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For my masters thesis

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Essay: Defining the for my masters scientific field and objectives of entrepreneurship essays, biomimicry. This chapter aims at defining the scientific field and objectives of biomimicry, including its proposal of viewing nature as a model, measure and mentor. Furthermore, the overarching principles found in all forms of masters thesis, life will be elucidated. Concerning cities, an form inclusive perspective, viewing humans and their creations as part of the larger ecosystem will be suggested. Various Definitions of Biomimicry. ‘Biomimicry’ derives from the thesis Greek ‘bios’ meaning life and ‘mimesis’ to imitate. The Oxford English Dictionary (2011) defines biomimicry as ”the design and production of materials, structures, and systems that are modelled on biological entities and processes.’.

A more specific definition is research paper form provided by the Merriam-Webster collegiate dictionary (2004), which suggests that biomimicry is ‘The study of the formation, structure, or function of for my masters, biologically produced substances and materials and biological mechanisms and processes especially for the purpose of synthesizing similar products by artificial mechanisms which mimic natural ones.’ In practical terms, the field of biomimicry encourages and emphasizes the study of the essays, designs, processes and systems found in for my masters nature, consequently applying these natural concepts to human innovation, as stated by the renowned biomimicry pioneer Janine Benyus (2002). The field assumes that nature has already efficiently solved many of the problems with which human society is confronted today. Benyus describes biomim-icry as the conscious emulation of nature’s genius. A Class Divided. Furthermore, biomimicry proposes a change of perspective, away from viewing nature as a mere source of raw materials and towards a holistic approach, realizing the potential of nature as a measure, model and mentor. In a nutshell, biomimicry is innovation inspired by nature (Benyus 2002). 2.2 Nature as Model, Measure and for my masters, Mentor.

According to Benyus, the first step in a biomimetic design approach must be to use nature as a model by closely examining natural structures, functions, and systems and identifying methods to apply the findings to francis bacon the essays penguin improve current technologies or develop innovative technologies. Moreover, nature should be taken as a measure by judging the sustainability of man-made innovations by thesis, ecological standards. Benyus posits that after 3.8 billion years of evolution nature’s proficiency can be trusted more than any human perception of genius, as no human technology has had the opportunity of such extensive and girl, comprehensive field testing. The third revolutionary concept biomimicry proposes is a new way of viewing and valuing nature as a mentor. Thesis. Instead of attempt-ing to extract from the the essays penguin natural world to the fullest extent, future efforts should focus on masters learning from nature and assimilating its genius as far as possible (Benyus 2002). 2.3 Life’s Principles. In order to A Class Divided facilitate a deeper understanding of the most important lessons to masters thesis be learned from nature, Biomimicry 3.8 (2013), a cooperation co-founded by Benyus, developed a design lens (Figure 1). The lens illustrates the overarching patterns found amongst all species surviving and prospering on Earth, following 3.8 billion years of natural selection and subsequent evolution.

The six fundamental strategies of life depicted in the lens essentially allow long lasting solutions with maximal performance using minimal resources. As raw materials are becoming increasingly scarce, this long-term objective of sustainability, which has long been achieved in nature has become the most desired in the human world. Furthermore, it can be argued that no human technology has yet managed to function nearly as efficiently as living organisms. Therefore, the only logical conclusion to be drawn is that a successful imitation of nature is only possible when using the entrepreneurship essays following principles as aspirational ideals (Biomimicry 3.8 2013): 1. Adapt to Changing Conditions. The first of Life’s Principles states that it is inevitable to modify behavior patterns, composition and appearance to ensure survival in changing conditions. Take for instance arctic foxes (Alopex lagopus) that change their fur color from white in winter, to brown in summer in order to perfectly blend in with their surroundings to facilitate hunting all year around (Russell and Tumlison 1996). 2. Be Locally Attuned and Responsive. It is essential to be locally attuned and capable of compensating for potential short-comings of the ecosystem. A biological example of this is how the Namib Desert beetle (Stenocara gracilipes) manages to survive in an extremely arid climate by using fog as an alternative water source. For My. The beetle’s bumpy back surface allows for essay, the vapor to materialize as water droplets, which are then drawn to the mouth (Parker 2001).

3. For My Masters. Use Life-Friendly Chemistry. In Nature, a diverse assembly of essay writer here, producers, consumers and decomposers successfully evolved to create closed loops, constantly cycling matter. Thus, chemicals exist in quantities beneficial to all organisms. For instance, the for my thesis nitrogen cycle ensures that nitrogen, which is vital for all life forms on earth as a component of amino ac, is available in adequate quantities. This is accomplished through fixation, converting gaseous nitrogen into a plant available form, assimilation, adsorption of francis the essays, nitrogen by plants, ammonification, through the death of an organism or excretion of feces, and finally nitrification, by conversion from ammonium to nitrate by for my thesis, microorganisms which is then reduced back into its gaseous form, completing the writing paper form nitrogen cycle (Johnson et al. For My Masters Thesis. 2005). 4. Be Resource (Material and Energy) Efficient. While the objective of girl, conserving resources such as minerals is a relatively new idea in the human world, nature has learned the masters thesis importance of efficiency long ago. A prime example of energy efficiency in the natural world is passive energy recapture, a mechanism which allows the moon jellyfish (Aurelia aurita) to recapture some of the energy they spend on motion due to their unique contract-and-relax action (Gemmell et al. 2013).

5. Integrate Development with Growth. Ideal strategies promote both development and growth. Furthermore, they guarantee a balance between the two, ensuring that neither falls behind. For instance, in a healthy ecosystem population growth never exceeds the expansion of suitable habitat. In contrast, slums are a prime example of human failure due to non-compliance with this principle. While the henry james essay population in some cities increased exponentially, develop-ment was not integrated leading to thesis insufficient infrastructure to support the inhabit-ants (Wackernagel et al.

2002). 6. Evolve to survive. Due to natural selection only the best adapted organisms survive in an ecosystem. Therefore, all life on earth is constantly evolving. Here. For instance, rat populations in Germany developed a resistance to for my thesis the anticoagulant rodenticides warfarin, bromad-iolone, which allows them to penguin consume five times the normally lethal dose without dying (Kohn et al. 2000). Applied to the human world, this principle shows that just like organisms, all technologies should be developing continuously. 2.4 Holistic Perspective on Cities. Over the course of evolution, from living as hunters and gatherers in competition with other animals, towards a modern society, where interaction with the wild has become superfluous for many individuals, humans have come to see themselves as increasingly independent from nature.

Due to the spatial separation from the natural landscape, this exclusive perspective is perhaps most prevalent in cities, where more than half of the human population lives today (Grimm et al. 2008). Despite the unawareness of this fact, all human settlements utterly rely on well-functioning natural ecosystem processes to be inhabitable. All services provided by nature such as fresh water supply, air purification, climate regulation, waste decomposition, and the flow of vital goods such as food undoubtedly constitute an inseparable relationship between artificial and natural infrastructure. Moreover, cities themselves are by definition ecosystems, as they consist of interacting abiotic and for my thesis, biotic components which create flows of energy and cycling of francis penguin, matter. This ecosystem interpretation is an inclusive one which perceives humans and for my masters thesis, their creations as a fully integrated part of the natural world (Newman and Jennings 2008). However, due to our exponential population growth, which goes hand in the essays penguin hand with excessive resource consumption and waste production, human civilization has doubtlessly become a very destructive part of it. For My. The exclusive and severely flawed mindset that humans are separated from nature resulted in the view of environmen-tal destruction as the obliteration of a self-contained object. It has become inevitable for humanity to turn away from environmental degradation, which is essays essentially self-destruction, and towards contributing to the continuation of for my thesis, life for a sustainable prosperity. Urban settlements, the centers of population density and all concomitant problems, offer the highest potential for the preservation of research, resources and remain-ing natural landscapes (Kinver 2015).

3 Mumbai’s Slums: Issues and Opportunities. While urbanization occurred rapidly all over the world in the past centuries, countries of the global South were particularly affected. Over one third of the urban population in the developing world, 863 million people are slum dwellers. Moreover, 40% of the masters thesis population in developing countries are experiencing inadequate housing, malnutrition, insufficient infrastructure and lack of education and health services. Slums are the face of urban poverty in the new Millennium (UN-Habitat 2003). In India specifically, the urban population increased approximately tenfold between the years 1901 and 2001. The 400 largest cities are home to james over 68% of India’s 1.2 billion, constantly attracting more people from for my thesis, rural areas due to diverse employment opportunities, despite the fact that physical infrastructure is highly inadequate.

As a result, the quality of life and the environmental conditions in cities have deteriorated rapidly due to migration from rural areas, increasing the gap between the demand and supply of infrastructure (Registrar General of India 2001). The consequences of failed urbanization are particularly evident in Mumbai, India’s largest city, which currently ranks as the writing form fifth largest urban settlement worldwide. Slums are a direct result of the over-strained infrastructure increasingly struggling to support its population, which increased by thesis, 400% in the past forty years, exceeding the 15 million mark (United Nations 1996). 1,959 slum settlements have been identified with a total population of 6.25 million, forming 54% of Mumbai’s total population (Census of India 2001). In addition to their enormous number, the urban poor occupy just 3.5% of the total space, leading to high population densities of up to 400,000 persons per essays, km?? in some of the slum enclaves (Mahadevia et al. 2005). A vicious cycle emerged out of masters thesis, these demographic developments, as increasing destruction of the environment entailed even more overburdening of the infrastructural systems. Henry. The resulting shortcomings concerning water, waste and energy management and air pollution control will be discussed in more detail in the following chapter. 3.1 Insufficient Water Management Infrastructure. Infrastructural underdevelopment and mismanagement pose severe threats to public health and the local ecosystem. Many issues the population in Mumbai’s slums faces can be attributed to the lack of adequate water management infrastructure.

The current state of these as well as the consequences of their inadequacy will be summa-rized below. 3.1.1 Lack of Water Supply. The consequences of insufficient water supply and a lack of sanitary facilities is an insistent example of the strong linkage between living environmental conditions and human health issues. For My. The situation in Mumbai is devastating: currently the essay on grammar girl 11.48 million population is supplied with 3,000 million liters of water per day, thus meeting less than two thirds of the estimated demand (Bombay Municipal Corporation 2000). This demand-supply imbalance has resulted in the imposition of for my masters, water supply interrup-tions and unequal distribution among consumers from A Class Divided, different social-classes. By comparison to the 135 liters per capita and day for those living in privately owned houses, the urban poor living in thesis slums are apportioned only 45 liters on average, including water consumed by factories and other industrial structures in the slums (Karn and Harda 2002). 3.1.2 Lack of Sewerage Coverage.

Concerning sewerage coverage, it is estimated that only 45% of Mumbai’s population is henry james essay connected. Moreover, dwellers living in informal, undeclared slums and squatters is almost completely deprived of this essential service (Ruet, Saravaanan and Zerah 2002). Masters. In terms of wastewater collection and treatment, despite the fact that almost 90% of the 2456 million liters of wastewater per day are being collected, only 109 go through secondary treatment while the remaining 2101 million liters of the severely contaminated sewage water go directly into the ocean or local rivers and creeks (CPBC 1997). Furthermore, looking at means of human waste disposal, nearly the entire slum population in Mumbai relies on the essays the few public toilets and is often forced to practice open defecation. Out of a total estimated demand of 36,704 public toilet seats only 12,612 are provided, with over 30% of them being inoperative due to the extremely poor conditions caused by excessive use, as reported by Karn and Harda (2002). The same study revealed that over for my masters thesis, 90% of henry, sewage produced by municipal councils and half of sewage produced by municipal corporations are not sufficiently treated.

75 per cent of Sewage Treatment Plants are lacking operational approvals due to inadequate facilities, while the few that have these are significantly overstrained (Karn and Harda 2002). 3.1.3 Consequences for Humans and Environment. The direct consequences of for my, these immense infrastructural shortcomings are disas-trous. As water is known to be the james essay foundation of all life, its contamination poses a severe threat to the entire ecosystems, endangering human and animal life. Large-scale testing of water samples from various creeks and rivers in Mumbai revealed that the water quality has deteriorated significantly between the for my years 2006 and 2007 at 70% of all examined locations.

Furthermore, not a single water body met the im-provement targets set relatively low by the government, demonstrating clear noncom-pliance with ecological standards. One particularly alarming example of pollution is the Thane creek, which separates the city of Mumbai from the Indian mainland. Here the deterioration has been most severe with a fivefold increase of pollution levels between 2006 and 2007, posing a serious danger to marine animals and essays, microorgan-isms (Gandy 2008). In Mumbai, mortality rates from infectious diseases are 15 times higher than in developed countries. For My. Death rates from A Class Divided, childhood diseases such as diphtheria and polio are 33 times as high, while malaria occurs almost exclusively in the global south. Almost all of masters thesis, these diseases are related to inadequate water management, facilitating the uncontrolled spread of francis bacon the essays penguin, diseases (UN-Habitat 2003).

Regarding Mumbai’s slums, it is estimated that water-borne diseases account for over one third of all deaths (Karn and Harda 2002). 3.2 Solid Waste Mismanagement. Waste is undeniably a common by-product of masters, human activity, and its environmen-tally friendly collection and disposal require considerable effort. While most developed countries succeeded in improving their models of waste management, conditions in the global south have deteriorated. In India, the amount of solid waste produced by cities increased eightfold since the early 1950’s. In the case of Mumbai specifically, the increase of solid waste outpaced the population growth. Waste production increased by 41% in ten years, amounting to over 6000 tons per day in writing research narrative 2001, while the population grew by a mere 20% over the same period.

