siddhartha discovery the necessary time and term papers on barack obama, effort to make a solid impact. You must simply accept that it’s a buyer’s market, the buyer, in this case is the organization. Your first job as the seller is to sell yourself. You need to stand out from the other candidates like a house with a shiny red door in what a cookie-cutter neighborhood.
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Find someone who you can practice with until it comes out natural. Landing an obama offer in a tough economy requires considerable effort. If you can demonstrate you can make an self essay impact in your interview, your name will rise to the top of the pack. Copyright Curriculum-Vitae.In 2013 - Contact : webmaster curriculum-vitae.in. All the Curriculum Vitae templates are at papers on barack obama, your disposal without any guaranty.
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