As a result, the city has been progressively unable to for my masters handle its solid waste, which gave rise to writing research narrative environmental and public health problems (Rathi 2007). 3.2.1 Insufficient Waste Collection. Waste collection efficiency is known to differ greatly amongst localities in Mumbai, with slums being by far the least serviced areas. This is due to the fact that slums are not considered to be rightful recipients of formal waste collection services by the local government. Fortunately, the waste management system is beginning to be extended to regularized slums that are recognized officially under the census. For My Masters. Nonetheless, the city government’s neglect of waste collection issues in slums harms the entire popula-tion’s health as well as the essay on grammar girl environment. As a matter of fact, the theoretic borders between the masters informal and formal settlements do not prevent the spread of pollutants and disease caused by insufficient waste collection (Davis 2003).

Even if areas are provided with bins, they are typically communal ones, placed far apart along busy roads, leading to the creation of unauthorized collection points. The collection efficiency of Mumbai overall is only about 70%, leaving 30% of waste on the streets and in the creeks of the city. Essay Girl. It is estimated that the efficiency of for my masters thesis, waste collection in slums is significantly lower (Sharholy et al. 2007). 3.2.2 Insufficient Waste Disposal. The problems, however, continue after collection when the waste is transported and henry james essay, disposed of, as reported by Davis (2003). It is for my estimated that over 90% of solid waste in writing narrative cities are disposed of incautiously in open dumping grounds and landfills, posing severe threats to the environment and for my, human health.

While dumping grounds are normally found in the outskirts, far from human settlements and water bodies to essay prevent harm, in for my Mumbai four landfills are located next to A Class Divided densely populated areas, creeks with sensitive mangroves, and for my thesis, the ocean. Another issue of the grounds is that they are only usable for girl, 30 years, meaning that the largest dump, Deonar, has only 5 years of masters, use left, with no alternative site allocated yet. After the waste is dumped at the landfill, it is spread evenly and covered with debris. Essay Writer Here. The organic waste, which also constitutes a significant percentage of waste in dumping grounds, then undergoes natural decomposition, generating so-called leachate (Davis 2003). This fluid poses severe threats to the environment and public health and will be discussed further, among other hazards, in for my masters thesis the next chapter.

3.2.3 Consequences for Humans and Environment. The consequences of solid waste mismanagement are one of the major problems for public health and environment alike in Mumbai. Essay On Grammar. Hereby, leachate, a fluid generated by the decomposition of organic waste, constitutes one of the greatest threats. It perco-lates into the soil and, if not stopped, contaminates the ground water, making it undrinkable and poisonous for plants, water organisms and humans. Moreover, flies, mosquitoes, and other pests which spread diseases such as malaria, preferably breed on the waste fluid, making the dumps public health hazards (Davis 2003). In addition to for my thesis ground water contamination, numerous creeks along Mumbai’s 600 km costal stretch are polluted. As waste is disposed of surreptitiously, entire mangrove forests have been destroyed. Here. Mangroves are vital for functioning costal ecosystems, as their leaves provide the water with oxygen for aquatic organisms and fish to breed. Therefore, their destruction has caused entire ecosystems of the for my masters creeks in areas like Versova, Charkop, Gorai and Mankhurd to collapse (Davis 2003).

3.3 Imbalance of Energy Supply and entrepreneurship essays, Demand. According to the UN, about 1.5 million people, 25% of the world’s population lacks access to electricity in masters thesis developing countries. With the world’s population growing at an explosive rate, energy infrastructure struggles to keep up with demographic developments, leading to immense structural deficits and a con-stantly widening gap between demand and supply in countries like India (Modi et al. 2006). 3.3.1 Energy Supply in Slums. It is estimated that 800 million people in south Asia alone are deprived of energy supply. Although many of those live in outlying, rural areas, far from writing research paper narrative form, electricity generators, an increasing number is believed to live in slums. 40% of the slum dwellers and urban poor supposedly suffer from insufficient energy supply due to structural deficits. In India specifically, the masters thesis supply of research paper, electricity has grown by masters thesis, five per cent yearly, while demand exceeded the supply by more than seven per cent.

Furthermore, although the essays average energy consumption per capita in India is very low at 400 kilograms of oil equivalent, the for my masters thesis poor have access to essay girl a mere 50 kgoe on for my masters thesis average (Modi et al. 2006) The US Agency for International Development (2006) posits that due to the inadequacy and paper narrative form, costliness of for my thesis, legal energy services, an increasing percentage of electricity demand is met through thievery, with half of all households in Mumbai obtaining energy illegally. A Class Divided. Apart from the issue of insufficient supply, India generates over two thirds from thermal plants powered by non-renewable fuels such as coal, gas or oil, while only a small share of for my, five per cent is provided by renewable energy (USAID 2006). 3.3.2 Energy Demand in Slums. As mentioned previously, the demand for energy in India grew rapidly as the popula-tion increased, exceeding supply by over seven per cent. Essay On Grammar Girl. Concerning slums, the fact that energy is often obtained illegally by ‘tapping off’ through illegal connections, ignoring the safety hazard of substandard, uninsulated wires, demonstrates the pressing desire of the for my masters thesis urban poor to benefit from electricity. This strong demand stems chiefly from the necessity of energy for the improvement of essay on grammar girl, business, home and community life (Modi et al.

2006). First, regarding domestic life, electricity is required for better illumination, cooking and refrigeration. A substantial fraction of slum dwellers is currently forced to rely on for my masters biomass or dung for cooking and entrepreneurship, kerosene or battery powered lamps for lighting, while refrigeration is practically unheard of. (Modi et al. 2006). From an masters economic perspective, adequate power supply is a necessity for the estab-lishment of new as well as the scaling up of already existing businesses (Modi et al. 2006). Therefore, the desire for safe and adequately paid work evident in slums where only a third of the population is essays employed is strongly tied to the demand for energy which is essential for the creation of masters, jobs (Risbud 2003).

One of the primary concerns of slum dwellers regarding public life is safety. The absence of public street lighting facilitates criminal activity such as robbery, thus constituting another significant reason for the strong desire among the population for utility services to be extended to slums (Modi et al. 2006). 3.3.3 Consequences of Insufficient Energy Supply. The strong ties between the A Class Divided expansion of energy services and poverty reduction simultaneously signify that the lack of such services has serious adverse effects on the advancement of the slum community and the environment (Modi et al. 2006). The reliance on biomass fuel not only causes the environmental problem of air pollution, but also constitutes a considerable safety hazard, as fires in houses built from flammable materials get out of control easily.

In addition, not insulated wires from illegal connections pose a great risk of fire. In Mumbai, fires with energy related cause claim numerous victims and for my masters thesis, destroy large areas of slums annually. Writing Paper Form. While causality figures are currently not available, a survey revealed that as much as eight per cent of slum dwellers in Mumbai have lost their home in a slum fire (Subbaraman et al. 2014). 3.4 Inadequate Air Pollution Control. In the following, the sources of air pollution in Mumbai, to masters some of which allusion has already been made, as well as its consequences will be briefly summarized. Hereby it is necessary to here underline that all previously mentioned issues in Mumbai’s slums contribute to masters the problem of air pollution.

3.4.1 Air Pollution Exposure. Air quality in Mumbai, and even more so in Mumbai’s slums, is alarmingly low. One way to measure air pollution is the assessment of the entrepreneurship concentration of Respirable Particulate Matter (RSPM), one of the for my most dangerous contaminants as they provoke breathing problems similar to those caused by excessive smoking. After exceeding the prescribed limit of 60 ??g/m?? continuously for the past ten years, RSMP levels reached 202 ??g/m?? in 2008 according to the Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (2009). A comparison to the RSPM of a cigarette, which emits 2 ??g/m?? under laboratory conditions, implies that city dwellers inhale the equivalent of 100 cigarettes every day (Sudhir and Ki-Hyun 2010). Another important indicator of henry essay, air quality are nitrogen oxides (NOx), which primarily refers to the toxic brown gas nitrogen dioxide. Due to its contribution to global warming and negative health impact, the reduction of NOx emission is deemed to be particularly crucial, thus reinforcing the urgency of lowering NOx levels in Mumbai. (U.S. Thesis. Environmental Protection Agency 1998). The increase of NOx and RSMP levels from 2005 to 2008 and the prescribed national air quality standards, indicated by the Maharashtra Pollution Control Board (2009), are depicted in figure 4. Another approach to the assessment of air pollutants is the Air Quality Index (AQI), which incorporates various pollutants and measures the concentration the population of an area is exposed to writing paper narrative form per hour, thereby indicating the risk of respiratory diseases. By this measurement, air pollution exposure in for my thesis slums is approximately 16 ??gh m?? compared to less than half in more affluent areas, at henry 6 ??gh m. Moreover, studies of masters thesis, exposure burden calculated as a product of population and daily exposure revealed that the slum population, which constitutes half of the population, bears 80% of the exposure burden (Srivastava and Kumar 2001).

3.4.2 Sources of Air Pollution. The National Summary Report (2010) of the Central Pollution Control Board conducted a comprehensive study of air quality in Indian cities. Francis. Its result with regard to masters Mumbai will be summarized in the following. According to the study, prominence of sources varies greatly depending on what pollutant is entrepreneurship assessed. Road dust from unpaved roads causes almost a third of coarse particles (PM”), which are between 2.5 and masters, 10 micrometers small. Perhaps unsurpris-ingly given that two thirds of the 40,000 factories are classified as hazardous, industry and power plants emits over 20% of entrepreneurship essays, PM” (World Bank 1997). Open burning of landfills, the most common method of waste disposal, as discussed earlier, is the third most prominent source of PM” at about eight per cent.

Regarding nitrogen oxides (NOx), industrial activities account for roughly half of all air pollution, area sources for 40% and vehicles for masters thesis, the remaining 10%. James Essay. As a category of area sources, domestic combustion emits 13% of the total, while landfill burning contributes less than a per cent. 3.4.3 Public Health Impact. The growing impact of air pollution poses a severe danger to the environment as well as the masters thesis citizens of Mumbai, already noticeable in the very high incidence of chronic respiratory problems (World Bank 1997). Hereby, particulate pollutants like RSPM and PM” are estimated to be the deadliest form of air pollution, as their small size allows them to penetrate deep into the lungs, causing permanent mutations of genetic material, heart attacks, and even death (US EPA 2010). A study conducted in nine European countries proves this claim by revealing that in fact no level of particulate matter is safe, and writing form, that with increase of 10 ??g/m’ in PM” the for my thesis lung cancer rate rises directly proportional by 22% (Raaschou-Nielsen et al. 2013). These numbers are all the more alarming when conveyed to Mumbai, where the level of air pollution is several times higher than in essay the most polluted European cities. As a result of the disastrous air quality, it is estimated that over 900.000 slum dwellers suffer from asthma, represent-ing almost 10% of the total inner city population. In addition, 220.000 cases of bronchi-tis in children, primarily in slums, were reported (Srivastava and Kumar 2001). 4 A Biomimetic Approach to Slum Redevelopment.

Mumbai’s infrastructure, much like most of today’s major infrastructural systems, was designed by very limited human insight and currently fails to encapsulate the for my masters compre-hensive information provided by nature’s genius. Due to the false presumption of here, human-designed systems being superior, ingrained since the Industrial Revolution, the impact of this incorrect perception was not recognized as a menace to humanity until the effects of for my masters, environmental pollution and structural deficits lead to serious socioeco-nomic crisis (Biggs at al. Francis. 2008). Mumbai’s slums are a particularly salient example of solely man-made systems’ incapability to deliver their intended functions in the face of today’s challenges, as described in detail in the previous chapter. As traditional methods of redevelopment have so far failed to improve the poor conditions in masters Mumbai’s slums, biomimetic technologies, which are inherently economically and environmentally sustainable, show great potential. Following this reasoning, biomimetic approaches which address infrastructural issues pervasive in Mumbai’s slums will be presented as potential redevelopment option below. For the purpose of essay writer, this paper, the focus hereby will be on water, energy and waste management infrastructure and the active improvement of air quality by for my thesis, applying biomimetic technologies.

4.1 Bimimicry in Water Management Infrastructure. Appalling conditions like those in the slums of Mumbai undoubtedly necessitate innovative technologies for the sourcing and treatment of water. Many successes in this field reached this goal by looking at nature through biomimicry for inspiration, and could improve the health condition of henry james, slum dwellers while simultaneously alleviating environmental issues. For My. Some selected biomimetic technologies which might accomplish this will be described in the following. 4.1.1 Biomimicry in Fresh Water Sourcing. The decreasing availability of clean water, a good essential to human and all other life, poses one of the most critical challenges facing 21st Century society, in which one-fifth of the bacon world’s population is living in for my thesis areas where water is in short supply (United Nations). In Mumbai, specifically, lack of drinking water supply is an on grammar girl especially burdensome problem, responsible for thousands of deaths due to for my water-borne diseases and polluted drinking water, as discussed in chapter 3.1.2. One of the most innovative approaches to fresh water sourcing resulted from the study and emulation of the Namibian Desert beetle (Stenocara gracilipes). The beetle is found in extremely arid deserts, where less than one inch of entrepreneurship essays, rainfall per year is the for my masters thesis norm. These incredibly hostile conditions require a different approach to allow sufficient hydration, which the Namibian Desert beetle has doubtlessly mastered. It does so by utilizing the frequent morning fog, which is the only reliable water source in the desert.

The Stenocara beetle buries itself under the essay writer here ground during the heat of the day in order to maintain a relatively cool temperature until the night. For My Masters. When the damp morning breeze from the ocean arrives in the morning, it comes out essay, of the sand and climbs to the top of a mound. It positions itself with its body angled at thesis 45. its head facing upwind, and its hard, bumpy outer wings spread against the humid breeze. Tiny water droplets, only A Class Divided, 15 to 20 ??m in diameter, from the fog condense on its wings where they stick to hydrophilic bumps, surrounded by waxy, hydrophobic, water repelling channels. The droplets flatten as they touch the hydrophilic protuberances, creating a larger surface for other droplets to attach to and preventing them from being blown away by for my masters, wind. Accumulation continues until the essays droplet grows to roughly 5 mm in diameter; at that point the for my masters thesis beetle tilts its back and the droplets run down the hydrophobic channels and directly into its awaiting mouth. (Parker et al. 2001). Inspired by this process, engineers have developed artificial water collectors in various forms which follow the writer here same principle. For My Thesis. NBD Nano, a start-up company of four recent college graduates have developed a selffilling water bottle and aspire to improve drinking water availability in henry developing countries with their inventions (Owano 2012).

This technology could alleviate the issue of contaminated drinking water and masters thesis, push back water-borne diseases in slums, as Mumbai’s humid climate is francis bacon the essays penguin likely to allow for the harvesting of the maximum amount of for my masters thesis, three liters per hour, the bottle is A Class Divided capable of. Moreover, the same technology could potentially be integrated into buildings for more efficient, large-scale application. Another approach to fresh water sourcing is the desalination of ocean water. As only 2.5% of masters, all water on earth is drinkable fresh water, with reserves declining, desalina-tion technologies which remove dissolved salts from bacon the essays, saline water are estimated to rapidly gain importance. However, current technologies are energy and cost intensive, and thus do not yet provide a real alternative to traditional water sources. Especially when compared to biological membranes, their inferiority and inefficiency becomes apparent. (Kaufman and Freger 2011). Therefore, scientists have sought to accomplish a similarly fast and selective water transport as found in cell membranes by imitating their design, with considerable success. Biomimetic membranes for water purification have proved to enable higher salt rejection and for my, a faster water flow at significantly lower driving pressures than traditional, non-biomimetic membranes, reducing the otherwise high cost of desalina-tion. Francis The Essays. Applied on a larger scale, it is masters thesis estimated that biomimetic membranes would cost up to 88% less than currently implemented methods, representing potential savings of about $ 1.5 million p.a. for a desalination plant with a capacity of 100 ML/day. These reduction of cost make this biomimetic method of fresh water sourcing especially promising for Mumbai, which must take economic aspects into account as well. Moreover, the millions of cubic meters of ocean water surrounding the coastal city of entrepreneurship, Mumbai provide the ideal conditions for desalination (Rempe 2011).

4.1.2 Biomimicry in Waste Water Treatment. Regarding the treatment of sewage water, another serious shortcoming in for my masters Mumbai’s slums, riparian forests along stream sides which act as natural filters by absorbing sediments and transforming excess nutrients and other pollutants. For instance, up to 90% of nitrogen and writing narrative, up to 50% of for my, phosphorus are removed (Klapproth et al. 2009). Australian scientists have sought to imitate the complex interaction of organic and research paper narrative, inorganic compounds responsible for the water purification in for my masters the form of a more efficient, biomimetic sewage treatment system. The result of their observations is essay girl a tank containing an ecosystem of beetles, worms and microbes which transfer solid waste into humus that is subsequently used to filter wastewater.

Unlike traditional sewage facilities, the Biolytix system does not necessitate aeration devices, which are normally used to pump oxygen, vital for the microorganisms which break down the pollutants in the wastewater. Therefore, by masters thesis, letting a natural ecosystem purify sewage water, the operating energy cost is reduced by over 90%. Moreover, Biolytix tanks only require one annual service versus three to henry james essay four in traditional wastewater systems, reducing the costs and thesis, facilitating maintenance. Concerning the installation of Biolytix, initial investment is low as well, with a cost reduction of essay girl, 50% in comparison to typical gravity sewerage systems (Fermanian Business and Economic Institute 2010). With regard to thesis the suitability of Biolytix for Mumbai’s slums, it can be noted that the construction of an adequate traditional sewer system is bacon the essays estimated to be difficult, due to ocean water corroding metal pipes and for my, the enormous effort and cost it would entail in writing research paper narrative form such densely populated areas. Therefore, the fact that the Biolytix system can be installed on site and function decentralized without the need for a highly complex system of pipes is an additional advantage (FBEI 2010). Altogether, it can be said that the low initial investment and masters thesis, running cost of the Biolytix System make it a credible biomimetic alternative to traditional methods to improve the sewage situation, alleviating environmental and public health issues. 4.2 Biomimicry in Solid Waste Management. While the adaptation of specific biomimetic technologies would presumably prove satisfactory in the fields of water and energy infrastructure redevelopment as well as air pollution control, the failed system surrounding the production and essay on grammar girl, disposal of waste necessitates a complete revolution, as demonstrated by masters, the poor conditions it caused in Mumbai’s slums. A crucial step towards a successful redevelopment of waste management is to move away from narrow, partial analysis and towards a holistic, system perspective.

A biomimetic way of achieving this is industrial ecology, which analyses non-human, natural ecosystems as models for industrial activity. Instead of viewing industrial firms and enterprises as the main destructors of the environment, their potential to entrepreneurship essays act as agents for environmental improvement is recognized. Industrial activity is brought out of isolation and thesis, placed in the context of its surrounding, larger ecosystems. Industrial ecology, in a nutshell, endeavors to unite industry, which possesses immense techno-logical expertise, highly valuable for the environmentally informed production of goods and writer here, design of for my masters thesis, processes, and the genius of natural ecosystems to achieve resilience and sustainability (Ayres R. U. and Ayres L. 2002). Benyus (2002) sees one of the primary factors which differentiates the essay human economy and the natural ecosystem in the fact, that in nature, the augmentation of biomass is proportional to the creation of thesis, more recycling loops, in order to prevent the system from francis the essays, collapsing on itself. By contrast, anthropogenic production lines solely convert virgin raw materials to unusable waste.

As resources are limited and masters, will be exhausted eventually, she identifies an urgent need to transform the current cradle-to-grave system to an industrial ecosystem and henry essay, a zero waste economy by mimicking the way natural systems’ reuse of all materials. In accordance with the principle of for my masters, industrial ecology, Benyus (2002) advocates an approach which prefers the creation of comparatively larger amounts of ‘wanted waste’ over the production of less, but unusable waste which must be burned or landfilled. While the human economy currently operates primarily linear, nature’s diverse assembly of producers, consumers and decomposers successfully evolved to create a constant cycling of matter. Therefore, the current system of producers and consumers must be supplemented with a sufficient amount of composers to henry james close the cycle and masters, ultimately create a system where waste does not exist. What sounds rather utopian, is bacon already fully implemented in masters thesis the city of Kalundborg, Denmark, where an industrial ecosystem was developed in here the 1960s. Enterprises cooperate by buying and selling waste products from and to each other forming a closed cycle of masters, industrial production. The local thermal power plant pumps its waste steam to essay girl the nearby refinery and thesis, a pharmaceutical plant, where the entrepreneurship slightly lower heat sufficiently powers their engines. Subsequently, another pipeline supplies 3,500 homes with the remaining waste steam for masters thesis, heating. In addition to the cycling of waste steam, the power plant provides a fish farm with its now adequately warm cooling water, while nitrogen-rich slurry, a byproduct at the pharmaceutical plant, serves as fertilizer for wheat fields (Benyus 2002). Mumbai, where 40% of Indian domestic production originates and which is frequently labeled as the commercial capital of India, is predestined to adapt a similar model.

In the A Class Divided slums specifically, several waste producing enterprises, such as the large chemi-cals and pharmaceutical industry, thermal power plants, and basic engineering and metal producers are located in immediate proximity (Risbud 2003). Hence, ideal preconditions are given for a collaboration modeled after the masters industrial ecosystem in Kalundborg, significantly alleviating the problems discussed in chapter 3.3. 4.3 Biomimicry in Energy Infrastructure Systems. The improvement of Mumbai’s energy infrastructure has an especially high priority, as it serves as a gateway for further socioeconomic developments (Modi et al. 2006).

In order to successfully develop a sufficient energy infrastructure system, it is crucial to establish a balance between the essay writer demand and for my masters thesis, supply of energy by increasing productiv-ity and henry, usage efficiency simultaneously. Renewable energy provides an effective and environmentally resilient mean to accomplish this. In recent years, engineers have gone even further by not only imitating nature’s idea of renewable energy, but also attempted to imitate natural structures in order to for my masters generate and consume electricity more efficiently. Some of the most promising biomimetic technologies which could significantly alleviate the essay problems of insufficient energy supply in Mumbai’s slums will be presented below. 4.3.1 Increasing Energy Efficiency. Before identifying methods to generate energy in accordance with nature, it is essential to identify ways to improve domestic and industrial energy efficiency, in order to for my thesis reduce demand. One biomimetic way to accomplish this is the imitation of the design of a termite mound to create passive cooling buildings, greatly reducing the need for energy consuming air-conditioning. Termite mounds are equipped with a series of paper, strategical-ly placed vents that produce convection currents which help maintain a temperature between 30 and 32 degrees Celsius.

This concept was integrated into buildings in hot climate around the world, as it allows significant energy savings. The most famous example is the Eastgate center in Harare, which is known for consuming less than a tenth of an equally sized conventional building, due to natural ventilation inspired by termite mounds being its primary cooling method (cf. Holbrook et al. For My Thesis. 2010). While the maintenance of a bearable temperature indoors might not appear to be the most pressing of issues faced by slum dwellers at research paper first glance, a report released by the U.S.

Agency for International Development (2006) lists fans as one of the masters thesis priority uses of electricity in henry james essay Indian slums. This is necessitated by the need for repelling mosquitoes, which transmit malaria and other dangerous diseases, in hot seasons. 4.3.2 Biomimetic Energy Generation. Concerning the improvement of energy generation and supply, the U.S. Agency for International Development (2006) supports the thesis that on-site distributed genera-tion in slums is more economically feasible than the expansion of traditional services would be. Renewable energy lends itself excellently to masters thesis the implementation of distrib-uted power systems, as it can be easily generated modularly and decentralized, as the following examples of A Class Divided, biomimetic technologies will demonstrate. Contrary to human civilization which predominantly generates energy from non-renewable, ‘cradle-to-grave’ resources like fossil fuels, the primary source of energy in the natural world is sunlight.

Mumbai, with its over 2500 hours of sunshine per year, would be ideal for the use of solar power (Indian Metrological Department 2008). Attempts have been made to extract energy from this inexhaustible source using various methods including the photovoltaic panels as well as tracking systems that follow the sun’s course, mimicking the way the sunflower maximizes its energy generation (Riechers 2012). One of the nature’s most efficient means of energy production, photosynthesis, a process which involves the separation of water into hydrogen and oxygen atoms allowing for efficient harvesting and storage of solar energy, is deemed to be the most desirable to replicate. However, despite strong efforts to recreate this process for human use, no technology has yet accomplished enough efficiency to allow large-scale application (Benyus 2002). But that might soon change, as scientists at Stanford have developed materials to help make hydrogen, a gas which has the potential of replacing fossil fuels.

The process, again copied from plants, uses sunlight to induce a chemical reaction that creates the gas, which is derived from masters, water and materializes to A Class Divided pure water again when burned as a fuel. The newly developed materials are the first to split water into hydrogen and oxygen successfully, but unfortunately corrode quickly. Therefore, although it is more efficient than anything comparable before, the system will not be economical until it will be operable for at least five years (Bullis 2013). Another source of renewable energy is the ocean, as the waves are in constant motion which can be converted to electricity. Unfortunately, all currently operational Wave Energy Converters, which cope with this task, encounter difficulties in stormy sea. The enormous force of the water masses often damages the wave power plants, rendering their performance uneconomic. The Australian company BioPowerSystems, however, has designed innovative wave converters called bioWAVE, mounted on sea beds, which manage to overcome this problem through biomimicry.

Inspired by marine vegetation such as giant kelp, the system avoids extreme wave conditions by changing into a sheltered position horizontal to the ocean floor. Thereby potential dangers are eliminated, granting high durability for an economically and environmentally sustaina-ble method of biomimetic energy harvesting (Australian Trade Commission 2010). This biomimetic technologies, too, would be applicable in Mumbai, which is surrounded by the Indian Ocean. For My Masters. In fact, the henry james essay location is ideal for wave energy generation, as the problem of storage and transportation of electricity would be eliminated with such a large consumer right at the coast. Increasing the efficiency of already common renewable energy technologies is masters another major point of interest, capable of improving living and environmental conditions in francis penguin Mumbai’s slums, which could be accomplished by looking at nature as a measure, model, and mentor. An example where the masters application of entrepreneurship, biomimetic principles significantly increased efficiency was the for my thesis development of entrepreneurship essays, more efficient aero-dynamic wind turbines, inspired by the fins of humpback whales (Megaptera novaeangliae). Masters. The upper edge of the whale’s flipper is essays framed by a series of bumps that allow it to make very tight turns due to outstanding fluid dynamics compared to smooth edged flippers. Engineers have applied this concept to wind turbines achieving more reliability when winds are light, better performance in turbulent weather and an increase in efficiency by almost half (Fish 2011). Wind energy, especially in the form of improved biomimetic generators, is especially suitable for application in a distributed power system, as it can be produced by small-scale wind turbines on site. This theory was successfully put into practice in an isolated community called EL Alumbre in for my Peru, as described by Ferrer-Marti et al. (2010).

As the dispersed nature of El Alumbre prohibited the extension of the general electrical grid to supply its population, a micro electrification system served as an here excellent alternative. Masters. At $US 3, the monthly tariff for each household equipped with a 100 W turbine was 60% lower than the previous expenditures for other energy source like kerosene or candles. Although the slums in Mumbai might not be isolated in terms of distance, the immense infrastructural deficits and their reasons, discussed in chapter 3.3, similarly hinder the essays expansion of traditional grid systems. Thus, adapting an on-site distributed generation system comparable to the one in Peru, but with the inclusion of solar and wave energy in order to meet the higher demand, would presumably solve the problem imbalance between demand and supply in Mumbai’s slums. 4.4 Biomimetic Air Quality Improvement. Although the biomimetic technologies addressing problems of infrastructure misman-agement, presented above, would certainly entail a significant improvement of air quality, the extent of air pollution in Mumbai’s slums would presumably require active air purification. Two methods of for my thesis, achieving this, bioremediation which exploits micro-organisms in order to reduce environmental pollution, and henry essay, its biomimetic successor, an imitation of these processes imbedded in cement, will be discussed in the following. 4.4.1 Bioremediation of Air Pollution. Bioremediation is an application of biotechnology which describes the process of for my masters, exploiting biological agents to reduce the environmental burden of toxins caused by human activity. Hereby, pollutants serve microorganisms, which are used primarily in bioremediation, as nutrients and energy source (Srivastava and Kumar 2011).

While this biological treatment process has found wide-scale application in entrepreneurship solid waste and sewage water treatments for centuries, efforts devoted to the control of air pollution are relatively new. Stringent regulations of emissions have forced industries around the world to develop expensive technologies like carbon adsorption. The need for thesis, more efficient and cost-effective alternatives to these traditional methods has led to the development of biochemical processes similar to those employed in solid waste and waste water treatment. Biofiltration, one of henry james essay, those innovative technologies, relies on microbial reactions for the transformation of toxic pollutants into environmentally harmless substances (Devinny, Deshusses Webster 1998). Despite sounding good in theory, biofiltration would presumably be subject to major constraints with regard to masters thesis its application in slums.

This is due to the fact that biofilters must be installed directly in factories or plants, thus only reducing air pollution from industrial activities (Devinny, Deshusses Webster 1998). In Mumbai, however, various sources are responsible for the poor air quality, as discussed in chapter 3.4., rendering a process which only addresses industrial emissions unsuitable for sufficient air pollution reduction. 4.4.2 Biomimetic Cement for Active Air Pollution Reduction. Unlike biofiltration, the biomimetic cement does not directly employ microbes, but instead mimics their ability to james store or dispose of toxic substances by modifying their oxidation state through catalysis. The so called TX Active cement, developed by the Italcementi Group, contains titanium dioxide (TiO’) particles, which acts as a photo-catalyst (Barbesta and Schaffer 2009).

When exposed to sunlight, the titanium dioxide catalyzes the thesis transformation of nitrogen oxides (NOx), sulfur oxides (SOx), volatile organic compounds (VOCs), and on grammar, several other pollutants into environmentally harm-less substances. These subsequently precipitate on the concrete surface and are removed by for my, the next rain (Beeldens 2006). The photocatalytic cement offers numerous usage possibilities, including sound barriers, pavements, road surfaces, roof tiles and fa??ade elements on houses. This broad spectrum enables significant air quality improvement due to the feasibility of wide-scale application (Barbesta and Schaffer 2009). Concerning the potential for implementation in Mumbai’s slums, it is writing research narrative interesting to note that calculations based on results from studies conducted in Italian urban areas, suggest that photocatalytic cement is most efficient in highly polluted air. Further-more, these prediction estimate that the resurfacing of only 15% of roads and houses in heavily polluted cities would lead to an air quality improvement of 50% (Barbesta and Schaffer 2009). Hence, TX Active appears to for my masters be a particularly promising approach to air pollution control in Mumbai, given the urban predicament. Moreover, Mumbai offers ideal conditions due to currently high pollution levels and solar irradiation. An additional benefit of surfacing the roads with photocatalytic cement, especially in slums, would presumably be that the air pollution from girl, dusty, presently unpaved roads would be significantly mitigated. The objective of this thesis was the study and analysis of for my thesis, biomimicry as a potential tool for slum redevelopment, focusing on the identification and evaluation of essay girl, biomimetic designs capable of potentially alleviating issues pervasive in Mumbai’s slums. The starting point of the thesis was the premise that biomimetic technologies offer solutions to various man-made problems, which implies that some of these could be conveyed to slums.

By looking at nature as a measure, model, and for my, mentor it was established that human innovation should follow the overarching principles found in all forms of A Class Divided, life on earth, which emphasize the importance of maxims like the integration of development with growth and resource efficiency. The necessity of acknowledging that there is for my thesis no partition separating the human from the natural world was stressed, rendering the writing research paradigm shift towards sustainability an obligation/inevitable. Subse-quently, Mumbai’s slums, a particularly salient example of noncompliance with biomimetic principles, were introduced as potential area of for my, application. Structural deficits regarding water, waste and energy infrastructure as well as poor air pollution control and their impact on bacon the essays public health and for my masters thesis, environment were analyzed in order to validate areas of greatest needs. From the scientific literature research that has been carried out, suitable solutions to A Class Divided each of the previously identified issues were submitted and evaluated in the light of the human and physical geographical context of Mumbai’s slums. For instance, the redevelopment of waste management in accordance with the emulation of for my, closed loops found in natural ecosystems was proposed.

The concept, already implemented in Kalundborg, Sweden, enables the creation of henry essay, a no waste system, as the for my masters thesis waste of one industry serves as the fuel of another, assembling closed loop cycling of matter. This approach was deemed to be exceptionally promising for Mumbai’s slums, as a vast amount of waste-intensive industries are located in A Class Divided close proximity. Thesis. Furthermore, Biomimetic water collection through fog harvesting mimicking a desert beetle and desalination inspired by cell membranes were suggested as potential solutions to drinking water scarcity. Based on the results, it can be concluded that biomimicry offers a wide range of A Class Divided, suitable solutions to infrastructural and for my masters, air pollution control issues, prevalent in Mumbai’s slums, of which some have been presented, without claiming to be exhaus-tive. Moreover, further research on biomimetic technologies conveyed to slum redevelopment would be desirable and necessary, as a particular urgency to alleviate man-made problems is evident there.

In essence, it was elucidated that biomimicry provides exceptional approaches and solutions to various modern-day problems of civilization. Placed in a wider context, the conscious emulation of nature’s genius has considerable potential to effect the paradigm shift towards sustainability, which has become inevitable, as the current issues in Mumbai’s slums clearly indicate. Only the bacon the essays acknowledgement of the fact that protection of self and protection of the planet are analogous, entailing the refrain from environmental degradation, can lead to long-term prosperity, as the for my thesis hypothetical application of girl, biomimicry in Mumbai’s slums demonstrated. Search our thousands of essays: If this essay isn't quite what you're looking for, why not order your own custom Science essay, dissertation or piece of for my masters, coursework that answers your exact question? There are UK writers just like me on hand, waiting to help you. Each of us is qualified to a high level in our area of expertise, and we can write you a fully researched, fully referenced complete original answer to your essay question.

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How to Pick a Masters Thesis Topic – Peter Campbell – Medium

Writing for Effective Communication. Henry Louis Gates Jr. ASSIGNMENT : Based on the essay “What’s in a Name?” by Henry Louis Gates Jr., please write: 3 observations you made about Gates’ writing style. 2 questions you had about the for my masters thesis, interaction that occurs between Gates’ father and A Class Divided Mr. Wilson. 1 opinion you have about the essay. 3-2-1 by Gabrielle Zollo. 3-2-1 by Gabrielle Zollo. 3 observations I had about for my masters Gates’ writing was it was well written.

Another observation was in the beginning he had said he had forgotten the situation until he read Trey Ellis’s essay. A last observation I had was it was short and I thought it got right to entrepreneurship the point. One question I have about the interaction between Gates’ father and Mr. Wilson is for my thesis, why did he call him “George”? Another question I have is essay, why did Gates’ father say “Hi” in the first place? My opinion about masters this essay was it was interesting. I liked how it had to do with segregation and the different names people used to call others of a different race. It was easy to understand and defiantly interesting. It defiantly kept my attention. 3-2-1 by bacon, Emily Rohme. 3 observations I had about this writing were….

1) It was very well written and very meaningful. 2) It had a clean thesis statement and masters it had details to writer here back it up. 3) Peer pressure is a fear for all students. 2 questions I have are…. 1) Why didn’t another student turn Jeff in?

2) Do high school teachers take cheating serious enough? My opinion about this essay was that it was very drawing. From start to finish I was drawn in because I wanted to for my masters know what happened to Jeff after the test, I wanted to know if the writers view on cheating had changed and I wanted to know how the relationship between Jeff and the writer had changed or stayed the essay, same. I really enjoyed this reading. Masters! It was a lot more clear than the henry, past reading and much more relatable.

3-2-1 by Emily Rohme (correct one!) 3 observations I have about this essay are… 1. Certain names for things (i.e. “George”) change over for my time because now a “George” is a “jigaboo” or “nigger”. 2. Essays! Gates wrote very descriptive descriptions of the town and Mr. For My Masters! Wilson. 3. Francis Bacon! It bothered Gates that Mr. Masters! Wilson did not call his father by his real name.

2 questions I have about this essay are…. 1. Why did he forget about the incident until he read Trey Ellis’s essay? 2. Entrepreneurship Essays! Why was his father the for my, only black person allowed at the Cut-Rate Drug Store? 1 opinion I have about this essay was that it was meaningful because discrimination is not okay. This essay shows that some people think discrimination is tolerable (Gates father accepting Mr. WIlson calling him George), while others do not tolerate it (Gates never looking in Mr. Wilson’s eyes again).People should not be called certain names because of their color. I really enjoyed this essay even though I had to re-read it to A Class Divided understand it a little better.

I think it makes a great point that discrimination is for my masters, cruel and not fair. 3-2-1 Blog on “What’s in on grammar girl a Name” (Gates) by Melissa De Jesus. My first observation is that Gates’ father worked hard to make sure that his sons were dressed and fed well, making him what I consider to be a good father and a respectable man. For My Masters Thesis! I also observed Gates’ father was not a typical man of color, and the white people treated him better than others probably because of francis the essays his financial state. Lastly I noticed that the fact that Gates’ father had money did not stop him from getting exposed to discrimination, and even though he may have been allowed to masters eat at the drug store, for research, people like Mr. Wilson, he would only ever be a man of color. My first question is for my, what was the meaning behind the francis bacon the essays, name George, why not Bill, or John, or Steve, etc. ? My second question is masters, why did Mr. Wilson bother talking to Gates’ father if he had considered all colored people to be the same?

I enjoyed this piece. I feel its important for stories like this to be shared so that we as people become conscience of how certain discriminatory acts, even if they don’t seem like a big deal, really hurt people. All Mr. Willson did was refuse to call Gates’ father by his real name and yet Gates was so hurt by essay, it. Not only would Gates never be able to look Mr. Wilson in for my thesis the eyes again, but he was also never able to forget that experience. A Class Divided! I think this story had a great message, that discrimination, even a small dose of it, really has a huge impact on people. 3-2-1 by Samantha Brewer. 3 observations I had about for my masters Gate’s writing style were taht first it was very good.

A second obsevation I had was that he was using a personal story to talk about names and how they affect people. Lastely i knew exactly what he was talking about because he got right to the point. My first question is how can a name lable who or what a peson is? My second question is why did the henry james essay, man use the name George, does it have a specific meaning? My opinion about this passage was that it was really good.

I actually understood what I was reading about and for my masters thesis found it interesting. This passage made me think about how names are used to label people. Essay Writer Here! This story had a very powerful meaning, I feel like it enforced my knowledge that names can be discriminatory even when they dont sound or seem racist. 3-2-1 by Louis Ciullo. My first observation is that his father seemed like a hard worker. My second observation is for my, that there is racism in the town from essays paragraph 3. My third observation is that the incident really affected him which shows in paragraph 12. My first question is why did his father always speak to Mr. Wilson? My second question is thesis, how did they have a small amount of essay here financial security when his father worked as a janitor and thesis worked for the telephone company.

My opinion on this piece is that it is powerful. It shows a moment where the author loses some of bacon his innocence when he was a child because he doesn’t know why his father is being treated poorly. He remembers in great detail what had happened and caught my attention. It shows how cruel life is. My first observation is that Gates didn’t remember this incident until reading Trey Ellis’s essay “Remember My Name”. My second observation is for my, that his father worked constantly to support his family. A last observation is that Gates was so angry with Mr. Writer! Wilson for calling his dad George, that he never again looked at him in the eye. My first question is why was Gates’ father the only black person allowed in the Cut-Rate Drug Store? My second question is why would his father bother saying hello to Mr. Wilson if he knew he wasn’t going to get the same respect he showed towards him in return?

My opinion on masters this passage is the essays, that I think it was very good. For My Masters Thesis! I enjoyed reading it because i was looking forward to how Gates was going to come back at the man who disrespected his father, which he did. I think this was a good little story that reflected on the times of segregation and james essay discrimination. This passage let you in to see how disrespectful the people were and it is down right disgusting to know people treated other people like this. 3-2-1 by Anthony Colicchio.

My first observation is that Gates noticed the specific racial slur “George” while reading Trey Ellis’ essay and that it brought back a memory of a seemingly innocuous conversation between Gates’ father and Mr. Wilson. My second observation is that Gates’ father was seemingly unbothered by Mr. For My! Wilson’s use of the racial slur, accepting the writing research paper narrative, racism of the man. Masters! My third observation was that I found Gates’ response to the incidence was never again looking Mr.

Wilson in the eye, returning the disrespect that Mr. Wilson gave to Gates’ father, in writing paper a sense. My first question is masters thesis, why did Gates’ father say hello to Mr. Wlison in the first place? My second question is why did Gates’ parents treat Mr. Wilson’s behavior as “just one of those things”? My overall opinion of the article is essay here, that it does a great job of really showing the for my masters, racism of the time of segregation, along with the bacon the essays penguin, complacency towards that racism that some people of the for my masters thesis, day exhibited. The article is short, well-written, and gets right to the point that it is trying to A Class Divided make. It leaves an for my masters impact that definitely makes you realize the circumstances many people had to deal with.

Hi there! Here are some of my initial responses to bacon the essays penguin your comments so far. If you’ve already posted, you don’t have to for my masters thesis re-post answers to these questions – they are just to get you thinking for Tuesday’s class discussion. Gabrielle: You mention that Gates didn’t remember the incident with his father and Mr. A Class Divided! Wilson until he read Trey Ellis’ quote.

How else does this quote and the others set the context for the essay? Emily: Nice observation about the progression (or digression…) of the masters, name “George.” How can the name “George” be considered racist? (Melissa and Samantha also asked this question). Louis: you mention the “loss of innocence” theme. In what ways does Gates use a transition in his voice and writing paper narrative form perspective to convey this fall from innocence? Richard and Anthony: you both asked why Gates’ father bothered saying hello to Mr.

Wilson, a generally unfriendly white man. Masters Thesis! Any possible answers? To be continued on henry james Tuesday! 3-2-1 by Justine Parcelluzzi. My first observation was that I found it interesting how the author included the back story before actually reciting his experience. I think including the background of the Henry Louis Gates Jr. For My Thesis! gave the story a more thoughtful meaning and essay writer here gave an understanding to the time period. My second observation was that in the second paragraph when the author begins to masters explain his experience, it was interesting how he stated his point of essay on grammar view of how his family was treated by for my masters, white people when he was 5 years old- “..and that all of the A Class Divided, white people in Piedmont, West Virginia, treated my parents with an odd mixture of for my thesis resentment and respect that we even understood at the time had something directly to do with a small but certain measure of francis bacon financial security.” I believe this quote reveals Gates naivety because he did not think it had to masters do with the color of his skin. Essays! My third observation is that Gates perspective of life changed when he found out why Mr.

Wilson called his father George. This experience opened Gate’s eyes to the reality of racism. My first question is why was Gate’s father the only black man allowed in the Cut-Rate Drug Store? Was it because he had some financial security? My second question is why is the for my masters thesis, name “George” a name for African Americans? Where did this originate? I thought this passage was very intriguing. I wish that the passage was a little longer because I wanted to know what happened after Gates realization. It was interesting to A Class Divided read about how young Gates was when he had this scarring experience. I believe the story demonstrated the sense of betrayal that African Americans felt during this time period.

I liked how the passage ended with “I never again looked Mr. Wilson in the eye.” I believe that this quote leaves the for my masters thesis, reader with some mixed emotions- a little bit of anger and remorse. 3-2-1 by Brianna Backiel. My first observation was that I liked how the author didn’t waste any time in getting right to the story he wanted to share. I think that makes a piece a lot easier to henry essay read when the author gets right down to it. My second observation was that I thought it was interesting how the author says the “financial safety” of his family earned them respect that otherwise wouldnt have existed. My last observation was that the ending was very strong in a way that left you thinking about for my long after you finished reading. Henry James Essay! I think the author was very skillful in the way he got right to for my thesis the point and was brief but also made he reader thing about his short story. My first question was why does Mr. Wilson call every colored mad George? and why does he group all african americans together as one?

My second question was why did the narrarator initially forget about the occurence? Lastly, my opinion on this piece was that I thought it was an interesting short story that made me think about what the message of it was a while after. I now think that Gates’ message is that a name can be a way to essay on grammar define who you are only if you let it. 3-2-1 by Victoria Sapienza. My first observation is that the author lived during a time when African Americans did not receive equal rights. Thesis! The author’s family wasn’t treated as human beings. They were treated as if they didn’t even exist most of the time. My second observation is that the author, at francis penguin, this time, didn’t realize how African Americans were treated by whites.

He wasn’t aware if akk the criticizing and insults they received from others. My third ovservation is that Mr. Wilson would call all African Americans George even if it wasn’t their real name. My first question is why did Wilson call every African American George? What was the for my masters, reason for using that particular name? My second question is what does “moonlighted” refer to? My opinion on A Class Divided this piece is for my masters, I like how the author explains the past of his family and how they were mistreated.

I think it’s important that everyone nowadays should be aware of this difficult time. Henry James! Even though this piece is for my masters thesis, disturbing becase of how degrading Mr. Wilson was towards Gates’ father, I thought this piece was interesting and writing form intriguing. 3-2-1 response by Michael Battiloro. My first observation is for my masters, that that author’s father worked two jobs, he was a janitor and A Class Divided he also worked at a paper mill.

My second observation is that his father was respected, he was able to for my masters thesis a cut-rate drug store, where no African american in town except his father could sit down to eat and eat off real plates with real silverware. My third observation is that Mr. Wilson insults Mr. Gates by calling him George and not his proper name. My first question: Why does Gates change the subject from a painful moment of silence to a baseball superstar? My second question: Was Mr.Gates respected because he had money? My opinion about this passage is here, that this piece was very interesting. It was easy to read and kept my attention.

It had a powerful meaning, that you should not call someone a name, based on their skin. You should call everyone by masters thesis, their real name because discrimination can have a huge impact on people. The first observation I had was that I liked how it gave background information before the james essay, story, incase someone didn’t know why things were different during that particular time period. Secondly, I liked how the reading was short, but to for my the point. A Class Divided! Lastly, this was a very easy piece to read.

My first question is: Why does the man let Mr. Wilson call him George even though that’s not his name? My second question is: What does the name George mean? Why is everyone’s name “George” that’s colored? My overall opinion on this story was that it was short, but interesting to me.

This story shows how time has changed, and how different was back then and how discrimination is a cruel thing that can have a impact on people. (Not in a good way). 3-2-1 Response by Christina Radakovic. My first observation is for my, Gates gives background information before the story to give the reader some knowledge of what has happened in the country regarding civil rights. My second observation is they use the word George when talking to an African American. My third observation is the essay girl, author got right to masters thesis his point in his reading. My first question is what made them choose the name George to essays call African Americans? My second question is why did the father bother talking to Mr. Wilson? My opinion on this piece was it was short and got right to the point.

I enjoyed that about the piece. I found the story to be an interesting one. Masters! It shows how whites can be discriminating towards African Americans back in the day and how time has changed since then and people nowadays have equal rights. 3-2-1 Response by penguin, Jenna Kelleher. My first observation is that this excerpt of the essay is about racism. My second observation was that is was around the civil rights movement. Masters Thesis! My third observation was that African Americans where known by many different names. My first question is what does the name George have to do with being African American? My second question is why was his family treated better than the other African Americans? My opinion about francis the essays penguin this piece was that is for my thesis, was an A Class Divided alright piece.

Nothing really interested me except the for my masters, word jigaboo I found that kind of essay here funny by the way it sounds. For My! This piece was pretty boring maybe it would of gotten better if it kept on going. 3-2-1 response by Jessica Ruiz. My first observation is that Gates is channeling a childhood memory that’s subconsciously stuck with him throughout his life. My second observation is that for essay, his age at the time, he was very observant and seemingly mature. My third observation is that his father was a great role model, especially raising a child in times of racism and segregation. My first question is: What is the for my masters thesis, significance, if any, of the name “George” to Mr. Wilson? My second question is: Why was Gate’s father the james, only colored man allowed to sit on the bench at the drug store to eat?

My opinion about for my masters thesis this piece was that it was very interesting and insightful. I liked hearing about essay a childhood memory, something Gates experienced as a young boy, through his now adult eyes. I felt that he was very open and honest which enabled me to connect to the story, even though I was not there with him. One observation I had was that every time the author evaluates on an aforementioned idea or begins a new topic, he starts a new paragraph. My second observation is that rather than having a bunch of masters corny transitions, his writing flows like everyday speech.

My third observation is that the author gives a small amount of background information, remembers something briefly, and then presents the story of entrepreneurship that memory, which is thesis, occasionally broken up by francis the essays, small memories triggered by the event. This makes it feel as if the essay was originally told orally, rather than written. A question I have about the for my masters, interaction between Gates’ father and paper narrative form Mr. Wilson is, if Mr. Wilson and Gates’ father show what seems to be respect toward each other, why would Mr. Wilson call Gates’ father George rather than his own name?

I understand it’s a race thing, but, even if you don’t like the President, you still call him President Obama, to give an example of my confusion. My second question is why would Gates’ father still talk to Mr. Wilson if Mr. Wilson disregards him as an individual? I thought in for my masters thesis the end, when Gates says, “I never again looked Mr.

Wilson in the eye”, it was the perfect way to close the piece. It’s not too dramatic, and it’s a well-placed middle finger toward racism. My first observation was that the author, Henry Louis Gates JR., addresses his audience in a slightly casual manner. Towards the beginning of the essay, the author mentions “where no ‘black’ person in town but my father could sit down to essays eat.” When mentioning “black person,” the for my, author doesn’t realize the A Class Divided, negative connotation to these words which ultimately shows how innocent and how completely unaware of discrimination the author was at this young age. I also observed how the thesis, writing style of the girl, author, he approaches with descriptive style of writing. Masters Thesis! He uses detail in order to vividly paint a picture into the minds of the audience, “he had white straight hair and carried a black worn mental lunch pail.” Lastly, there was a good use of diction. The author uses simple but effective words.

How come Mr. Wilson didn’t realize how he was introducing discrimination and prejudice in front of entrepreneurship such a young child. Does he not understand how every child at that stage in life see’s every one of masters every color as equal? What is the significance of “George?” Why did Mr. Wilson choose that name? Though it was a short essay, the writing paper form, author did a splendid job of telling his audience about the masters thesis, racial issues which occurred during his time. His writing style wasn’t boring and he does a good job of bringing allusion into his essay. The title “What’s in a Name” can be connected with what Juliet says (“Romeo, Romeo, wherefore art thou Romeo?”) about Romeo and how they can’t be together simply due to his last name.

If his name was different, Romeo would have still have been Romeo. A name shouldn’t change much about the actual being who carries that name. 3-2-1 by Cindy Munar. An observation I made is essays, that Gates is for my masters thesis, a very educated person. Another observation I made is that Mr. Bacon! Wilson called all colored people “George”. For My Thesis! The last observation I made is that many people didn’t care or like colored people in the mid-1950s. One question: Out of all the names there are, why did Mr. Wilson call colored people “George”?

Another question: Why does the essays, father say hi to masters thesis Mr. Wilson? My opinion about entrepreneurship essays this essay is that it makes people realize how rude white people were to thesis colored people. I find the civil rights movement to be very interesting and I liked reading this essay. It was short, but it got right to the point.

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58 Topics to write about on your design blog. If you have a design blog, I can almost guarantee that at one point or another, you#8217;ve had a hard time knowing what to write about on your design blog. After all, producing great content on a daily or weekly basis can be more difficult than it sounds. So today, I would like to offer a useful list of topics you can write about on your design blog. I#8217;m sure I#8217;ll leave some out, so add your suggestions in the comments.

58 topics to write about on your design blog. In my mind, there are two primary kinds of design blogs: blogs focused toward other designers, and for my masters, blogs focused towards clients. Below you#8217;ll find suggestions for both. Entrepreneurship Essays. If you write for other designers, try these ideas: How to start a successful freelance business How to use the pen tool in Photoshop How to make money as a designer Where to go to school when learning about design How to treat clients who treat you poorly How to manage design projects Great web sites for design inspiration Attributes of successful designers How to create a logo in Illustrator How to design a web page using simple HTML and for my masters thesis, CSS Turning your static web site into essay on grammar, a dynamic content management system How much to masters, charge clients as a new designer How to create a style guide for your brand What to name your design business Common mistakes designers make How to find new clients How to finish projects on time What to do when you can#8217;t find any design work When to writing paper form, work for free and when not to How much to charge for your design services How to build your first wordpress theme How to build your first web site How to run a successful small business Working with other designers How to design your own blog How to masters, use CSS3 or HTML5 Jquery tutorials Designing a facebook landing page Designing a user-friendly form Where to sell your designs online Where to entrepreneurship, find freelance design work online Design a twitter background you can be proud of thesis How to get work done when working from home When to revamp your portfolio What to essay girl, include in a good design portfolio How to solicit work from large companies. Masters Thesis. If you write for clients, try these ideas: What makes a good business logo Necessary elements of a great web site What to expect to here, pay for masters design services How long it should take to get a great logo How to choose colors and fonts that fit your brand Where to hire great designers The difference between static and dynamic web sites Logo design processes When to hire a full-time designer How design plays a part in your marketing efforts What makes a good designer/client relationship How to make your designer happy and get the results you want How to integrate your brand into A Class Divided, all aspects of your company What makes a good facebook landing page?

What makes a good landing page design? Common design mistakes businessmen make when it comes to web design How to give honest feedback without frustrating your designer When to redesign your web site When to rebrand your company Why your company needs a new logo Statistical improvements for companies who have solid brands, logos, and design styles How to design for a particular target audience. For My. What do you write about on your design blog? Finding the perfect things to write about on your design blog can be a really big challenge. Help the rest of us out by entrepreneurship, leaving a comment and letting us know what you write about on your design blog. Preston is an entrepreneur, writer, podcaster, and the founder of this blog. You can contact him via twitter at @prestondlee. wow! great list, I also have a list for my blog. For My Masters Thesis. But your list was amazing, will use some of them. Henry. Thanks! Nice topics, thanks lot #128512;

You forgot #8220;Make useful list of masters thesis topics to writing research, write about on your design blog#8221; #128539; Really a comprehensive list of ideas#8230; thanks a lot for sharing#8230; Good list here, especially the latter half. A good number of those are ideas we#8217;ve actually covered, but there#8217;s some inspiration for new articles too. Thanks! You have no idea how much that list helped me! I can#8217;t wait to for my thesis, get started writing again! I had hit a massive writers block moment haha! Thanks for a great post!

Its very handy list for content writers. I checked it#8217;s trends using google trends and found hot searches for mostly topics. Awesome list, just starting a blog and this is going to be a massive help. Thank you! This is essays a really good list to reference. It spawns ideas, especially for me.

I haven#8217;t started blogging yet, but I have been thinking about it. This lists gives me inspiration. Masters. Thank you. That#8217;s a wonderful list, I have been racking my brains thinking of things to write, definitely got some new ideas to keep me going for at least 2-3 months. Thanks. This is the research narrative form, second time I have referenced you list. Thanks! Great post, I will certainly use some of these ideas.

Thanks! Great post, I was looking for the latest blog trend and found this page. I am certainly going to use some of these topics in my blog. Thanks a lot! This list was very helpful i am still working on my site and have been taking a big interest in wordpress and blogging. I didnt know where 2 start with topics. Thanks for for my masters thesis the post. thanks for the list. This list very helpful for me . site list was very helpful for me . Henry James. preston d lee thnks for the share good post #128578; Thank-you so much! Helped with my writer#8217;s block and now I have my year blog schedule completed! Great list!

This should give me some ideas on things to write about. Great article, lots of good items to for my thesis, expand on, thank you. Wow what a great list. On Grammar. Very in masters thesis depth and each list gives you more ideas to really focus on each topic deeper. wow that is great if you are blogging for clients that is very helpful for you. Thanks for A Class Divided sharing this information its very helpful for my website. My posts are generally written with the potential client in mind. Masters Thesis. I address topics like how to prepare for a particular design project or what some basic website start up costs are. Explaining web terms would also be another relevant topic for that audience. There are some great ideas here! Thank you.

Thanks for form sharing informative article on developing attractive website. Thanks for sharing this information . my web site : This is thesis perfect! Just what I was looking for to get started. Thank you. very nice direction for writing blog content. Essays. I am new to blog writing, so this information had helped me a lot. For My Masters. Actually you have to write at james essay, your own but direction to good topics is always a help. Thanks for masters sharing this awesome resource with us#8230;#8230;#8230;.Very nice and informative. Some great ideas here, that cover topics that designers or client#8217;s would find useful.

Thanks for the inspiration. wow its really useful for entrepreneurship us thanks and i am going to write about, The different between Static and Dynamic Websites. Wow!! Really great lists.. Thanks Preston for sharing.. For My Thesis. This post through get quickly ideas and write..

Great topics although there are tons more to write about. Thanks for the ideas! I write about trends, seo tips, google rankings, organic ranking, web design news and essay on grammar girl, how our company is different from other web design sites. A very interesting article to read about various designing aspects.Thanks a lot for posting this.Good Work.Keep it Up. great list..I thank you for sharing this post. I found it very helpful am going to put all of your tips into practice.

Great article. Masters. It is very useful especially for bloggers. A Class Divided. Because, sometimes, it#8217;s hard to write new topic if you have no idea at all. Very nice ideas for designing. For My Masters Thesis. Thanks very much. Very helpful list to create a informative blog. I am a web designer and a content writer for writer here a professional website development company, this article is really useful for me. I feel like I run out for my, topics to write. #128578; I am now revising some of your ideas.

Thanks for the tutorial for lots of usability and customize features . I am also looking for same advice for my Branding have provided the A Class Divided, list it is so much beneficial for me. Wow, Really great work. Your list is fantastic.I think your list will help me. Thanks for for my sharing us nice post. I#8217;m a student of senior year. I have to write a lot of francis essays each semester. At first year it was very hard to write even a few lines. But now I do it quite easily.

Reading experts articles greatly helped me succeed. Nice Blog! Thanks for thesis sharing! I appreciate it. Good job. Thanks again. Fantastic Blog! I agree completely with you here. It is a very valuable and helpful collection of essay writer here blogs. I am trying to gain information from all these.

Really helpful post. Thank you. Design blogs can easily attract the for my masters, customers towards our sites . Oh wow this is A Class Divided awesome! I#8217;m an thesis, illustrator, so this list helped with coming up with topics since they were aimed at creatives in general. Writing Narrative. Thank you for thesis all of these wonderful ideas!

I was thinking maybe we can write about the crazy things that inspire us. Music, Movie or whatever it is essays just to make our readers feel closer to us and that they know something about for my masters thesis us. What do you think? Grand post with Great ideas! I am going to A Class Divided, follow your tips for my new blog. Thanks for masters thesis stopping useful information here. Finding the perfect things to write about on your design blog can be a really big challenge and it can overcomes by essay on grammar, having useful topics for for my masters thesis the design blogs.

This is quite resourceful, thanks Preston. This is such a great list.which will help us to become a professional writer.Thanks for sharing this information with us. It will help me to essay, improve my site. 58 Topics to write about on your design blog#8230; If you have a design blog, I can almost guaranteed that at one point or another, you’ve hit a brick wall when it comes to content. For My Masters. After all, producing great content on a daily or weekly basis can be more difficult than it sounds#8230;. [#8230;] 58 Topics to write about on paper narrative form, your design blog [#8230;] [#8230;] 58 Topics to write about on your design blog. Masters. [#8230;] [#8230;] a long way in essay writer here building trust and respect. For instance if you are blogging for clients some great topics could be: “What makes a good business logo”, “Necessary elements of a great website”, [#8230;] It's time to build recurring revenue into masters thesis, your business. Master the stuff that actually matters in on grammar your business. Chat with thousands of solopreneurs who've been in your shoes. For My Thesis. Access 1,100+ articles videos from writer people who've walked your path.

These aren’t your average business interview shows. 2009-2017 Millo and Preston D Lee. All Rights Reserved. For My Thesis. Affiliate Policy. Millo is proudly hosted by Squidix. Meet the james essay, Millo team.

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Thick City (or: The Escalator Theorem) I had heard that Hong Kong was a “vertical” city, that its hilly terrain vertiginous skyscrapers conspired to for my thesis erase (or at least conceal) the horizontal extent of the henry james essay metropolis; that limited land area had driven the agglomeration upward (rather than outward) and even the buses aspired to multiple stories… It’s certainly an appealing image, this bustling center of commerce reaching for the stars. While the sheer number of high rises cannot be denied, in my experience the city is not defined by its top floors or elevator shafts, but by the first few levels above and below ground, by the complex woven circulation network that occupies this thickened ground plane and allows the for my thesis city to function. Unlike any city I’ve visited or studied, life in Hong Kong occurs on multiple levels. Pedestrian overpasses span the roads, connecting to mall entrances at the second or third floor, highways coil upward between towers before shooting off towards the hills, funicular railways and world-record escalators compete for tourists, and metro stations span multiple blocks, defining a new underground geography only tangentially related to the streets above. Every block is research narrative form, a microcosm of the city, with retail, housing, offices and masters thesis, public spaces packed in essay, a dense volume.

Big box stores that would normally require acres of parking, dedicated loading docks, and garish, unavoidable architectural branding have carved spaces for themselves below tower complexes that contain hotels, luxury malls, noodle shops, clinics, and subway stations. I found an IKEA in masters, my basement. Its signage competes with the writing paper form Starbucks next door. Hong Kong is a city folded in on itself. Each block connects to every other — by street-level connections, but also by underground passages, skyways, and subway stations that act like portals, transporting travelers at speeds unimaginable in the knotty, optimized inefficiency of the streets above. Long before Hong Kong had developed to this level of complexity, architect and urbanist Otto Wagner proposed a series of urban improvements for Vienna that foreshadow the complexities of this modern metropolis. A few Secessionist subway stations were built, but it is Wagner’s elaboration of the street that I find most intriguing. Wagner proposed separating automobile and pedestrian traffic onto two levels, allowing urban life to continue more or less as it had pre-industrialization, but inserting a high-speed network for cars below. (c. 1894-1902) These studies were carried to a logical (yet insane) conclusion by the speed-obsessed Futurists, most notably by Antonio Sant’Elia (who had studied under Wagner in Vienna), in the beautiful renderings of his Citta Nuova series of 1914. Here, highway networks, rail lines, power plants took precedence: pedestrians are nowhere to be found, possibly taking cover in the elevated walkways, or in for my masters thesis, unseen subterranean passages.

Less arresting, but more humane is the work of another Wagner disciple, Josef Plecnik, who put the multi-level city into practice in his hometown of Ljubljana, Slovenia, creating a lovely bi-level waterfront promenade, shielding pedestrians and diners on the lower levels from here, automobile traffic above (1930s). As Hong Kong continued to develop, so did architectural theory, and examples of “thick” cities can be found in the work of Le Corbusier (Carpenter Center), Team X, Archigram, Paul Rudolph, and thesis, many others associated with the 60s and 70s Brutalist movement. Though many of these projects were conceptual proposals, and some major built projects were spectacular failures, some small successes kept the idea alive. With population growth and urban density a perennial concern, architects continued to study how “thick cities” could be planned. [“Future New York” c. 1910, from Delirious New York , credited to R. Rummel] In Delirious New York (1978) Rem Koolhaas emphasizes the potential of the skyscraper to on grammar engender multiple programmatic potentials, existing simultaneously on masters, a single block, through vertical stacking and access by A Class Divided lift. He purposefully denies any possible connection between or across blocks — or even between floors — to make an point: that the development of the elevator and the New York City gridiron have enabled new possibilities for masters, architects, though yet unrealized. Essay! In the subsequent 30 years of thesis, architectural production, Koolhaas and OMA have explored these possibilities, and though in essay, the book he conceives of each block as a self-contained unit, in practice, he does quite the thesis opposite. In his Jussieu Library proposal of writer here, 1992, Koolhaas cuts and folds the stack of floor plates, allowing distant views across and for my masters thesis, between levels, and creating a continuous space that spirals up through the stacks, (a concept that would reappear in simplified form in OMA’s Seattle Central Library), a conscious rejection of the “Manhattanism” he had identified in here, Delirious New York . The Jussieu Library proposal is intriguing not only for its rejection of typical flat floor plates, but for for my, its lack of a facade. This could be a small section of an endless urban space, a thick city connected by tilted planes and escalators.

In this project, Koolhaas seems to be channeling Paul Virilio, whose function oblique diagram contains a powerful political message: that embedded within the flat floors and vertical walls of traditional architecture are the unchallenged power structures and hierarchies of the status quo. Francis Penguin! For architecture to be truly revolutionary, these ‘structural’ elements must be rethought. The diagram suggests that the form of architecture and the built environment can encourage or discourage different types of movement, different levels of dependence or independence, and ultimately different political acts. So, if Koolhaas’ straw-man “Manhattanism” can be subverted and (productively) destroyed, could an examination of the structure of Hong Kong inspire new forms of architecture and urban development? The difficulty lies in Hong Kong’s complexity. New York, for thesis, all its nuances, can still be reduced to a clear, two-dimensional diagram for the purposes of architectural speculation, whereas Hong Kong requires (at least) three dimensions. If we could take a plaster cast of james essay, Hong Kong’s subways, overpasses, and surface roads, we would have something like a 3D Nolli Map, or a Sol LeWitt sculpture, crushed during shipping, but that would still not indicate the complexities of security access, temporal shifts (such as Lan Kwai Fong, a busy street by masters thesis day, pedestrian nightlife hub by night), or the rapidly changing cityscape that characterizes Hong Kong, China, and much of Asia.

Ultimately, I wonder how the study of this city could be useful for future architectural proposals, or urban-scale schemes. I’ll have to think about it. Until then……. [More photos from Hong Kong, in my Flickr Set.] [note to readers on Facebook – if the images don’t show, try] I descended into Shanghai through thick brown air. Writing Paper Narrative! My first view of China was this undifferentiated haze, the color of spent cigarette filters. Thesis! The plane made its approach, but the scene never changed until the wheels hit and essay, I found myself at masters thesis Pudong airport, some miles outside of the city.

The second impression was better: a thoroughly modern airport, connected to the metro by Maglev train. Reaching a top speed of bacon the essays, 430 km/hour (270 miles per hour), and leaning into turns, the train, like much in for my thesis, this modern city, is as much about propaganda as efficiency: it drops passengers at the end of henry james, a subway line – another 20 minutes to masters thesis reach the A Class Divided center of the masters thesis city. Feet on essay here, the ground, my first impressions of Shanghai were mixed. Everything here is in-process. Masters! Every block is either under-construction or being demolished. 90-year old “shikumen” lane houses succumb to the wrecking ball (or, more likely, a team with sledgehammers) with little fanfare. It seems that respect for the recent past is rare, and potential jewels of the historic urban landscape are demolished without a thought — or worse, rebuilt as high-end commercialized simulacra, clearly out of reach of their earlier inhabitants. At least as these old buildings are torn down, we’re afforded cut-away views of their structure….

I’ve seen some inhabitants dutifully hanging laundry from their half-destroyed homes…. These “shikumen” blocks are often replaced with endless fields of identical towers… but no one really seems to mind. If the past must be jettisoned to fuel the future, so be it. A Class Divided! In the end these are only different modes of being, and Shanghai is a city in transition… For anyone following… I have quite a backlog of blog-able photos/theories/experiences from my Italian adventure, but next week I’ll be moving to Shanghai for a new job, and I imagine I’ll be keeping pretty busy for a while.

If you’re following the blog, expect (demand!) some future posts on Rome (particularly the masters state of preservation/ruination in the city), the surrounding area (Umbrian/Tuscan hill towns), more travelogue from my Central Europe trip, and on grammar, finally some inital impressions of Shanghai and Beijing. At least, here’s hoping. In lieu of a follow-up post on the complexities of the for my thesis architectural game in Basel, which I hope to write on in depth later, here’s an essay I wrote earlier this year for a seminar led by Rob Livsey at the Knowlton School of Architecture. I published this earlier, on my Archinect School Blog, but hey, I’m not wasting any trees here, so here it is again, inline with the Basel photos in case anyone’s actually reading this thing regularly. A great deal of this essay re-appeared in my ‘exit review’ last June, the final assignment of the KSA M.Arch program. (presentation slides on A Class Divided, flickr) Herzog de Meuron – Schaulager / Laurenz Foundation – 2003 – Basel, Switzerland. “Wenn Kunst nicht gesehen wird, lebt Sie nicht.

Wenn Kunst nicht gehutet wird, verfallt Sie.” “If art is not seen, it is dead. If art is for my, not conserved, it decays.” In these two short statements from the website of the Laurenz Foundation and A Class Divided, Emanuel Hoffman Collection, we find the architectural ambition of the for my masters Schaulager, the Herzog de Meuron-designed art space on entrepreneurship, the outskirts of Basel, Switzerland. For My! Tackling the two seemingly opposed programmatic requirements of storage and exhibition, the architects found opportunity to develop a scheme driven by duality. Inspired by its unique location in the Basel metropolitan agglomeration, and marked by both grand gestures and subtle details, they have created a space that deals equally with the francis the essays infinite and the intimate. Through the masters thesis subtle manipulation of essay, forms and perspectival tricks, they have created a work of architecture that forces visitors to appreciate the multiple scales at thesis which artworks and architecture can operate.

I believe their ambition is to reveal these scales as a continuous gradient, creating a space where the essay on grammar girl duality between conservation and presentation becomes ambiguous, where contemporary art is no longer constrained to the narrow confines of the gallery, but can expand to envelop the city itself. The Schaulager is located on the edge of for my thesis, Munchenstein, a suburb of Basel, about 20 minutes away by henry essay public transportation. The building is set back from Emil Frey Strasse, a street that delineates an masters, urban-scale division between a residential zone and here, an industrial area. The massing of the Schaulager reflects this directly. Two volumes are placed on site: a large, apparently orthogonal box sits to masters the west, finding its place among large industrial sheds and parking structures, while a small gatehouse finds affinity with the the essays gable-roofed residences to the east. Masters Thesis! The placement of these volumes seems appropriate, and should indicate at once that the architects recognize the different urban scales that come into conflict at henry james the site. This massing strategy should be evident to even the casual visitor, but the for my thesis apparent dichotomy is called into question as you prepare to enter the building. Essay Writer Here! Approaching the for my masters building by car, you park in a lot set back from the Schaulager by writing narrative a large field of grass. A fence surrounds this field, denying a direct approach: you must walk around the perimeter. The distant view from beyond the fenced-off lawn makes the building look small, as if a folly in the landscape.

From here the facade is flat and blank, a uniform field of color, but as you approach, the building seems to masters thesis grow, (or are you shrinking?) and the texture of the entrepreneurship essays facade is slowly revealed. For My Masters Thesis! The brown earth tones of the facade seems to suggest that the building has emerged from the entrepreneurship ground through some tectonic process. The asphalt sidewalk is for my masters thesis, dotted with small rocks, apparently the same stones used in the exposed aggregate of this concrete facade. As you turn the corner, the sidewalk path brings you closer to A Class Divided the building, which now looms high above you. From this corner, you turn towards the masters gatehouse, a small structure guarding the entry and writer, providing termination to the perimeter fence. For My Thesis! Clad in the same material as the main building, the gatehouse can be read as a piece removed from the the larger volume, and shrunken. The gatehouse walls are not parallel with those of the entry facade, and this angle throws the plaza out of equilibrium, as if the entire complex was succumbing to a compressive force.

The inward tilt of the gatehouse walls establishes a false perspective, and the small structure seems to fluctuate wildly in francis bacon penguin, scale, depending on your viewpoint, a technique the architects have used in for my masters thesis, the past, as in the housing block at writing paper form their St. Jakob Park stadium. As you pass through the gatehouse into the entry plaza, the massive white walls of the facade block your peripheral vision. Punctuated only by two large LED screens, the composition evokes artwork hung on a drywall gallery partition, blown up to the scale of the for my masters city. To retain the continuity of this gallery wall, the band of windows below has been tinted a dark gray, and the details are kept to a minimum. The contrast between this black band and the stark white above clearly establishes the entry plaza as an interior gallery space, reinforced by the conspicuous absence of embedded pebbles in the asphalt underfoot. The plaza is tilted downward, and this band of windows could be mistaken for a shadow or gap below below the gallery wall. To enter, you scurry through the gap. Initial studies showed the Schaulager as an overscale gallery wall, with every piece of the collection arrayed on its expansive surface. While the entry facade is a vestige of research narrative, those early models, the technical requirements of art storage and conservation could not be met by for my thesis such an audacious scheme. We can recall how Herzog de Meuron mobilized “stacking” as an aesthetic indicator of A Class Divided, storage in the facade of their Ricola Building in Laufen, and they’ve done the same at the Schaulager as a larger scale.

As you enter, and look up into the full-height atrium, the for my thesis identical stacked floor plates resemble nothing so much as the shelves of a tall bookcase. The visiting public is never treated to a direct visual connection with any of the upper floors, so this stack remains an image, a representation of the art stored beyond. From here, the typical visitor can only A Class Divided, see the ceilings of the levels above, and for my masters, the lighting, consistent with the francis bacon gallery levels, draws equivalence between storage and exhibition. The upper levels, and the ground floor galleries consist of orthogonal arrangements drywall partitions, but the lower level is more ambitious. Adjacent to for my the grand stair to the lower level, a short gallery space compresses down to nearly nothing, taking the ceiling along with it. Two permanent installations punctuate the bacon the essays architecture’s playful manipulation of scale. Thesis! A work by essays Robert Gober takes up one large room.

Drawn on the architectural plans, Gober’s complicated piece consists of four sewer grates. Three are roughly one-to-one, but the masters central one is grossly overscale, and essay, pinned down by a statue of the Virgin Mary pierced through the gut by a corrugated plastic pipe. The two flanking grates are contained in suitcases, as if the expansive infrastructure of for my masters thesis, sewage flow could be packed up for travel. A piece by Katharina Fritsch is perhaps simpler, but no less impressive. Fritsch’s installation consists of a circle of large rats, tremendously overscale, reinforcing and concluding the series of henry essay, scalar shifts that have affected the visitor.

Returning to the ground floor, in the cafe we find a ceiling treatment that is thesis, reminiscent of both the concrete facade texture, as if it has been scaled up and thickened. The downlights in the cafe ceiling could be enlarged pebbles from the concrete facade. Research Paper Narrative Form! The scale and texture of the cafe ceiling extends to the apertures of the exterior windows, whose jagged edges suggest a distant landscape of rolling hills and for my masters thesis, unite the oversize scale of the cafe ceiling with the material of the concrete facade. This texture is present yet again, at a different scale, in the metal mesh of the doors at the gatehouse and loading dock. The jagged strip windows wrap around the corners of the building, enhancing the henry impression that the mass of the building is homogeneous, and what few openings exist are have been chipped away. The window cuts are the masters thesis only place where the thickness of the concrete facade is revealed, and revealed to be massive. The heavy visual impact of the exposed-aggregate concrete represents permanence, and the thermal barrier of the concrete creates the stable environmental conditions ideal for the preservation and conservation of art.

The permanence of the facility is reinforced by essays its surrounding fence. The bases are large, wide and apparently weighted, as if mobile, removable at any moment, but several bolted connections and for my thesis, poles embedded in entrepreneurship essays, concrete reveal the truth. Though necessary for security, the fence is detailed in a way that makes it read as temporary, which makes the Schaulager itself seem more permanent by thesis contrast. This must reassure Robert Gober, whose stairs and plumbing are drawn on the plans, as if the architecture is necessary for the art to survive. In contrast, the white walls of the james essay entry facade are revealed to be thin, ethereal, and temporary. Apparently hung from above, the white entry facade hovers over the atrium space with no support from below. The constantly changing images on the LED screens reinforce the temporality of this facade.

As a gallery wall, it may be reconfigured, repainted, destroyed, and recreated, constantly changing to meet the needs of ever-evolving contemporary art. Thesis! It seems appropriate that the material choices for bacon, the Schaulager should represent the masters two seemingly opposed programmatic requirements of exhibition and storage. Finally, the Schaulager must be read as an urban anchor. Located far from the historic city center, the Schaulager is on the border between a declining industrial zone slated for redevelopment and a residential community. A Class Divided! The Schaulager is for my masters, located in an area known as Dreispitz, and Herzog de Meuron have done a preliminary masterplan that may reveal some intentions behind the Schaulager. Intended to develop as a suburban cultural zone, Dreispitz is to be redeveloped with galleries, shops, and residential complexes, and current plans show the Schaulager mirrored along its rear facade to engage this future development.

Though currently located on a kind of frontier, the architects envision the Schaulager as a new center for this cultural enclave on the outskirts of Basel, doubling itself to reinvigorate the fading industrial landscape. (plans sections, some photos from el croquis #129/130, others from flickr) [Centre Le Corbusier / Heidi Weber Pavilion – Le Corbusier, 1965] So, a brief update… my ambitious plan to post carefully-curated images and bacon the essays penguin, insightful commentary for every city visited during the masters thesis Knowlton School of Architecture Vienna ’09 study-abroad adventure has gradually fallen apart, leaving you with the simple photo-blog seen above (below?). I chalk this up to the fact that I’ve actually started working, so I have less time to devote to this kind of thing. That said, I do plan on finishing, if only as an excuse to go through my photos and pick out the best ones.

In the francis bacon penguin next few weeks I hope to wrap up the KSA trip, and move on to my brief stay in for my masters thesis, London, and then on henry essay, to Rome, at for my which point I hope to dive back into analysis… but until then, I hope the photos can speak for on grammar girl, themselves. (As always, all can be found on Flickr.) (Greg, above, posing as the thesis guys from writing research, Liricas Analas, whose video for “Siemis” was shot in Peter Zumthor’s Therme Vals… a popular latenight youtube jam in masters thesis, architecture studio for the past few years… and a great concert in Vienna…) More photos from the baths surrounding area here. [ Torre Velasca by henry essay BBPR (1954) ] [ Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II ] [ Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II ] [ Galleria Vittorio Emanuele II ] [ Milan Trade Fair by Massimiliano Fuksas ] [ Milan Trade Fair by Massimiliano Fuksas ] [ Milan Trade Fair by Massimiliano Fuksas ] Rather than explain Villa Girasole here, I’ll let do the honors, in for my, a post from last august. As always, more photos from Verona are on Flickr… [ Aldo Rossi – San Cataldo Cemetery, Modena, Italy (1971) ]

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Free Essays on for my masters My Journey To School. ?On Monday morning I woke stretching to switch my buzzing alarm clock off it was 7am. I did not sleep very well because it was my first day at secondary. Part of the essay girl, night I was feeling restless but I did not know why. I was feeling rather anxious throughout the for my thesis, night but I was happy to start a new. Successful: High School and People.

College Prep 24 February 2014 SUCCESSFUL My standards are set high as I watch people try to bring me down each and every day. They try to tell me all the essay, negatives things on how I’m not going to be anything. This makes me want to try harder. All my life I been struggling and stressing, that’s why. Best High School Experience My best high school experience would be graduating. Me graduation was the highlight of for my, my teenage life. I was happy to be leaving high school and beginning a new chapter in my life.

I was excited to step into adulthood and be independent. Of course I mentally prepared myself. “ My journey to james graduate work” outlines 1- My educational history and reasons for studying Master Program at PMU: A- The journey starts from for my masters thesis Dhahran First Secondary school . B- Second stop at Dammam Girls Science College. C- Third stop (work experience): * At Saad Girls School . * At Sultan. Each person’s life is entrepreneurship essays a journey on for my a contorted road dotted with bumps and craters. At certain points, the entrepreneurship essays, bumps could seem as high as mountains and the pits as deep as hell, making this journey called life appear quite despondent.

Although occasionally, your predicaments are entirely fate’s blunders. Working Title 1 Working for My Future Norma Jean Smith PSY 202 Virginia Krauss November 10, 2008 Working Title 2 Outline 1. Where am I from? a. Dumas Arkansas b. Portland Oregon c. Close Family 11. Thesis. What are your favorite memories? a. The Ideal School: How One Small Symbol of entrepreneurship essays, Punctuation Can Change Lives. you everyone for this opportunity to for my thesis voice my thoughts about the ideal of research, inclusion. I am happy to join you today. For My Masters Thesis. I hail from Syracuse, NY where I am a freshman in college. I have been fortunate to writing form be included for my entire school career. The idea of school inclusion can be as a lousy or lovely happening. remember it vividly when I was a little girl, my first words in English were coached to me by for my masters thesis, my mother.

I was asked to say them repeatedly till I memorized them by heart. When I entered preschool, we were encouraged to talk in English while in A Class Divided school . At the same time, we use the language in our casual. The imaginative journey is one in which we escape reality and are invited to acknowledge a new reality within the realms of the masters, imagination. James. These journeys offer change and discovery providing valuable insight into ones past, present and future. Coleridge's poems, This Limetree Bower My Prison and Frost. Yeah! finally the day arrived. Our school was to take us to a trip to Umm- Al Quwain's Dreamland Aqua Park.

It was going to be a rather long trip from masters Dubai to Umm- Al Quwain sitting in a bus for forty minutes seems rather long, as it is we were also expecting traffic due to the rain. Unlike other trips. Making the james, decision to apply for graduate school has been only one of many great steps I am sure to for my thesis take along my journey in life. Choosing Wheelock College for my Masters Social Work Degree has been the the essays penguin, simpler choice in this path. I know that Wheelock College is best suited for masters thesis myself personally and. Running head: MY LIFE 1. My Life Journey Lisa Anctil PSY 202 Daisha Oshiro February 1, 2011 2. Writer. My Life Journey “When we are no longer able to for my thesis change a situation, we are challenged. Beaten Path, Lonely Travellers a Journey Into ‘ the Other’ BEATEN PATH, LONELY TRAVELLERS A Journey into francis bacon penguin, ‘ the Other’ Dr. Masters Thesis. Vincent Sekhar, S.J. Personality, a bundle of Experiences My home town is writer Madurai, the masters, great temple city in South India.

I must have spent more time in the temple premises than in on grammar girl my parish church. Thesis. The statues, the images of gods. 2009 Journey to francis bacon penguin the End of My Voice What an amazing trip life can be. Everyone has a different experience with every aspect of their lives. We’re born, we grow, we learn, we love, we hate. For My Thesis. These are simple things, really. Every human being goes through their own unique journey , yet we all. I Can Move Mountains with My Mind. perseverance at birth, its fruitful and barren journey , summing its final end can make the difference.

Simply put succeeding President of Hawaii Pacific University Geoffrey Bannister or being the person who cleans the toilets. Perseverance is a journey . It starts with passion and that exciting “yes. Journeys: the Wizard of Oz and Journey. A journey is defined as the travelling of one place to another. However, whilst studying Journeys , I have found it is much more than that.

Often, we underestimate the power and essay on grammar importance of the lessons a journey may possess. For My. I have chosen three texts that relate closely to the aspects of Journeys. Steimle My Personal Worldviews After learning about the different worldviews in this class, the Christian Theism is the essays, one that I identify with closely. This is because I believe what is in the Bible and for my masters I try to act and live accordingly on a daily basis. The three components that make up my worldviews. A journey is the act of james essay, traveling from one place to another, trip or voyage. Thesis. In The Secret River will goes on henry james essay a physical and emotional journey to thesis Australian as a convict. In the picture book Pannikin and A Class Divided Pinta a family of pelicans who go a dangerous journey , this is represented thought the use of masters thesis, various. TDA 3.29 Supervise Children and Young People on Journeys. Supervise children and young people on journeys , visits and activities outside of the setting 1. Understand the A Class Divided, policy and procedures for supervising children and young people on journeys , visits and activities outside of the setting. There are various organisational and for my masters legal.

What is journey journey noun ADJ. long, marathon | brief, short | outward | homeward, return | onward The bus driver told us where to bacon the essays penguin change buses for our onward journey . For My Thesis. | bus, car, rail, railway, train, etc. | five-mile, four-hour, etc. | comfortable, easy, good, pleasant, safe I hope you had a good. My Journey through Life Nothing is more important than life, even if it contained darkness or lightness. Everyone on research paper narrative earth has a special life; your life is different from others. Life has a lot of good and for my masters thesis bad things, a lot of henry james, fun and unhappy situations we face during our lives. For My Masters. My mother has always. A Railway Journey - Essay Essay Introduction How pleasant is the memory of francis penguin, my last journey ! It is masters thesis still fresh in essay my mind. There is special reason why this train journey is a source of joy for me. An Invitation: During the last summer vacation, I received an invitation from my friend to spend. rhythm of the congratulatory music; I fixed my gold sash and yellow rose as I watched everyone walk down the aisle, some missing their steps and others beaming with smile, while the crowd went wild clapping. For My Masters Thesis. It was now my turn, the moment I had been waiting for all my life, heads help up high and with mouth. i ended my relationship with my routine life. i had a good college and essay on grammar felt blessed and yet, something was amiss. i was yearning to deconstruct my routine so that i could connect more intimately with my life. Masters Thesis. i wanted space and time to identify with myself. in april 2014, i had gone to my native village.

When i was in essay high school i just want to receive my diploma. For My Masters. I hated school so much that i mainly skipped with friends. At first i thought it was so much fun until it started growing old. My friends started stealing and using drugs. I definitely knew that that was not meant for me. Then i found out i. When you are fighting in your own journey it could mean many different things.

For example when you are fighting with your best friend, or a close family member and francis bacon penguin you feel like you can never forgive them for what they did to you but then you have that one mentor, or someone who is there for you and. ? A Journey To The Depths of for my masters, Being It all started many months ago in a small suburban town in northern Michigan. Here. David was your typical middle-class college student; the son of a wealthy lawyer and a nurse. Ever since he was a child David had been. Life’s a Journey Stephanie Offredo Psychology 202 Dr. Masters Thesis. Hassler January 25, 2009 Outline I. What did I want to be when I grew up? a. A teacher b. A mom c. Something involving children II. What were my educational experiences? a. Negative early childhood/day care experience b. Various colleges. My life as a teenage football star My journey as a teenage football star started at the age of 13. I was just like most teenagers who developed interest in football by watching others playing it on T.V. As well as this, I was in some football activities in school as part of my Physical education lessons. ? My Life Nikole Smith PSY 202 Chavonne McCall April 17, 2011 My Life Outline 1.What My Family Is Like A..Many Nationalities . 2009 Personal NarrativePersonal Narrative On November 20th, 2005 my world started to change in ways I didn’t think possible.

That was the essay, day I found out I was going to have my first child. Eight months later, on June 19th, my son was born. He was a beautiful, bald, new-born blue-eyed baby, weighing. My Own Hero - Focusing on Goals and Priorities. Jose Castillo Mrs. Quoss P English IV, Period 5 28 January 2010 Hero Journey One of the hardest decisions in life for me, and I think for masters thesis everyone, is on grammar girl what you are going to for my thesis do when you grow up and have a wife and children, what decision are you going to make and henry james are they going to be smart or stupid. My Place, Freedom Writers and for my thesis Road Not Taken Essay. Everybody takes a journey within their lifetime both self-reflection and writer here time in an individual’s inner journey . The journey the thesis, individual takes could have a small impact on the individual or could leave the essay on grammar girl, individual fundamentally altered. Journey could be defined as an inner journey -pertaining to for my the.

Drinking in High School High School is one of the most substantial pieces of every person’s life because of the prodigious impact that is left on the essays every person that experiences it. This project is very personal to me and for my thesis my own life because of my story. Essay Girl. I currently don’t live in my home and I am living. My Road to Educational Success Education is the foundation to masters thesis me being successful and meeting my goals in life. Although there are many different avenues to education, whether it be college, military, or trade school , education can determine one’s present and essay on grammar future goals in life.

Understanding and. FAITH BELIEFS My journey towards heaven (The biography of my life based on my personal religious faith beliefs) Andre Groeneveld Master of Sacred Theological Divinity Universal Ministries School of Theology My journey towards heaven (The biography of for my masters, my life based on my personal religious. head: WHY I AM GETTING MY MBA Why I Am Getting My MBA Angeletta Neal University of Phoenix Why I Am Getting My MBA Why I am getting my MBA. I was unsure of the essays, true value a graduate program could offer. As I researched this idea of going back to school and receive my MBA. For My Masters Thesis. I found that many. My transition from secondary school to tertiary education. secondary school student I often dwelled on the opportunities that would have awaited me after my five years at St. A Class Divided. Joseph’s Convent, St. Joseph.

It peaked my interest to know what there was in store for me, where would I go after my journey at secondary school has ended and for my masters thesis how would I continue my road to. My Journey Into Teaching A wry smile came across my face when given the title of this directed writing. A Class Divided. Call it fate, call it serendipity, call it deja vu, but if the truth be told, I’ve been avoiding what I’m going to call my ‘date with destiny’ for most of my adult life. Sometimes my avoidance has. criticised in school for for my inattentiveness, daydreaming and for not being as interested as he should have been in the topics in the standard curriculum. Dominic’s interests were more involved in the worlds of the imagination, music and developing his more general mental skills. As a result, he left school and . What inspired my interest in returning to school ? One of my ambitions in life was to achieve my four year college degree. After I graduated high school , I concluded that I had desire for education. Unfortunately, at that era in my life I was unable to attend due to financial constraints. Essay Writer. For the.

The Black Belt’s Journey of Sacrifices and Sweat It's often said in Martial Arts that the meaning doesn't lie in how good you are or what belt you have, rather the meaning lies in the journey . My journey to becoming a black belt has been long and hard but also rewarding. My journey started when I was. September 5, 2010 My enchanted boy inconvenience You’re only two years old, and at this point in for my masters thesis your life you can’t read, much less understand what I’m going to try to tell you in this letter. Essay Here. But I’ve been thinking a lot about the life that you have ahead of masters, you, about my life so far as I reflect. A High School Journey Beginnings are scary, endings are usually sad; it's what you do in james essay between that count the most * Ralph Waldo Emerson High school has been the for my thesis, most important experience that I have ever faced in A Class Divided my entire life. For My Masters Thesis. I have learned who I truly am and who I have become. I. Kuan Lee Jennifer Borgerding Kulwicki ENGL 1010 4 August 2011 High School Graduation If life is full of journeys , high school is one of the journeys that experienced and essay here completed by all of us. High school life is for my masters thesis a memorable time for most people, for me as well. Different from America’s education.

Do Elementary or Secondary Schools Promote Homosexuality? reason why people turn gay may not be discovered within the next fifty years, but one reason is certainly out of the list: studying in single sex schools . All of essay on grammar, us have gone through the phase of masters, homosexual curiosity, wondering how it feels like to be homosexual and wondering what the reason for being. Sara Dimas Block Three August 14, 2013 My Hero’s Journey Preface I live my life to the fullest and entrepreneurship essays learn from every experience. I am only seventeen years old and would say that compared to most, my life has been a breeze. Everything has worked out, and I feel as though I am very lucky to for my masters be where.

Studying journeys has broadened my understanding of journeys as different composers convey several aspects of entrepreneurship essays, imaginative journeys . Specifically, this is done through poetic, visual and cinematic techniques. A prominent notion in Coleridge’s “This Lime Tree Bower My Prison”, Shaun Tan’s “The Red Tree”. seem to occur. Written in Victorian times by for my masters, Charlotte Bronte, Jane Eyre is an interesting novel about a young girl's journey through life and entrepreneurship her quest to be loved. Along her journey religion plays a huge role in her decisions of everyday life.

Despite the masters thesis, claimed reverence for puritan ideals, the Victorian. Educational Journey Into Nursing, Rn-Bsn. Running head: EDUCATIONAL JOURNEY My Educational Journey at Saint Joseph’s College Professor Nursing 300: Professional Transitions Unit 1 part 1 December 12, 2011 EDUCATIONAL JOURNEY My Educational Journey at essays Saint Joseph’s College Professional. Bryan Nguyen English 102: Sec 141 01/28/09 *Final Draft*: The Journey of a Physician Therapist What would I like to become once I have finished college? There is a plethora of choices, yet one final decision can decide my future. Everyone always talks about becoming doctors, firefighters, famous. Imaginative Journeys ‘This Lime-Tree Bower My Prison’ Imaginative journeys are as important as any other journey in their potential to teach.

Journeys act as a method for for my masters self knowledge - helping all to achieve a state of appreciation for the essays penguin one's own potential as a person. Imaginative journeys broaden ones understanding of oneself and the world. Thesis. All journeys have. My Journey Through the Music World. Angelique Chatman July 4, 2013 English 111 My Journey Through The World of Music As a young girl, I became a cheerleader for my elementary school . Because of writing research paper narrative form, this, I got the chance to participate in all of the local festivities. Football games, homecoming parades, Christmas parades, etc. That’s. it my all. Thesis. I don’t plan on giving up even after the completion of my bachelor’s degree. After, my completion I plan on getting a job as a Disability Service worker. While I am working there, I plan on moving forward and work on writer my master’s degree.

So this is my journey on returning back to school . There. “ A philosophical journey on masters the track of life is what I call my place in this world.” (Laurie, 2006, p. The Essays Penguin. 6). I perceive my own life life as a journey . What does it mean to take a journey ? Journey is the act of traveling from one place to masters another, in life that is all that we do. Growing up in a world. ?What is a journey ? A good traveler has no fixed plans, and is not intent on arriving, this is a quote by Lao Tzu. A Class Divided. Opinionated from for my thesis my own point of view, It promotes the idea that things never go as planned and that one's inner journey is girl never truly finished.

Not many people set goals for themselves. Journey To the Skies Start the propellers rolling, Feel the aircraft engine rumbling, Tension, fear arising, In the soul. Up, up and away, To the stars shining so brightly, To the heavens, Emanating such beauty, Up up and for my masters away. Over flowing affection, Warmth and the essays penguin love, The pillar of. Single Mother Returning to School.

Returning to School I’m a single mother of two beautiful little girls so coming back to school was an easy decision. In today’s time with the economy getting worse by the day doesn’t leave people with much of a choice but to further their education. For My Thesis. The job market isn’t very stable for people working. Why I Returned to School-Dr. Amber Smith. Returned to james essay School Harlan Almon ENG121 Dr. Amber Smith May 21, 2011 My instructor wants me to write an thesis, essay on why I returned to school , a feat that is henry essay easier said than done. Writing papers, essays, and reports have never been easy for me.

Therefore, I will take you on a journey , my journey back to. ? Continuing My Journey Jacksonville University School of Nursing March 14, 2014 Continuing My Journey Personal Goals a. One of my short-term goals is to make it through the masters, day. That’s at the beginning of a lengthy list, but in all seriousness, I.